(Help, I’ve got this English Assignment and I’ve got no
idea how to make a cool movie short)
What is in this?
• Quick and dirty short production
• Getting organised
• Software available at PMHS
• Great work has a learning overhead
• Applications to manipulate ﬁlm
• Suggested approaches
Quick and dirty 101
• Editing ﬁlm requires TIME and PATIENCE
• Know your limitations and boundaries
• You can use a video camera to record a
standard MONITOR, so play your ﬁlm clip,
tape it and then you’ve got your content the
• Edit your footage using Nero 7 (Vision
Express) and export to VCD.
Quick and dirty 101
• Nero allows you to import footage from a
DV or USB based video camera.
• You can cut it up and then export it to a
• It won’t be HIGH on ‘eye candy’ but it will
• You can do the same thing using Windows
Quick and dirty 101
• Nero 7 (Vision Express) and MMaker are
ENTRY level editors. This method will allow
you to make a short in about 4 hours
including the ﬁlming off a MONITOR
• TV recording often means you get the ﬂicker
effect - use a monitor - it still won’t be
smooth - but it’s better.
• Mucking about with video apps is a time
wasting experience! - get organised.
• You need to be clear on the clips you want.
• You need to get them ALL into the SAME
FORMAT to edit (this is the hardest part)
• Once you have your footage in the same
format, you can then edit it down.
• On paper - you need to draft a storyboard.
• What is on the screen - how long is each scene on the
• Trailers tend NOT to have any single ‘shot’ on the screen
for more than 6 seconds. That is a lot of editing!
• What is the voice over during the scene - exact words
• What is the sound track or effect behind it.
• What volume is each piece of audio (high/mid/low)
• Before considering cutting up the footage - you need to BE
• Have a STORYBOARD completed (this gives you something
to work to and sets limits)
• HAVE all your footage in the same format and in the same
SIZE - ie MP4 at 320x240 pixels.
• WITHOUT THE ABOVE DONE DONT WASTE YOUR
TIME ATTEMPTING TO START EDITING AND
PRODUCING ANYTHING ... you will burn time!
• Windows Movie Maker (all PCs) - basic stuff
• Ulead Video studio in C1, C2 (MID)
• Audacity (open source) in C1, C2 (MID)
• iMovie in the LC on the Apple (MID)
• Garage Band in the LC on the Apple (MID)
• Adobe Premier in Creative Arts (HIGH END)
• Final Cut Express - on the Apple (HIGH END)
• Video editing is HARD, the software at the
high end has a massive GUI to get your head
around ... you need to READ tutorials and
use the HELP menus and LEARN it.
• High End = More Time. The results are SEMI-
PRO, but there is a LEARNING CURVE.
• BIG SCREEN SIZE = more memory/storage
and MORE time to edit and RENDER.
• The No 1 error students make is to decide
on footage - and not understand the
FORMAT that it is in.
• Video has a gazillion formats and CODECs.
You need to UNDERSTAND the nature of
these to ensure what you have or want is
going to be useable on the application you
intend to use.
• Confused yet?
• Apple can handle MP2 Layer video, MOV (quicktime), AVI,
MP4, DIVx, Xvid
• Windoze Media likes MOV, AVI and WMV
• CODECS are add-ins that allow APPLICATIONS like
Windows Media Player to show Compression formats for
the above. There are at least 20 popular CODECS in use
• FLV (Flash) - YouTube et al, are a particularly difﬁcult format
to manipulate and convert.
• DVDs use VOD ﬁles and are BIG (4.7gig)
• VCDs are about 700meg for a full ﬁlm, but
lower quality than DVDs
• DV (digital video) is HIGH QUALITY and
makes BIG ﬁles. Tape video cameras
• Hard Drive cameras use MOD ﬁles which
are MPEG 2 layer and need converting if you
want to edit them.
• Bit Torrent and Ripped movies are usually in
AVI format using MP4 compression which
require CODECS (DivX or Xvid) usually.
• Can your editing software deal with MP4
• The audio layer in MP4 may also be MPEG2
audio, so the video might import, but it will
drop the audio ...
• I recommend you use the following
• Premiere - AVI or MOV format ﬁles
• iMovie/Final Cut - MP4, MOV ﬁles
• Movie Maker - AVI ﬁles
• Keep clear of FLV and WMV ﬁles.
• Daemon Tools - mounts virtual drives for VCD format ﬁlms
from ISO and CUE ﬁles
• AShampoo - converts RAR ﬁles to ISO and CUE ﬁles for
use with Daemon Tools
• Steamclip - converts most formats to other formats (MAC)
• RIPPING software converts DVD to AVI or other formats
(4.7gig) to approx (700meg) for full feature ﬁlms.
• You have to have all your RAW footage in the
same format before editing
• You need to record voice overs in WAV, AIFF or
MP3 format before editing
• You need to ‘crop’ you clips using an editor
(Premiere/iMovie) and then sequence them
• When you’ve added voice over and sound effects,
then you can add scene transitions and video
• Make small video clips (160x120), with low
frame rates (12fps).
• Assemble a RUSH version with no
transitions or fx, just to establish if your ﬁlm
• Time each clip, and not it. When you come
to the REAL thing, you will know what and
how long each clip will be - saving time.
• Expect a 3 minute trailer to be made up of 180 seconds -
or about 30 edit points as a rough guide.
• Converting 3 minutes will take 3 hours to get into a
common format if you’ve never done it before - and
assuming you’ve got access to the right software to convert
• Producing 3 minutes will take 8 hours.
• Exporting and Rendering will take 2 hours.
• 14 hours to make 3 minutes - if you’ve never done it before
• There are no MACS for hire.
• 1 in the LC currently (see Mr Groom to
• 20 PCs in Creative Arts (Premiere)
• 30 PCs in C1 - Ulead/Audacity
• You cannot GOOGLE this work.
• You will get frustrated because you will have to LEARN
new skills and READ tutorials and the HELP menu.
• You have to MAKE TIME to learn and do this task, there are
NO short cuts
• The internet is packed with FREE help and tips - don’t ask
staff to do your work for you. We don’t have time.
• Don’t ask unless are ORGANISED with the storyboard,
raw ﬁles etc., 75% of this is PREPARATION.