Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

If you record it...

980 views

Published on

If you record it...

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

If you record it...

  1. 1. If you record it, will they watch it? And will it matter? Exploring student perceptions of online video slides @ www.patricklowenthal.com
  2. 2. Patrick Lowenthal educator researcher designer developer patricklowenthal.com Twitter @plowenthal
  3. 3. Overview Background Method Results Discussion
  4. 4. BACKGROUND
  5. 5. Social Presence Social presence is the degree of salience (i.e., quality or state of being there) between two communicators using a communication medium.
  6. 6. METHOD
  7. 7. Regular Video Use Video Announcements Instructional Videos (screencasts) Video Feedback 1 2 3
  8. 8. Survey General Questions Questions about Video Announcements Questions about Instructional Videos Questions about Video Feedback
  9. 9. Data Collection Summer 2013 Fall 2013 Spring 2014 Summer 2014
  10. 10. Sample Internet for Educators Graphic Design for Learning Online Course Design 95 students
  11. 11. RESULTS preliminary
  12. 12. General Background Females 59% Males 41% Experienced Online Learners (9.13 avg) Perceived learning (4.59) Satisfied (4.59)
  13. 13. Importance of Presence [1 Strongly Disagree --- Strongly Agree 5] Important to perceive instructor as “real” & “there” Strongly Agree 4.46 Importance to perceive classmates as “real” & “there” Agree 3.93
  14. 14. Communication Media Video: 4.23 Audio: 3.55 Text: 3.45 [1 Poor --- Excellent 5] Rate video, audio, & text in their ability to establish a communicator as a “real” person and being “there” (i.e., social presence)
  15. 15. Lonely Sometimes feel alone or isolated when taking online courses [1 Strongly Disagree --- Strongly Agree 5] Neither Agree or Disagree 3.10
  16. 16. Preference I like it when instructors use videos in online courses. Agree 3.93
  17. 17. VIDEO ANNOUNCEMENTS
  18. 18. Video Announcements I read every announcement instructor posts I watched all announcements Agree 4.18 Agree 4.03
  19. 19. Video Announcements When / given a video announcement and a text transcription, which are you more likely to do: Only read; don’t watch Read and watch video Watch but don’t read 24% 45% 31%
  20. 20. Video Announcements What reasons influence you to watch a video announcement? “If I have time” “If there is instruction I watch. If it is simply an announcement I will not watch” “Internet connection speed” “I always watch the video announcements because they are critical to success in the class”
  21. 21. INSTRUCTIONAL VIDEOS
  22. 22. Instructional Videos Like it when my instructor uses instructional videos Instructional videos are a good way to learn Strongly Agree 4.53 Strongly Agree 4.49
  23. 23. Instructional Videos I watched most of the instructional videos created by my instructor this semester? Strongly / Agree 4.53
  24. 24. Instructional Videos Prefer instructors use videos they created Instructional videos created by others add value ~ Agree 3.65 Agree 3.96
  25. 25. VIDEO FEEDBACK
  26. 26. Preference I like video feedback Agree 3.98
  27. 27. Instructional Videos I watched the video feedback Watch video feedback more than once? Agree 4.35 Yes 63%
  28. 28. Public Feedback Helpful to view feedback others receive Agree 3.11 I would watch video feedback instructors gave other students Agree 2.92
  29. 29. OTHER RESULTS
  30. 30. Sync. vs. Async. Prefer Asynchronous Video87%
  31. 31. Most Valued Video Feedback Video Announcements Instructional Videos 20% 11% 69%
  32. 32. Situational Factors
  33. 33. Media Compared  One-on-one two-way synchronous video 4.22  Group two-way synchronous video 3.83  Personal asynchronous video 4.12  General asynchronous video 3.76  One-on-one synchronous audio 3.64  Group synchronous audio 3.18  One-on-one asynchronous audio 3.27  Group asynchronous audio 3.10  One-on-one synchronous text-based 3.61  Group synchronous text-based 3.00  One-on-one asynchronous text-based 3.48  Group asynchronous text-based 3.10
  34. 34. Media Compared  One-on-one two-way synchronous video 4.22  Group two-way synchronous video 3.83  Personal asynchronous video 4.12  General asynchronous video 3.76  One-on-one synchronous audio 3.64  Group synchronous audio 3.18  One-on-one asynchronous audio 3.27  Group asynchronous audio 3.10  One-on-one synchronous text-based 3.61  Group synchronous text-based 3.00  One-on-one asynchronous text-based 3.48  Group asynchronous text-based 3.10
  35. 35. Media Compared  One-on-one two-way synchronous video 4.22  Group two-way synchronous video 3.83  Personal asynchronous video 4.12  General asynchronous video 3.76  One-on-one synchronous audio 3.64  Group synchronous audio 3.18  One-on-one asynchronous audio 3.27  Group asynchronous audio 3.10  One-on-one synchronous text-based 3.61  Group synchronous text-based 3.00  One-on-one asynchronous text-based 3.48  Group asynchronous text-based 3.10
  36. 36. Media Compared  One-on-one two-way synchronous video 4.22  Group two-way synchronous video 3.83  Personal asynchronous video 4.12  General asynchronous video 3.76  One-on-one synchronous audio 3.64  Group synchronous audio 3.18  One-on-one asynchronous audio 3.27  Group asynchronous audio 3.10  One-on-one synchronous text-based 3.61  Group synchronous text-based 3.00  One-on-one asynchronous text-based 3.48  Group asynchronous text-based 3.10
  37. 37. Media Compared  One-on-one two-way synchronous video 4.22  Group two-way synchronous video 3.83  Personal asynchronous video 4.12  General asynchronous video 3.76  One-on-one synchronous audio 3.64  Group synchronous audio 3.18  One-on-one asynchronous audio 3.27  Group asynchronous audio 3.10  One-on-one synchronous text-based 3.61  Group synchronous text-based 3.00  One-on-one asynchronous text-based 3.48  Group asynchronous text-based 3.10
  38. 38. Media Compared  One-on-one two-way synchronous video 4.22  Group two-way synchronous video 3.83  Personal asynchronous video 4.12  General asynchronous video 3.76  One-on-one synchronous audio 3.64  Group synchronous audio 3.18  One-on-one asynchronous audio 3.27  Group asynchronous audio 3.10  One-on-one synchronous text-based 3.61  Group synchronous text-based 3.00  One-on-one asynchronous text-based 3.48  Group asynchronous text-based 3.10
  39. 39. Media Ranked  One-on-one two-way synchronous video 4.22  Personal asynchronous video 4.12  Group two-way synchronous video 3.83  General asynchronous video 3.76  One-on-one synchronous audio 3.64  One-on-one synchronous text-based 3.61  One-on-one asynchronous text-based 3.48  One-on-one asynchronous audio 3.27  Group synchronous audio 3.18  Group asynchronous audio 3.10  Group asynchronous text-based 3.10  Group synchronous text-based 3.00
  40. 40. Media Ranked  One-on-one two-way synchronous video 4.22  Personal asynchronous video 4.12  Group two-way synchronous video 3.83  General asynchronous video 3.76  One-on-one synchronous audio 3.64  One-on-one synchronous text-based 3.61  One-on-one asynchronous text-based 3.48  One-on-one asynchronous audio 3.27  Group synchronous audio 3.18  Group asynchronous audio 3.10  Group asynchronous text-based 3.10  Group synchronous text-based 3.00
  41. 41. Media Compared  One-on-one two-way synchronous video 4.22  Group two-way synchronous video 3.83  Personal asynchronous video 4.12  General asynchronous video 3.76  One-on-one synchronous audio 3.64  Group synchronous audio 3.18  One-on-one asynchronous audio 3.27  Group asynchronous audio 3.10  One-on-one synchronous text-based 3.61  Group synchronous text-based 3.00  One-on-one asynchronous text-based 3.48  Group asynchronous text-based 3.10
  42. 42. Video & Social Presence Videos can establish instructor presence 4.29 Video announcements can establish instructor presence 4.18 Video feedback can establish instructor presence 4.10 Instructional videos can establish instructor presence 4.22 I know my instructor better as a result of his use of video 3.96 Enjoyed the use of video in this course 4.45 Agree
  43. 43. Video & Social Presence Videos can establish instructor presence 4.29 Video announcements can establish instructor presence 4.18 Video feedback can establish instructor presence 4.10 Instructional videos can establish instructor presence 4.22 I know my instructor better as a result of his use of video 3.96 Enjoyed the use of video in this course 4.45 Agree
  44. 44. Video & Social Presence Videos can establish instructor presence 4.29 Video announcements can establish instructor presence 4.18 Video feedback can establish instructor presence 4.10 Instructional videos can establish instructor presence 4.22 I know my instructor better as a result of his use of video 3.96 Enjoyed the use of video in this course 4.45 Agree
  45. 45. Video, audio, and text are all tools for distance communications. Other factors also contribute to the feeling of a real person. Most critical for me is timeliness of the communications. I'd rather have a more immediate text reply that suffer digital silence - even if the communication after the delay is in a high quality video format.
  46. 46. When videos are kept short and focused they can be a very effective tool for learning. Not all information needs to be presented in a video.
  47. 47. The courses where there was some element of video communication, helped me to feel more connected to the instructor (or in the case of 502 not my instructor, but the video instructor). This semester, I do not feel connected to my instructors who have not used any form of video communication.
  48. 48. DISCUSSION
  49. 49. Final Thoughts One size doesn’t fit all Video announcements ROI Subject Matter Difference? Accessibility
  50. 50. CONTACT ME Patrick Lowenthal patricklowenthal@boisestate.edu www.patricklowenthal.com

×