Ch. 9- Earth's Energy  and Mineral Resources
1. _____- a substance that provides energy as the result of a chemical change fuel
2. _______- the ability or capacity to do work energy
3. ___________________- changing one form of energy to another (EX. Hand rubbing is changing mechanical energy to thermal ...
4. _____________- burning to release energy combustion
4b._____________- energy-rich substances in fossil fuels hydrocarbons
Non-renewable Resources
5.   ___________- energy-rich substances formed from the remains of dead organisms fossil fuels
A. Co al - - soli d fossil fuel formed from plant remains  Adv.-_______________________ Dis.- ______________________ most ...
B. Oil- thick, black liquid formed from the buried remains of __________________________________________ Adv.-____________...
<ul><li>___________- another name for crude oil; “ petra”  means “rock” and  “oleum”  means “oil” </li></ul>petroleum
2) _________- factory in which crude oil is heated and separated into fuels and other products refinery 3) ____________- c...
C. Natural gas- the gaseous state of matter formed from _______ ____________________in ocean sediment; often found in pock...
D. ________ - by-product  of natural gas Adv.- ________________________ _____________________________ Dis.- ______________...
6. Nuclear Energy
A. _______- splitting of atoms; uses uranium- 235;   non-renewa ble fission Adv.- _____________________ Dis.- no smog, aci...
 
B. _______- combines hydrogen atoms; how the sun generates energy Adv. _________________________ Dis.- fusion large amount...
 
Inexhaustible and  Renewable Resources
7.  Solar energy-  energy from the ___; Adv. __________, ______, _____, _______________; Dis.- can be affected by _______,...
 
 
8. water- _____________________; Adv.- clean, no air p o llution, inexpensiv e;  Dis.- ;   dam s  increase upstream  _____...
 
 
C:Documents and Settingspenny.bentonLocal SettingsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5R459JKIPj0075056[1].wav 9. ____- Adv....
 
 
10. ______________- burns organic materials such as ____, ________, and _______ biomass  energy wood  alcohol garbage
 
 
A.  ____- Dis.-gases released when burned; habitats are destroyed wood
B.  _______- formed from distillation; Adv.- can be mixed with other fuels to make gasoline last longer alcohol
C.  _______- Dis.- burning can produce toxic ash residue and air pollution;  Adv.- cheap source of energy; reduces  ______...
11. ___________-uses hot magma or hot, dry rocks from within the Earth;  Adv.- clean ;  Dis.-limited availability; high co...
 
12. ____________- power from the rise and fall of the ocean ( tides ) Tidal power
 
13. ___________________- reducing energy use Energy conservation
A. ___________- the percentage of energy used to perform work efficiency
 
B. ___________- layer of material that helps block the transfer of heat between the air outside and inside a building insu...
14. ____________- using _____________ to become  _________ A. Advantages 1. Reduces _______ for new    mineral resources 2...
B. Disadvantages 1. Takes ____ 2. Takes _____ time effort
 
The End
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Energy

745 views

Published on

Pearson 6th grade Earth Science

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
745
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
12
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Energy

  1. 1. Ch. 9- Earth's Energy and Mineral Resources
  2. 2. 1. _____- a substance that provides energy as the result of a chemical change fuel
  3. 3. 2. _______- the ability or capacity to do work energy
  4. 4. 3. ___________________- changing one form of energy to another (EX. Hand rubbing is changing mechanical energy to thermal energy) energy transformation
  5. 5. 4. _____________- burning to release energy combustion
  6. 6. 4b._____________- energy-rich substances in fossil fuels hydrocarbons
  7. 7. Non-renewable Resources
  8. 8. 5. ___________- energy-rich substances formed from the remains of dead organisms fossil fuels
  9. 9. A. Co al - - soli d fossil fuel formed from plant remains Adv.-_______________________ Dis.- ______________________ most abundant fossil fuel produces air pollution
  10. 10. B. Oil- thick, black liquid formed from the buried remains of __________________________________________ Adv.-____________ ________________ Dis.-____________ ________________ microscopic marine organisms Good value for the energy produced Air pollution; Spills harm environment
  11. 11. <ul><li>___________- another name for crude oil; “ petra” means “rock” and “oleum” means “oil” </li></ul>petroleum
  12. 12. 2) _________- factory in which crude oil is heated and separated into fuels and other products refinery 3) ____________- compounds made from oil that are used to make plastics, paints, medicines, and cosmetics petrochemicals
  13. 13. C. Natural gas- the gaseous state of matter formed from _______ ____________________in ocean sediment; often found in pockets above oil reserves Adv._______________________ Dis. ________________________ marine organisms (plankton) Cleanest of the fossil fuels Will run out in 50 years
  14. 14. D. ________ - by-product of natural gas Adv.- ________________________ _____________________________ Dis.- ________________________ Clean enough to be used on indoor vehicles, like a forklift Very short supply propane
  15. 15. 6. Nuclear Energy
  16. 16. A. _______- splitting of atoms; uses uranium- 235; non-renewa ble fission Adv.- _____________________ Dis.- no smog, acid rain or greenhouse effect radiation poisoning, nuclear waste______
  17. 18. B. _______- combines hydrogen atoms; how the sun generates energy Adv. _________________________ Dis.- fusion large amounts of energy from little material not practical because of the high temperatures needed
  18. 20. Inexhaustible and Renewable Resources
  19. 21. 7. Solar energy- energy from the ___; Adv. __________, ______, _____, _______________; Dis.- can be affected by _______, ___________, ________, and ________ sun weather time of day latitude seasons clean safe inexpensive readily available
  20. 24. 8. water- _____________________; Adv.- clean, no air p o llution, inexpensiv e; Dis.- ; dam s increase upstream _________ and d ownstream _______; habitats are flooded hydroelectric energy erosion sediment
  21. 27. C:Documents and Settingspenny.bentonLocal SettingsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5R459JKIPj0075056[1].wav 9. ____- Adv.-non-polluting, no waste, inexpensive; Dis.-unreliable, ______ pollution wind visual
  22. 30. 10. ______________- burns organic materials such as ____, ________, and _______ biomass energy wood alcohol garbage
  23. 33. A. ____- Dis.-gases released when burned; habitats are destroyed wood
  24. 34. B. _______- formed from distillation; Adv.- can be mixed with other fuels to make gasoline last longer alcohol
  25. 35. C. _______- Dis.- burning can produce toxic ash residue and air pollution; Adv.- cheap source of energy; reduces _________________ garbage landfill deposits
  26. 36. 11. ___________-uses hot magma or hot, dry rocks from within the Earth; Adv.- clean ; Dis.-limited availability; high cost geothermal
  27. 38. 12. ____________- power from the rise and fall of the ocean ( tides ) Tidal power
  28. 40. 13. ___________________- reducing energy use Energy conservation
  29. 41. A. ___________- the percentage of energy used to perform work efficiency
  30. 43. B. ___________- layer of material that helps block the transfer of heat between the air outside and inside a building insulation
  31. 44. 14. ____________- using _____________ to become _________ A. Advantages 1. Reduces _______ for new mineral resources 2. Uses less _______ 3. Can be __________ old materials new ones demand energy profitable Recycling
  32. 45. B. Disadvantages 1. Takes ____ 2. Takes _____ time effort
  33. 47. The End

×