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  1. 1. Navajo Indian Tribe<br />By<br />Cedric Robertson<br />
  2. 2. The Navajos are the largest North American Indian tribe.<br />They came from Canada more than a 1,000 years ago.<br />
  3. 3. They are made up of many different tribes.<br />They call themselves<br />Dine which means “The People.”<br />
  4. 4. The people moved southwest and met the Pueblo Indians who were farmers. The Pueblos taught them how to farm and weave.<br />
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  9. 9. Navajo comes from the Pueblo word for planted fields or farmlands.<br />The Navajo live in Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, and Colorado which is called the Four Corners. They still live there today.<br />
  10. 10. The Navajo live on a reservation that is owned and ran by the Navajos themselves. <br />
  11. 11. They are also United States citizens and must obey American laws.<br />
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  13. 13. In the past the Navajo were led by chiefs who were tribal councilmen. These men spoke for the tribe.<br />Everybody had to agree before the tribe could do anything.<br />
  14. 14. Today the Navajo nation is led by a president and the council who are elected by the people.<br />
  15. 15. Navajo children do the same things all children do. Play, go to school, and help around the house. <br /> Many children like to go hunting and fishing with their fathers. <br />In the past they had more chores and less time to play. They did have toys, dolls, and games to play.<br />
  16. 16. Navajo mothers carry the young children on cradleboards on their backs.<br />
  17. 17. Here are some cradleboards that were used in the past.<br />
  18. 18. At first the Navajo men wore breechcloths and the women wore skirts woven from yucca fiber.<br />Later men wore poncho-style wool shirts and the women wore wool dresses.<br />
  19. 19. In the late 1800’s and early 1900’s they began to wear long velveteen shirts and blouses and Mexican style cotton skirts.<br />
  20. 20. The Navajo did not wear feather war bonnets. <br />They usually wore cloth headbands tied around their foreheads instead.<br />
  21. 21. Both men and women wore their hair gathered into a figure-eight shaped bun called a tsiyeel.<br />
  22. 22. Here is a Navajo woman in full dress today. See the hair and the bright colors that she is wearing.<br />
  23. 23. The Navajo men have fancy feathers and beads in their tsiyeel.<br />
  24. 24. The traditional home of the Navajo is the hogan.<br />A hogan is a traditional earth house.<br />
  25. 25. A hogan is made of a special wood framework packed with clay into a domed shape, with the door always facing east.<br />
  26. 26. Today most Navajos live in modern houses but hogans are still built and used for religious and cultural purposes. Some older Navajo still prefer to live in hogan type homes.<br />
  27. 27. There are a lot of traditions in the Navajo tribe, many are in their dances.<br />The dances are telling stories. Many of these stories are legends and fairy tales. Storytelling and dancing are very important to the Navajo Indian culture.<br />
  28. 28. The Navajo are famous for their colorful woven rugs.<br />
  29. 29. They are also famous for their pottery, baskets and sand paintings.<br />
  30. 30. The End<br />
  31. 31. Photos by the Navajo Nation<br />