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MENA Knowledge Sharing and How-to in Subsidy Reform 
Regional Workshop* 
September 7-9, 2014 
Dead Sea Marriott Resort 
Dead Sea, Jordan 
Day 0: (Sunday, September 7, 2014) 
Welcome Reception 
Arysha Courtyard 
20:30 – 22:30 
 Welcome Remarks: Yasser El-Gammal, Practice Manager, Social Protection & 
Labor, Middle East and North Africa, World Bank 
 Dr. Malek Kabariti, former Minister of Energy & Mineral Resources, Kingdom of 
Jordan 
 Husam Beides, Program Leader, World Bank 
Policy Considerations for Subsidy Reform 
Day 1: (Monday, September 8, 2014) – Vartani Ballroom 
Workshop Registration 
08:30 – 09:00 
Review of workshop objectives, agenda, and expected outputs 
Introductory Session: Towards Comprehensive Energy and 
Social Safety Net Systems for Subsidy Reform 
09:00 – 10:00 
 Ferid Belhaj, Country Director for Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Iraq & Iran 
 H.E. Ibrahim Saif, Minister of Planning & International Cooperation, Jordan 
 H.E. Khaled Hanafy, Minister of Supply and Internal Trade, Egypt 
 Hartwig Schafer, Country Director for Egypt, Yemen and Djibouti 
Moderator: Justin Dargin, Energy and Middle East Scholar, University of Oxford 
* Note: The workshop will be conducted under the Chatham House Rule, such that participants are free to 
use any information received but no comments will be directly attributed to the speakers
Coffee/Tea Break and Group Picture 
10:00 – 10:30 
Session I: Understanding the Cost of Subsidies 
10:30 – 11:50 
 The session will review the costs associated with maintaining subsidies in 
MENA. Particularly, the session will look at the negative effects of subsidies 
highlighting the distinction between economic and accounting costs. 
 Keynote Presentation: Gazi Shbaikat, Resident Representative for Iraq and 
Yemen, International Monetary Fund (IMF) 
 Panelists: Omneia Helmy, Executive Director, Egyptian Center for Economic 
Studies (ECES); Mohamed Shoeib, Managing Director, Qalaa Holdings Energy 
Division; Chris Beaton, Research and Communications Officer, Global Subsidies 
Initiative (GSI) 
Moderator: Justin Dargin, Energy and Middle East Scholar, University of Oxford 
Session II: Current MENA Subsidy Reform Experiences: 
Egypt and Yemen 
12:00 – 13:00 
 The session will feature participant presentations on the current status of 
country reforms, followed by reactions from a panel of international experts. 
 Case Studies: Egypt, Yemen 
 Speakers: Tarek Saad, Minister’s Assistant, Ministry Of State For Administrative 
Development, and Sherif Zoheir, Senior Tariff Specialist, Egyptian Electric 
Regulatory Authority; Abduljalil Aldar, Director General of Planning, Ministry of 
Finance, Yemen 
 Reactions from International Experts 
Moderator: Mohab Hallouda, Senior Energy Specialist, World Bank 
Lunch 
Mosaico Restaurant 
13:00 – 14:00 
Session III: Current MENA Subsidy Reform Experiences: 
Jordan and Djibouti 
14:00 – 15:00 
 The session will feature participant presentations on the current status of 
country reforms, followed by reactions from a panel of international experts. 
 Case Studies: Jordan, Djibouti 
 Speakers: Mousa Tarawneh, Communications and Media Manager, National 
Unified Registry for Cash Compensation Program, Ministry of Finance, Jordan; 
Mouna Ahmed Ragueh, Chef de service, Safety Nets Program, State Secretariat 
for National Solidarity, Djibouti 
 Reactions from International Experts 
Moderator: Amr Moubarak, Social Protection Economist, World Bank; Paolo 
Verme, Senior Economist, World Bank
Coffee/Tea Break 
15:00 – 15:15 
Session IV: Current MENA Subsidy Reform Experiences: 
Morocco and Tunisia 
15:15 – 16:15 
 The session will feature participant presentations on the current status of 
country reforms, followed by reactions from a panel of international experts. 
 Case Studies: Morocco, Tunisia 
 Speakers: Latifa Boudouma, Chief of Subsidies Department, Ministry of General 
Affairs and Governance, Morocco; Afif Mabrouki, Director of Refining, Transport 
and Distribution of Hydrocarbons, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Mines, 
Tunisia 
 Reactions from International Experts 
Moderator: Paolo Verme, Senior Economist, World Bank 
Coffee/Tea Break 
16:15 – 16:30 
Session V: Identifying Country Needs for Moving Forward in 
Energy Subsidy Reform and Social Protection Systems 
16:30 – 18:00 
 This session will begin with round-table discussions on identifying country 
needs to prepare social protection and energy systems for subsidy reform. 
Country participants will share their thoughts on how the World Bank can 
support their efforts. 
 Chairs: Ferid Belhaj and Hartwig Schafer, Country Directors, World Bank 
Moderator: Yasser El-Gammal, Practice Manager, Social Protection & Labor, 
Middle East and North Africa, World Bank 
Welcome Dinner 
Cascades Restaurant 
20:00 – 22:00
How-To: Operationalizing Subsidy Reform 
Day 2: (Tuesday, September 9, 2014) – Vartani Ballroom 
Session VI: How to Prepare Energy Systems for Price Reform 
09:00 – 10:15 
 What is involved in preparing a country’s energy system for subsidy reform? 
This session will explore the pervasiveness of subsidies along the energy supply 
chain. It will evaluate how-to options for reforming subsides and increasing the 
efficiency of energy distribution. The session will also explore intersectoral 
effects of energy and transportation, and energy efficiency. 
 Case Studies: Philippines, Turkey, Jordan 
 Panelists: Jay Layug, former Undersecretary, Department of Energy, the 
Philippines; Baris Sanli, Deputy General Manager, Ministry of Energy, Turkey; Dr. 
Malek Kabariti, former Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources, Kingdom of 
Jordan; Husam Beides, Program Leader, World Bank 
Moderator: Maria Vagliasindi, Lead Economist, World Bank 
Coffee/Tea Break 
10:15 – 10:30 
Session VII: Building Efficient Safety Net Systems to Protect 
the Poor During Subsidy Reform 
10:30 – 11:50 
 Session will focus on ways governments can build and finance efficient, 
consolidated, and resilient safety net programs in their countr ies prior to 
engaging in subsidy-removal. Specifically, the session will look at how to design 
and implement a cash-transfer program including specific processes such as 
targeting, building a unified registry, and Management Information Systems 
(MIS); set-up of payments mechanisms; set-up of grievance and redress systems; 
and monitoring and evaluation. 
 Case Studies: Indonesia, Dominican Republic 
 Panelists: Secretary Bambang Widianto, Deputy for Social Welfare and Poverty 
Alleviation, Republic of Indonesia; Susana Gamez, former Technical Coordinator, 
Gabinete Social de la Presidencia, Dominican Republic 
Moderator: Yasser El-Gammal, Practice Manager, Social Protection & Labor, 
Middle East and North Africa, World Bank
Session VIII: Measuring the Impact of Subsidy Reform 
12:00 – 13:00 
 The session will review the tools available for analyzing the impact of subsidy 
reform at the macroeconomic and household level. Specifically, the session will 
introduce tools such as SUBSIM, CGE, and others. 
 Session Presenter: Paolo Verme, Senior Economist, World Bank 
Lunch 
Mosaico Restaurant 
13:00 – 14:00 
Session IX: Why Is Subsidy Reform Politically Difficult? How 
to Prepare for Subsidy Reform 
14:00 – 15:15 
 Using principles of political economy, this session will explore the question of 
why subsidy reform is politically difficult. This session will discuss how to 
identify sources of resistance and support, as well as major constraints to 
change, and present different concepts (such as timing, sequencing, bundling, 
and credible commitments) that can help increase support and allow reform to 
take place. The second half of the session will evaluate international experiences 
using communication strategies to change public opinion and increase buy-in for 
subsidy reform. 
 Panelists: Simon Commander, Managing Partner, Altura Partners; Edouard Al- 
Dahdah, Senior Public Sector Specialist, World Bank; Damon Vis-Dunbar, Project 
and Communications Manager, Global Subsidies Initiative (GSI) 
Moderator: Gustavo Demarco, Program Leader, World Bank 
Coffee/Tea Break 
15:15 – 15:30 
Session X: Sharing Experiences Between Practitioners on the 
Political Economy of Subsidy Reform 
15:30 – 16:30 
 The session will probe on the seldom-discussed challenges to subsidy reform, 
with country representatives engaging in a frank discussion with political 
economy experts 
 Panelists: Simon Commander, Managing Partner, Altura Partners; Edouard Al- 
Dahdah, Senior Public Sector Specialist, World Bank 
Coffee/Tea Break 
16:30 – 16:45
Session XI: Country Takeaways 
16:45 – 17:45 
 Day wrap-up and takeaways 
 This session will reflect on the ‘How-To’ approach in subsidy reform in the 
MENA region 
Moderator: Justin Dargin, Energy and Middle East Scholar, University of Oxford 
Dinner in Amman 
Reem Al Badwadi 
18:30 – 22:00 
Conference financed through: 
Multi-Donor Trust Fund 
In collaboration with:

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Workshop Agenda

  • 1. MENA Knowledge Sharing and How-to in Subsidy Reform Regional Workshop* September 7-9, 2014 Dead Sea Marriott Resort Dead Sea, Jordan Day 0: (Sunday, September 7, 2014) Welcome Reception Arysha Courtyard 20:30 – 22:30  Welcome Remarks: Yasser El-Gammal, Practice Manager, Social Protection & Labor, Middle East and North Africa, World Bank  Dr. Malek Kabariti, former Minister of Energy & Mineral Resources, Kingdom of Jordan  Husam Beides, Program Leader, World Bank Policy Considerations for Subsidy Reform Day 1: (Monday, September 8, 2014) – Vartani Ballroom Workshop Registration 08:30 – 09:00 Review of workshop objectives, agenda, and expected outputs Introductory Session: Towards Comprehensive Energy and Social Safety Net Systems for Subsidy Reform 09:00 – 10:00  Ferid Belhaj, Country Director for Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Iraq & Iran  H.E. Ibrahim Saif, Minister of Planning & International Cooperation, Jordan  H.E. Khaled Hanafy, Minister of Supply and Internal Trade, Egypt  Hartwig Schafer, Country Director for Egypt, Yemen and Djibouti Moderator: Justin Dargin, Energy and Middle East Scholar, University of Oxford * Note: The workshop will be conducted under the Chatham House Rule, such that participants are free to use any information received but no comments will be directly attributed to the speakers
  • 2. Coffee/Tea Break and Group Picture 10:00 – 10:30 Session I: Understanding the Cost of Subsidies 10:30 – 11:50  The session will review the costs associated with maintaining subsidies in MENA. Particularly, the session will look at the negative effects of subsidies highlighting the distinction between economic and accounting costs.  Keynote Presentation: Gazi Shbaikat, Resident Representative for Iraq and Yemen, International Monetary Fund (IMF)  Panelists: Omneia Helmy, Executive Director, Egyptian Center for Economic Studies (ECES); Mohamed Shoeib, Managing Director, Qalaa Holdings Energy Division; Chris Beaton, Research and Communications Officer, Global Subsidies Initiative (GSI) Moderator: Justin Dargin, Energy and Middle East Scholar, University of Oxford Session II: Current MENA Subsidy Reform Experiences: Egypt and Yemen 12:00 – 13:00  The session will feature participant presentations on the current status of country reforms, followed by reactions from a panel of international experts.  Case Studies: Egypt, Yemen  Speakers: Tarek Saad, Minister’s Assistant, Ministry Of State For Administrative Development, and Sherif Zoheir, Senior Tariff Specialist, Egyptian Electric Regulatory Authority; Abduljalil Aldar, Director General of Planning, Ministry of Finance, Yemen  Reactions from International Experts Moderator: Mohab Hallouda, Senior Energy Specialist, World Bank Lunch Mosaico Restaurant 13:00 – 14:00 Session III: Current MENA Subsidy Reform Experiences: Jordan and Djibouti 14:00 – 15:00  The session will feature participant presentations on the current status of country reforms, followed by reactions from a panel of international experts.  Case Studies: Jordan, Djibouti  Speakers: Mousa Tarawneh, Communications and Media Manager, National Unified Registry for Cash Compensation Program, Ministry of Finance, Jordan; Mouna Ahmed Ragueh, Chef de service, Safety Nets Program, State Secretariat for National Solidarity, Djibouti  Reactions from International Experts Moderator: Amr Moubarak, Social Protection Economist, World Bank; Paolo Verme, Senior Economist, World Bank
  • 3. Coffee/Tea Break 15:00 – 15:15 Session IV: Current MENA Subsidy Reform Experiences: Morocco and Tunisia 15:15 – 16:15  The session will feature participant presentations on the current status of country reforms, followed by reactions from a panel of international experts.  Case Studies: Morocco, Tunisia  Speakers: Latifa Boudouma, Chief of Subsidies Department, Ministry of General Affairs and Governance, Morocco; Afif Mabrouki, Director of Refining, Transport and Distribution of Hydrocarbons, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Mines, Tunisia  Reactions from International Experts Moderator: Paolo Verme, Senior Economist, World Bank Coffee/Tea Break 16:15 – 16:30 Session V: Identifying Country Needs for Moving Forward in Energy Subsidy Reform and Social Protection Systems 16:30 – 18:00  This session will begin with round-table discussions on identifying country needs to prepare social protection and energy systems for subsidy reform. Country participants will share their thoughts on how the World Bank can support their efforts.  Chairs: Ferid Belhaj and Hartwig Schafer, Country Directors, World Bank Moderator: Yasser El-Gammal, Practice Manager, Social Protection & Labor, Middle East and North Africa, World Bank Welcome Dinner Cascades Restaurant 20:00 – 22:00
  • 4. How-To: Operationalizing Subsidy Reform Day 2: (Tuesday, September 9, 2014) – Vartani Ballroom Session VI: How to Prepare Energy Systems for Price Reform 09:00 – 10:15  What is involved in preparing a country’s energy system for subsidy reform? This session will explore the pervasiveness of subsidies along the energy supply chain. It will evaluate how-to options for reforming subsides and increasing the efficiency of energy distribution. The session will also explore intersectoral effects of energy and transportation, and energy efficiency.  Case Studies: Philippines, Turkey, Jordan  Panelists: Jay Layug, former Undersecretary, Department of Energy, the Philippines; Baris Sanli, Deputy General Manager, Ministry of Energy, Turkey; Dr. Malek Kabariti, former Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources, Kingdom of Jordan; Husam Beides, Program Leader, World Bank Moderator: Maria Vagliasindi, Lead Economist, World Bank Coffee/Tea Break 10:15 – 10:30 Session VII: Building Efficient Safety Net Systems to Protect the Poor During Subsidy Reform 10:30 – 11:50  Session will focus on ways governments can build and finance efficient, consolidated, and resilient safety net programs in their countr ies prior to engaging in subsidy-removal. Specifically, the session will look at how to design and implement a cash-transfer program including specific processes such as targeting, building a unified registry, and Management Information Systems (MIS); set-up of payments mechanisms; set-up of grievance and redress systems; and monitoring and evaluation.  Case Studies: Indonesia, Dominican Republic  Panelists: Secretary Bambang Widianto, Deputy for Social Welfare and Poverty Alleviation, Republic of Indonesia; Susana Gamez, former Technical Coordinator, Gabinete Social de la Presidencia, Dominican Republic Moderator: Yasser El-Gammal, Practice Manager, Social Protection & Labor, Middle East and North Africa, World Bank
  • 5. Session VIII: Measuring the Impact of Subsidy Reform 12:00 – 13:00  The session will review the tools available for analyzing the impact of subsidy reform at the macroeconomic and household level. Specifically, the session will introduce tools such as SUBSIM, CGE, and others.  Session Presenter: Paolo Verme, Senior Economist, World Bank Lunch Mosaico Restaurant 13:00 – 14:00 Session IX: Why Is Subsidy Reform Politically Difficult? How to Prepare for Subsidy Reform 14:00 – 15:15  Using principles of political economy, this session will explore the question of why subsidy reform is politically difficult. This session will discuss how to identify sources of resistance and support, as well as major constraints to change, and present different concepts (such as timing, sequencing, bundling, and credible commitments) that can help increase support and allow reform to take place. The second half of the session will evaluate international experiences using communication strategies to change public opinion and increase buy-in for subsidy reform.  Panelists: Simon Commander, Managing Partner, Altura Partners; Edouard Al- Dahdah, Senior Public Sector Specialist, World Bank; Damon Vis-Dunbar, Project and Communications Manager, Global Subsidies Initiative (GSI) Moderator: Gustavo Demarco, Program Leader, World Bank Coffee/Tea Break 15:15 – 15:30 Session X: Sharing Experiences Between Practitioners on the Political Economy of Subsidy Reform 15:30 – 16:30  The session will probe on the seldom-discussed challenges to subsidy reform, with country representatives engaging in a frank discussion with political economy experts  Panelists: Simon Commander, Managing Partner, Altura Partners; Edouard Al- Dahdah, Senior Public Sector Specialist, World Bank Coffee/Tea Break 16:30 – 16:45
  • 6. Session XI: Country Takeaways 16:45 – 17:45  Day wrap-up and takeaways  This session will reflect on the ‘How-To’ approach in subsidy reform in the MENA region Moderator: Justin Dargin, Energy and Middle East Scholar, University of Oxford Dinner in Amman Reem Al Badwadi 18:30 – 22:00 Conference financed through: Multi-Donor Trust Fund In collaboration with: