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Geoland2 Workshop - 01 - sousa


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GMES initial operations on Land monitoring 2011 - 2013
Ana Sousa - European Environment Agency (EEA)

Parma, 16 novembre 2011. Nell'ambito della XV Conferenza Italiana ASITA si svolge il Workshop "GMES Land products developed in Geoland2: requirements and examples of products for analysis at a European and regional level."

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Geoland2 Workshop - 01 - sousa

  1. 1. GMES Initial Operations on Land Monitoring 2011 - 2013 Ana Sousa, EEA Parma, Asita Conference, Geoland 2 Workshop, 16 November 2011
  2. 2. Outline of the presentation <ul><li>GMES services and Programme Regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Overall programmatic framework 2011-2013 </li></ul><ul><li>GMES space component </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of land precursor activities </li></ul><ul><li>GIO land components </li></ul><ul><li>Delegated tasks to EEA and time table </li></ul><ul><li>GIO land Pan-European CONTINENTAL Component </li></ul><ul><li>GIO land LOCAL Component </li></ul><ul><li>Pan-European CONTINENTAL Component workplan and production shemes </li></ul><ul><li>High Resolution Layers (HRL) </li></ul><ul><li>Land cover products (examples) </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li></ul>
  3. 3. GMES Services Horizontal applications Monitoring of Earth systems Land Marine Atmosphere Security Emergency Climate
  4. 4. Overall programmatic framework 2011-13 <ul><li>Proposed to focus on 4 activities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency Management service 12 M € </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land monitoring service 26 M € </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>User uptake 5 M € </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Space component 64 M € </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GIO total (2011-2013) 107 M € </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>According to the Art. 15 of the GMES Regulation, the Commission adopts the annual work programmes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>for implementing the actions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for financial commitment </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. GMES space component <ul><li>Managed by ESA </li></ul><ul><li>GMES Space Component Data Access Portfolio: Data Warehouse 2011-2014 </li></ul><ul><li>Terms & Conditions for Use of EO Data from the GSC-DA </li></ul><ul><li>User categories : FP7 Service Project Participant; EU Institution or Body; Public Authority; International Organisation or NGO; Public (in general) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Overview of land precursor activities <ul><ul><li>FP6 GEOLAND and FP7 GEOLAND2 project, Boss4GMES; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ESA GSE Land, Urban services, Forest, GMFS; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corine LC/LCCC (since 1986…) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land Fast Track Service Precursor: development of 1 High Resolution layer using Image 2006 (Soil sealing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban Atlas (DG REGIO funding) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparatory action on Reference Data Access started in June 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And the results of consultation of user communities </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. GIO Land components <ul><ul><li>Local : zooming on ‘hot spot’ (e.g. urban atlas, protected areas, coastal areas) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continental : pan-European products (Corine 2012, 5 HRLs soil sealing, forest, agriculture, wetland, water) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global : bio-physical parameters (Essential Climate Variables (ECVs), food security (Africa) etc.) </li></ul></ul>Local component – Urban Atlas EU component - CLC Global component – ECV*s
  8. 8. Delegated tasks to EEA <ul><li>GMES land monitoring service: Pan-European Continental Component </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Providing land cover and land cover change information at Pan-European scale </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>GMES land monitoring service: Local Component </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Providing very HR information on specific areas of interest at European level (as defined in GMES annual work programmes) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Dissemination + archiving + cataloguing </li></ul><ul><li>START: signature EEA/EU and END: 31/12/2015 </li></ul><ul><li>Operational implementation phase: start  31/12/2014 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>01/01/2015  31/12/2015: closure phase </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. GIO land Pan-European CONTINENTAL component <ul><li>Post-processing space data + automatic extraction of intermediate products (incl. mosaic of ortho-rectified HR images + other intermediate products s.a. Biophysical variables) </li></ul><ul><li>Production of 5 HR layers </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Artificial surfaces: imperviousness layer (0-100%) (former soil sealing); </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Forest areas: tree cover density (0-100%) and forest type (broadleaved or coniferous); </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agricultural areas: occurrence of permanent grassland (2006, 2009, 2012) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wetlands (wetland inventory) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Water bodies: permanent water bodies (2006, 2009, 2012) </li></ul></ul></ul>characteristics at pixel level + validated 1 ha grid cell
  10. 10. GIO land Pan-European CONTINENTAL component <ul><li>3. New Corine Land Covery inventory: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Corine Land Cover Change mapping 2006-2012 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resolution 5ha (for standard 44 Corine Land Cover Classes) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corine Land Cover Map 2012 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support to harmonization of national monitoring at EU level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Harmonize national land cover activities of Member States </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improve synergies with Pan-European land cover activities (as LUCAS) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>4. Validation + quality control </li></ul><ul><li>5. Collection of in situ data </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(non space data) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. GMES Land monitoring service: LOCAL component <ul><li>Post-processing of Very High Resolution (VHR) space data </li></ul><ul><li>Production of VHR information on specific areas of interest </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiversity on Natura2000 sites -> monitoring of riparian zones </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Validation + quality control </li></ul><ul><li>Collection of in situ data </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Non-space data (incl. ancillary + reference data) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. GIO land Pan-European CONTINENTAL component
  13. 13. Production scheme for the Pan-European CONTINENTAL component of GIO Land
  14. 14. High Resolution Layers (HRL) <ul><li>Reference year: 2012 (also 2006 and 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Satellite image resolution: 20 x 20 m </li></ul><ul><li>Intermediate products: 20 x 20 m </li></ul><ul><li>MMU (Minimum Mapping Unit): 1ha (validation)  imperviousness in 2006 (0 – 100 %): </li></ul>
  15. 15. Verification High Resolution Layers <ul><li>Identifying systematic classification errors </li></ul><ul><li>Randomly selected samples </li></ul><ul><li>Visual inspection </li></ul><ul><li>O mission and commission errors </li></ul><ul><li>Carried out on the intermediate products at full resolution (20m x 20m, in national projection) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Enhancement High Resolution Layers <ul><li>Data content to be improved on the basis of the findings of the verification task </li></ul><ul><li>All enhancements shall be done for the full resolution datasets (20m x 20m, in national projection) </li></ul><ul><li>It is requested to specify which improvements shall be done through automatic processes and/or manual interactive processes </li></ul>
  17. 17. Decision tree between centralised procurement and decentralised delivery by participating countries for the High Resolution Layers
  18. 18. Budget implementation strategy (1) <ul><ul><li>Framework Service Contracts (implemented by Specific Contracts) for the following tasks: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Production of 5 HR layers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Service Contracts for the following tasks: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Satellite mosaic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Validation of products </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dissemination, cataloguing and archiving </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Budget implementation strategy (2) <ul><ul><li>Grant Agreements for the following tasks: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CLC-changes; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CLC2012; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Verification of 5 HR layers; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enhancement of 5 HR layers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dissemination </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Access to in-situ data (in-kind contribution) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. CLC 2006 Built-up area / sealing CLC Changes Land cover products
  21. 21. Impervious areas (Austria, 2006) 20m 20m
  22. 22. Impervious areas (Berlin, 2009) Berlin 2009 Courtesy: Geoland-2
  23. 23. Country analysis artificial areas (DE)
  24. 24. UA – CLC2000: artificial areas
  25. 25. Statistics <ul><li>Changes in imperviousness in Europe: </li></ul>Increase of sealed area 2009 towards sealed area 2006 in % per country Increase of sealed area 2009 towards sealed area 2006 in km² per country Sealed area in % of total country area Courtesy: Geoland-2
  26. 26. Urban sprawl & natura2000
  27. 27. Imperviousness in coastal zone management Outstanding problem: Quantitative use of imperviousness for change information
  28. 28. Imperviousness seeding for scenarios development?
  29. 29. Imperviousness & increasing nr. of tropical nights
  30. 30. Summary <ul><li>DATA AVAILABILITY: </li></ul><ul><li>Satellite data available from ESA Data Warehouse </li></ul><ul><li>5 HRLs (artificial, forest, agriculture, wetlands and water bodies) </li></ul><ul><li>CLC-changes 2006-2012 (CLC90, CLC2000,CLC2006, CLC2012) </li></ul><ul><li>PROCESS: </li></ul><ul><li>Improve production process (share between industry and Member States) </li></ul><ul><li>Improve production time (from ~ 3 to 1 year) for more frequent updating </li></ul><ul><li>Development of new products based on core data </li></ul><ul><li>New calls (product validation, local component) </li></ul>