eInfranet cloud services – current state of affairs

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eInfranet cloud services – current state of affairs

  1. 1. Cloud Services – current state of affairs<br />Dr. Leo Plugge<br />Wetenschappelijk Technische Raad<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />
  2. 2. A definition of ‘Cloud computing’<br />Cloud computing is Internet-based computing, whereby shared resources, software and information are provided to computers and other devices on-demand, like a public utility.<br />Source: Wikipedia <br />Cloud computing is about delivering services through a Wide Area Network (internet) in a flexible manner (scalable in size and number).<br />Flexibility is usually attained by sharing generic resources (software, platform, hardware).<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />2<br />
  3. 3. Cloud Services is the industrialization of ITCf the generation of electricity <br />From local<br />provisioning<br />To regional<br />provisioning<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />3<br />
  4. 4. From regional monopoly to free market<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />Production<br />Distribution<br />Provisioning<br />Client<br />Regional Monopoly (PZEM, PLEM, PEM, etc)<br />GDF Suez, E-ON<br />EDF, Enel, RWE<br />(75% EU market)<br />Lots of small players: Greenchoice, NEM, Dong Energy,…<br />Tennet<br />&<br />Local<br />?<br />April 15, 2010<br />4<br />
  5. 5. Back to ITJohn McCarthy in 1961:<br />“If computers of the kind I have advocated* become the computers of the future, then computing may someday be organized as a public utility just as the telephone system is a public utility... The computer utility could become the basis of a new and important industry.”<br /> John McCarthy, MIT Centennial in 1961<br />(* time sharing)<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />5<br />
  6. 6. Industrialized IT<br />From centralized local (campus) provisioning<br />To wide area<br />provisioning<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />6<br />
  7. 7. Turning to market forces<br />Production<br />Distribution<br />Provisioning<br />Client<br />University IT centers<br />Google<br />Microsoft<br />Yahoo<br />Amazon<br />SalesForce<br />Sun<br />…<br />Internet<br />SURFnet<br />Local<br />Private<br />?<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />7<br />
  8. 8. The world needs only five computers. Thomas Watson , CEO IBM (1943)<br />“there will be small number of big players and a large numbers of small players in the cloud computing space ”<br /> Dr. Eric Schmidt , CEO Google<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />8<br />
  9. 9. And the big players are…<br />Source: Niraj Juneja, Webscale Solutions<br />“A Walk in the Clouds”<br />April 15, 2010<br />9<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />
  10. 10. Working from different angles…<br />On-line<br />Off-line<br />Both focus on a content delivery architecture<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />10<br />
  11. 11. Competition from the cloud gives us choice,but…<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />11<br />
  12. 12. Mixed feelings about Software as a Service (SaaS)<br /> Users like SaaS and are dissatisfied with rate of adoption of new IT in enterprise:<br />30% users 2008 dissatisfied<br />Gartner expects:<br />increase to 50% in 2013<br />Suppliers are skeptic about SaaS<br />(enterprise) Customers not impressed by SaaS performance<br />42% cost is barrier<br />38% integration barrier<br />32% technical requirements<br />However:<br />58% maintain current SaaS level<br />32% will increase level<br />5% will decrease<br />5% will discontinue<br />Gartner: by 2012, <br />20% of businesses will own virtually no IT assets.<br />Source: Gartner<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />12<br />
  13. 13. Some effects of cloud services market<br />Competition gives consumers a choice of services;<br />Employees are consumers and bring in new services;<br />User groups will build their own/new solutions;<br />Cloud services provide means for flexible innovation;<br />Innovation through customer’s (‘beta’)* testing.<br />* Beta ≠ banana software<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />13<br />
  14. 14. Another effect is the IT-department trying to stay in control of services with…<br />Public<br />Cloud<br />Internal<br />Cloud<br />Hybrid<br />Cloud<br />External<br />Cloud<br />Private<br />Cloud<br />Some X-cloud<br />I didn’t think of<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />14<br />
  15. 15. But Cloud Services is mainlyabout letting some services and customers go!<br />Cloud<br />Services<br />mission critical<br />Outsource<br />Make<br />context<br />core<br />Partner<br />Contract<br />I will<br />Help myself!<br />supporting<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />15<br />
  16. 16. To use the effects of cloud services we need (among others)<br />stop “hugging” (local/national) hardware;<br />rethink ‘inside-outside’ (perimeter based) security; <br />re-examine the institutional services production portfolio; <br />more configurable generic services;<br />differentiate by user group / application area;<br />room for users (groups) to bring in new services (sandbox);<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />16<br />
  17. 17. The cloud argument also holds for research<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />17<br />
  18. 18. Ed Lazowska*<br />“85% of research computing could easily use clouds”<br />“Only some very specialized research and computational scientists need dedicated high performance computers”<br />*Bill & Melinda Gates Chair in Computer Science & Engineering, <br />Director, eScience Institute, University of Washington<br />Chair, Computing Community Consortium<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />18<br />Only a small number of researchers need capability computing, i.e., High Performance Computing systems with large numbers of cores.<br />The majority of researchers are well served with capacity computing, systems that share their computing power with several up to many users. (what cloud computing excels at)<br />
  19. 19. Lazowska’s statement visualized by Cees de Laat’s Bandwidth requirements, 2008<br />Source:<br />C. de Laat<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />19<br />
  20. 20. Lazowska’s arguments for cloud computing<br />Funding councils face an insatiable demand in research grant applications for more computers and clusters.<br />Computing and ICT represent anywhere from 30-50% of the energy consumption at a typical research university.<br />If institutions charged fees based on energy bill, this would be a powerful incentive to move in the direction of clouds.<br />Ergo:<br />“Cloud services could be included <br />in the indirect costs of research <br />much like energy is today.”<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />20<br />
  21. 21. Europe, we have a problem<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />21<br />
  22. 22. ESAutilizes Amazon EC2 for the data-processing needs of its Gaia mission(launch in 2012)<br />Gaia generates 40GB per night.<br />Using local resources (read “a grid” or “a cluster”)<br />would cost $1.5 million.<br />Using EC2 will cost in the range of $500,000.<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />22<br />
  23. 23. Cloud Outlook 2010 webcastby 451 Group's William Fellows, Feb. 2010<br />Spending on cloud computing<br />57% in the U.S.<br />31% in Europe<br />12% in Asia.<br />Adoption of infrastructure as a service (e.g. Amazon's EC2)<br />93% of that spending is done in the U.S.<br />6% in Europe <br />1% in Asia.<br />Flexiant is currently the only cloud computing service based in Europe.<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />23<br />
  24. 24. To compete we need cloud services From EGEE? (Enabling Grids for E-sciencE)<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />24<br />Bob Hertzberger<br />
  25. 25. Providing the opportunity to share and reuse<br />Bob Hertzberger<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />25<br />
  26. 26. Remember: the internet is scale-freeand the rich get richer<br />Albert-László Barabási:<br />A small number of nodes in the internet have far more connections than most other nodes.<br />As the network grows, the rich nodes get richer.<br />(AMS-IX and NetherLight are examples)<br />“Out of the 40,000 routed end sites in the Internet, 30 large companies — ‘hyper giants’ like Limelight, Facebook, Google, Microsoft and YouTube — now generate and consume a disproportionate 30 percent of all Internet traffic.”<br />Arbor’s Internet Observatory Report<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />26<br />
  27. 27. Leo Plugge<br />plugge@surf.nl<br />www.surf.nl<br />Thank you<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />April 15, 2010<br />27<br />

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