Design, planning and delivery: small groups

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  • Design, planning and delivery: small groups

    1. 1. Design, planning and delivery:small groupsPhil MarstonCentre for Learning & Teachingp.marston@abdn.ac.uk
    2. 2. Design, planning and delivery: small groups Upon successful completion of this element participants will be able to: 1.Reflect on their experiences of small group teaching both as a student and as a tutor (if applicable). 2.Examine key elements of small group dynamics and variables therein. 3.Systematically review aspects of planning for small group teaching. 4.Discuss and reflect on problematic scenarios in small group teaching. www.abdn.ac.uk
    3. 3. Design, planning and delivery: small groups What experiences of small groups have you had? www.abdn.ac.uk
    4. 4. Design, planning and delivery: small groups Why use small group work? www.abdn.ac.uk
    5. 5. Design, planning and delivery: small groups What types of small group work have you been involved in? www.abdn.ac.uk
    6. 6. Design, planning and delivery: small groups • Brainstorming • Self-help group • Buzz group • Seminar • Cross-over group • Simulation/game • Fishbowl • Snowballing • Free discussion • Step-by-step discussion • Open-ended enquiry • Structured enquiry • Peer tutoring • Syndicate • Problem-based • Tutorial • Role-play Fry, Ketteridge & Marshall (2003) www.abdn.ac.uk
    7. 7. Design, planning and delivery: small groups What kinds of issues have you faced? www.abdn.ac.uk
    8. 8. Issues in small groups For the last four group sessions Sarah, a student in your group, has never spoken. Even when you have asked her a simple, direct question you have received only a monosyllabic answer, a grunt or silence. Today you try again. You ask a question. Sarah says nothing. What do you do? www.abdn.ac.uk
    9. 9. Issues in small groups During each tutorial session you find that David is answering all of the questions you ask and tending to dominate class discussions. One or two other students in the group are getting annoyed, but most are simply switching off and ceasing to participate once he starts speaking. What can you do to retrieve the situation? www.abdn.ac.uk
    10. 10. Issues in small groups You have just begun your third session with a group of six students. Suddenly Chris, a mature student, leans forward and says angrily: “I’m sick of these bloody sessions. In fact I’m pissed off with the whole course. When are we going to do something useful? I gave up a good job to come here you know.” What do you do and say in the next few minutes? www.abdn.ac.uk
    11. 11. Issues in small groups It is your second tutorial with the group and you are aware that on both meetings Rufus has not been keen to participate equally with the women in the group. Although he does not totally ignore them, he is not keen to allow them to lead the discussion, often interrupts them and often “puts them down”. He behaves very differently towards the men. The women in the group are very obviously getting annoyed by this, as are some of the other men and they are looking to you to deal with this. What can you do? www.abdn.ac.uk
    12. 12. Design, planning and delivery: small groups Factors influencing group interactions • Size of group • Icebreaker? • Environment and seating arrangements • Styles of questioning • Feedback: positive / negative, verbal / non-verbal • Evaluation, summary and continuity • Personalities www.abdn.ac.uk
    13. 13. Design, planning and delivery: small groups Any Questions? www.abdn.ac.uk
    14. 14. Come Here.Go Anywhere. That’s the difference

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