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Chapter 7 Bureaucracy And Formal Organizations

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Chapter 7 Bureaucracy And Formal Organizations

  1. 1. Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations<br />Chapter 7<br />
  2. 2. “The idea that efficiency and practical results should dominate human affairs.”<br />The Rationalization of Society<br />
  3. 3. The Rationalization of Society<br />Rationality - using rules, efficiency, and practical results to determine human affairs<br />Traditional Orientation– the idea that the past is the best guide for the present; characterizes tribal, peasant, and feudal societies<br />The rationalization of Society – a widespread acceptance that of rationality and social organizations that are built largely around this idea<br />
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  5. 5. Capitalism – an economic system characterized by the private ownership of the means of production, the pursuit of profit, and market competition<br />The Rationalization of Society<br />
  6. 6. Formal Organizations – a secondary group designed to achieve explicit objectives<br />Bureaucracy – a formal organization with a hierarchy of authority, a clear division a of labor, an impersonality of positions, and an emphasis of written rules, communications, and records <br />Formal Organizations & Bureaucracies<br />
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  8. 8. Alienation – Marx’s term for workers’ lack of connection to the product of their labor (being assigned repetitive tasks on a small part of a product leads to a sense of powerlessness and normlessness); others use the term in the general sense of not feeling a part of something<br />Peter Principle– a tongue in cheek observation that the members of an organization are promoted for their accomplishments until they reach their level of incompetence; there they cease to be promoted, remaining at a level at which they can no longer do good work<br />Formal Organizations & Bureaucracies<br />
  9. 9. Shared Interests<br />Goal Displacement – the adoption of new goals by an organization; also known as goal replacement<br />Ex. March of Dimes organized in 1930’s to find a cure Polio, when the need depleted, they reorganized for other causes (page 187)<br />Voluntary Association – a group made up of people who voluntarily organize on the basis of some mutual interest; also known as voluntary memberships and voluntary organizations<br />Ex. Boy Scouts, Elks, political parties<br />
  10. 10. The Iron Law of Oligarchy <br />The Iron Law of Oligarchy – Robert Michel's term for the tendency of formal organizations to be dominated by a small, self-perpetuating elite<br />A significant aspect of voluntary organizations is that its key members, its inner circle, often grown distant from its regular members.<br />Ex. VFW (page 190)<br />
  11. 11. Humanizing the Work Setting<br />Humanizing the Work Setting – organizing a workplace in such a way that it develops rather than impedes human potential (page 193)<br />Access to Opportunities<br />Distribute Power More Evenly<br />Work Teams<br />Corporate Day Care<br />Employee Stock Ownership<br />
  12. 12. Google is an example of a workplace that goes out of its way to develop potential. They have elaborate, stimulating decorating and have special break rooms to allow stress free time, even short napping. The next several pictures are of their various offices.<br />Google<br />

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