C09 Henslin9e

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C09 Henslin9e

  1. 1. This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law:This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network;any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images;preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program.any rental, lease, or lending of the program. A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e Chapter 9:Chapter 9: Global StratificationGlobal Stratification
  2. 2. Chapter 9: Global StratificationCopyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 2 ““A system of relative privilege based onA system of relative privilege based on power, property, and prestige.”power, property, and prestige.” What is Social Stratification?
  3. 3. Chapter 9: Global StratificationCopyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 3  CausesCauses  ConditionsConditions  TemporaryTemporary  Not Necessarily InheritableNot Necessarily Inheritable  Not Necessarily Powerless and PoorNot Necessarily Powerless and Poor  Slavery in the New WorldSlavery in the New World  Slavery TodaySlavery Today Systems of Social Stratification - Slavery
  4. 4. Chapter 9: Global StratificationCopyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 4  India’s Religious CastesIndia’s Religious Castes Systems of Social Stratification - Caste
  5. 5. Chapter 9: Global StratificationCopyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 5  India’s Religious CastesIndia’s Religious Castes  South AfricaSouth Africa Systems of Social Stratification - Caste  U.S. Racial Caste SystemU.S. Racial Caste System
  6. 6. Chapter 9: Global StratificationCopyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 6  EstateEstate  Three EstatesThree Estates  Women in the Estate SystemWomen in the Estate System  Class and Social MobilityClass and Social Mobility  Global Stratification andGlobal Stratification and Status of FemalesStatus of Females Systems of Social Stratification - Other
  7. 7. Chapter 9: Global StratificationCopyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 7 Karl Marx:Karl Marx:  The Means of ProductionThe Means of Production  BourgeoisieBourgeoisie  ProletariatProletariat  Class ConsciousnessClass Consciousness Determinants of Social Class
  8. 8. Chapter 9: Global StratificationCopyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 8 Max WeberMax Weber  PropertyProperty Determinants of Social Class
  9. 9. Chapter 9: Global StratificationCopyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 9 Max WeberMax Weber  PropertyProperty Determinants of Social Class Max WeberMax Weber  PropertyProperty  PrestigePrestige
  10. 10. Chapter 9: Global StratificationCopyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 10 Max WeberMax Weber  PropertyProperty  PrestigePrestige Determinants of Social Class Max WeberMax Weber  PropertyProperty  PrestigePrestige  PowerPower
  11. 11. Chapter 9: Global StratificationCopyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 11 Davis and Moore’s ExplanationDavis and Moore’s Explanation  Society Must Make Sure allSociety Must Make Sure all Positions are FilledPositions are Filled  Some Positions are MoreSome Positions are More Important than OthersImportant than Others Why is Social Stratification Universal? Functionalist View
  12. 12. Chapter 9: Global StratificationCopyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 12  To Motivate Qualified People,To Motivate Qualified People, They Must Be RewardedThey Must Be Rewarded Why is Social Stratification Universal? Functionalist View Davis and Moore’s ExplanationDavis and Moore’s Explanation  More Important PositionsMore Important Positions Filled by More Qualified PeopleFilled by More Qualified People
  13. 13. Chapter 9: Global StratificationCopyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 13 Tumin’s Critique of Davis and MooreTumin’s Critique of Davis and Moore  How do We Know Positions MostHow do We Know Positions Most Important?Important?  Stratification Should = MeritocracyStratification Should = Meritocracy  It Ought to Benefit EveryoneIt Ought to Benefit Everyone Why is Social Stratification Universal? Functionalist View
  14. 14. Chapter 9: Global StratificationCopyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 14 Mosca’s ArgumentMosca’s Argument No Society Can Exist Unless OrganizedNo Society Can Exist Unless Organized Leadership Means Inequalities of PowerLeadership Means Inequalities of Power Human Nature is Self-CenteredHuman Nature is Self-Centered Why is Social Stratification Universal? Conflict Perspective
  15. 15. Chapter 9: Global StratificationCopyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 15 Marx’s ArgumentMarx’s Argument  Functionalist Explanation isFunctionalist Explanation is Ideology of the EliteIdeology of the Elite  Class Consciousness WillClass Consciousness Will Overcome Blinding IdeologyOvercome Blinding Ideology Why is Social Stratification Universal? Conflict Perspective
  16. 16. Chapter 9: Global StratificationCopyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 16  Current Applications of Conflict TheoryCurrent Applications of Conflict Theory  Lenski’s SynthesisLenski’s Synthesis Why is Social Stratification Universal? Conflict Perspective
  17. 17. Chapter 9: Global StratificationCopyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 17 Ideology vs. ForceIdeology vs. Force  Ideas Controlling the MassesIdeas Controlling the Masses  Ideas Controlling the ElitesIdeas Controlling the Elites  Controlling Information andControlling Information and Using TechnologyUsing Technology How Do Elites Maintain Stratification?
  18. 18. Chapter 9: Global StratificationCopyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 18  Social Stratification inSocial Stratification in Great BritainGreat Britain  Social Stratification inSocial Stratification in Former Soviet UnionFormer Soviet Union Comparative Social Stratification
  19. 19. Chapter 9: Global StratificationCopyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 19  First World - IndustrializedFirst World - Industrialized Capitalist NationsCapitalist Nations  Second World - CommunistSecond World - Communist NationsNations  Third World - Nations thatThird World - Nations that Don’t Fit in First TwoDon’t Fit in First Two Global Stratification: Three Worlds(Old Model)
  20. 20. Chapter 9: Global StratificationCopyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 20  Most Industrialized NationsMost Industrialized Nations  Industrializing NationsIndustrializing Nations  Least Industrialized NationsLeast Industrialized Nations Global Stratification: Three Worlds
  21. 21. Chapter 9: Global StratificationCopyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 21
  22. 22. Chapter 9: Global StratificationCopyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 22 Global Stratification: Three Worlds Modifying the Model
  23. 23. Chapter 9: Global StratificationCopyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 23  ColonialismColonialism  World System TheoryWorld System Theory  Culture of PovertyCulture of Poverty  Evaluating the TheoriesEvaluating the Theories How Did World’s Nations Become Stratified?
  24. 24. Chapter 9: Global StratificationCopyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 24  NeocolonialismNeocolonialism  Multinational CorporationsMultinational Corporations  Technology and Global DominationTechnology and Global Domination  Race Outcome PredeterminedRace Outcome Predetermined  Unintended Public RelationsUnintended Public Relations Maintaining Global Stratification
  25. 25. A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e Chapter 9:Chapter 9: Global StratificationGlobal Stratification

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