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  1. 1. Forest Fires A Natural Hazard Learning Objective: To be able to describe and explain the causes and effects of forest fires.
  2. 2. Whilst you watch the film, try and answer the following questions <ul><li>What 3 words flashed up in blue? </li></ul><ul><li>Name another two names for forest fires. </li></ul><ul><li>Name 3 causes of forest fires </li></ul><ul><li>Why might forest fires be good? </li></ul><ul><li>Names two places in the world that forest fires occur. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Location of Forest Fires
  4. 4. What is a forest fire? <ul><li>Fire is made by a combination of fuel (dry brush), oxygen (what we breathe), and heat. Forests are places all over the world where many different kinds of plants, trees flowers and animals live. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Where do forest fires occur? <ul><li>Forest fires happen all over the world in places where there isn't very much rainfall. Plants and trees need water to grow and become green, when they do not get enough water they turn brown and dry up, which is fuel for raging wild fires. This dry brush consists of fallen branches, dead leaves, and other debris that falls to the ground. </li></ul>
  6. 6. How are forest fires started? <ul><li>Forest fires can happen quickly because the debris on the ground is very flammable, which means that it catches on fire easily. Most forest fires are started by lightning, which hits the ground and ignites the brush fire. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Are forest fires good or bad? <ul><li>Forest fires can sometimes be good, but most of the time they cause a lot of destruction. Fires can be good for certain areas of the forest because it clears away the dried brush on the forest floor and helps renew plant growth by allowing the sun and water to reach the areas that were once covered with brush. Also, ashes from a fire helps put nutrients back into the soil. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Look at the statements below. In pairs try and put them into 3 groups <ul><li>Causes – How something happens </li></ul><ul><li>Consequences - An incident that follows </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions – Method of solving a problem </li></ul><ul><li>Arson </li></ul><ul><li>Forest fire is also known as a wildland fire </li></ul><ul><li>Always put camp fires out </li></ul><ul><li>Destruction </li></ul><ul><li>A forest fire is an uncontrolled fire often occurring in wildland areas. </li></ul><ul><li>People left homeless </li></ul><ul><li>Happen quickly because of the debris on the ground is flammable </li></ul><ul><li>Clears away dried brush on the forest floor </li></ul><ul><li>Most forest fires are started by lightening </li></ul><ul><li>Heat waves and droughts </li></ul><ul><li>Keep forest floor maintained </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t throw cigarettes out of car windows </li></ul>
  9. 9. Solutions Consequences Causes
  10. 10. News article <ul><li>Imagine you are a reporter for the Daily Mirror; you must construct a news article about a forest fire. </li></ul><ul><li>YOU MUST INCLUDE: </li></ul><ul><li>The causes of the fire </li></ul><ul><li>What are the consequences of the fire i.e. what is happening </li></ul><ul><li>How might we prevent forest fires occurring? </li></ul><ul><li>A first hand account of what it is like to experience a forest fire. Use your imagination to write this section, think back to the film at the start of the lesson. </li></ul><ul><li>You should use these 4 sections as headings for your paragraphs. </li></ul><ul><li>Use all the information that you have been given today to help you and your imagination. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The causes of the fire What are the consequences of the fire i.e. what is happening? How might we prevent forest fires occurring? First hand account Detailed description of what someone experienced during the fire. DATE HEADLINE
  12. 12. What have we learnt today?