In last few years, technology has seen a major drift in the dominance of traditional / RDMBS databases across different domains. Expeditious adoption of NoSQL databases especially Cassandra in the industry opens up a lot more discussions on what are the major challenges that are faced during implementation of Cassandra and how to mitigate it. Many a times we conclude that migration or POC (proof of concept) is not successful; however the real flaw might be in the data modeling, identifying the right hardware configurations, database parameters, right consistency level and so on. There's no one good model or configuration which fits all use cases and all applications. Performance tuning an application is truly an art and requires perseverance. This paper delve into different performance tuning considerations and anti-patterns that need to be considered during Cassandra migration / implementation to make sure we are able to reap the benefits of Cassandra, what makes it a ‘Visionary’ in 2014 Gartner’s Magic Quadrant for Operational Database Management Systems.