General Science

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Pearson 6th Earth Science terms and defintions

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General Science

  1. 1. Ch. 1-Science All Around Us
  2. 2. NTW- Ch. 1 <ul><li>_______- process of observing, studying, and thinking about things in your world to gain knowledge </li></ul>Science
  3. 3. <ul><li>_____________- the study of Earth and space </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Earth Science: each is </li></ul><ul><li>“ the study of:” </li></ul><ul><li>1)____________- weather </li></ul><ul><li>2)________- Earth (rocks, features, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>3)____________- the oceans (current, tides, waves) </li></ul><ul><li>4) _______-the environment </li></ul><ul><li>5)_________- space and the objects found in space </li></ul>meteorology geology oceanography ecology Earth Science astronomy
  4. 4. B._________- the study of matter and its elements C._______- the study of forces and motion D. ____________- the study of living things Chemistry Physics Biology
  5. 5. <ul><li>2. Structure of Earth Systems </li></ul><ul><li>A. ______________-stiff upper layer of Earth’s mantle and crust </li></ul><ul><li>B. ____________- area of Earth’s crust covered with plants </li></ul><ul><li>C. _______________- areas of Earth covered with water </li></ul><ul><li>D. _____________- areas above Earth’s crust that control Earth’s weather and protect us </li></ul>lithosphere biosphere hydrosphere atmosphere
  6. 6. 3. __________- forces that break down mountains or other Earth features 4. __________- forces that build up mountains and land masses 5. ______- the ability to do work or cause change destructive constructive energy
  7. 7. 6. ______________- a problem-solving process Scientific Method
  8. 8. <ul><li>____________- using one or more of your senses to gather information </li></ul><ul><li>____________- interpreting information based on reasoning </li></ul><ul><li>____________- forecasting what will happen based on past experience or evidence </li></ul>observing inferring predicting
  9. 10. 8. ___________________- the factor that changes in an experiment 9. _______- variables that do not change in an experiment 10. ____________________- the measurable variable 11. _______- a standard to which your results can be compared manipulated variable constant dependent variable control 7. ____________-an educated guess hypothesis
  10. 11. 12. ___________- the use of scientific discoveries for practical purposes technology
  11. 12. 13. ______________- an explanation or model back by results obtained from test or experiments; not always correct scientific theory
  12. 13. 14. __________ ____- a rules that describes the behavior of something in nature scientific law
  13. 15. 15. ____- personal opinion bias
  14. 16. 16. ___________-the shape of land’s surface A. _________- height above sea level B.____- difference in elevation between highest and lowest parts of an area C. __________- features formed by Earth’s processes, like a hill or valley 1) _______-flat or gently rolling land with low relief 2) __________-area with high elevation and high relief 3)________-high elevation with level surface topography elevation relief landforms plains mountains plateau
  15. 17. 17. _____- flat model of Earth’s surface map
  16. 18. 18. ________-sphere that represents Earth best globe
  17. 19. <ul><li>______- ratio of distances on a map or globe to real distances on Earth </li></ul><ul><li>____-( legend)- list of symbols with their meanings </li></ul>scale key
  18. 20. C. __________- divides Earth into Northern and Southern hemispheres (0 ° latitude) equator
  19. 21. D. _____________- 0 ° longitude; runs through Greenwich, England Prime Meridian
  20. 22. E. ____________ ______________- 180 ° longitude International Dateline
  21. 23. F. _______-distance north or south of the equator latitude
  22. 24. G. ________-distance east or west of the Prime Meridian longitude
  23. 26. <ul><li>_____________- connects areas of equal elevation </li></ul><ul><li>_____________-distance between contour lines </li></ul>contour line contour interval

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