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Eo4 agri food security1


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Karel Charvat - Food security

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Eo4 agri food security1

  1. 1. Food security Stakeholder meeting Pilsner 25th of Septmber 2019 Karel Charvat Plan4all, Club of Ossiach, WirelessInfo This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 821940 Bringing together the knowledge for better Agriculture Monitoring
  2. 2. Specific statement of purpose for engagement on Global Food Security • EU food security depends on food security in non-EU countries and regions. • These regions include EU enlargement candidates and its neighbourhood regions, as well as the regions of Africa, Asia and Latin America. • As is the case in Europe, the food systems of these regions are subject to risk from climate change, resource scarcity and weaknesses in the management of agricultural lands and agricultural production systems. • They too can benefit from the use of EO data and services provided by the COPERNICUS system.
  3. 3. Specific statement of purpose for engagement on Global Food Security • The EO4AGRI project works with non-EU countries in order to understand what is needed to enable the application of practices in agricultural production and finance based on this technology. • Challenges include capacity building, and adaptation of practices based on use of EO data and services to local farm- business systems. • One of the outputs of this activity will be the production of a white paper aimed at the EC and international donors, accompanied by a strategic research agenda, policy roadmap and collaboration framework containing actionable recommendations on wat needs to be done to close the policy practice gap at region and farm level.
  4. 4. Early engagement with international Food Security actors A limited number of key actors need to be identified It is required to provide advice on • How to accelerate impact, based on a better coordination with existing initiatives, • How to boost public and private investments in African sustainable agriculture • Identify strategies to promote and prioritise agricultural policy and regulatory reform in African countries (in line with the Malabo Declaration) • Identify strategies to support African youth working in agriculture, agribusiness and agroindustry
  5. 5. Organization dealing with security • Policy level • European Commission (EC) • African Commission (AC) • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) • World Bank (WB)
  6. 6. Organization dealing with security • Policy level • European Commission (EC) • African Commission (AC) • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) • World Bank (WB)
  7. 7. Organization dealing with security • Supporting organization • The Group on Earth Observations (GEO) • Group on Earth Observations Global Agricultural Monitoring Initiative (GEOGLAM) • Global Open Data for Agriculture and Nutrition: GODAN
  8. 8. Groups of local stakeholders mainly in Africa • Farmers and farmer organization • Non-Governmental organizations • Service organizations • ICT developers • Researchers • Governmental organizations
  9. 9. The main identified requirements in this stage were • Data for yield modelling for food security • Data for food security information • Data for cross-border land monitoring, given the interconnectedness environmental problems that cross- country borders which are connected food security • Data for near real-time vegetation biomass measurements for agriculture and food security during the cropping season • Data for early warning information for food security
  10. 10. Nairobi INSPIRE Hack
  11. 11. Nairobi INSPIRE Hack
  12. 12. New User Requirements • To assess risks/threats to sensitive ecosystems like forests and wetlands. Forests and wetlands are known contributors to food security particularly when sustainably used. • Used weather data and biomass to generate index-based services for Banking and insurance such as Weather and Yield • Sampling plots from different agro-climatic zones in and monitoring growth using earth observation techniques together with ancillary data like weather data and biophysical data. • Crop growth scenarios under different weather events. Growth plan – a time interval when to start planting to maximize yield as possibilities are nitrogen plan – a time interval when to insert nitrogen fertilization to maximize its effect, Insect pests alert – alert when a risk of insect pest attack is high
  13. 13. New User Requirements • Prediction of disease susceptibility of crop using the temporal crop dynamics from earth observation data. Using historic al data of crop disease and connecting them with features extracted from earth observation data for generating alert of probable crop disease. • Accurate monitoring crop phenology to aid the application of farm inputs like fertilizers, irrigation and farm management. • Assessment of hydrological flows through a combination of field observations and output from satellite image analysis workflows. • Augmenting weather and climate monitoring through the use of affordable in-situ weather sensors and remote sensed weather estimates. • Sentinel 1, 2 has spatial resolution of 20 m so small farmers can be benefited by the products developed using images from these satellites. • LandSat can particularly be used for awareness creation on issues like land degradation and land use change and its influence on land health and the potential areas that can be used for farming. • Need for access to very high-resolution data, which are mainly available as commercial services
  14. 14. Outline possibilities of realization of New User Requirements • Financial resources – there is lack of financial resources in private sector in developing countries, so there cannot be expected local financial investment. Financial support trough different funds is usually not coordinated and there are no synergies among this supports • Capacity resources – there is strong need for capacity building in developing countries, this not include only passive training, but also possibilities of active training and cooperation. Common projects, where partners from developing countries are actively participating on research activities or organize such events as hackathon etc could help to developing countries • Lack of infrastructure and access to data – in some countries is already relatively well-developed infrastructure (South Africa, Kenya), but in many countries is such infrastructure missing, there is problem to access information from the side of end users (coverage of networks and in some countries also electricity is missing)
  15. 15. Outline possibilities of realization of New User Requirements • Coordinate support actions for developing countries in area of Earth Observation – such role could be taken by Group for Earth Observation (GEO) or GODAN • Subsidies existing infrastructure for example DIAS for developing countries. It means not only passive receiving of services, but also for developing of new applications • Subsidies access to commercial VHR data and meteorological and climatic data for purposes of farming in developing countries
  16. 16. Outline possibilities of realization of New User Requirements • Support training for African researchers and companies to developed new applications through new projects, training and hackathons. Incubation activities for example supported by DIAS platforms can be such instrument • Support building of infrastructures including IoT infrastructures • The sector analysis for user requirements have to be overlaid with an integrated, cross sector and cross border analysis including integrated balance models. Otherwise one sector might benefit and other sectors might lose. For a sustainable and long-term management of the entire globe these questions become of highest importance. IT and new satellite information using integrated technology AND sector know how in background will be able to manage it.
  17. 17. Recommendations for the Food and Nutrition Security sector • It is necessary to organize additional discussion focused on Food and Nutrition sector in next future and try to coordinate activities among different actors. As nearest possibility is GEO Week 2019 and the GEO Ministerial Summit, which will be organised In November 2019 in Canberra, Australia. Preliminary interest about such discussion expressed GEOGLAM, GODAN and FAO. This could be chance to meet global players and agreed next steps. EO4Agri will play role of moderator.
  18. 18. Support on level of EC • Research activities support in direct target for developing countries • Coordinate EuroAid activities with research activities and international activities.
  19. 19. Thank you for your attention Karel Charvat charvat@plan4all This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 821940