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Saint teresa of avila

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a biography of Saint Teresa of Jesus, and her spiritual legacy

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Saint teresa of avila

  1. 1. SAINT TERESA OF AVILA
  2. 2. Teresa Sánchez Cepeda Dávila y Ahumada, was born in Ávila, Castilla la Vieja, on March 28, 1515; Family and childhood
  3. 3. and died in Alba de Tormes, on October 4, 1582.
  4. 4. She was the third child of Don Alonso Sánchez de Cepeda, with his second wife, Mrs. Beatriz Dávila y Ahumada, who died when the saint was fourteen years old.
  5. 5. Teresa was raised by her pious father, who was a lover of serious books, and by a tender and pious mother.
  6. 6. When she was very young, she persuaded her younger brother Rodrigo to escape to the missions to die as martyrs at the hands of the Saracens. Her uncle found them and brought them home.
  7. 7. Her mother died when she was 14 years old. In her pain, she turned to the Virgin Mary, asking her to console her and to be her mother from there on.
  8. 8. But later her cousins ​​led her to a shallow life, where she cared about her appearance, and social treatment.
  9. 9. After the death of his mother and the marriage of his older sister, Teresa was sent to the Augustinian nuns in Avila to be educated, THE BEGINNING OF HER VOCATION
  10. 10. Sister Maria Eugenia, of the Agustinians, helped her focus and renew her spiritual life.
  11. 11. A friend of hers, Ana Suarez entered the convent of the Incarnation, and Teresa also wanted to enter.
  12. 12. When she did not obtain the consent of her father, in November 1535, she secretly left her father's house, entering the Carmelite Convent of the Incarnation, in Ávila, which at that time had 140 nuns.
  13. 13. Leaving her family caused her great pain, which she then compared with the pain she felt about death. Her father eventually relented and Teresa took the Carmelite habit.
  14. 14. After her profession, she became seriously ill, having to endure a long convalescence, which, together with the clumsy medical treatments, left her very weak. Even after her partial recovery, (thanks to the intercession of Saint Joseph), her health was always poor.
  15. 15. They took her to recover to her uncle Don Pedro's house in Horgigozo de la Cañada. He asked Teresa to read spiritual books to him and was introduced to Christian authors. She read the Third Alphabet of Francis of Osuna. She began to learn the prayer of recollection and had the gift of tears.
  16. 16. Her uncle gave her the Letters of Saint Jerome, which inspired and encouraged in the option for religious life
  17. 17. During these years of illness she began the practice of mental prayer, but, fearing that the conversations on worldly subjects that she had with some relatives who frequently visited the convent would make her unworthy of the graces that God granted her, she abandoned this type of prayer, until she was directed first by the Dominicans and then by the Jesuits
  18. 18. Teresa could find God everywhere, even among the pots of the kitchen
  19. 19. God had begun to visit her with "intellectual visions and locutions“. These encouraged and strengthened her to cope with trials, both internal and external.
  20. 20. In 1554 she had her second conversion. In a vision she saw Christ in his passion and was moved and asked, what can I do for the Lord.
  21. 21. SPIRITUAL DIRECTORS AND COUNSELLORS During her life, Teresa had several confessors, spiritual directors, and counselors. Unable to reconcile the graces she received with her defects, which she considered to be great faults, she sought spiritual confessors, but also some saintly lay advisors.
  22. 22. When she recounted her vivid spiritual experiences, some thought they came from the devil, eg Francisco de Alcedo and Gaspar de Daza. Their negative opinion made her suffer a lot.
  23. 23. Don Diego de Cetina, on the other hand, was positive and encouraged her, because he was convinced that her inspirations came from God.
  24. 24. She sought direction from Saint Francis de Borja
  25. 25. y Saint Peter of Alcantara,
  26. 26. and later several Dominicans (particularly Pedro Ibáñez and Domingo Bañez), Jesuits, and other religious and secular priests, to discern God's work and guide down a safe path.
  27. 27. John de Prádanos helped her with his advice, guiding her to free herself from certain attachments.
  28. 28. Baltasar Alvarez was her director for 3 years in a period when Teresa was taken for half crazy, and the criticism affected him too, because he directed her.
  29. 29. VISIONS AND MYSTICAL EXPERIENCES
  30. 30. The Saint saw in visions, the Holy Spirit, the Trinity, the Virgin Mary, Saint Clare, Saint Peter and Saint Paul, Saint Peter of Alcantara, and also her sister María and two priests, after their deaths. In addition, some angels, but also some demons appeared to her
  31. 31. In a vision the Lord presented her with a nail as a sign of her mystical wedding with Him.
  32. 32. She also sometimes experienced transverberation, when she felt her heart penetrated and wounded by pain and love for Christ at the same time.
  33. 33. Teresa felt the inner stigmatization in her mystical experiences
  34. 34. In 1560 Teresa had a vision of the glorified humanity of Christ. These mystical experiences marked her entire life.
  35. 35. She also had a vision of hell, and what would be the fate of the unfaithful; the pangs of the spirit, and the despair at being deprived of God forever, which would be worse than the sufferings of the body. Her gratitude to the Lord who saves her increased.
  36. 36. One day, Saint Teresa of Jesus was going down the stairs and she came across a beautiful child who was smiling at her. Sister Teresa, surprised to see a little boy inside the convent, asked him: And who are you? To which the child responds with another question: And who are you? The holy nun replied: "I am Teresa of Jesús." And the boy, with a wide and luminous smile, said: "Well, I'm Jesús of Teresa."
  37. 37. She was very devoted to Saint Joseph «I would like to persuade everyone to become very devoted to this glorious Saint, from my experience of the benefits that he obtains from God». When she was 27 years old, she became ill, to the point of no longer being able to walk, and could only crawl on the ground. Medical science could no longer do anything for her, and the holy woman entrusted herself to Saint Joseph: «I took the glorious Saint Joseph as my lawyer and lord, and I entrusted a lot to him ..., and he enabled me to get up and walk». In addition, St Joseph appeared to her, and promised her heavenly support for her foundations, and even financial support, since she had no money.
  38. 38. Teresa resurrected a dead girl - “her father, invoking the holy virgin and mother, Saint Teresa of Jesus, to intercede with God, put her picture on the chest of the child who had been dead for nine hours. The next day at dawn, she rose good and healthy, without fever or any other ailment or disease, with her natural color. She asked for food which they gave her and she ate by her own hand. Then she asked to get dressed and got up and sat at a window.
  39. 39. THE REFORM OF THE CARMELITES, AND THE FOUNDATIONS
  40. 40. In 1560 after receiving communion, in thanksgiving, she was inspired to return to the original fervor of Carmel. She told Don Pedro de Alcantara who supported her.
  41. 41. In Toledo she received permission to undertake the reform, with other inspired and willing nuns, but in the Incarnation there was great opposition. Many complained that such a convent of Saint Joseph would have no fixed income, depending on divine providence. Eventually all setbacks were overcome.
  42. 42. Saint Teresa founded the convent of Discalced Carmelites of the Old Observance of the Rule of Saint Joseph of Ávila (August 24, 1562)
  43. 43. In 1567, she received the visit of Juan Bautista Rubeo (Rossi), the General of the Carmelites, who not only approved what she had done, but also gave her permission to found other convents, both for friars and nuns. Almost immediately, she founded convents in Medina del Campo (1567), Malagón and Valladolid (1568), Toledo and Pastrana (1569), Salamanca (1570), Alba de Tormes (1571), Segovia (1574), Beas and Seville (1575), and Caravaca (1576).
  44. 44. Teresa always acted with spirit of obedience, even in more difficult situations like when she was sent back to the Incarnation as prioress.
  45. 45. In the "Book of Foundations", she tells the history of these convents, which, were founded despite great opposition, but with the manifest Help from heaven. Everywhere she found generous souls who wanted to support the genuine spirit of the original rule of Carmel, e.g. Mrs. Guiojar de Ulloa.
  46. 46. After meeting Antonio de Heredia, prior of Medina, and Saint John of the Cross, she began her reform of the friars (November 28, 1568), the first convents were… Duruelo (1568), Pastrana (1569),
  47. 47. Mancera, and Alcalá de Henares (1570) Mancera Alcalá de Henares
  48. 48. The nuncio, appointed Jerónimo Gracián as Apostolic Visitor of the Carmelite friars and nuns of strict observance of Andalusia, and as such, he had the right to object to the restrictions given by the general superior and the general chapter
  49. 49. THE PERSECUTION OF THE REFORM
  50. 50. In 1577 a new persecution was unleashed. The superior general sent letters to Teresa, which she answered, but the answers did not arrive on time and he suspecting her disobedience, sent Father Tostado as his representative to suppress the order.
  51. 51. On the death of the nuncio and with the arrival of his successor, a great storm began over Santa Teresa and her work, which lasted four years and it seemed it would be the end of the nascent reform. The facts of this persecution are well described in his letters. The difficulties would only be overcome with the support of King Philip II.
  52. 52. John of the Cross who had already been arrested for a few days by the friars in Medina del Campo, in 1575 was again imprisoned.
  53. 53. On the night of December 3, 1577, John of the Cross was again arrested and transferred to the Carmelite monastery of Toledo, where he was forced to appear before a court of shod friars to retract the Teresian Reform. Faced with his refusal, he was confined in a conventual prison for eight months. During this period of seclusion he wrote the first thirty-one stanzas of the Spiritual Canticle.
  54. 54. With the help of a jailer, he escaped in the middle of the night and took refuge in the convent of the Discalced Carmelite Mothers, also in Toledo. The nuns sent him to the Hospital de Santa Cruz, where he spent a month and a half.
  55. 55. Things changed when Don Felipe Cega is appointed the new nuncio. In 1580 they get a papal bull separating the orders, barefoot and shod. They were approved and canonically established on 22 June 1580.
  56. 56. Father Antonio de Heredia gives the viatico to SaInt Teresa THE END OF HER LIFE
  57. 57. Saint Teresa, even when old and of broken health, made more foundations, in Villanueva del la Jara and Palencia (1580), Soria (1581), Granada (with help from her assistant the Blessed Ana of Jesus), and Burgos (1582)
  58. 58. In 1582 Teresa went with Fr. Gracian to Burgos. The Duchess of Alba de Tormes sent for her but she became ill in Medina del Campo.
  59. 59. She arrived in Alba de Tormes in September, enduring great bodily suffering. Soon after, she had to stay in bed, and died on October 4, 1582.
  60. 60. After some years his body was transferred to Ávila, but then Alba was transferred again, where it is still preserved uncorrupted. Her heart, which shows the marks of transverberation, is also exposed to be venerated by believers.
  61. 61. She was beatified in 1614, and canonized in 1622 by Pope Gregory XV, her feast was fixed on October 15
  62. 62. THE SPIRITUAL LEGACY OF SAINT TERESA OF AVILA The Mansions of the Interior Castle
  63. 63. LITERARY WORK Life of Mother Teresa of Jesus The Path of Perfection The Dwellings of the Inner Castle The Foundations Letters
  64. 64. In her writings she narrates clearly her personal experiences, thanks to her gift of deep insight and capacity of analysis. Her Thomist substratum can be traced to the influence of her confessors and directors, many of whom belonged to the Dominican order.
  65. 65. - She uses the short meters of traditional poetry - The extension of your poems will vary from one to another. - In her works she deals with the theme of idealized love, God being the beloved and she the beloved WORKS -I live without living in myself -I am yours for you I was born -love colloquium -oh beauty that you excede -soul look for you in me -in the cross is life -to saint andrew - to saint Catherine, the martyr
  66. 66. She was proclaimed a doctor of the Church Oct 28, 2020
  67. 67. LIST OF PRESENTATIONS IN ENGLISH Revised 30-9-2021 Advent and Christmas – time of hope and peace Amoris Laetitia – ch 1 – In the Light of the Word Amoris Laetitia – ch 2 – The Experiences and Challenges of Families Amoris Laetitia – ch 3 - Looking to Jesus, the Vocation of the Family Amoris Laetitia – ch 4 - Love in Marriage Amoris Laetitia – ch 5 – Love made Fruitfuol Amoris Laetitia – ch 6 – Some Pastoral Perspectives Amoris Laetitia – ch 7 – Towards a better education of children Amoris Laetitia – ch 8 – Accompanying, discerning and integrating weaknwss Amoris Laetitia – ch 9 – The Spirituality of Marriage and the Family Beloved Amazon 1ª – A Social Dream Beloved Amazon 2 - A Cultural Dream Beloved Amazon 3 – An Ecological Dream Beloved Amazon 4 - An Ecclesiastical Dream Carnival Christ is Alive Familiaris Consortio (FC) 1 – Church and Family today Familiaris Consortio (FC) 2 - God’s plan for the family Familiaris Consortio (FC) 3 – 1 – family as a Community Familiaris Consortio (FC) 3 – 2 – serving life and education Familiaris Consortio (FC) 3 – 3 – mission of the family in society Familiaris Consortio (FC) 3 – 4 - Family in the Church Familiaris Consortio (FC) 4 Pastoral familiar Football in Spain Haurietis aquas – devotion to the Sacred Heart by Pius XII Holidays and Holy Days Holy Spirit Holy Week – drawings for children Holy Week – glmjpses of the last hours of JC Inauguration of President Donald Trump Juno explores Jupiter Laudato si 1 – care for the common home Laudato si 2 – Gospel of creation Laudato si 3 – Human roots of the ecological crisis Laudato si 4 – integral ecology Laudato si 5 – lines of approach and action Laudato si 6 – Education y Ecological Spirituality Love and Marriage 12,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 Lumen Fidei – ch 1,2,3,4 Medjugore Pilgrimage Misericordiae Vultus in English Mother Teresa of Calcuta – Saint Pope Franciss in Thailand Pope Francis in Japan Pope Francis in Sweden Pope Francis in Hungary, Slovaquia Pope Francis in America Pope Francis in the WYD in Poland 2016 Querida Amazonia Resurrection of Jesus Christ –according to the Gospels Russian Revolution and Communismo 3 civil war 1918.1921 Russian Revolution and Communism 1 Russian Revolution and Communismo 2 Saint Agatha, virgin and martyr Saint Anthony of Padua Saint Francis of Assisi Saint Ignatius of Loyola Saint James, apostle Saint Joseph Saint Maria Goretti Saint Maximilian Kolbe Saint Mother Theresa of Calcutta Saint Jean Baptiste MarieaVianney, Curé of Ars Saint John of the Cross Saint Patrick and Ireland Signs of hope Sunday – day of the Lord Thanksgiving – History and Customs The Body, the cult – (Eucharist) Valentine Vocation – mconnor@legionaries.org Way of the Cross – drawings for children For commentaries – email – mflynn@legionaries.org Fb – Martin M Flynn Donations to - BANCO - 03069 INTESA SANPAOLO SPA Name – EUR-CA-ASTI IBAN – IT61Q0306909606100000139493
  68. 68. LISTA DE PRESENTACIONES EN ESPAÑOL Revisado 30-9-2021 Abuelos Adviento y Navidad, tiempo de esperanza Amor y Matrimonio 1 - 9 Amoris Laetitia – ch 1 – A la luz de la Palabre Amoris Laetitia – ch 2 – Realidad y Desafíos de las Familias Amoris Laetitia – ch 3 La mirada puesta en Jesús: Vocación de la Familia Amoris Laetitia – ch 4 - El Amor en el Matrimonio Amoris Laetitia – ch 5 – Amor que se vuelve fecundo Amoris Laetitia – ch 6 – Algunas Perspectivas Pastorales Amoris Laetitia – ch 7 – Fortalecer la educacion de los hijos Amoris Laetitia – ch 8 – Acompañar, discernir e integrar la fragilidad Amoris Laetitia – ch 9 – Espiritualidad Matrimonial y Familiar Carnaval Cristo Vive Domingo – día del Señor El camino de la cruz de JC en dibujos para niños El Cuerpo, el culto – (eucarisía) Espíritu Santo Familiaris Consortio (FC) 1 – iglesia y familia hoy Familiaris Consortio (FC) 2 - el plan de Dios para la familia Familiaris Consortio (FC) 3 – 1 – familia como comunidad Familiaris Consortio (FC) 3 – 2 – servicio a la vida y educación Familiaris Consortio (FC) 3 – 3 – misión de la familia en la sociedad Familiaris Consortio (FC) 3 – 4 - participación de la familia en la iglesia Familiaris Consortio (FC) 4 Pastoral familiar Fátima – Historia de las Apariciones de la Virgen Feria de Sevilla Haurietis aquas – el culto al Sagrado Corazón Hermandades y cofradías Hispanidad Laudato si 1 – cuidado del hogar común Laudato si 2 – evangelio de creación Laudato si 3 – La raíz de la crisis ecológica Laudato si 4 – ecología integral Laudato si 5 – líneas de acción Laudato si 6 – Educación y Espiritualidad Ecológica Lumen Fidei – cap 1,2,3,4 Madre Teresa de Calcuta – Santa María y la Biblia Medjugore peregrinación Misericordiae Vultus en Español Papa Francisco en Bulgaria Papa Francisco en Rumania Papa Francisco en Marruecos Papa Francisco en México Papa Francisco – mensaje para la Jornada Mundial Juventud 2016 Papa Francisco – visita a Chile Papa Francisco – visita a Perú Papa Francisco en Colombia 1 + 2 Papa Francisco en Cuba Papa Francisco en Fátima Papa Francisco en la JMJ 2016 – Polonia Papa Francisco en Hugaría e Eslovaquia Queridas Amazoznia 1,2,3,4 Resurrección de Jesucristo – según los Evangelios Revolución Rusa y Comunismo 1, 2, 3 Santa Agata, virgen y martir San Antonio de Padua San Francisco de Asis 1,2,3,4 Santa Maria Goretti San Ignacio de Loyola San José, obrero, marido, padre San Juan Ma Vianney, Curé de’Ars San Juan de la Cruz San Maximiliano Kolbe Santa Teresa de Calcuta San Padre Pio de Pietralcina San Patricio e Irlanda Santiago Apóstol Semana santa – Vistas de las últimas horas de JC Vacaciones Cristianas Valentín Virgen de Guadalupe Vocación – www.vocación.org Vocación a evangelizar Para comentarios – email – mflynn@lcegionaries.org fb – martin m. flynn Donations to - BANCO - 03069 INTESA SANPAOLO SPA Name – EUR-CA-ASTI. IBAN – IT61Q0306909606100000139493

a biography of Saint Teresa of Jesus, and her spiritual legacy

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