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Saint Paul, Apostle 1 Cultural Roots and His Conversion

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Saint Paul, Apostle 1 Cultural Roots and His Conversion

  1. 1. SAINT PAUL, APOSTLE 1 - CULTURAL ROOTS AND CONVERSION
  2. 2. Founder of Christian communities, evangelizer in several of the most important urban centers of the Roman Empire such as Antioch, Corinth, Ephesus, and Rome. Paul (Tarsus, Cilicia AD 5-10-Rome, 58-67), is called the "Apostle of the Gentiles",
  3. 3. and redactor of some of the earliest Christian canonical writings Paul constitutes a first-rate personality of early Christianity, and one of the most influential figures in all of history of christianity
  4. 4. His roots were jewish, Hellenic culture - had a great influence over him. He was a Roman citizen
  5. 5. Paul used this set of conditions to found several of the first Christian centers and to announce the figure of Jesus Christ to both Jews and Gentiles. Without having belonged to the initial circle of the Twelve Apostles, and following paths marked by misunderstandings and adversities, Paul became an eminent architect in the construction and expansion of Christianity in the Roman Empire,thanks to his talent, his conviction and his indisputable missionary character
  6. 6. The source of information about the missionary apostle comes from his epistles and the Acts of the Apostles,
  7. 7. His letters. Probably all written in the 0050s, they are 1 – Kerygmatics - 1 + 2 Thessalonians (50-51ad) 2 - Great letters - Corinthians 1 + 2, Galatians, Romans 3 - Letters from the Captivity - Philippians, Colossians, Philemon, Ephesians 4 - Pastoral Letters - Timothy and Titus
  8. 8. Tarsus was a prosperous city of some importance (Acts 21, 39). Capital of the Roman province of Cilicia from 64 BC. C., it was located at the foot of the Taurus mountains and on the banks of the Cidno river, whose mouth in the Mediterranean Sea served Tarsus as a port. Tarsus had commercial importance, since it was part of the route that linked Syria and Anatolia.
  9. 9. It was also the center of a school of Stoic philosophy. It was, therefore, a city known as a center of culture, philosophy and education. The city of Tarsus was granted Roman citizenship by birth
  10. 10. son of Hebrews and descendant of the tribe of Benjamin, … he was educated in Jerusalem, at the feet of the famous Rabbi Gamaliel, and that he was a Pharisee
  11. 11. “All Jews know my life from my youth, since when I was in the bosom of my nation, in Jerusalem. They have known me for a long time and if they want they can testify that I have lived as a Pharisee according to the strictest sect of our religion. Acts 26, 4-5
  12. 12. He had his first contact with the followers of Jesus in Jerusalem, with the Judeo-Hellenistic group of Stephen and his companions. Saul Paul approved the stoning of Stephen the protomartyr, an execution dating from the first half of the 30s
  13. 13. Saul approved of his death. That day a great persecution broke out against the Church in Jerusalem. All, except for the apostles, were scattered throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria. Some pious men buried Stephen and mourned him greatly. Meanwhile Saul was wreaking havoc in the Church; he entered the houses, forcibly took men and women, and put them in jail”. Acts of the Apostles 8, 1-3
  14. 14. “You are aware of my former conduct in Judaism, how fiercely I persecuted the Church of God and devastated it, and how I surpassed many of my contemporary countrymen in Judaism, surpassing them in zeal for the traditions of my fathers.”
  15. 15. "Saul, still breathing threats and deaths against the Lord's disciples, went to the High Priest, and asked for letters for the synagoguesof Damascus, so that if he found some followers of the Way, men or women,he might lead them bound to Jerusalem.”
  16. 16. It happened that, on his way, when he was near Damascus, suddenly a light from heaven surrounded him, he fell to the ground and heard a voice say to him: "Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?" He replied, "Who are you, Lord?" And he: «I am Jesus, whom you persecute. But get up, go into the city, and you will be told what you must do.” The men who were with him had stopped speechless with fright; they heard the voice, but saw no one. Saul got up from the ground, and, although his eyes were open, he did not see anything. They took him by the hand and led him into Damascus. He spent three days without seeing, without eating and without drinking. Acts 9, 1-9
  17. 17. Paul himself presented this experience as a "vision" (1 Corinthians 9, 1), as an "appearance" of the risen Jesus Christ (1 Corinthians 15, 8) or as a "revelation" of Jesus Christ and his Gospel (Galatians 1, 12- 16; 1 Cor 2, 10).
  18. 18. “But when He who separated me from my mother's womb and called me by his grace, had to reveal his Son in me, so that I might announce Him among the Gentiles, immediately, without asking advice of flesh or blood, without going up to Jerusalem where the apostles before me, I went to Arabia, whence I returned to Damascus again.” Epistle to the Galatians 1, 12-17
  19. 19. "And lastly [the risen Christ] appeared to me also, like to a miscarriage." 1 Corinthians 15, 8-9
  20. 20. Ananias went and entered the house, and after laying his hands on him, he said: Brother Saul, the Lord Jesus, who appeared to you in the way you came, he has sent me so that you may regain your sight and be filled with the Holy Spirit.
  21. 21. After the event Paul experienced on the road to Damascus, Ananias cured him of his blindness by laying his hands on him. Paul was baptized and stayed in Damascus for a few days
  22. 22. Paul of Tarsus began his ministry in Damascus and Arabia, the name by which the Nabataean kingdom was referred to. He was persecuted by the ethnarch Aretas IV, a fact that is usually dated to the years 38-39
  23. 23. With Aretas IV (9 BC-40 AD) The Nabataean kingdom reached its maximum splendor. Initially he was at enmity with the Romans, among other reasons for having risen to the throne without authorization from the Emperor Augustus. But Aretas knew how to win the favor of Rome by putting at the disposal of Varus a good contingent of men against a Jewish sedition. The enmity with the neighboring country increased when Herod Antipas (the tetrarch of Galilee), repudiated the daughter of King Aretas IV, uniting with Herodias, the wife of his brother. This was the real reason for the war, though it was justified by border issues.
  24. 24. Tiberius sided with the Jews and ordered that, dead or alive, Aretas be brought to Rome, but when the emperor died, Vitellius, legate of Syria, was unable to capture the monarch who remained in Petra, not forgetting his northern domains in the Damascene region. In the time of Caligula (37-41) he was represented in Damascus by an ethnarch who looked after the interests of the people. In this period the events that Paul of Tarsus refers to in his Second letter to the Corinthians 11.32 occurred. –Aretas IV's successors lost control of Damascus under Emperor Nero, though they continued to hold sway in Admedeva, the first town on the route from Damascus to Palmyra. TIBERIO PETRA
  25. 25. Paul fled to Jerusalem where he visited and talked with Peter and James - Gal (1, 18-19). According to the Acts (9, 26-28), it was Barnabas who took him to meet the apostles
  26. 26. He was forced to flee Jerusalem to escape the Greek speaking Jews. He was driven to Caesarea Maritima and sent to take refuge inTarsus of Cilicia
  27. 27. Barnabas went to Tarsus and he accompanied Paul to Antioch, where the denomination of “Christians” was first used for the disciples of Jesus.
  28. 28. Paul spent a year evangelizing there, before being sent to Jerusalem with alms for those suffering from famine. Antioch would become the center of Christian converts from paganism Church of the Grottos of Saint Peter in Antioch
  29. 29. LIST OF PRESENTATIONS IN ENGLISH Revised 30-9-2021 Advent and Christmas – time of hope and peace All Souls Day Amoris Laetitia – ch 1 – In the Light of the Word Amoris Laetitia – ch 2 – The Experiences and Challenges of Families Amoris Laetitia – ch 3 - Looking to Jesus, the Vocation of the Family Amoris Laetitia – ch 4 - Love in Marriage Amoris Laetitia – ch 5 – Love made Fruitfuol Amoris Laetitia – ch 6 – Some Pastoral Perspectives Amoris Laetitia – ch 7 – Towards a better education of children Amoris Laetitia – ch 8 – Accompanying, discerning and integrating weaknwss Amoris Laetitia – ch 9 – The Spirituality of Marriage and the Family Beloved Amazon 1ª – A Social Dream Beloved Amazon 2 - A Cultural Dream Beloved Amazon 3 – An Ecological Dream Beloved Amazon 4 - An Ecclesiastical Dream Carnival Christ is Alive Familiaris Consortio (FC) 1 – Church and Family today Familiaris Consortio (FC) 2 - God’s plan for the family Familiaris Consortio (FC) 3 – 1 – family as a Community Familiaris Consortio (FC) 3 – 2 – serving life and education Familiaris Consortio (FC) 3 – 3 – mission of the family in society Familiaris Consortio (FC) 3 – 4 - Family in the Church Familiaris Consortio (FC) 4 Pastoral familiar Football in Spain Haurietis aquas – devotion to the Sacred Heart by Pius XII Holidays and Holy Days Holy Spirit Holy Week – drawings for children Holy Week – glmjpses of the last hours of JC Inauguration of President Donald Trump Juno explores Jupiter Laudato si 1 – care for the common home Laudato si 2 – Gospel of creation Laudato si 3 – Human roots of the ecological crisis Laudato si 4 – integral ecology Laudato si 5 – lines of approach and action Laudato si 6 – Education y Ecological Spirituality Love and Marriage 12,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 Lumen Fidei – ch 1,2,3,4 Martyrs of North America and Canada Medjugore Pilgrimage Misericordiae Vultus in English Mother Teresa of Calcuta – Saint Pope Franciss in Thailand Pope Francis in Japan Pope Francis in Sweden Pope Francis in Hungary, Slovaquia Pope Francis in America Pope Francis in the WYD in Poland 2016 Querida Amazonia Resurrection of Jesus Christ –according to the Gospels Russian Revolution and Communismo 3 civil war 1918.1921 Russian Revolution and Communism 1 Russian Revolution and Communismo 2 Saint Agatha, virgin and martyr Saint Albert the Great Saint Anthony of Padua Saint Francis of Assisi Saint Francis of Sales Saint Ignatius of Loyola Saint James, apostle Saint John N. Neumann, bishop of Philadelphia Saint Joseph Saint Maria Goretti Saint Martin of Tours Saint Maximilian Kolbe Saint Mother Theresa of Calcutta Saint Jean Baptiste MarieaVianney, Curé of Ars Saint John of the Crossç Saint Patrick and Ireland Saint Paul Apostle Saints Zachary and Elizabeth, parents of John Baptis Signs of hope Sunday – day of the Lord Thanksgiving – History and Customs The Body, the cult – (Eucharist) Valentine Vocation – mconnor@legionaries.org Way of the Cross – drawings for children For commentaries – email – mflynn@legionaries.org Fb – Martin M Flynn Donations to - BANCO - 03069 INTESA SANPAOLO SPA Name – EUR-CA-ASTI IBAN – IT61Q0306909606100000139493
  30. 30. LISTA DE PRESENTACIONES EN ESPAÑOL Revisado 30-9-2021 Abuelos Adviento y Navidad, tiempo de esperanza Amor y Matrimonio 1 - 9 Amoris Laetitia – ch 1 – A la luz de la Palabre Amoris Laetitia – ch 2 – Realidad y Desafíos de las Familias Amoris Laetitia – ch 3 La mirada puesta en Jesús: Vocación de la Familia Amoris Laetitia – ch 4 - El Amor en el Matrimonio Amoris Laetitia – ch 5 – Amor que se vuelve fecundo Amoris Laetitia – ch 6 – Algunas Perspectivas Pastorales Amoris Laetitia – ch 7 – Fortalecer la educacion de los hijos Amoris Laetitia – ch 8 – Acompañar, discernir e integrar la fragilidad Amoris Laetitia – ch 9 – Espiritualidad Matrimonial y Familiar Carnaval Cristo Vive Dia de todos los difuntos Domingo – día del Señor El camino de la cruz de JC en dibujos para niños El Cuerpo, el culto – (eucarisía) Espíritu Santo Familiaris Consortio (FC) 1 – iglesia y familia hoy Familiaris Consortio (FC) 2 - el plan de Dios para la familia Familiaris Consortio (FC) 3 – 1 – familia como comunidad Familiaris Consortio (FC) 3 – 2 – servicio a la vida y educación Familiaris Consortio (FC) 3 – 3 – misión de la familia en la sociedad Familiaris Consortio (FC) 3 – 4 - participación de la familia en la iglesia Familiaris Consortio (FC) 4 Pastoral familiar Fátima – Historia de las Apariciones de la Virgen Feria de Sevilla Haurietis aquas – el culto al Sagrado Corazón Hermandades y cofradías Hispanidad Laudato si 1 – cuidado del hogar común Laudato si 2 – evangelio de creación Laudato si 3 – La raíz de la crisis ecológica Laudato si 4 – ecología integral Laudato si 5 – líneas de acción Laudato si 6 – Educación y Espiritualidad Ecológica Lumen Fidei – cap 1,2,3,4 Madre Teresa de Calcuta – Santa María y la Biblia Martires de Nor America y Canada Medjugore peregrinación Misericordiae Vultus en Español Papa Francisco en Bulgaria Papa Francisco en Rumania Papa Francisco en Marruecos Papa Francisco en México Papa Francisco – mensaje para la Jornada Mundial Juventud 2016 Papa Francisco – visita a Chile Papa Francisco – visita a Perú Papa Francisco en Colombia 1 + 2 Papa Francisco en Cuba Papa Francisco en Fátima Papa Francisco en la JMJ 2016 – Polonia Papa Francisco en Hugaría e Eslovaquia Queridas Amazoznia 1,2,3,4 Resurrección de Jesucristo – según los Evangelios Revolución Rusa y Comunismo 1, 2, 3 Santa Agata, virgen y martir San Alberto Magno San Antonio de Padua San Francisco de Asis 1,2,3,4 San Francisco de Sales Santa Maria Goretti San Ignacio de Loyola San José, obrero, marido, padre San Juan Ma Vianney, Curé de’Ars San Juan de la Cruz San Juan N. Neumann, obispo de Philadelphia San Martin de Tours San Maximiliano Kolbe Santa Teresa de Calcuta San Padre Pio de Pietralcina San Pablo, Apostol San Patricio e Irlanda Santiago Apóstol Santos Zacarias e Isabel, padres de Juan Bautista Semana santa – Vistas de las últimas horas de JC Vacaciones Cristianas Valentín Virgen de Guadalupe Vocación – www.vocación.org Vocación a evangelizar Para comentarios – email – mflynn@lcegionaries.org fb – martin m. flynn Donations to - BANCO - 03069 INTESA SANPAOLO SPA Name – EUR-CA-ASTI. IBAN – IT61Q0306909606100000139493

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