climate

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Pearson 6th Earth Science terms and defintions

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climate

  1. 1.
  2. 2. 1. ________-the average, year-after-year conditionsof temperature, precipitation, winds, andclouds in an area<br />climate<br />
  3. 3. 2. _____________- a small area with climate conditions that differ from those around it<br />microclimate<br />
  4. 4. 3. Factors that affect temperature:<br />____________<br />latitude<br />
  5. 5. 1) _________- 66.5° to 90° latitude<br />Polar zone<br />2) ______________- between polar and tropical zones<br />Temperate zone <br />3) ___________- between equator and 23.5°<br />Tropical zone<br />
  6. 6. 3. Factors that affect temperature:<br />B. ____________<br />altitude<br />
  7. 7. 3. Factors that affect temperature:<br />C. _________________________ ________<br />Distance from large bodies of water<br />
  8. 8. 1)______________-areas that have climates that are moderated by the body of water nearby<br />Marine climates<br />
  9. 9. 2) __________________- more extreme climates in inland areas<br />continental climate<br />
  10. 10. 3. Factors that affect temperature:<br />D. ___________________<br />Ocean currents<br />East coast- _______; west coast-______<br />warm<br />cold<br />
  11. 11. 4. Factors that affect precipitation:<br /> A. _____________________<br />Prevailing winds<br />
  12. 12. B. Mountain ranges<br />
  13. 13. 1) _________- side of mountain where rising air cools forming precipitation<br />windward<br />
  14. 14. leeward<br />2) _________- side of mountain where little precipitation falls<br />
  15. 15. C. _________- sea and land breezes over a large region that change direction with the seasons<br />monsoon<br />
  16. 16. 5. The ________ are caused by the______ of Earth as it travels around the Sun.<br />seasons<br />tilt<br />
  17. 17. 6. Climate regions<br />
  18. 18. Tropical, rainy<br />1) _________- tropical wet climates<br />rain forest<br />
  19. 19. savanna<br />2) ________- tropical wet-and-dry climates<br />
  20. 20. B. Dry<br />1) _______- arid regions that receive less than 25 centimeters of precipitation a year<br />desert<br />
  21. 21. 2) ________- a semiarid region with short grasses and low bushes<br />steppe<br />
  22. 22. C. Temperate Marine<br />1) _________________- west coasts of continents from 40° N. or S. latitude<br />Marine west coast<br />
  23. 23. 2) ______________- mild climate with cool rains in the winter and warm, dry summers<br />Mediterranean<br />
  24. 24. 3) _________________- wet and warm, but may have cooler winters<br />Humid, subtropical<br />
  25. 25. D. Temperate Continental<br />1) _________________- constantly changing weather patterns; Midwest and Northeast USA<br />Humid continental<br />
  26. 26. 2) _________- short summers; long bitter winters; Alaska, N. Canada<br />subarctic<br />
  27. 27. E. Polar<br />Ice cap<br />1) _________- average temperature is always below freezing<br />
  28. 28. 2) ______- northern Alaska, Canada, and Russia; ___________- permanently frozen tundra soil<br />tundra<br />permafrost<br />
  29. 29.
  30. 30.
  31. 31.
  32. 32.
  33. 33. Ice Age<br />7. _________ time period when glaciers covered large parts of Earth’s surface<br />
  34. 34. 8. Short-term climate changes<br />A. ________-warm- water event in the Pacific Ocean <br />El Niño<br />
  35. 35. La Niña<br />B. ________- colder than normal waters in the Pacific Ocean<br />
  36. 36.
  37. 37.
  38. 38.
  39. 39.
  40. 40. 9. ______________-<br />gradual increase<br /> in the <br /> temperature<br /> of Earth’s<br /> atmosphere<br />Global warming<br />
  41. 41.
  42. 42. CFC’s- chlorofluorocarbons<br />10. ____________________-chemical compounds used in ________ and _______ that can damage the ozone layer<br />aerosols<br />coolants<br />
  43. 43.
  44. 44. 11. _________________- occurs when water vapor and carbon dioxide _______________, which causes the atmosphere to _______<br />greenhouse effect<br />absorbs radiation<br />heat up<br />
  45. 45.
  46. 46.
  47. 47. The End<br />

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