Browsing news archives from the perspective of
                   History:
  The Papyrus Browser historiographical issues
...
Outline
 Introduction
 History Researchers’ Needs
 Functionality (Demo)
 Implementation
 Challenges
 Conclusions & Future ...
Papyrus brings together a consortium of nine partners…




                 Tensions of Europe
Digital libraries today...




                         Huge archives of digital
                         content…
       ...
Is it possible...

          …for specialized scientists
             to find information
           in general literature...
Papyrus aims...




…to provide a window through which
cross-discipline access to content will be made possible
Papyrus…
..showcases its approach with a specific pair
   of disciplines




    History via News
Outline
 Introduction
 History Researchers’ Needs
 Functionality (Demo)
 Implementation
 Challenges
 Conclusions & Future ...
Historical research requirements
 Papyrus browser designed and
 implemented after user needs study

 Keyword search and br...
Meaningful Concepts
 General historiographical issues: “Change in Science”,
 “Controversies”, “Public Opinion”, etc.




 ...
Outline
 Introduction
 History Researchers’ Needs
 Functionality (Demo)
 Implementation
 Challenges
 Conclusions & Future ...
Papyrus Ontology Browser
 assists researchers to interactively
 explore secondary and primary sources

 combines two diffe...
Outline
 Introduction
 History Researchers’ Needs
 Functionality (Demo)
 Implementation
 Challenges
 Conclusions & Future ...
Implementation
 Google Web Toolkit
 ◦ Java 2 JavaScript
 ◦ GWT – Ext
 ◦ RPC server calls
 Sesame Server
 Apache Tomcat
 Ec...
Outline
 Introduction
 History Researchers’ Needs
 Functionality (Demo)
 Implementation
 Challenges
 Conclusions & Future ...
Challenges
 Multiple views to incorporate historians’
 needs
 Accessibility to non – experts
 ◦ Invisibility
 ◦ Labels
 Ti...
Outline
 Introduction
 History Researchers’ Needs
 Functionality (Demo)
 Implementation
 Challenges
 Conclusions & Future ...
Conclusions
 Evaluation by 14 historians took place
 ◦ Hellas
 ◦ Netherlands

 Feedback from the evaluation led to
 implem...
Future Work
 Visualization
 ◦ Time
 ◦ Evolution


 Refinements according to feedback



 Generalization of the tool
Thank you for your attention
Browsing News Archives From The Perspective Of History: The Papyrus Browser Historiographical Issues View
Browsing News Archives From The Perspective Of History: The Papyrus Browser Historiographical Issues View
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Browsing News Archives From The Perspective Of History: The Papyrus Browser Historiographical Issues View

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News Archives constitute an important source for historians, both for research and educational purposes. However, access to their material is not easy due to the special characteristics of the archival content as well as the possible difference between the historian's vocabulary and that of the Archive. In the context of the Papyrus EU-funded project, the requirements of historians have been investigated and taken into account for the creation of a specialized web-based tool, the Papyrus Browser. This paper focuses on the description of the requirements that lead to the design of this tool and provides a detailed description of its main view, the Historiographical Issues View. Design and implementation issues are discussed, as well as plans for future work on the tool.

M. Platakis, Ch. Nikolaou, A. Katifori, M. Koubarakis, Y. Ioannidis: "Browsing News Archives From The Perspective Of History: The Papyrus Browser Historiographical Issues View". Proceedings of the 11th International Workshop on Image Analysis for Multimedia Interactive Services, (WIAMIS 2010), Desenzano del Garda, Italy, April 2010.

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Browsing News Archives From The Perspective Of History: The Papyrus Browser Historiographical Issues View

  1. 1. Browsing news archives from the perspective of History: The Papyrus Browser historiographical issues view M. Platakis, Ch. Nikolaou, A. Katifori, M. Koubarakis,Y. Ioannidis Department of Informatics and Telecommunications, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens Presented @ WIAMIS 2010 by Manolis Platakis
  2. 2. Outline Introduction History Researchers’ Needs Functionality (Demo) Implementation Challenges Conclusions & Future Work
  3. 3. Papyrus brings together a consortium of nine partners… Tensions of Europe
  4. 4. Digital libraries today... Huge archives of digital content… organised in digital libraries… targeting the relevant user communities...
  5. 5. Is it possible... …for specialized scientists to find information in general literature? …for general audience to understand scientific publications? …to study history in news?
  6. 6. Papyrus aims... …to provide a window through which cross-discipline access to content will be made possible
  7. 7. Papyrus… ..showcases its approach with a specific pair of disciplines History via News
  8. 8. Outline Introduction History Researchers’ Needs Functionality (Demo) Implementation Challenges Conclusions & Future Work
  9. 9. Historical research requirements Papyrus browser designed and implemented after user needs study Keyword search and browsing of categorizations and indexes are equally important Research method (in any order) Collect secondary material (i.e. historical essays) Collect primary material (i.e. archival content)
  10. 10. Meaningful Concepts General historiographical issues: “Change in Science”, “Controversies”, “Public Opinion”, etc. History of Science and Technology Domains: “Biotechnology”, “Renewable Energy” Domain specific concepts that may be the research subject: “stem cell”, “cloning”, “wind turbine”, etc.
  11. 11. Outline Introduction History Researchers’ Needs Functionality (Demo) Implementation Challenges Conclusions & Future Work
  12. 12. Papyrus Ontology Browser assists researchers to interactively explore secondary and primary sources combines two different domain ontologies as well as their underlying content demonstrates history concepts, news concepts, news multimedia
  13. 13. Outline Introduction History Researchers’ Needs Functionality (Demo) Implementation Challenges Conclusions & Future Work
  14. 14. Implementation Google Web Toolkit ◦ Java 2 JavaScript ◦ GWT – Ext ◦ RPC server calls Sesame Server Apache Tomcat Eclipse IDE On all browsers
  15. 15. Outline Introduction History Researchers’ Needs Functionality (Demo) Implementation Challenges Conclusions & Future Work
  16. 16. Challenges Multiple views to incorporate historians’ needs Accessibility to non – experts ◦ Invisibility ◦ Labels Time and culture changes – non trivial to model and display Multilingualism
  17. 17. Outline Introduction History Researchers’ Needs Functionality (Demo) Implementation Challenges Conclusions & Future Work
  18. 18. Conclusions Evaluation by 14 historians took place ◦ Hellas ◦ Netherlands Feedback from the evaluation led to implementation changes – 2nd version 2nd evaluation will take place in autumn
  19. 19. Future Work Visualization ◦ Time ◦ Evolution Refinements according to feedback Generalization of the tool
  20. 20. Thank you for your attention

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