Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Upcoming SlideShare
What to Upload to SlideShare
Next
Download to read offline and view in fullscreen.

1

Share

Download to read offline

Upgrading Democracy, Slide Share vers4

Download to read offline

An implementable solution for the crisis of democracy.

A suggestion to solve our democratic representation crisis. A sketch of a proxy party that gives the power of decision to its party members. Grassroot democratic and efficient with safeguarded information and democratic processes. Decentralized politics.
https://upgradingdemocracy.com/

Upgrading Democracy, Slide Share vers4

  1. 1. Politics doesn‘t represent People How can we add more participation even when the established political parties resist? And should we? We have a Representation Crisis And who should do it? and achieve a real say
  2. 2. Politics doesn’t represent the majority of the people As US and German studies* have shown politics favors the will of the upper class, and at best ignores the middle and lower class therefore more than 80% of its constituents. US study “Affluence and Influence” from the Princeton University, 2012 German study “Systematic Distorted Decisions?” from University of Osnabrück, 2016 and its infamous history of changes We have a Representation Crisis
  3. 3. People are individuals How to conveniently 'overlook' the will of the people? Easy: 'Pretend to know' what they want and ignore their input. • Ask them about 20 topics/ decide on 200 • Give them a vote every 4th year but give them no real choice • Produce apathy, interpret disillusioned silence as approval • Organize and plan via a centralized system with minimal input from the people affected • Repeat every 4 years
  4. 4. Politicians are not aligned with voters Incentives Get re-elected, forever Industry job as lobbyist Money from speaking engagements etc. Other favors Pressure vote with party or get delisted receive sufficient election funding time pressure not being able to read/ understand everything voted upon
  5. 5. Incumbent Parties stack the game If you let parties decide “on their own behalf” they tend to decide “in their favor”: • Additional funds for political parties in power, representatives, their foundations etc. • Usage of tax paid manpower for party business • Trade government contracts/ legislation for favors • Hinder transparency, obfuscate responsibility … decreasing the chances for new political parties.
  6. 6. Incumbent Parties reduce control If you let parties decide “on their checks & balances” they tend to reduce the effectiveness of these institutions: • Give posts to those that agree with them • Weaken rules of oversight to extend their options
  7. 7. Fears of the Critics of direct referendums Rash decisions about complicated topics Uninformed voters choose the wrong solution as they have no time to educate themselves on the topic. Ø Enable informed decisions instead of gut feeling - balanced information with checked facts - set and safeguard info and democratic processes Voters vote themselves money Ø They didn’t in 2017 in a Swiss people’s initiative on Universal Basic Income
  8. 8. Fears of the Critics of direct referendums Take over by big spenders Ø According to a 1999 study from Professor Elizabeth Gerber this didn’t happen in the US: "Overall, there are no indications that financially strong circles have been able to manipulate the people in such a way that they managed to pass laws whose results were rejected by the majority of the people. Business associations therefore usually prefer lobbying in parliaments. Here the influence is more effective, cheaper and more independent of public opinion."
  9. 9. Fears of the Critics of direct referendums The fear of mob rule "Democracy is two wolves and a lamb voting on what to have for lunch. Liberty is a well-armed lamb contesting the vote." Benjamin Franklin You have to set rules Ø Absolute limits to the rights of intervention of the state Ø Limitation of the sphere of influence of the state Ø Avoid favoring or discriminating against groups Ø A working legal system
  10. 10. Participatory knowledge-based Politics with safeguarded information processes and democratic processes Information Knowledge Safeguarded Processes Parliament Voters
  11. 11. If 5% of the party members vote to take the topic to the official deliberation process 1:1 Y N Liquid Democracy and 5% takeover vote Safeguarded Information & Democratic Processes 1:1 Transfer to Parliament e.g.: If 80% of the members vote YES and 20% NO, then 8 from 10 representatives vote with YES and 2 with NO. The Proxy Party in a Nutshell Safeguarded Processes • Well-balanced fact gathering, fact check, deliberation • Creation of 6-page input paper
  12. 12. Focus on Democracy & Transparency Fix Democracy First, extend with most pressing problems that can be moved, focus on quality and consensus Quality of preparations • Manpower for - content preparation - fact checking - discussion facilitation • Expert input Investment by voters • Interest in topics • Quality proposal of topic • Sense of change • Trust • Ease of informing yourself about topic Efficiency number of high quality grassroot votes that can be carried out Effective Systems & Processes • Safeguarded democratic and info processes • Easy to use • Secure
  13. 13. Put a safeguard to processes Safeguarding the information processes • Facts (even the painful) , fact checking • Background and mechanisms behind the topic • Pros and Cons and well-founded recommendation Safeguarding the democratic processes • Define and follow a topic input and pickup process • Define and follow rules to discuss and widen topic • Define necessary topic maturity conditions for voting
  14. 14. And the results will be better Prof. Jon Dryzek: “The most obvious finding is that, given the opportunity, ordinary citizens can make good deliberators. Moreover, issue complexity is no barrier to the development and exercise of that competence.” Prof. James Fishkin “The public is very smart if you give it a chance. If people think their voice actually matters, they’ll do the hard work, really study . . ., ask the experts smart questions and then make tough decisions. When they hear the experts disagreeing, they’re forced to think for themselves. About 70% change their minds in the process.” “Citizens can become better informed and master the most complex issues of state government if they are given the chance.” Comprehensive empirical study on Citizen Deliberation by Prof. John Dryzek, Political Sciences, Australian National University Two decades of citizen panels run by Prof. James Fishkin, Political Science and Communication, Stanford University Both mentioned in Manuel Arriagna, “Rebooting Democracy: A Citizen’s Guide to Reinventing Politics”
  15. 15. Who is likely to do it? • An incumbent political party that is close to the ideals and has nothing to loose • A newly founded political party that needs an extra boost of trust to break the 5% hurdle • Multiple newly founded political parties - agree to come together to upgrade democracy - jointly discuss about solutions on the basis of grassroots democracy with secured information processes and democratic processes • A new political party
  16. 16. we could insist toWhat if take the decision in our own hands before professional politicians screw it up again?
  17. 17. Learn more about the idea of the Proxy Party and why single direct candidates are currently not the best solution: If you are a book reviewer, please send me a mail to review (at) upgradingdemocracy.com to receive your ARC.
  • TaniaTiberia

    Aug. 11, 2020

An implementable solution for the crisis of democracy. A suggestion to solve our democratic representation crisis. A sketch of a proxy party that gives the power of decision to its party members. Grassroot democratic and efficient with safeguarded information and democratic processes. Decentralized politics. https://upgradingdemocracy.com/

Views

Total views

125

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

25

Actions

Downloads

0

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

1

×