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Vaclav Safar - Status of tasks T2.2, T2.3, T2.4 and T2.5

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Vaclav Safar - Status of tasks T2.2, T2.3, T2.4 and T2.5

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Vaclav Safar - Status of tasks T2.2, T2.3, T2.4 and T2.5

  1. 1. EO4AGRI Consortium Meeting 23rd – 24th September 2019 Pilsen Monday 23rd September 2019, 13:40 – 15:00 Status of tasks T2.2, T2.3, T2.4 and T2.5 Vaclav Safar, Wirelessinfo CZ This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 821940 www.EO4AGRI.eu Bringing together the knowledge for better Agriculture Monitoring
  2. 2. 2www.eo4agri.eu The diagram below Copernicus described area of interest by red ellipse, which is point of interest EO4AGRI Data sources – satellite Sentinel
  3. 3. 3www.eo4agri.eu Copernicus consisting of 7 satellite and the red ellipse is main part of interest EO4AGRI EO4AGRI Data sources – satellite Sentinel
  4. 4. 4www.eo4agri.eu Spectral bands for the Sentinel-2 sensors diagram Copernicus described area of interest by red ellipse, which is point of interest EO4AGRI Data sources – satellite Sentinel
  5. 5. 5www.eo4agri.eu Data sources – aerial sensing
  6. 6. 6www.eo4agri.eu Data sources – aerial sensing RGBIr Cameras
  7. 7. 7www.eo4agri.eu Data sources – aerial sensing Others cameras Aisa FENIX 1K HySpex SWIR 384
  8. 8. 8www.eo4agri.eu Data sources – UAV sensing
  9. 9. 9www.eo4agri.eu Data sources – UAV sensing RGB Cameras for UAV MF cameras - PhaseOne FF cameras Compact cameras
  10. 10. 10www.eo4agri.eu Data sources – UAV sensing Others cameras for UAV Mini-MCA6 multispectral cameraPARROT SEQUOIA+ multispectral camera Hyperspectral „camera“ (Fabry-Perot Interferometer)
  11. 11. 11www.eo4agri.eu Data sources – UAV sensing YellowScan Lidar Velodyne HDL -32E RIEGL VUX-1UAV FARO Laser Scanner Focus 3D X130 Scaners for UAV
  12. 12. 12www.eo4agri.eu Data sources – in-situ measuring
  13. 13. 13www.eo4agri.eu Data sources – in-situ measuring FieldSpec® 3
  14. 14. 14www.eo4agri.eu Data sources – others data sources Yara N Sensor WIN
  15. 15. 15www.eo4agri.eu Data sources – others data sources Field IQ standard Trimble Screen with CEBIS software from CLAAS
  16. 16. 16www.eo4agri.eu WP2 is to analyse needs of different stakeholders - potential users of information derived from Remote Sensing Data especially data from Copernicus satellite (and from other sources – aerial photogrammetry and UAV too, in-situ measuring, …) Work package 2 was divided into 4 tasks: • Task 2.2 AgroFood Industry Sector • Task 2.3 Agricultural Financial Sector • Task 2.4 Public Sector • Task 2.5 Food and Nutrition Security
  17. 17. 17www.eo4agri.eu Goals - Task T2.2 AgroFood Industry Sector The agrifood group is formed from representatives of farmers, advisors, machinery producers, food industry, agro chemistry and market. EO4AGRI will analyse needs of different groups for Earth Observation (Remote Sensing) related services. This includes precision farming services, crop forecast and weather forecast. The needs of different groups will be analysed and the EO4AGRI results and proposals will be validated through dedicated workshops.
  18. 18. 18www.eo4agri.eu Goals - Task T2.3 Agricultural Financial Sector The financial sector will include bank and insurance services. EO4AGRI will analyse their needs mainly from the crop forecast and damage assessment points of view. The needs will be collected and the EO4AGRI results and proposals will be validated through dedicated workshops.
  19. 19. 19www.eo4agri.eu Goals - Task T2.4 Public Sector The public sector has two main roles in agriculture: 1) to define policies and rules and 2) to manage subsidies for farmers. EO4AGRI will analyse needs from both perspectives. The needs will be collected and the EO4AGRI results and proposals will be validated through dedicated workshops.
  20. 20. 20www.eo4agri.eu Goals - Task T2.5 Food and Nutrition Security Important potential segment for EO services are initiatives to food security and nutrition safety for third countries. The potential for new services in this direction will be analyzed. The needs will be collected and the EO4AGRI results and proposals will be validated through dedicated workshops.
  21. 21. 21www.eo4agri.eu Task T2.2 AgroFood Industry Sector - Dividing UR by group AgroFood-Industry Sector – scheme of sector Aerial photo Landsat , Spot, … In-situ mesur.
  22. 22. 22www.eo4agri.eu AgroFood - Industry Sector – IT and cloud service providers Task T2.2 AgroFood Industry Sector - Dividing UR by group – IT and cloud service providers
  23. 23. 23www.eo4agri.eu Task T2.2 AgroFood Industry Sector - Dividing UR by group – IT and cloud service providers AgroFood-Industry Sector – IT and cloud service providers
  24. 24. 24www.eo4agri.eu AgroFood-Industry Sector – software product copmanies Task T2.2 AgroFood Industry Sector - Dividing UR by group – software product copmanies
  25. 25. 25www.eo4agri.eu AgroFood-Industry Sector – Consultants and agriculture service providers Task T2.2 AgroFood Industry Sector - Dividing UR by group – Consultants and agriculture service providers
  26. 26. 26www.eo4agri.eu AgroFood-Industry Sector – Consultants and agriculture service providers Task T2.2 AgroFood Industry Sector - Dividing UR by group – Consultants and agriculture service providers
  27. 27. 27www.eo4agri.eu AgroFood-Industry Sector – Consultants and agriculture service providers Task T2.2 AgroFood Industry Sector - Dividing UR by group – Consultants and agriculture service providers
  28. 28. 28www.eo4agri.eu AgroFood -Industry Sector – Agrochemical Industry Companies Fertilizer producers by market share Task T2.2 AgroFood Industry Sector - Dividing UR by group – Agrochemical Industry Companies
  29. 29. 29www.eo4agri.eu AgroFood-Industry Sector – Manufacturers of agricultural machinery •traditional tractor manufacturers, which can also offer sensors and software solutions. E.g. John Deere, Claas, CNH, AGCO •traditional suppliers, big companies of complementary hardware for tractors (steering, application controlling), software (monitoring), parts of the tractor equipment and aftermarket services: Raven industries, Trimble, Topcon or Ag Juction •following companies also provide farmers with software packages sensors, software and some services: Monsanto, Bayer , Corteva Agriscience, Geo-Prospect, Syngenta, BASF, YARA, Water sensor Task T2.2 AgroFood Industry Sector - Dividing UR by group – Manofactures of agricultural machinery
  30. 30. 30www.eo4agri.eu AgroFood-Industry Sector – Manufacturers of agricultural machinery Task T2.2 AgroFood Industry Sector - Dividing UR by group – Manofactures of agricultural machinery
  31. 31. 31www.eo4agri.eu AgroFood-Industry Sector – Manufacturers of agricultural machinery Task T2.2 AgroFood Industry Sector - Dividing UR by group – Manofactures of agricultural machinery
  32. 32. 32www.eo4agri.eu Agro-Industry Sector – Farmers A typical farmer in Europe owns 16ha of land. However, this value is very variable in different countries of the European Union. There are 760 farms (16,3%) in the Czech Republic, which farm on an area of more than 1150 hectares and cultivate 91% of agricultural land. Even family farms often have more than 800ha. In the Czech Republic, over 50% of farms are smaller than 5 ha and they account for a total of only 1.1%. Although most of the farms in the EU were small; 65% of EU agricultural holdings were smaller than 5 ha, 7% of farms with 50 ha or more managed far more than two-thirds (68%) of EU farmland. Task T2.2 AgroFood Industry Sector - Dividing UR by group – Farmers
  33. 33. 33www.eo4agri.eu Agro-Industry Sector – Farmers Task T2.2 AgroFood Industry Sector - Dividing UR by group – Farmers
  34. 34. 34www.eo4agri.eu Agro-Industry Sector – Farmers The farm usually concludes a contract with the agriculture service providers for delivering the data : •data collecting of the land site variability •detailed analysis of information on a specific plot of land •data used for agronomic recommendations •crop yield maps •monitoring appearance of disease or damage •estimating the extent of disease or damage (loss) •validity measurement also on sustainable and long-term factors •agronomic information related with sowing, organic fertilization etc. •maps of accessible nutrients, soil reaction, sorption complex status •plan for using pesticide •sensory measurements and exhausted soil •erosion precaution Task T2.2 AgroFood Industry Sector - Dividing UR by group – Farmers
  35. 35. 35www.eo4agri.eu Goals - Task T2.3 Agricultural Financial Sector The financial sector will include bank and insurance services. EO4AGRI will analyse their needs mainly from the crop forecast and damage assessment points of view. The needs will be collected and the EO4AGRI results and proposals will be validated through dedicated workshops.
  36. 36. 36www.eo4agri.eu Agricultural Financial Sector Task T2.3 Agricultural Financial Sector
  37. 37. 37www.eo4agri.eu Agricultural Financial Sector Task T2.3 Agricultural Financial Sector
  38. 38. 38www.eo4agri.eu Agricultural Financial Sector Task T2.3 Agricultural Financial Sector
  39. 39. 39www.eo4agri.eu Goals - Task T2.4 Agricultural Public Sector The public sector has two main roles in agriculture: 1) to define policies and rules and 2) to manage subsidies for farmers. EO4AGRI will analyse needs from both perspectives. The needs will be collected and the EO4AGRI results and proposals will be validated through dedicated workshops.
  40. 40. 40www.eo4agri.eu Agricultural Public Sector The new national support legislation will be designed to meet the Area monitoring system (AMS) capabilities, even though it is a real challenge for everyone and Public Sector bodies are facing various and multiple challenges while implementing the AMS: •Small parcels (0,1 – 1 ha) •Complex subsidy system with few monitorable eligibility criteria •Lack of human recourses •Lack of knowledge (skills) •Lack of funding •Lack of infrastructure •Lack of detailed technical AMS documentation •Lack of political will to implement AMS •Poorly developed national EO market with small number of companies, experienced in EO •Negative farmers opinion on constant full monitoring •Doubts about the efficiency (uptake, does not cover all applicants /schemes/parcels) Task T2.4 Agricultural Public Sector
  41. 41. 41www.eo4agri.eu Agricultural Public Sector Task T2.4 Agricultural Public Sector 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 For LPIS update At the application submission phase the… At the application submission phase the… At the application administration phase… At the application administration phase… At the application control phase the data… At the application control phase the data… None 7 3 0 3 4 10 7 9 In which IACS processes do You currently use Sentinel data?
  42. 42. 42www.eo4agri.eu Agricultural Public Sector Task T2.4 Agricultural Public Sector New User Requirements •General action plan how together to overcome various and multiple challenges for AMS implementation. •Even though the main driver for AMS is the cost savings, there are no real calculations of how much it will be saved - the cost of IACS increased over the years and AMS for sure will not decrease that cost (how to calculate?). •Calculation of how much use of DIAS can save total cost? •List of available and future Copernicus core services and their possible usage in AMS. Note: AMS - Area monitoring system
  43. 43. 43www.eo4agri.eu Goals - Task T2.5 Food and Nutrition Security Important potential segment for EO services are initiatives to food security and nutrition safety for third countries. The potential for new services in this direction will be analyzed. The needs will be collected and the EO4AGRI results and proposals will be validated through dedicated workshops.
  44. 44. 44www.eo4agri.eu Food and Nutrition Security The main identified requirements in this stage were: • Data for yield modelling for food security • Data for food security information • Data for cross-border land monitoring, given the interconnectedness environmental problems that cross-country borders which are connected food security • Data for near real-time vegetation biomass measurements for agriculture and food security during the cropping season • Data for early warning information for food security Task T2.5 Food and Nutrition Security
  45. 45. 45www.eo4agri.eu Global food security monitoring • Global production monitoring and food security systems for analysis of food crisis • Achieve Food Security and Improved Nutrition and promote Sustainable agriculture • food production will need to increase in a sustainable way by at least 70% by 2030 • maximize high quality agricultural yields under increasingly unstable environmental conditions. • Environmental Monitoring Risks • Agricultural Market Information System Task T2.5 Food and Nutrition Security
  46. 46. 46www.eo4agri.eu Policy or international initiatives related to EO • African Union Cooperation Arrangement with EU Copernicus • ESA • COPERNICUS services • FAO • GEO/GEOSS • AfriGEOS • GODAN – more focus on national implemenation Task T2.5 Food and Nutrition Security
  47. 47. 47www.eo4agri.eu AfriGEOSS 1 • Provide the necessary framework to initiate Africa focused mutual activities within the scope of GEO; • Coordinate and bring together stakeholders across Africa to reduce duplication of efforts; • Foster the participation of Africans in GEO by linking GEO activities initiatives in Africa; • Enhance Africa’s capability to access, use and manage EO for informed decision making; • Develop a strategy for accessing and disseminating Earth observation data in Africa. • Contribute to the implementation of the African Space Policy and Strategy; and • Advocate for the uptake of EO in decision making to realize the African aspirations. Task T2.5 Food and Nutrition Security
  48. 48. 48www.eo4agri.eu AfriGEOSS 2 • User Needs and Applications: Initially focusing on: • Food Security and Agriculture (through AfriGAM); • Sustainable Forest Management; • Water Resource Management (through AfriWRM); • Sustainable Urban Planning and Growth; • Land Cover for Africa (Working Group on Land Cover for Africa) • AfriGEOSS Soil Moisture Mapping and Agricultural Outreach Support Project. Task T2.5 Food and Nutrition Security
  49. 49. 49www.eo4agri.eu ESA Thematic Exploitation Platform on Food Security (TEP-FS) • The TEP-FS provides services and applications through a user driven online platform. where the full power of Copernicus Sentinel-1 and -2 satellites as well as additional datasets are required. Task T2.5 Food and Nutrition Security
  50. 50. 50www.eo4agri.eu Copernicus • Copernicus supports the forecasting and identification of food security crises from space. • The Copernicus Land Monitoring Service makes use of satellite data to provide regular geo-spatial information on the state of global vegetation and the water cycle, thereby helping to pinpoint regions of potential food insecurity • Various global biophysical variables related to the status of vegetation and to global energy and water budgets • Global soil properties, such as soil moisture • Near-realtime maps, related to vegetative health, of Africa and South America Task T2.5 Food and Nutrition Security
  51. 51. 51www.eo4agri.eu GEOGLAM • GEOGLAM has a clear political mandate as it has been launched by the G20 in 2011, together with the Agricultural Market Information System (AMIS). And GEOGLAM has been recently re-endorsed, in June 2016, during the meeting of the G20Ministries of Agriculture, in Xi’an (China). • And a proof that the Crop Monitor for AMIS is delivering what was expected can be found in the decision taken by the AMIS Secretariat in May 2016 to invite GEOGLAM to become its eleventh member, together with institutions such as FAO, World Bank, or OECD. Task T2.5 Food and Nutrition Security
  52. 52. 52www.eo4agri.eu Global Strategy GEOGLAM Task T2.5 Food and Nutrition Security
  53. 53. 53www.eo4agri.eu Global Strategy • The initiative to develop the Global Strategy to improve agricultural and rural statistics (GSARS) came as a response to address developing countries’ lack of capacity to provide reliable statistical data on food and agriculture and to provide a blueprint for long-term sustainable agricultural statistical systems. Task T2.5 Food and Nutrition Security
  54. 54. 54www.eo4agri.eu The Global Information and Early Warning System on Food and Agriculture (GIEWS) • The Global Information and Early Warning System on Food and Agriculture (GIEWS) monitors the condition of major foodcrops across the globe to assess production prospects. To support the analysis and supplement ground-based information, GIEWS utilizes remote sensing data that can provide a valuable insight on water availability and vegetation health during the cropping seasons. In addition to rainfall estimates and the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), GIEWS and FAO's CBC Division have developed the Agricultural Stress Index (ASI), a quick-look indicator for the early identification of agricultural areas probably affected by dry spells, or drought in extreme cases. Task T2.5 Food and Nutrition Security
  55. 55. 55www.eo4agri.eu The Global Information and Early Warning System on Food and Agriculture (GIEWS) Task T2.5 Food and Nutrition Security
  56. 56. 56www.eo4agri.eu Description of the process of defining user requirements from Task 2.2-2.5 Based on the study projects were developed tables user requirements:
  57. 57. 57www.eo4agri.eu A total of 69 user requirements were specified (together for all 4 user requirement groups). Data collecting of the land site variability (land uniformity and heterogeneity) Data for determining the height of the crop Data used for forecast of agricultural yields Data for real crop yield maps Data for determining of crop rotation Data for monitoring buffer strips around agricultural fields. Data for monitoring appearance of disease or damage Data for estimating the extent of disease or damage (loss) Data for monitoring of hydrological stress Data for soil water index Data for water needs for irrigation, Data of weather forecast Data for production maps of soil reaction Data for measuring of worn-out (exhausted) soil Description of the process of defining user requirements from Task 2.2-2.5
  58. 58. 58www.eo4agri.eu Each user requirements had 24 attributes: 1 The main user group AgroFood Industry 2 Secondary user group AgroFood Industry 3 Tertiary user group AgroFood Industry 4 Quaternary user group AgroFood Industry 5 Coverage (The most detailed coverage level is indicated, smaller are acceptable) 6 Frequency requirements 7 Usually used technology to collect data, present 8 Usually used type of sensor for data collection 9 Usually the required spatial resolution of input data 10 The future required spatial resolution of input data 11 Present required final data grid 12 Required spatial resolution in the future 13 Degree of availability - present 14 Degree of availability future 15 The degree of automation of data creation today 16 The degree of data generation automation in the future 17 The degree of necessity of data for farmers …. …. …. …. Description of the process of defining user requirements from Task 2.2-2.5
  59. 59. 59www.eo4agri.eu It was decided to investigate all 80 projects. The purpose of the survey is to complement the existing 69 requirements. It was stated that the screening of projects had to be divided among EO4AGRI participants. Acronym Title Start Plea for processing AGRICAB Helping Africa manage its agriculture and woodlands 2012CLUB OF OSSIACH AFarCloud Aggregate Farming in the Cloud 2018ATOS SPAIN SA AgriCLASS AgriCLASS – Agricultural Climate Advisory Services 2015E-GEOS SPA AgriXchange Network for data exchange in agriculture 2010CLUB OF OSSIACH AMI4For AMI4For 2010PLAN4ALL ZS APOLLO Advisory platform for small farms based on earth observation 2016ATOS SPAIN SA AQUACROSS …Assessment, and Management for AQUAtic Biodiversity and 2015ATOS SPAIN SA BDVe Big Data Value PPP to be a success 2017PLAN4ALL ZS BRAGMA Bridging Actions for GMES and Africa 2012WIRELESSINFO CCI Open Data ESA CCI Open Data Portal Project 2015GEOVILLE GMBH CANDELA CANDELA 2018ATOS SPAIN SA CD-LINKS Linking Climate and Development Policies - Leveraging 2015WIRELESSINFO … … …… Description of the process of defining user requirements from Task 2.2-2.5
  60. 60. 60www.eo4agri.eu We have 8 new user requirements Data for measure available herbage mass and grass intake Use drones that are able to carry and deliver props like herbicides, fertilizer, and water Data for sensorization of animals and crops wit use of drones. Data for crop lodging Data for in-field water Data for crop protein content Data for crop growth stage Data for early-season crop type Description of the process of defining user requirements from Task 2.2-2.5
  61. 61. 61www.eo4agri.eu Our current recommendation to the European Commission to secure the future needs of Sentinel: Requirements - minimal parameters of sensors for next missions Sentinel. For future: L-band SAR imagery with resolution 5 m or better, dual pol systems, revisit time 5 days For future: C-band SAR with resolution 2m or better, dual pol systems, revisit time 4 days For future: X-band SAR with resolution 1m or better, dual pol systems , revisit time 4 days For future: RGB camera with resolution 0,86m or better, revisit time 7 days For future: Multispectral camera with resolution 1,24m or better, revisit time 3 days For future: Hyperspectral camera with minimal 50 bands from VNIR (or better), with resolution 5m (or better), revisit time 3 day For future: Hyperspectral camera with minimal 40 bands SWIR (or better), with resolution 10m (or better) , revisit time 3 days Description of the process of defining user requirements from Task 2.2-2.5
  62. 62. 62www.eo4agri.eu D2.2 Initial Workshop - User Requirements and Gap Analysis in Different Sectors
  63. 63. 63www.eo4agri.eu D2.2 Initial Workshop - User Requirements and Gap Analysis in Different Sectors
  64. 64. 64www.eo4agri.eu D2.2 Initial Workshop - User Requirements and Gap Analysis in Different Sectors D2.2 Initial Workshop - User Requirements and Gap Analysis in Different Sectors Report (WRLS, R, PU, M07) The needs and gaps collected on the workshop will be analysed and reported for each stakeholder group sector identified by tasks 2.2, 2.3, 2.4 and 2.5. The workshops will aim to collect initial needs.
  65. 65. 65www.eo4agri.eu D2.2 Initial Workshop - User Requirements and Gap Analysis in Different Sectors •The following conclusions are a brief summary of the authors' findings on the current state of EO in the Agri community. •After AMS implementation error rates should decrease in the long run, but increase in the short, so more efforts will be needed in the first years to deal with those. •The costs of AMS are between 1-3 million EUR, but Claimless system foreseen to be more expensive •Even though the main driver for AMS is the cost savings, there are no real calculations of how much it will be saved - the cost of IACS increased over the years and AMS for sure will not decrease that cost. •All the countries are facing various and multiple challenges while implementing the AMS and there is probably the need for general action plan how together to overcome those. •The new national support legislation will be designed to meet the AMS capabilities, even though it is a real challenge for everyone. •Most of the countries plan to test the DIAS (only 4 did it until now), but there should be direct and active communication with the DIAS providers.
  66. 66. 66www.eo4agri.eu D2.2 Initial Workshop - User Requirements and Gap Analysis in Different Sectors •Precision agriculture software providers, Forest and Land management agencies, Farm management service and advisory service providers and foreseen as the main PA future partners, but currently they are not engaged a lot in the testing of Sentinel data. •Insurance companies are well aware of EO data and are already providing EO-supported services to their famers. •The large parameter space (farm size, crop types, variety of hail damages, etc.) prohibits a one-fits-all solution •EO-based information services are mostly offered by small and specialized companies, which is a disadvantage •Recommendations on the technical characteristics of the next generation Sentinel satellites will also have to be included in the resulting White Paper compilation protocol •One of the main recommendations for the EC must be to develop an effective and robust project on farmers' education. •The area of precision farming is a magic formula politicians and fashionable slogan that like to use, but without reaching effect in the education of farmers as end users will be the implementation of these beautiful thoughts to fall on the fertilized soil.
  67. 67. 67www.eo4agri.eu D2.2 Initial Workshop - User Requirements and Gap Analysis in Different Sectors •Emergent and integrated models as well as calculation of both to avoid sector targets and move with the help of technologies incl. satellite images and others to a long-term and sustainable economy and ecology optimized management.
  68. 68. 68www.eo4agri.eu D2.2 Initial Workshop - User Requirements and Gap Analysis in Different Sectors Report D2.2 will be supplemented by a section on the financial sector – David Kolitzus Report D2.2 will be added after Wednesday workshop. The report will be accompanied by user requirements resulting from discussions with experts participating in the workshop. Vaclav preliminary estimate of new requirements that are not included in one of the groups (gold, silver, bronze) = max.3.
  69. 69. Thank you for your attention Ing. Václav Šafář, Ph.D. Vaclav.safar@vugtk.cz www.EO4AGRI.eu This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 821940

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