Chapter 8 – Deviance & Social Control<br />Charlie Ann Osborn <br />1<br />Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology<br />
What is DEVIANCE?<br />“It is not the act itself, but the reactions to the act, that make something deviant.” Howard Becke...
How NORMS make social life possible<br />Social Order – A group’s customary way of doing things that people depend on to k...
How NORMS make social life possible<br />Social Control– A group’s  formal and informal way of enforcing its norms.<br />I...
Sanctions  (just like we talked about in Chapter 2)<br />5<br />Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology<br />Negative Sanctions- expres...
Degradation Ceremonies  <br />6<br />Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology<br />Degradation Ceremonies – term coined by Harold Garfin...
Why the DEVIANCE?<br />Genetic Predispositions<br />3 theories<br />Low intelligence leads to crime<br />The “XYY” chromos...
Why the DEVIANCE?<br />Differential Association <br />Edwin Sutherland’s idea associating with some groups results in lear...
Why the DEVIANCE?<br />Control Theory<br />The idea that two control systems  1. inner (conscience, fear of getting in tro...
Look at page 218….Kansas is more dangerous than the average state <br />Criminal Justice System – The system of police, co...
***Recidivism <br />The proportion of released convicts who are rearrested<br />Prisons don’t really rehabilitate prisoner...
The Killing of several victims in three or more separate events<br />Charles Manson<br />12<br />Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociolog...
Serial Murder<br />Dennis Rader - BTK Killer, less than 250 miles from here!<br />Ted Bundy – executed in Florida in ‘89, ...
***Hate CrimesSuggested viewing<br />Crimes to which more severe penalties are attached because they are motivated by hatr...
To make deviance a medical matter, a symptom of some underlying illness that needs to be treated by physicians<br />The ho...
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Chapter 8 Deviance

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Chapter 8 Deviance

  1. 1. Chapter 8 – Deviance & Social Control<br />Charlie Ann Osborn <br />1<br />Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology<br />
  2. 2. What is DEVIANCE?<br />“It is not the act itself, but the reactions to the act, that make something deviant.” Howard Becker, 1966<br />DEVIANCE– the violation of rules or norms<br />What is DEVIANT in one culture may be quite normal in another<br />CRIME – violation of norms that have been made LAW<br />STIGMA – characteristics that discredit people<br />Ex. Mental handicap, blindness, deafness<br />Things that keep people from being considered “normal” even though they shouldn’t<br />2<br />Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology<br />
  3. 3. How NORMS make social life possible<br />Social Order – A group’s customary way of doing things that people depend on to keep things normal.<br />Ex. You expect the grocery store clerk to sell you what you want to buy not to tell you there is an additional $20 fee for the 13th customer of the day and you are it…because you are used to our customary way of doing things.<br />3<br />Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology<br />
  4. 4. How NORMS make social life possible<br />Social Control– A group’s formal and informal way of enforcing its norms.<br />Informal – examples = rules, regulations, social embarrassment if you don’t follow the norm….<br />Formal –examples = Laws, Police, Military, severe punishment for not following the norm i.e., prison, execution<br />4<br />Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology<br />
  5. 5. Sanctions (just like we talked about in Chapter 2)<br />5<br />Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology<br />Negative Sanctions- expressions of disapproval for breaking a norm that can range from a frown to an execution.<br />Positive Sanction-a reward or positive reaction for following norms ranging from a smile to a prize. :O)<br />
  6. 6. Degradation Ceremonies <br />6<br />Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology<br />Degradation Ceremonies – term coined by Harold Garfinkle to describe rituals designed to remake the self by stripping away and individual’s particular social identity and stamping a new one in its place<br />A formal attempt to brand someone as an outsider<br />Look at the picture on page 207 of the women whose heads were shaved for sleeping with the enemy (the Nazis)<br />
  7. 7. Why the DEVIANCE?<br />Genetic Predispositions<br />3 theories<br />Low intelligence leads to crime<br />The “XYY” chromosome –an extra female chromosome in males that leads to crime<br />Body type – people with “squarish, muscular” bodies are more like to commit street crimes (mugging, rape, burglary) <br />Personality Disorders<br />The view that a personality disturbance causes an individual to violate social norms<br />Deviant Burglar!!!!!!!<br />7<br />Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology<br />
  8. 8. Why the DEVIANCE?<br />Differential Association <br />Edwin Sutherland’s idea associating with some groups results in learning an “excess of definitions” of deviance, and, by extension, in a greater likelihood that one will become deviant<br />In English= Monkey see, Monkey do<br />These groups can be friends, family, neighbors<br />8<br />Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology<br />
  9. 9. Why the DEVIANCE?<br />Control Theory<br />The idea that two control systems 1. inner (conscience, fear of getting in trouble, morals, religion), and 2. outer (family, police) keep people from deviating.<br />***Labeling Theory – the idea that the labels given to people affect their own and others’ peoples perceptions of them, thus channeling their behavior into either deviance or conformity.<br />Ex. Call a kid a hoodlum when he’s 10 and he might grow up to be one<br />It’s not cool to label people.<br />9<br />Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology<br />
  10. 10. Look at page 218….Kansas is more dangerous than the average state <br />Criminal Justice System – The system of police, courts, and prisons set up to deal with people accused of committing crimes<br />Corporate Crime – crimes committed by executives to benefit their corporations<br />White collar crime- embezzlement, price fixing, false advertising (see picture and caption on page 219)<br />Street crime – rape, murder, burglary<br />10<br />Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology<br />Crime!!!<br />
  11. 11. ***Recidivism <br />The proportion of released convicts who are rearrested<br />Prisons don’t really rehabilitate prisoners for society, so they end up getting in trouble again.<br />Capital punishment<br />The death penalty, death by lethal injection or other means for punishment of crime(s) committed <br />Very controversial topic<br />***Kansas has executed 0 since 1977, Oklahoma 79, TX 355, see page 227<br />11<br />Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology<br />Crime!!!<br />
  12. 12. The Killing of several victims in three or more separate events<br />Charles Manson<br />12<br />Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology<br />Serial Murder<br />
  13. 13. Serial Murder<br />Dennis Rader - BTK Killer, less than 250 miles from here!<br />Ted Bundy – executed in Florida in ‘89, confessed to over 30 murders <br />13<br />Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology<br />
  14. 14. ***Hate CrimesSuggested viewing<br />Crimes to which more severe penalties are attached because they are motivated by hatred (dislike, animosity) of someone’s race, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, disability, or national origin.<br />14<br />Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology<br />
  15. 15. To make deviance a medical matter, a symptom of some underlying illness that needs to be treated by physicians<br />The homeless mentally ill<br />Does one cause the other?<br />See page 231<br />End<br />15<br />Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology<br />Medicalization of Deviance<br />

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