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  1. 1. A PUBLICATION OF GR E E N WO O D W I L D L I F E R E H A B I L I TAT I O N S A N CT U A R Y SPRING, 2006 BABY SQUIRRELS — WHAT TO DO CONTENTS Perhaps you’ve noticed that your neighborhood squirrels are acting a bit friskier 2 lately. Maybe their cute, comical, and, yes, sometimes annoying antics have recently Thoughts from Greenwood’s Board President caught your eye and left you wondering, “What has gotten into those crazy squirrels?” 3 Well, something is definitely up—babies! Nesting high up in the trees, in hollowed- out limbs or attached to limbs in large “squirrel-made” jumbles of leaves and twigs, Animal Statistics fox squirrels (our common urban-dwelling squirrels) have two breeding seasons each 4 year. The first round falls in mid-February, with babies born throughout March and Thank You, Victoria April. These kids are the “spring babies.” The second round comes a bit later in the Volunteer Opportunities year, beginning in early August and continuing through October, bringing the “fall Would You Like Greenwood babies.” As you read this newsletter, we are in the midst of spring baby season for to Visit Your School? our squirrelly neighbors. It is a busy time and everyone can help make sure things 5 go more smoothly for them and their new little ones. Give Your House a “Spring Break” Schnort, The Explorer As tempting as it is Printer Cartridge Recycling to put out food for 6 these furry critters, Wish List the first way to help Environmental Enrichment them is to resist this 7 temptation! What’s New at the Squirrels, as is true Gift & Thrift Store? n for all wild animals, 8 must learn to forage Our Thanks for appropriate, Manhattan Middle School natural food sources. New and Improved Website This helps them Release Sites Needed raise strong, healthy babies who learn Greenwood Wildlife Rehabilitation Sanctuary is a not-for-profit corporation what nutritious natural food really is. In turn, as the babies mature, they pass on that is devoted to the rehabilitation these life skills to future generations. and release of injured and orphaned wildlife. We have been in existence Many commercial mixes contain foods, such as sunflower seeds and peanuts that can be for over a decade and were incorporated n in March 1993. extremely damaging to squirrel development and their long-term health. These inappropriate We are named after “Greenwood,” who foods can cause bones to grow improperly (a condition called “metabolic bone disease”). was the first raccoon rehabilitated and In babies, the bones do not develop well, leaving them brittle and fragile for life; in released by our organization in 1982. Since then, we have successfully treated adults, the bones degenerate over time. By encouraging squirrels to forage for nuts, and released thousands of animals. branches, and seeds that are found naturally within their habitat (possibly your Greenwood now maintains one of the largest wildlife rehabilitation facilities backyard!), we can help to make sure that their babies grow up strong, healthy, and along Colorado’s Front Range. savvy about the ways of successful urban wildlife. In October of 1993, Greenwood obtained 501(c)(3) status from the IRS An interesting fact... squirrels that are not hand-fed by humans are much less likely as a non-profit charitable organization. to be attacked by dogs or cats or to be hit by cars. Our efforts are funded solely by the generosity of hundreds of concerned citizens, businesses, and organizations. (CONTINUED ON PAGE 3)
  2. 2. THOUGHT S F R O M G R E E N WO O D ’ S B OA R D P R E S I D E N T BOARD OF DIRECTORS Meghan Allen, President Soon, Greenwood’s 2006 spring baby season will begin. As the baby season descends Paul Lavell, Treasurer upon Greenwood, staff and volunteers will pick up the pace and start to rush through Brenda Kasper, Secretary the facility from one feeding to another, from an emergency admission to the flock of baby ducks swimming in the bath tub. Despite the frenzy, excitement will grow. The DIRECTORS sense of cooperation and teamwork that is alive all year will take on new dimensions. Kathleen Alt Claire Campbell During the busy spring baby season and throughout the year, Greenwood admits and Heather Johnson treats nearly 3,100 wild animals. Our patients range from avian to mammalian to Gary Steele reptilian, from feathered to furred, and from tiny neonates to full-grown adults. These Jim Williams animals are the reason for our existence and the driving force behind our success. Diane Zile Our 2005 intake statistics provide insight into the work that’s undertaken at Greenwood each year — we admitted 3,099 animals of 141 species! Between April and August, we received 77% of our birds and mammals and 100% of SANCTUARY MAILING ADDRESS our total reptile admissions. Greenwood Wildlife Rehabilitation Sanctuary Greenwood has grown in many ways over the years. Of P.O. Box 18987 course, our intake numbers rise and fall each year depending Boulder, CO 80308-1987 on natural and human circumstances. West Nile Virus SANCTUARY HOURS had a significant impact on our number of intakes several Spring & Summer years ago; while habitat encroachment and human interaction continue to be the cause 9am-7pm Monday-Friday of many Greenwood admissions. In 2005, 10% of total intakes were cat-related; 6% 9am-4pm Saturday & Sunday were dog-related; and 8% were either hit by a car or found in the road. In many of these instances, the necessity for medical treatment was greatly increased. TELEPHONE 303.545.5849 Likewise, 67% of the small mammals we admitted required ‘round-the-clock foster care attention. 54% of our baby bird admissions were so young that they required extensive EMERGENCIES care in our baby bird room. Their vulnerability, because of their young age, necessitated 303.823.8455 countless hours of treatment and care. GREENWOOD STAFF What do all these statistics mean? Why are they important? To further expand on the Michal Pickett condition of rehabilitation at Greenwood and in the state of Colorado, we can—and Courtney Stelzer should—look to studies and data that have been compiled. However, an organization such as Greenwood, with a release rate of 60%, must remember that its successes are due in large part to the human aspects of our operations. WEBSITE Without dedicated staff and volunteers, these statistics would surely be different. The www.greenwoodwildlife.org quality of care and personal attention provided at Greenwood would certainly be com- promised. With staff and volunteers who are always searching for better ways to provide E-MAIL care and administer treatments, Greenwood realizes many successes. We are grateful for greenwood@estreet.com their enthusiasm and devotion to Colorado’s wildlife. As fellow wildlife lovers, we offer our thanks. Each year brings many opportunities and challenges. As the baby season approaches GIFT AND THRIFT STORE each spring, our greatest motivator is the realization that our staff and volunteers and 3013 Walnut Street many other dedicated wildlife rehabilitators in Colorado are providing an invaluable Boulder, CO 80301 service to Colorado’s wildlife and our communities. 303.245.0800 Hours: Monday through Saturday Animals of all kinds will soon occupy our cages and will silently—well, not so silently 10am-5pm —ask for our attention and our help. As they have for the past 20 years, Greenwood volunteers and staff will dedicate countless hours to treating the baby animals that will THRIFT STORE MANAGERS soon converge on our Sanctuary needing care. With love in their hearts, they will continue Diane Cesmat our quest to serve Colorado’s wild animals. Thiya Steele Gratefully, Meghan Allen
  3. 3. (CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1) So, how else can you help our twitchy- tailed friends? Another way to help requires knowing what to do if you find a baby squirrel in need. Baby squirrels get into trouble in any number of ways this time of year. For example, taking an unexpected tumble down a tree trunk in a wind storm, or getting dragged out of the nest by a cat, or tree trimmers’ cutting down a tree where babies are bundled up snug in their nest. Whatever the scenario, here are steps to take before bringing a baby to Greenwood for spe- cial care. Keep in mind that, as discussed above, the first way to help always applies Even if you have cared for other baby If, after four hours, mom still hasn’t returned to babies, too— never feed a baby squirrel! n mammals in the past—kittens, puppies, and you have not observed any squirrel activity Improper feeding technique and diet can or even other species of wildlife—every close by, you can be fairly certain that she is be fatal. It also makes it less likely that species has very specific needs as well as not coming back— or, at least, not soon enough. mom will take her baby back. (This is our handling and health considerations. It At this point, please call Greenwood for primary objective, as you will see later.) is very important to handle the baby as instructions on what to do next. Keeping The first step with a seemingly orphaned n little as possible, not only for its health, the baby warm and in a quiet place will, baby squirrel is to check for injuries. If you but for your health as well. again, be two of the very best things see any wounds or bleeding, please call you can do while you’re waiting. Baby Once the baby is at Greenwood, our Greenwood immediately for advice. Put squirrels will be fine without food for trained animal care staff and volunteers the baby into an appropriately sized box, at least 48 hours and without liquid for will provide all the care that is needed. with a hot water bottle wrapped in a at least 24 hours. Even if you know for We strive to reunite babies with their t-shirt (for it to cuddle up with!). The certain that more time than this has mothers whenever possible. If we can’t heat and a nice, quiet environment are passed, still do not attempt to give food reunite baby and mom, our main objec- perfect first steps on the road to recovery. or water to the baby. Instead, bring the tive is to release the squirrel back into baby to Greenwood immediately. A strict If you see no obvious injuries, look around n the wild as a healthy young adult who medical procedure must be followed the immediate vicinity for the nearest tree. is completely wild and is able to success- when re-hydrating and re-introducing Place the baby in a shallow box at the fully forage for food on its own. foods to babies. (The most important base of the tree (making sure no predators, thing to know is that if its body such as the neighborhood tomcat, are temperature is too low, the baby will be lurking about) and move some distance physiologically unable to absorb fluids away. If the nearest tree has been removed, and digest foods. That is why providing place the box at the base of the stump. heat is such a critical, yet simple, way If possible, watch from a window rather to help if mom does not return.) than from somewhere in the area. A number of hours may pass before mom works up the courage to come back for ANIMAL STATISTICS 2005 her baby. It is very likely though, that she will return. Fox squirrels are devoted Total Number of Animals Admitted 3,099 parents and, generally, have more than Total Number of Species Admitted 141 one nest—a back-up nest ready and waiting in a nearby tree, in case some- (108 bird species) thing happens to the one that she’s using. But mom won’t come back until she BREAKDOWN of 2005 ANIMALS ADMITTED feels the coast is clear. So waiting and Total Number of Mammals 1,245 watching, hidden and from a distance, are important. (If you’re worried about Total Number of Birds 1,847 the baby getting cold, place a hot water Total Number of Reptiles 7 bottle wrapped in a t-shirt in the box with the baby before you move away.) Release Rate of Animals Treated 60%
  4. 4. THA N K YO U , V I CTO R I A ! VOLUNTEER OPPORTUNITIES Written by Laura Priess While on-site volunteers are essential for Greenwood, animal care is not for everyone. Here are other ways you can help. When I think of Victoria Nykamp and Greenwood together, the word “exceptional” comes to mind. Victoria has been with Education Team —We need people to visit classrooms, Greenwood, in many different capacities, since 1991. She has community events, and adult groups as representatives of been a tireless volunteer, a superlative teacher, a friend and Greenwood. You will give presentations or staff a booth support for all, and, most recently, she has been our Foster Care about Colorado wildlife management and prevention of Coordinator. In this role Victoria shone even brighter than any human-wildlife conflicts. Help us make a difference in the of us thought someone could! lives of children, adults, and wildlife! Victoria has been an example and an excellent teacher from the Foster Care—Experienced volunteers may have the first day that I started volunteering with Greenwood. She was one opportunity to get licensed by the Colorado Division of of the people who made volunteering at Greenwood a positive Wildlife (CDOW) and provide care for wildlife in their homes. experience for me: She was always willing to answer questions Without foster care providers, Greenwood could not properly and take the time to show me how to do any task correctly. rehabilitate animals such as orphaned baby squirrels, rabbits, and raccoons. Maintenance and Construction—Volunteers are needed to assist with construction and maintenance of our cages, buildings, and grounds. It is vital that our caging and buildings receive regular maintenance and care because of the number of patients that come to Greenwood. Transport and Rescue Team—Occasionally people find injured and/or orphaned wildlife and are unable to bring them to Greenwood. In these cases, volunteers are needed for trans- port (and, occasionally, for capture in order to transport) to our facility. Training will be provided. Release—Greenwood has a great need for volunteers to help release successfully rehabilitated patients. More importantly, we need volunteers to search for potential release sites, espe- cially for mammals. Anyone who is interested will be trained Victoria has a tireless love for Colorado’s wildlife and she has to designate appropriate sites. shown this year after year. Her forte, although she has many strong abilities, is her foster care skills. She has been available If you are interested in any of these volunteer opportunities for questions from other homecare rehabilitators day and night. or want to get more information, please call 303.545.5849 or In addition, she lovingly nursed thousands of squirrels, raccoons, send an e-mail to greenwood@estreet.com. doves and other wild animals back to health and/or to maturity. Victoria has been at the forefront, answering phones and helping us educate the public about humane wildlife solutions. She WOULD YOU LIKE GREENWOOD has acted as an advisor, an administrator, and an advocate for Greenwood over the years. TO VISIT YOUR SCHOOL? Recently, much to our sadness, Victoria has decided to step back Greenwood is in the process of updating our education program from her role as our Foster Care Coordinator. She is returning and we are looking for a few schools to work with in 2006. A to a full-time restaurant position with Brasserie TenTen, Greenwood educator will visit your classroom with plenty of although she plans to continue volunteering as a foster care props and pictures and will teach a one hour class on wildlife provider during baby season (April-October). rehabilitation and human-wildlife interactions. We also offer Thank you, Victoria, for years of dedicated service to the a class focusing on baby birds. Please visit our website for more wildlife that makes Colorado so special. We are truly grateful information as we develop this program. Also, email inquiries for your experience, insight, and love. may be sent to greenwood@estreet.com or leave a message at 303.545.5849.
  5. 5. SCHNORT, THE EXPLORER GIVE YO U R H O U S E A N D YA R D A “S P R I N G B R E A K ” F R O M At the end of August 2005, an explorative 4-week-old squirrel UNWA N T E D V I S I TO R S seemed to have explored her way out of the nest and out of a tree, plummeting at least 1 story (maybe 2) to smack her face Viewing backyard wildlife can be thrilling, but sometimes on a cement sidewalk! A family from Arvada rushed to get those wild neighbors can get a little too close to home— her to Greenwood. The young squirrel had a horrible bloody literally. Here are some quick tips to prepare your house and nose and was terribly off-balance. Her sneeze-filled night gave yard for potential springtime wildlife conflicts. her the name “Schnort.” We weren’t sure she would make it through the night. Her foster care provider stayed up with her, HOME: blotting her nose and trying to get her to take fluids. Finally, n Remove over-hanging limbs—over-hanging tree limbs are pathways for squirrels and raccoons to reach attics and chimneys, at around 4 a.m., she took a little oral LRS (lactated Ringer’s solution). Soon after, there was no more blood and she slept which can be nesting sites for both species. If any tree limbs peacefully. It would still be 18 days until she was old enough hang over the house, trim them back. to open her eyes. After a period of quarantine, she was placed n Check your chimney, attic vents, and the structure itself for any in a carrier with another young squirrel—“Leonard,” the openings more than 1/2 inch. All holes and openings should victim of a dog attack. Leonard and Schnort quickly became be blocked or screened with building materials resistant to good friends. Schnort continued to be “the explorer” and many gnawing or prying. times almost “explored” her way right off the feeding table! Leonard opened his eyes 5 days before Schnort, but he knew n Tighten eaves and replace any loose or decayed boards. she was the boss and always let her be fed first. The 2 squirrels n Keep doors and windows in good repair. grew up together and were released in Arvada in mid-October. Although they had been combined with 4 other squirrels, n Close off crawl spaces under porches, decks, and sheds. Some it was always obvious which squirrel was Schnort. Even after species of wildlife use such areas for dens and raising young. almost 2 months of rehabilitation, she still carried both the scar on her nose and her brave little attitude! n Install a chimney cap (the best kind has a stainless steel top) to prevent nesting raccoons and accidental falls by birds and squirrels. Cover window wells. Birds and small mammals can fall in and n not be able to climb or fly out on their own. Install a dryer vent cover to prevent birds from entering the n dryer vent and making a nest. YARD/ GA R D E N : Secure garbage cans by fastening the lids with rope, bungee n cords, or chains. Store garbage cans in a garage or shed. Put garbage at curbside the morning of the scheduled pick-up, rather than the night before. Do not leave pet food outside. It attracts many wildlife species; n PRINTER CARTRIDGE RECYCLING they won’t pass up a free buffet! Motion-activated outdoor lighting and sprinkler systems can You can help Greenwood by giving us your old printer n help keep unwanted wildlife out of gardens and yards. cartridges. When they run out or dry up, don’t throw them away—give them to Greenwood instead! We have an arrange- If you need guidance with a wildlife conflict, call Greenwood ment with a recycling company who will give us cash for used at 303.823.8455. We will help you find a humane solution. cartridges, both inkjet and laser. Ask your neighbors, friends, family, and work colleagues to donate their empty inkjet and laser cartridges to our sanctuary. We will accept all brands (except Epson and remanufactured cartridges) as long as they are not damaged. Simply drop off the empties at the Sanctuary or at the Gift & Thrift Store. We can arrange for pickup of large orders (30 or more cartridges) from companies. Please call 303.545.5849 and leave a message if you would like to arrange pick-up.
  6. 6. WIS H L I S T E N V I RONMENTAL ENRICHMENT CLEAN I N G S U P P L I E S In addition to providing top-quality Bleach medical care and nutrition for our Unscented laundry detergent patients, the staff and volunteers at Paper towels Greenwood reduce stress for the animals Toilet paper by trying to mimic each animal’s natural (used to make baby bird nests) environment and presenting the animals Garbage bags with opportunities to entertain them- (39 gallon or larger) selves during their short time in captivity. Liquid dishwashing detergent This injured ring-necked pheasant feels much Heavy duty scrub sponges more at home in a large cage with dried grass- Latex gloves es than he would on a cement floor. Dishwashing gloves Garden hoses and nozzle Brooms (indoor/outdoor) Dustpans Scrub brushes Spray bottles BUILD I N G S U P P L I E S Untreated lumber Duct tape Masking tape SPECI A LT Y I T E M S Microscope slides and cover slips Digital gram scales Centrifuge Veterinary textbooks Digital camera (at least 3 megapixels) FOOD A N D B E D D I N G Fruits and Vegetables In addition to manufactured rodent chow, (No citrus or onion) Greenwood’s squirrels munch on fresh buds Freeze Dried Insects and branches for nutrients. (Tubifex Worms, Bloodworms, Brine Shrimp) High-quality dog food (dry) Wild bird, sunflower, thistle and safflower seeds Finch Seed Pigeon mix Young mammals love to cuddle in soft Cracked corn fleece. This can be especially good for Peanuts (in shell, no salt) orphans, substituting for the warmth Peek-a-boo! In the wild, baby fox squirrels and softness of their mothers’ bodies. Banana baby food are raised in tree nests high above the ground. Ceramic food/water bowls (large) Greenwood provides young squirrels with soft Ferret hammocks squirrel hammocks to sleep in. The hammocks are attached to the roofs of wire cages. A startled MISCE L L A N E O U S squirrel instinctively climbs up for safety, and Butterfly/bird nets at Greenwood we provide this safety with ham- mocks. Once these orphans are old enough to Ziploc bags (quart & gallon size) move outside to the squirrel condos, they will Fresh branches free sleep in wooden nest boxes. In the fall, healthy of chemicals/pesticides squirrels will be released with their nest boxes nailed to a tree, just in case they don’t have time Plain and colored copy paper Crows are very intelligent birds. Greenwood to build a nest before all of the leaves blow away. 3-ring hole punch mimics their environment with plenty of natural Toner cartridge logs and branches. We also offer a variety of foods. Crows are known to be avid problem- for Sharp AL-1530CS copier solvers and enjoy cracking open peanuts and Neosporin + pain ointment/cream eggs. They will even sort their food! One Natural history books Greenwood patient was known to separate the x’s and o’s from the dry kitty chow we gave him to play with!
  7. 7. WHAT'S NEW AT THE GIFT & THRIFT STORE? Did you know that Greenwood runs a thrift shop in Boulder? Greenwood Wildlife Gift and Thrift has been in operation since 2003 and is located at the northeast corner of 30th and Walnut Street, next to Wild Birds Unlimited. Our growing business has become a regular destination for many of our patrons because of our competitive pricing and constantly changing inventory. Diane Cesmat and Thiya Steele share the job of thrift store manager with enthusi- asm and dedication. These two wonderful ladies are assisted by a small core of Natural branches in a raccoon pen provide volunteers who make the Greenwood shade and a fun toy to play with as well! Gift and Thrift a fun place to shop, work, and volunteer. In addition to a long list of loyal, private donors, our thrift shop also accepts dona- tions of overstock items from local retail stores. Since their inception, Rockin’ Robin’s and Berry Patch—both Niwot retail stores—have made regular dona- tions of clothing and unique decorative Geese are very social animals. After a period Raccoons are very playful and love to get items. Thanks also to Diane Cesmat for of quarantine they can be combined to keep their hands on anything. These juveniles are each other company. Lonely birds are often celebrating Halloween with a pumpkin. Holes recently soliciting some fabulous dona- entertained by mirrors. Geese sometimes are carved in the sides of the pumpkin and tions from Fresh Produce, a quality honk and even dance in front of their “friend” delicious treats are inside! in the mirror! clothing store on Pearl Street. Thanks to Fresh Produce for also donating two glamorous female mannequins, where we now display our most attractive clothing pieces. Have you ever thought of volunteering in the thrift store? We are always in need of people to come in and help sort the donated goods, display the items, and No raccoon cage is complete without a generally help out. Or do you have a pick- wading pool! Raccoons love to wash their up truck that could be used to collect food and splash around. large furniture pieces? We frequently turn down offers of furniture donations because we cannot pick them up. Greenwood Wildlife Gift and Thrift is a thriving business, but we are only as good as the donations we receive. So clear out Ducklings feel at home in the water. In the wild, your clutter, your closet, your garage, parent ducks take waterproof oil from their own your basement and come on down and This adult mallard from ICU gets to relax in a bodies and apply it to their babies so the whole donate to a wonderful cause. family can stay in the water for hours. Orphaned warm bathtub for at least 20 minutes each day. ducks don’t have that waterproofing oil for the Once he is off his medication for an infected first few weeks after hatching, so placing a baby wound, he will be moved to an outdoor aviary duck in water is a treat that Greenwood provides complete with a big swimming pool. several times each day. Greens are cut up and float in the water as a yummy snack!
  8. 8. O U R THANKS RELEASE SITES NEEDED! In December 2005, Manhattan Middle Greenwood is always looking for new School of Boulder hosted an evening cel- release sites for our recovered patients. The cottontail tile ebrating the arts. The night included an A variety of habitats are needed, including that a Greenwood artwork sale and silent auction, in part woodland, grassland, and mountain areas, staff member had to benefit our sanctuary. Sixth graders as well as urban and suburban neighbor- to have! Thank you, painted ceramic tiles featuring Colorado’s hoods. Sites are needed all over the front Manhattan Middle School. wildlife and environment. In a fun bid- range, including (but not limited to) ding frenzy, a Greenwood staff member Boulder, Longmont, and Denver. If liked a tile so much that she outbid the you are interested in making your land NEW AND IMPROVED artist’s mother for the piece! Needless available for wildlife release, please visit GREENWOOD WEBSITE to say, there were no hard feelings and www.greenwoodwildlife.org and click on Greenwood proudly displays this tile at Greenwood Wildlife is pleased to “community outreach-release program” the sanctuary. To thank the sixth-grade announce that we have launched a new to complete our form. You can also call class, Greenwood staff members visited website designed to better serve our Greenwood at 303.545.5849. Please the school and gave an assembly program long-time friends and to assist in edu- help us in this important final step of on wildlife rehabilitation. cating the public about Greenwood’s wildlife rehabilitation! mission and Colorado’s wildlife. Please Greenwood also wishes to thank the visit us often at www.greenwoodwildlife.org many other local schools that have held drives to benefit the sanctuary and Greenwood wishes to send an appreciative requested education programs about “Thank You!” to ClearPixelDesign, who wildlife rehabilitation! donate their services creating and main- taining the beautiful new website. Feel free to visit them at www.clearpixeldesign.com Printed on recycled paper your gently used goods to this Boulder gem! supporters! Come shop with us and donate a regular destination for patrons and Our growing Gift and Thrift Store is GIFT AND THRIFT STORE? WHAT'S THE GREENWOOD greenwood@estreet.com www.greenwoodwildlife.org 303.823.8455 (emergencies) 303.545.5849 (voice mail) Boulder, Colorado 80308-1987 P.O. Box 18987 Permit No. 925 Boulder, CO PAID U.S. Postage Non-Profit Organization

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