Varna, bulgaria


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Varna, bulgaria

  1. 1. Varna<br />“Everything, far from the sea, is province”<br />Ernest Hemingway<br />
  2. 2. Population: 358 524 people<br /> The town is situated on the north-east coast of Varna lake. Varna is the biggest town on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast. It is the third biggest town in Bulgaria.<br />
  3. 3. Varna is a cultural and tourist centre. According to a national survey Varna is the best town for living in the country.<br />
  4. 4. History<br /> The town history can be traced back to a period of 7000 years ago. Archeologists have found the oldest remains of villages along the Black sea coast by our town<br />
  5. 5. Odessos fortress, whose name is a translation of the older name Varna, was founded in 6th century BC.<br />
  6. 6. At the end of 6th century the fortress was destroyed and in 7th century the founder of the Bulgarian kingdom Khan Asparuh built his palace in its place<br />
  7. 7. An old graveyard covering the area of 7500 was discovered near Varna in 1972 which was dated back to the end of the 5th and the beginning of 6th century BC.<br />The golden treasure found there is considered to be the oldest gold in the world.<br />
  8. 8. Between the 9th and the 14th century Varna became an important centre of Christianity.<br />In 1389 it came under the rule of the Ottoman empire.<br />
  9. 9. The Polish king Vladislav III called later Varnenchik and the Transilvanian chief Yanush Hunyadi led the Christian army in the battle against the Ottoman army. A park-musem was built there to commemorate the battle. The biggest housing complex in the town is named after VladislavVarnenchik.<br />
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  11. 11. The Roman baths are the biggest antique public building found in Bulgaria covering an area of 7000 Nowadays part of the baths is used as a stage for theatre performances and concerts<br />
  12. 12. Varna Aquarium was founded 100 years ago. All Black sea species are exhibited there.<br />
  13. 13. Nikolai Copernicus Astronomical Observatory with the planetarium is situated in the Sea garden in Varna<br />
  14. 14. Aladzha monastery is a rock monastery from 12th-13th century situated near Varna in Golden sands nature park.<br />
  15. 15. Varna railway station was built in 1925 and renovated in 2005.<br />
  16. 16. Evksinograd, a former summer royal palace, covers an area of 8000 decares. It is situated not far from St. St. Constantine and Elena summer resort. <br />
  17. 17. The Sea garden is a favourite place for walks and rest. It was designed by the Czech gardener Anton Novak<br />
  18. 18. “Love is a folly” is the name of the international film festival held in Varna which is one of the important art events in Bulgaria.<br />
  19. 19. Varna Summer, which started in 1926, is the oldest music festival in the country in the field of the classical music.<br />
  20. 20. The Palace of Culture and Sports is where many important sport events take place<br />
  21. 21. The olympic swimming pool <br />
  22. 22. Varna is an attractive tourist destination not only with its nice beaches but also with its shopping areas<br />