Introduction to the Criminal
Justice System in the U.S.
September 10th, 2013
SWBAT: Identify the three
components of the c...
WHAT MAKES UP THE CRIMINAL
JUSTICE SYSTEM?
-THERE ARE 3 COMPONENTS THAT
COMPRISE THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM:
•THE POLICE ...
WHO ARE THE POLICE?
-IN THE UNITED STATES, THERE ARE MORE
THAN 17,000 LAW ENFORCEMENT
AGENCIES, BUT ALL THE AGENCIES FALL
...
BASIC RESPONSIBILITIES OF
POLICE
WHILE THE POLICE HAVE MANY
RESPONSIBILITIES, THE FOUR MAIN DUTIES
ARE:
•KEEPING THE PEACE...
WHO ARE THE POLICE?
-BELOW ARE EXAMPLES OF FEDERAL LAW
ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
•FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATIONS (FBI)
•COUNT...
WHO ARE THE POLICE?
-BELOW ARE EXAMPLES OF NEW YORK
STATE LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES:
•NY STATE TROOPERS
•NY STATE COURT OFF...
WHO ARE THE POLICE?
-BELOW ARE EXAMPLES OF NEW YORK CITY
(LOCAL) LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES:
•NYC POLICE (NYPD)
•NYC SHERIFF...
THE COURT SYSTEM
-THE UNITED STATES HAS A DUAL COURT
SYSTEM:
•NATIONAL COURT SYSTEM
•STATE COURT SYSTEM
•INCLUDES LOCAL (C...
FUNCTION OF THE COURTS
THE COURTS HAVE TWO MAIN
RESPONSIBILITIES:
•ADJUDICATION: DETERMINING WHETHER OR
NOT A DEFENDANT IS...
THE FEDERAL COURTS
-THE FEDERAL COURT SYSTEM INCLUDES
THE FOLLOWING:
•U.S. SUPREME COURT
•U.S. COURT OF APPEALS
•U.S. DIST...
NEW YORK STATE COURTS
-THENEW YORK STATE COURT SYSTEM
INCLUDES THE FOLLOWING:
•NYS SUPREME COURT
•NYS COURT OF CLAIMS
•NYS...
NEW YORK STATE COURTS
-THENEW YORK CITY (LOCAL) COURT
SYSTEM INCLUDES THE FOLLOWING:
•NYC CIVIL COURT
•NYC CRIMINAL COURT
...
NEW YORK STATE COURTS
-THENEW YORK CITY (LOCAL) COURT
SYSTEM INCLUDES THE FOLLOWING:
•NYC CIVIL COURT
•NYC CRIMINAL COURT
...
CORRECTIONS
-LIKE LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES,
CORRECTIONAL AGENCIES ARE DIVIDED
INTO 3 COMPONENTS:
•FEDERAL
•STATE
•LOCAL
FEDERAL CORRECTIONAL
AGENCIES
-THE FEDERAL BUREAU OF PRISONS
OVERSEES THE FOLLOWING OPERATIONS:
•119 FEDERAL PRISONS
•22 R...
NEW YORK STATE CORRECTIONS
-NYSDOCCS OVERSEES THE CORRECTIONAL
PROCESS IN NEW YORK STATE
•70 CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES
•1 DR...
-NYC DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS
(DOC) OVERSEES THE OPERATION OF:
•10 MAJOR JAILS ON RIKER’S ISLAND
•4 BOROUGH DETENTION CEN...
Introduction to CJ
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Introduction to CJ

  1. 1. Introduction to the Criminal Justice System in the U.S. September 10th, 2013 SWBAT: Identify the three components of the criminal justice system and justify the need for each.
  2. 2. WHAT MAKES UP THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM? -THERE ARE 3 COMPONENTS THAT COMPRISE THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM: •THE POLICE (LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES) •THE COURTS •CORRECTIONS
  3. 3. WHO ARE THE POLICE? -IN THE UNITED STATES, THERE ARE MORE THAN 17,000 LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES, BUT ALL THE AGENCIES FALL UNDER 1 OF 3 CATEGORIES: •FEDERAL •STATE •LOCAL
  4. 4. BASIC RESPONSIBILITIES OF POLICE WHILE THE POLICE HAVE MANY RESPONSIBILITIES, THE FOUR MAIN DUTIES ARE: •KEEPING THE PEACE •APPREHEND VIOLATORS AND COMBAT CRIME •PREVENT CRIME •PROVIDE SOCIAL SERVICES
  5. 5. WHO ARE THE POLICE? -BELOW ARE EXAMPLES OF FEDERAL LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES •FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATIONS (FBI) •COUNTER INTELLIGENCE AGENCY (CIA) •DRUG ENFORCEMENT AGENCY (DEA) •US MARSHALS SERVICE (USMS) •BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS AND EXPLOSIVES (ATF) •US CUSTOMS AND BORDER PATROL
  6. 6. WHO ARE THE POLICE? -BELOW ARE EXAMPLES OF NEW YORK STATE LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES: •NY STATE TROOPERS •NY STATE COURT OFFICERS •NY STATE PARK POLICE •NY STATE DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS •NY DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION •STATE UNIVERSITY OF NY (SUNY) POLICE
  7. 7. WHO ARE THE POLICE? -BELOW ARE EXAMPLES OF NEW YORK CITY (LOCAL) LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES: •NYC POLICE (NYPD) •NYC SHERIFF’S OFFICE •NYC DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION POLICE •NYC DEPARTMENT OF PROBATION •NYC FIRE MARSHALS
  8. 8. THE COURT SYSTEM -THE UNITED STATES HAS A DUAL COURT SYSTEM: •NATIONAL COURT SYSTEM •STATE COURT SYSTEM •INCLUDES LOCAL (CITY AND COUNTY) COURTS •COURTS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR ADJUDICATION: DETERMING THE GUILT OR INNOCENCE OF A DEFENDANT
  9. 9. FUNCTION OF THE COURTS THE COURTS HAVE TWO MAIN RESPONSIBILITIES: •ADJUDICATION: DETERMINING WHETHER OR NOT A DEFENDANT IS GUILTY •SENTENCING: COURTS MUST IMPOSE PUNISHMENTS THAT ARE APPROPRIATE TO THE BEHAVIOR BEING PUNISHED
  10. 10. THE FEDERAL COURTS -THE FEDERAL COURT SYSTEM INCLUDES THE FOLLOWING: •U.S. SUPREME COURT •U.S. COURT OF APPEALS •U.S. DISTRICT COURT •U.S. BANKRUPTCY COURT •U.S. COURT OF SPECIAL JURISDICTION
  11. 11. NEW YORK STATE COURTS -THENEW YORK STATE COURT SYSTEM INCLUDES THE FOLLOWING: •NYS SUPREME COURT •NYS COURT OF CLAIMS •NYS COURT OF APPEALS •NYS FAMILY COURT •NYS SURROGATE’S COURT
  12. 12. NEW YORK STATE COURTS -THENEW YORK CITY (LOCAL) COURT SYSTEM INCLUDES THE FOLLOWING: •NYC CIVIL COURT •NYC CRIMINAL COURT •NYC FAMILY COURT •NYC SURROGATE’S COURT •TRAFFIC VIOLATIONS BUREAU
  13. 13. NEW YORK STATE COURTS -THENEW YORK CITY (LOCAL) COURT SYSTEM INCLUDES THE FOLLOWING: •NYC CIVIL COURT •NYC CRIMINAL COURT •NYC FAMILY COURT •NYC SURROGATE’S COURT •TRAFFIC VIOLATIONS BUREAU
  14. 14. CORRECTIONS -LIKE LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES, CORRECTIONAL AGENCIES ARE DIVIDED INTO 3 COMPONENTS: •FEDERAL •STATE •LOCAL
  15. 15. FEDERAL CORRECTIONAL AGENCIES -THE FEDERAL BUREAU OF PRISONS OVERSEES THE FOLLOWING OPERATIONS: •119 FEDERAL PRISONS •22 RESIDENTIAL REENTRY OFFICES •FEDERAL PROBATION AND PAROLE OFFICERS
  16. 16. NEW YORK STATE CORRECTIONS -NYSDOCCS OVERSEES THE CORRECTIONAL PROCESS IN NEW YORK STATE •70 CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES •1 DRUG TREATMENT FACILITY •DIVISION OF PAROLE
  17. 17. -NYC DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS (DOC) OVERSEES THE OPERATION OF: •10 MAJOR JAILS ON RIKER’S ISLAND •4 BOROUGH DETENTION CENTERS •2 HOSPITAL PRISON WARDS •NYC DEPARTMENT OF PROBATION NEW YORK CITY CORRECTIONS

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