WW1 fighting and equipment (KS3)


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WW1 fighting and equipment (KS3)

  1. 1. The equipment of trench warfare between 1914 - 1918<br />
  2. 2. “The technological escalation that occurred from the start of World War I to the end of World War II was more profound than any other period in human history”. <br />“These new inventions were designed and deployed to the task of killing humans more effectively”.<br />(Hartcup 1988)<br />
  3. 3. Task One: Using the video clip, produce a thought shower for all types of equipment you have seen.<br />Personal weapons - Rifles, Machine guns (1894), Pistols<br />Clothing – Uniform (camouflage 1914), boots, belt<br />Protective clothing- Tin Helmets (1916), Gas Masks (1916)<br />General – Shovel, entrenching tool (1910), mess tins, mug, <br />Transport –<br /> Tanks (1917),<br />Aircraft(1915), <br />Motorbike(1915)<br />Horse<br />Types of Equipment<br />Webbing – Ammo pouches, back pack<br />The soldier was seen as disposable<br />Heavy Weapons – Artillery, Portable Mortars (1915), GAS (1915)<br />
  4. 4. 1) Clothing – Consisting of ,Uniform, Undergarments, Belt, Boots.<br />Head Dress<br />The Field Dress (Uniform) consisted of:<br />Shirt and Blouse<br />The uniform was made of durable ‘khaki wool serge’ which was strong and warm. The buttons were made of brass because plastic had not been invented.<br />Can you think why the uniform was unpopular?<br />Uncomfortable<br />Became heavy when wet<br />Became infested with lice<br />Trousers<br />Puttees<br />Jack boots<br />
  5. 5. 2) Equipment – Ammo Pouches, Water Bottle, Entrenching Tool, Belt, Back Pack<br />‘Webbing’ was made from khaki canvas, and leather. These materials are strong and could be waterproofed with Blanco and Bees Wax .<br />Water bottle<br />Ammo Pouches<br />The pouches were held closed by brass press studs, instead of buttons. Why do you think this was?<br />All buckles and clips were also made from brass.<br />Entrenching tool<br />Belt and Straps<br />Back pack<br />
  6. 6. 3) Protective Equipment – Helmet, Gas Mask<br />M1916 ‘Stahlhelm’<br />With the abrupt introduction of chemical gas to the battlefield at Ypres in 1915 simple masks consisting of leather and glass were introduced<br />Gas Mask ‘Lugs’<br />Gas Mask<br />Camouflage paint<br />The British had supplied steel helmets to all soldiers by 1915. The Germans followed suit by 1916.<br />What are the benefits of having a steel helmet?<br />
  7. 7. 4) Personal Weapons – Rifle, Bayonet, Grenades, Clubs.<br />MauserGew 98. Standard infantry rifle of the German Army. Held 5 rounds before reloading, and would fire accurately to distances of 800m. What is it made from?<br />‘Mills Fragmentation Bomb’ (Grenade)1915.<br /> Had a 7 second delayed fuse, and could be thrown up to 30metres. <br />Why do you think the grenade is pineapple shaped?<br />Was a bayonet so long necessary?<br />
  8. 8. 5) Heavy Weapons – Artillery, Mortars, Tanks<br />Fuse<br />Explosive Shell<br />A British 45cm mortar – Range 15 miles. Some railway guns could fire 100cm shells 20 miles<br />Why would the explosive part of the shell be full of metal ball bearings?<br />Shell <br />case<br />The ball bearing act as shrapnel<br />
  9. 9. Task Two: Using the information you have collected during this lesson, design a piece of world war one equipment<br />Your design can only be made from materials and technology around before 1918. <br />Along with you design you will write two paragraphs stating: <br />Why you have chosen to design that particular piece of equipment?<br />What materials you have made your equipment out of and why?<br />The equipment is to be finished for homework. <br />