Andrew Jackson


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Intro to Andrew Jackson's presidency

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Andrew Jackson

  1. 1. Essential QuestionChampion of the “King Andrew”Common Man ? Andrew Jackson
  2. 2. Democratic trends in the early 19th century Andrew Jackson
  3. 3. Voting Requirement in the Early 19thCentury Andrew Jackson
  4. 4. Voter Turnout 1820-1860 Andrew Jackson
  5. 5. Politics for the People• Under the Federalists democracy was not respected• By the 1820s, democracy was widely appealing Andrew Jackson
  6. 6. Politics for the People• Politicians now had to bend to appease and appeal to the masses• The popular ones were the ones who claimed to be born in log cabins and had humble backgrounds. Andrew Jackson
  7. 7. Politics for the People• Those who were aristocratic (too clean, too well dressed, too grammatical, to highly intellectual) were scorned• During the Jacksonian era, voter turnout rose dramatically, as clear political parties developed and new styles of politicking emerged Andrew Jackson
  8. 8. Politics for the People• Candidates increasingly used banners, badges, parades, barbecues, free drinks, and baby kissing in order to “get the vote.” Andrew Jackson
  9. 9. Why the Increased Democratization• White male suffrage increased• Party nominating committees. – Voters chose their state’s slate of Presidential electors.• Spoils system. Andrew Jackson
  10. 10. Why the Increased Democratization• Rise of Third Parties.• Popular campaigning (parades, rallies, floats, etc.)• Two-party system returned in the 1832 election Andrew Jackson
  11. 11. Jacksons First Presidential Run Andrew Jackson
  12. 12. 1824 Andrew Jackson
  13. 13. Jacksons Opponents 1824Henry Clay John Quincy Adams John C. Calhoun [KY] [MA] [SC] William H. Crawford [GA] Andrew Jackson
  14. 14. Election of1824A CorruptBargain? Andrew Jackson
  15. 15. Election of 1824• 12th Amendment• Top three Electoral vote getters would be voted upon in the House of Reps.• The majority (over 50%) would be elected president Andrew Jackson
  16. 16. Election of 1824• The Election would come down to Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams.• They both had the most electoral votes Andrew Jackson
  17. 17. Election of 1824• When Clay was appointed Secretary of the State, Jacksonians cried foul play• Evidence of any possible deal has never been found• Adams and Clay reputations ruined Andrew Jackson
  18. 18. John Q. Adams Presidency• Not that memorable Andrew Jackson
  19. 19. 1828 Election Key Issues Andrew Jackson
  20. 20. Rachael Jackson Final Divorce Decree Andrew Jackson
  21. 21. Adams Supporters• Jacksons was a slave-trading, gambling, brawling murderer.• Call Jacksons dead mother "a common prostitute, brought to this country by the British soldiers,"• after whose service she "married a MULATTO MAN, with whom she had several children of which number General JACKSON IS ONE!!!" Andrew Jackson
  22. 22. Jackson supporters• Accuse Adams of – having premarital relations with his wife – being a pimp, arranging an American prostitute for Czar Alexander I. Andrew Jackson
  23. 23. Andrew Jackson
  24. 24. tells voters that candidate Andrew Jackson is unfit for the office of President, having "illegally and wantonly shed the blood of his countrymen and fellow soldiers" by ordering six militiamen executed on 1815 Feb. 21 after a military trial in which they were convicted after leaving camp to return home, although their tours of duty were not up.Andrew Jackson
  25. 25. The Center of Population in the Country Moves West Andrew Jackson
  26. 26. The Jackson Coalition• Andrew Jackson brought together a coalition of white men who were not happy: – Factory workers in the Northeast – Immigrants in the cities. – Farmers (non-slaveholders) in the South – Pioneer farmers in the West• Introduced the spoils system• It was the coalition of the Common Man. Andrew Jackson
  27. 27. Jacksons faith in the common Man• Intense distrust of Eastern “establishment,” monopolies, & special privilege.• His heart & soul was with the “plain folk.”• Belief that the common man was capable of uncommon achievements. Andrew Jackson
  28. 28. Election of 1828 Andrew Jackson
  29. 29. The Reign of King Mob Andrew Jackson
  30. 30. Jacksonian Democracy Characteristics• The "New Democracy"• Aristocracy replaced with democracy• Most high offices still held by wealthy citizens Andrew Jackson
  31. 31. Jacksonian Democracy Characteristics• Spoils system• Based on universal white manhood suffrage not property• Demand a new type of politician• Rise of workingmen’s parties Andrew Jackson
  32. 32. Who was Jackson?• First President born west of the Appalachian Mountains.• He was a populist – he was a supporter of the rights and power of the people.• Jackson viewed himself as a spokesperson of the people. Andrew Jackson
  33. 33. What was Jacksonian democracy?• Rise of Andrew Jackson and the Democratic Party in 1828.• Democratic reforms brought by President Jackson – expanding suffrage to restructuring federal institutions. – Spoils system invented Andrew Jackson
  34. 34. Jacksonian Democracy• An authentic democratic movement!• Expanded suffrage and popular participation in government. Andrew Jackson
  35. 35. Jacksonian Democracy• For the first time, white men with little or no property could vote.• No country, not even England, allowed poor white men to vote. Andrew Jackson
  36. 36. Jacksonian Democracy; The contradiction• Jacksonian Democracy was only for white men• Against class supremacy, but they believed in white supremacy. Andrew Jackson
  37. 37. Jacksonian Democracy; The contradiction• They supported slavery and the subjugation of Native Americans!• The Democratic Party never opposed slavery – Jackson was determined to keep that issue out of national affairs. – Under the “gag rule,” Congressmen were not allowed to discuss slavery on the floor of Congress. Andrew Jackson
  38. 38. President Andrew Jackson Andrew Jackson