The Concept of ICTs inModern JournalismByEmmanuel Kingsley Dadebo( Co-ordinator, ICT in Education Programmers )Ministry of Education science & Sports
The Concept of ICTs in ModernJournalism The role of the journalist as a communicator Basic concepts of communication – Encoder----Medium----Decoder Efficiency Index of the journalist is largely dependent on the medium of communication The Medium influences speed, accuracy and efficiency
The Concept of ICTs in ModernJournalism What is Information & Communications Technology ? What are Information & Communication Technologies ? What is your experience in the use of ICTs ?
The Concept of ICTs ICTs are basically information handling tools – a varied set of goods, application and services that are used to produce, store, process, distribute and exchange information. They include radio, scanners, photocopiers, cell phones, digital cameras, recorders (video, audio etc.), television and telephone, computers and the internet as well as satellite and wireless technology.
The Concept of ICTs - contd. With appropriate content and applications the ICT tools combine to form a “network world”. The network size may vary depending on the number and type of tools involved. ICT was coined to reflect the seamless convergence of digital processing and telecommunications which include hardware, processes and systems that are used for storing, managing, communicating and sharing information. This could be seen as an integrated technology. ICTs therefore represent the different technologies involved.
The significant role of theJournalist Uses ICTs to foster the processing, and dissemination of information and knowledge by separating content from its physical location Uses information to break boundaries- geographical, cultural thus making it possible for the resultant interconnected digital world to herald the fluid and seamless flow of information in McLuhan’s coinage of the global village.
Benefits of the use of ICTs inModern Journalism Discuss the challenges that have confronted the journalist in the use of obsolete tools or old technologies. Discuss how the journalist stands to gain in the use of ICTs today
Benefits of the use of ICTs inModern Journalism ICTs offer the developing world the opportunity to leapfrog several stages of development Timeliness (real-time) of communication. The global village concept becomes real. Confidence and reliability of communicated material.
Specific advantages Access to information for private and professional decision making. Prices of Market/Farm goods. Reduction of space and distance as a factor for social and economic participation. Access to opportunities- ICTs empower SMEs, local and community groups , women, marginalised and disenfranchised groups.
Specific advantages Greater ability to learn Greater environmental awareness - crop failures, preparation of emergency reliefs etc More awareness factors Greater ability to influence and participate in decision– making.
Specific advantages Improved trade, commerce enabled ICTs have been used to help fishermen, farmers for schools of fish. Used to pick satellite imagery of land-cover Speeding up transactions
ICTs and the Journalists role inHuman development People do not need the tools of the modern Journalism to survive . People want efficient ways of sharing information about livelihoods and employment. The desired information is best appreciated when modern ICTs are used. ie when issues are current and there are opportunities to get involved. There is an interplay of people-centredness and ICTs in the journalist’s work.
GROUP WORKBe in a group of four. Discuss three core functions in your work as a Journalist/media professional. How can you make use of use ICTs in carrying out each of those functions? List ICTs necessary for carrying out your work. Which of them are not easily accessible to you at your place of work? How do people benefit from having access to ICTs? State the benefits you are likely to derive from easy access to ICTs and possible recommendations (only two) you can give to your employer.