Public Information Infrastructure

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STRENGTHENING DEMOCRACY AND GOVERNANCE
Public Information Infrastructure
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  • A unique GI for societal application is the targeting of ground-water in villages and using images and GIS integration to spot those targets and prepare a unique database solution for the rural areas. This has been quite successful and is a major activity in India. Evaluation from almost 20,000 sites in India has shown that when sites are identified using RS and GIS techniques the probability of success rate of striking good-yield source is almost 95% and higher - compared to about 45% when sites are identified just based on conventional methods.
  • Public Information Infrastructure

    1. In the 21st century – Information will bethe fourth pillar of democracy2Executive Legislature InformationJudiciaryFUTURE OF GOVERNANCEFUTURE OF GOVERNANCEInformation as lever of Economicand Social DevelopmentInformation available in realtime to share, manage &collaborate - accurate, reliable,timely & usableGovernment control of strategicinformation – critical
    2. INFORMATIONStrengthening the Fourth Pillar of Democracy requiresPUBLICINFORMATIONINFRASTRUCTURE► Create - access, connectivity, systems, processes,programs, structures, standards & platform► Integrate - geographical (Centre/State) & sectoral(agriculture, transport, finance etc.) boundaries &applications into Single-Secure National InformationSpace
    3. Democratising Information through PII Information is a “public good” / “merit good” Will bring Technology and People together on anequitable/inclusive platform Radicalize democracy through informed citizen participation Improve delivery of & access to public services Empower local governance & community institutions Enhance Equity & Efficiency Public information infrastructure will transform India’s 1.2billion people into 1.2 billion “opportunities”
    4. 1. NKN2. NOFN3. Date Centres4. NeGP: 30 Mission Mode Projects5. UID6. National GIS7. E-Courts8. E-Files9. Platforms10. Open Government PlatformElements of PII5
    5. Conceptual Architecture of PIIService PlatformsApplicationsStandardsTechnology toolsFood Health Livelihood Education Agriculture Focused ProgrammesMeta-Data Data StandardsCyber Security Open SourceSocial Media UID Payment National GISNetworks – NKN and NOFNSecurityInfrastructure – the cloudDatacentersCitizen
    6. Multiple Platforms NeededVOICEBROADBANDUIDSECURITYGISAPPLICATIONPAYMENTPORTALS
    7. Adviser to the Prime Minister on Public Information Infrastructure and InnovationsNational Knowledge Network Government is building an IP Network with gigabit capabilities toconnect 1500 plus nodes across the country for Education andResearch to expand, excel & collaborate All universities will be included in this NKN is operational with 2.5 gigabits and over 1001 institutions areconnected today NKN to consolidate multiple networks in the country NKN to provide new virtual network facilities NKN to be the backbone for the Education, health, Research andmultiple applications for the future
    8. NKN - consolidate other NetworksEducational InstitutionsResearch LabsCSIR/DAE/ISRO/ICARINTERNETConnections toGlobal Networks(e.g. GEANT)EDUSATMPLSCloudsBroad BandCloudsNational / StateData Centers / NetworksNationalInternetExchangePoints (NIXI)Cert-IN/ NTRO
    9. Adviser to the Prime Minister on Public Information Infrastructure and InnovationsIncreasing Connectivity for Innovation: RuralBroadband Rural broadband to connect all 250,000 panchayats in two years fordemocratising information, openness, connectivity, transparency andaccountability Transformational potential in governance Delivery of public services Real time feedback Monitoring G to G transactions Training of panchayat and other grassroots functionaries Skilling the community Empowering the community through e-library/reading room Crowd sourcing feedback and suggestions Larger goal: Radicalising democracy through information Government has approved the proposal to connect all 250,000 Panchayatsthrough optic fiber on 25thOctober 2011 59 pilots completed in Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Tripura. Applications beingtried out Deadline for connectivity to all Panchayats is early 2014
    10. PII - connect Center toPanchayats & PeopleStateCapitalDistrict Block VillagePanchayatNKNUniversalAccessDelhi
    11.  Broadband at Kanpura Panchayat in Rajasthan has enabled: Timely access to Land Records to apply for Farmer Credit Cardsinstead of travelling 20 miles to Ajmer Real time feedback to the Government for faster solutions onthe ground Online systems for education, examination and jobapplications Access to online health records for local health workersrelated to immunization, illness and pregnancy which hasallowed timely health interventions such as vaccinations etc. A demonstration of the same was given to President Obama aspart of an Expo on ‘Democracy and Open Government’Benefits of Broadband at Panchayats: KanpuraCase Study
    12. Interaction with Kanpura Panchayat through Broadband
    13. PII will enable national repository of informationabout - People, Places and ProgramsCitizens, residents, and householdsPLACESVillages, Towns, Streets, Schools, Hospitals, GovernmentOffices, Factories, Offices, Residence, Stations, mines, minerals,dams, plants, rivers, parks, forests, farms etc.PROGRAMSPEOPLENREGS, Pensions (Old age, Widows, Disability, Scholarships,Backward), Girl Child Benefit Schemes, e-Judiciary, E-Office,Public Distribution System, Police & Prisons, Treasuries, LandRecords, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, National Rural Health Mission
    14. PII will map People – UID► Unique ID for every resident Indian to ensure authenticity through:► Personal Data (Name, Date of Birth, Gender,Fathers/Spouse/Guardians name, Mother/Spouse/Guardiansname, Address)► Photograph► Ten fingerprints► Iris scan► National Population Register will act as information base for creation ofUID► UID to become a basis for orientation of schemes and programs ofCentral and State governments and for identifying right beneficiaries► UID will increase access, quality, and equity in the delivery of benefits tothe citizenPEOPLE
    15. Different Ministries provide different setsof information from disparate databases16Survey of IndiaTopographicalDataMinistry ofScience &TechnologyIndian SpaceResearchOrganizationSatelliteImageryDepartment ofSpaceRegistrar General ofIndiaCensusInformationMinistry of HomeAffairsForest Survey ofIndiaForestLayerMinistry ofEnvironment &ForestsGeological Surveyof IndiaGeologicalMineral dataMinistry ofMinesNational GISNBSSLNUPMinistry ofAgricultureSoil Land UseSurvey of IndiaCentral GroundWater boardCentral WaterCommissionOther DatabasesMinistry of WaterResourcesOther MinistriesThere is a need for integration of these disparate databases into a National GISthrough standardization. This has to be lead by an independent authority.
    16. 1. GIS Infrastructure : computing and networkinginfrastructure for GIS2. GIS Asset : geo-database of seamless, nation-wide GIScontent3. GIS Applications : as a service for governmentorganizations, developers, and citizensComponents of National GIS17The National GIS shall be created through an apex organizationINGO, whose primary role shall be to build, create, and establishGIS based decision support systems, on a sustainable basis
    17. NATIONAL GISNATIONAL GIS* GIS ASSET * GIS APPLICATIONS* GIS ASSET * GIS APPLICATIONSGOVERNANCEGOVERNANCE ENTERPRISEENTERPRISE CITIZENSCITIZENSNATIONAL GISINFRA(VIRTUALISEDINFRASTRUCTURE FORNATIONAL GIS;STANDARDS; SERVERS;GIS CLOUD/DB CLOUDNETWORKING; GISDASHBOARD)NATIONAL GISASSET(MAPPING AND SOURCINGLAYERS OF MAPS/IMAGESFOR NATIONAL GIS ASSET;UPDATION ANDMAINTENANCE)NATIONALGIS APPSMISSION(GOVERNANCE,ENTERPRISE,CITIZENS;NATIONALGISPORTAL(SERVING GIS ANDAPPLICATIONS;ACCESS POINT);NATIONALGISCAPACITY-BUILDING(GIS TRAINING ANDHR DEVELOPMENT);1 2 3 4 5GIS POLICIES AND PRACTICESNATIONAL GIS – A “GIS PLATFORM”18•VOLUNTEERED GI•CLOUD COMPUTING•WEB-ACCESS•SERVICE MODEL•IMAGES•SURVEYING•MAPPING•GEO-DATABASES
    18. WATER DIVINNG / DOWSING•LOCATION-SPECIFIC•SCIENTIFICALLY “DOUBTFUL”HYDROLOGICAL MAPPING•RESISITIVITY SURVEYS•SCIENTIFIC AREA-SURVEYS•GROUNDWATER MAPSGWATER DIAGNOSTICS REPORT• POINT COORDINATE• NAME OF PERSON• CONTACTREPORT:• Map Unit• Rock Type & Geological Sequence• Geomorphic Unit/Landform• Recharge Conditions• Nature Of The Unit• Type Of Wells Suitable• Probable Depth Range Of Wells• Expected Yield Range Of Wells• Probable Success Rate Of Wells• Reference No. Of Observation Wells• Ground Water Irrigated Area• Recharge Structure Suitable• Problems/Limitations Remarks19INPUTS TO SAM PITRODA FROM MUKUND RAO(JULY 16, 2012)
    19. Adviser to the Prime Minister on Public Information Infrastructure and InnovationsCurrent Status: GIS DST has been assigned the role of mounting the mission anddeveloping INGO as an entity A 5-year NGIS product development mission is proposed withdeliverables being the completion of the preparatory workrequired for developing the NGIS as a working platform for G-Governance and establishment of INGO as the successor entity tothe mission DST has constituted and notified NGIS Advisory Board (NAB)under the chairmanship of Dr Kasturirangan to serve as a thinktank for the Government on NGIS DST has circulated the EFC Note for budgetary (Rs 2900 crores)allocations
    20. NATIONAL DATA CENTERS►Enable Standardized Development/ Deploymentplatform►Create Disaster recovery and Business continuity plan►Ensure Co-hosting / Co-Location for hosting ofApplication/ Data►Undertake consolidation of Data Centres►Create Managed Data Center facilities►Provide Information repository►Create Data mining capabilities
    21. All DATACENTERSNational Data CenterState Data Center►Total Data Centers:39►35 States haveindividual DataCenters in differentstages of operations►4 National DataCenters to manageoperationsNeed to harmonize & standardize Data Center creation & operation
    22. CYBER SECURITY► Key components required► Standards► Tools► Policies► Distributed security► Self healing► Graceful loss► Graceful recovery► AlertsSecurityKey requirements► Single, Unified, Secure and Scalable cyber space at multiplelevels for privacy, anti-piracy & integrity
    23. Security of Networks► Network►Formulation of cyber security policies►Segmentation of the network►Server segments►Client system segments►Establishment of Disaster Recovery Centre►Deployment of Anti-virus & Patch Management Solution►Round the clock monitoring and analysis of security logs►Blocking of malicious source / destination IPs & URLs►Deployment of customized signatures on security devicesto protect from new/current attacks►Circulation of Advisories and Guidelines►Training and Awareness building
    24. ► Server►State of the Art Technology deployment (Network Firewall,Intrusion Prevention System, Application Firewall)►Vulnerability Assessment and hardening of servers►Security in Software Development Life Cycle►Secure design and secure code development►Pre-hosting Security Audit of websites►Automated scanning►Manual penetration testing►Random checking for vulnerabilities in production sites►Security monitoring of web sites for inserted malicious links►Analysis of server logs for malicious attempts►Customised signatures deployment on security devices to protectfrom new/current attacksSecurity of Servers
    25. ►Client►State of the Art Technology deployment (Firewall,Intrusion Prevention System, Gateway Anti-virusSolution, Proxy Server, URL Blocking)►Security Audit of network and client systems►Vulnerability Assessment and Hardening of clientsystems►Round the clock monitoring for security alerts for clientsystems►Analysis of suspected systems for malwareSecurity of Client
    26. PII – APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS► Network & Device agnostic► Technology independence► Vendor independence► Standard► Scalable► Sustainable► Secure► Flexible► User friendly► Convenient
    27. PII –APPLICATION PLATFORMA bridge between the citizen and the services – Device & Network agnosticA bridge between the citizen and the services – Device & Network agnosticService Delivery PlatformCallCentersPortalsMobileRSKTouchScreensFacilitationCountersIVRSBPLCertificates(Birth/ Death,Income,..)Land RecordsPropertyRegistrationUID Delivery platformNREGAPDS
    28. PII IN ACTION
    29. 30• Population of over 700 million• Per capita income less than Rs.10,000 p.a.• 74% of population gets per-capita income of as lowas Rs. 20/- ($ 0.40) per day102.117103.9 1.9 1 0.3 0.302040608010012060 180 260 360 520 840 1300 2240HHIncome in $ per monthNumberofHHinmillions135 million rural householdsKey factors that can makesignificant difference in thelife of such people?–Education–Health–Employment–Productivity–Disaster reliefChallenges for Rural India13th Jan - 2010
    30. 31• E-Connectivity-- Broadband connectivity-- Data Centre services-- VoIP & Value Added Services-- Web hosting for Portal basedinformation services-- Video Conferencing-- VPN Extranet servicesPanchayats as KnowledgeCenters• E-Agriculture–On-line commodityprocurement–Commodity informationportal–Agricultural credit•Pre-harvest•Post-harvest–Insurance–Irrigation• E-Governance–State Electricity Board–Water Supply–Municipality–Telephone–Education–Health–Police–Labor Department–Election office–Census office• E-Commerce–E-Banking•Rural ATM•E-Payment–E-Procurement•Wholesale (Mandi)•Retail–Tele-marketing–PKI services–Secured transactionportal• E-Education–Extensive use of Web casting/Multicasting to educationalinstitutions–High bandwidth at SeminarHall/Information Hall atCommunity Center• Tele-Medicine–Connectivity to super specialtyhospitals and medical institutions• E-Entertainment–Video broadcast–Video-on-demand13th Jan - 2010
    31. Adviser to the Prime Minister on Public Information Infrastructure and InnovationsE-Office e-Office has been designed by NIC for the need for an effective andtransparent Governance and for the Next Generation Governmentneeds. e-Office is a suite of applications comprising of eFile, KnowledgeManagement System and many other features to make Governmentinterface more efficient. Based on Open architecture Framework Implemented at 55 locations including various Ministries, Centraland State Government Departments like Cabinet Secretariat, PrimeMinister’s Office (PMO), Ministry of HRD (MoHRD), Dept ofElectronics & Information Technology(DeitY), Chief Minister’s Office,Government of Maharashtra, State Planning Board, Government ofKerala32
    32. Adviser to the Prime Minister on Public Information Infrastructure and InnovationsE-Legal: ICT in Justice Delivery Courts of Tomorrow: An initiative to give effect to the extensivecomputerisation plan as laid down by the e-courts Mission ModeProject To act as a force multiplier to the on-going ICT enablementinitiatives of the Judiciary, Courts and the Government Delhi High Court is the best example of e-court implementation inthe country Developed a working paper on ‘Courts of Tomorrow’ inconsultation with Delhi and Bombay High Courts, Ministry of Lawand Justice, and NIC Madhya Pradesh State wide pilot initiated A proposal on integration of criminal justice system proposed tothe Law Ministry
    33. Adviser to the Prime Minister on Public Information Infrastructure and InnovationsOpen Government Platform India and the US have developed an Open Government Platform(OGPL) to promote transparency and citizen engagement OGPL will make government data, documents, tools andprocesses publicly available in useful machine-readable formatsto develop new applications for citizen benefit. (www.data.gov.in) OGPL combines and augments best features of US Data.Gov andIndia’s ‘Data.gov.in’ sites and will be offered to interested thirdcountry Governments. OGPL will enhance access and use of Government data to fosterinnovation, improve delivery of Government services, andpromote government accountability and transparency. Currently Data.gov.in is operational and has 2000 datasets
    34. Adviser to the Prime Minister on Public Information Infrastructure and InnovationsWebsites & PortalsWebsitesAdviser to the Prime Minister: www.iii.gov.inNational Innovation Council: www.innovationcouncil.gov.inNational Knowledge Commission: www.knowledgecommission.gov.inGlobal Innovation roundtable:www.globalinnovationroundtable.gov.inNational Knowledge Network: http://www.nkn.in/India Smart Grid Task Force: www.isgtf.inModernization of Indian Railways: www.railwaymodernisation.gov.in
    35. Adviser to the Prime Minister on Public Information Infrastructure and InnovationsWebsites & PortalsPortals National Innovation Portal: www.innovation.gov.in India Biodiversity Portal: www.indiabiodiversity.org Teachers of India: www.teachersofindia.org India Environment Portal:www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in India Energy Portal: www.indiaenergyportal.org India Water Portal: www.indiawaterportal.org
    36. Adviser to the Prime Minister on Public Information Infrastructure and InnovationsWebsites & PortalsSocial Media: Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/pages/New-Delhi-India/Adviser-to-the-PM-on-Public-Information-Infrastructure-and-Innovations/100738043327407?v=wall Youtube: http://www.youtube.com/iii Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sam_Pitroda Flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/71175052@N04/
    37. PII for the people

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