Plasterboard's Visual Dictionary


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Plasterboard's Visual Dictionary

  1. 1. Plasterboard<br />Visual Dictionary<br />
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper<br />A protective barrier to keep the elements out after you have already attached the sheathing<br />
  3. 3. Soffit Vent<br />A vent on the eave of the roof to allow ventilation into the attic<br />
  4. 4. Ridge Vent<br />A vent located on the ridge of the roof to keep wind, rain, snow, and insects from entering the attic, all while providing ventilation<br />
  5. 5. Gable Vent<br />Another way to provide ventilation to the attic and found on the side of the house where the gable is found<br />
  6. 6. Roof Turbine<br />Work with the wind to pull all the moist, hot air from your attic out into the air<br />
  7. 7. Backhoe<br />An excavator that uses a large bucket to move the earth from one place to another. The size of this bucket is 2’*2’<br />
  8. 8. Batter boards<br />Horizontal boards used to outline where a building will be so that all the masons will have a place to work from.<br />
  9. 9. Brick arch 1<br />
  10. 10. Brick Arch 2<br />
  11. 11. Keystone<br />
  12. 12. Centering<br />Temporary framework used to build arches, vaults, and domes<br />
  13. 13. Running Bond<br />All stretchers on every course<br />
  14. 14. Common Bond<br />A header row every 6th course<br />
  15. 15. Rowlocks<br />
  16. 16. Headers<br />
  17. 17. Soldiers<br />
  18. 18. Sailors<br />
  19. 19. Shiners<br />
  20. 20. Modular Brick<br />Brick that is most commonly used<br />Nominal dimensions are 8”* 2 2/3”<br />Actual dimensions are 7 5/8”* 2 ¼”<br />
  21. 21. Standard Brick<br />Very similar to Modular but has different actual dimensions<br />Nominal 2 2/3”* 8”<br />Actual 2 ¼”* 8”<br />
  22. 22. Bulldozer<br />Another large piece of equipment used on a jobsite to push around large amounts of earth<br />
  23. 23. Brick clad<br />Brick used strictly as a veneer wall, which means it is not needed for structural purposes<br />
  24. 24. EIFS Structure<br />stucco<br />
  25. 25. Stone clad<br />
  26. 26. Wood Board<br />
  27. 27. Wood shake<br />
  28. 28. Egress Window<br />This window meets requirements because it is less than 44”, the required height from the ground, and has greater than 5 sf.<br />The dimensions of the window are 24”*36” which are more than the 20”*24” the IBC requires<br />
  29. 29. Stair<br />These stairs meet code because their tread is 11” and their riser is 8”. This is more than what is required and therefore does not meet code. The tread is ok, but the riser is ¼” too tall.<br />The IBC requires that the tread be at least 10” and the riser be no more than 7 ¾”.<br />
  30. 30. Control Joint<br />A joint in that allows cracking to occur so that it doesn’t occur in the middle of the slab, where it could do a lot of damage<br />Isolation Joint- <br />Isolate slabs from other parts of the structure<br />Crack near a control joint<br />Separating two different slabs<br />
  31. 31. CMU<br />CMU stands for Concrete Masonry Unit, which is a block of hard concrete, and is used as a backup wall in larger size projects where wood would be too costly<br />Nominal dimensions are 8”*8”*16”<br />Actual are 7 5/8”* 7 5/8”* 15 5/8”<br />Three courses of Brick for 1 CMU<br />
  32. 32. CMU’s 2 sizes<br />Split block<br />Regular size<br />
  33. 33. Split and Ribbed Block<br />Split<br />Ribbed<br />
  34. 34. Panel Door and Exterior Flush Door<br />Has all the parts needed for a 6 panel door<br />Flush door<br />Top Rail<br />Stile<br />Lock Rail<br />Bottom Rail<br />Panel<br />
  35. 35. Transom and Sidelights<br />Transom is the window above a door that allows light into the room<br />Sidelights are windows on the side of the door that also allow light in<br />Transom<br />Side Lights<br />
  36. 36. Electrical Components<br />Receptacle is like a regular outlet that allows you to plug electrical things up<br />This is an underground transformer that lowers the voltage before it enters your house or neighborhood<br />The service head is where the electric company feeds your electrical wires into your meter box<br />Your meter box allows the power company to check to see your power usage<br />A service panel allows you to turn on certain breakers<br />Receptacle<br />Transformer<br />Meter box<br />Service head<br />Service Panel<br />
  37. 37. Framing<br />#3 Floor Joist<br />#4 Subflooring<br />#1: Anchor Bolts<br />#2 Sill Plate<br />#5 Sole Plate<br />
  38. 38. Framing<br /># 6 Studs<br />#7 Top Plate<br />#8 Ceiling Joists<br />
  39. 39. Framing<br />#9 Rafter<br />#10 Decking<br />#11 Sheathing<br />#12 Stringer<br />
  40. 40. Front End Loader<br />Is almost like a bulldozer except a front end loader can pick up the dirt and materials to move it from place to place, rather than just push it like a bulldozer<br />
  41. 41. Gypsum Board<br />Gypsum board is used as our wall and covers up the framing for our house<br />
  42. 42. Heat Pump/ Air Handling Unit/ Compressor/Condenser<br />One advantage is that it is the most efficient.<br />One disadvantage is that you might need a backup plan because it doesn’t always work at really low temperatures.<br />The compressor/condenser works with the air handling unit to provide cool or warm air to your house<br />The air handling unit send the warm or cool air into the house through the ducts<br />
  43. 43. Batt and loose fill insulation<br />Batt insulation is the most common and can be used between studs by friction or nailed to studs<br />Loose fill insulation is used primarily in the attic and it can get in all the gaps better than batt insulation, giving you more insulation<br />
  44. 44. Rigid Board Insulation<br />
  45. 45. Lintel<br />A concrete or steel beam that transfers the forces above a window or door, around and down the window or door.<br />
  46. 46. Mortar Joint 1<br />Trowled and 1/8” wide<br />Used on Dudley Hall as exterior face<br />Probably S mortar <br />
  47. 47. Mortar Joint 2<br />Tooled because it was raked out.<br />1/8” wide joint<br />Used on building on College St. as exterior veneer.<br />Probably S type mortar<br />
  48. 48. OSB<br />OSB is a type of manufactured board that is a nonveneered panel product.<br />It is made by compressing multiple strands of board together under pressure<br />
  49. 49. Plumbing<br />Lavatory<br />We use 1-1/2” piping to drain our lavatory, otherwise known of the sink<br />We use 3” piping to drain our water closet, otherwise known as the toilet.<br />Tub set in before gypsum board has been placed<br />Water closet<br />
  50. 50. Plumbing continued<br />The plumbing roof vent allows air to enter the waste piping<br />The sink here is a drop-in<br />
  51. 51. Plywood<br />Plywood is manufactured by taking sheets of veneer and pressing them together with a lot of pressure<br />Veneer is a thin sheet of wood usually glued together to form OSB or plywood<br />
  52. 52. Radiant Barrier<br />A radiant barrier prevents heat from entering the house. It is usually is placed in the attic<br />
  53. 53. Rebar<br />The diameter of the rebar used in this project is 5/8”<br />The purpose of the deformations is to keep a grip on the concrete to keep it from moving. <br />
  54. 54. Drainage<br />A gutter allows water to flow from the roof to the downspout<br />A downspout allows the flow of water from the gutter to the ground in a confined area<br />A splashblock diverts the water from to downspout into the ground and spreads it out so that it doesn’t puddle up right under the downspout<br />
  55. 55. Underlayment<br />Felt, usually asphalt, laid down to attach shingles to and to add more protection for the roof decking<br />
  56. 56. Clay Tile Roof<br />
  57. 57. Metal Panel Roof<br />Materials Used: Galvanized Steel<br />
  58. 58. Wood Shingle Roof<br />A small strip of wood cut into shingles to be used on the roof of a house or building. Very common in old country houses where there was a lot of wood<br />
  59. 59. Roofs<br />Gable Roof<br />Gambrel roof<br />
  60. 60. Roofs<br />Hip Roof<br />Mansard<br />
  61. 61. Roof Terms<br />A ridge is the upper top of a slope. Usually the highest point on the roof and of the house<br />A valley is the place where two slopes meet, and a provides a run off for drainage purposes<br />
  62. 62. Roof Terms<br />An eave is the horizontal edge of the low side of the slope of the roof<br /> A soffit is the underside of the eave and is usually where the soffit vent is located<br />A rake is the slope of the roof on the edge<br />
  63. 63. Fascia <br />The exposed edge of an eave, also referred to as the fascia board<br />
  64. 64. Building without a fascia<br />Since there is no eave, or soffit, there can be no fascia<br />
  65. 65. Rubble<br />Random Rubble<br />Coursed Rubble<br />
  66. 66. Ashlar<br />Coursed Ashlar<br />Random Ashlar<br />
  67. 67. Vapor Retarder<br />Prevents water vapor from entering building and is placed underneath the insulation<br />
  68. 68. Waterproofing<br />Category:<br />Fully adhered<br />Keeps water from entering the building and slab<br />
  69. 69. Weep Hole<br />Allows water to escape the cavity between the wall and veneer outside. It is just a small hole that allows the water to “weep” out of it<br />
  70. 70. Welded Wire Fabric<br />Used to strengthen the concrete and keeps it together<br />Dimensions are 10’*6’<br />
  71. 71. Single hung window<br />Has one sash that slides up and down the jamb to open the window<br />
  72. 72. Hopper Window<br />A sash that opens out or in like it is catching the water or air and hinged on the sill and moves up and down on the jambs<br />
  73. 73. Casement Window<br />Window that opens from the jamb out and provides very good air flow from the outside<br />