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Calculation of agro climatic factors from global climatic data

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Authors: Pavel Hájek, Raitis Berzins , Jiří Valeš, Martin Pitoňák , Vincent Onckelet , Tomáš Andrš, Veronika Osmiková , Ronald Ssembajwe , Amit Kirschenbaum , Jörg Schliesser , Michal Kepka & Karel Jedlička

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Agro-climatic factors – a
puzzle piece in regional food
supplies forecasting
- final report on challenge #13 -
Pavel Hájek, Raitis Berzins, Jiří Valeš, Martin Pitoňák, Vincent
Onckelet, Tomáš Andrš, Veronika Osmiková, Ronald
Ssembajwe, Amit Kirschenbaum, Jörg Schliesser, Michal Kepka
& Karel Jedlička
Paradox of contemporal agriculture
Paradox of contemporal agriculture
• Transforming data in information, knowledge and wisdom (DIKW)
• Data are facts
• Information adds context by descriptions
• Knowledge adds structure
• Wisdom brings objective reasoning
Paradox of contemporal agriculture
• Three steps of effective and sustainable crop cultivation:
• select the right crop for a particular place
• intervene in the field just in the very necessary cases
• intervene in an effective way, when intervening
Reasonable yield, whilst sustainable farming
Our story
• a farmer examining
• a suitability of particular place
• for a particular plant
• using relevant data
• up to date technology
Place

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Calculation of agro climatic factors from global climatic data

  • 1. Agro-climatic factors – a puzzle piece in regional food supplies forecasting - final report on challenge #13 - Pavel Hájek, Raitis Berzins, Jiří Valeš, Martin Pitoňák, Vincent Onckelet, Tomáš Andrš, Veronika Osmiková, Ronald Ssembajwe, Amit Kirschenbaum, Jörg Schliesser, Michal Kepka & Karel Jedlička
  • 3. Paradox of contemporal agriculture • Transforming data in information, knowledge and wisdom (DIKW) • Data are facts • Information adds context by descriptions • Knowledge adds structure • Wisdom brings objective reasoning
  • 4. Paradox of contemporal agriculture • Three steps of effective and sustainable crop cultivation: • select the right crop for a particular place • intervene in the field just in the very necessary cases • intervene in an effective way, when intervening Reasonable yield, whilst sustainable farming
  • 5. Our story • a farmer examining • a suitability of particular place • for a particular plant • using relevant data • up to date technology
  • 7. Place described by agro-climatic factors
  • 8. Agro-climatic factors • Temperature related • frost-free periods • growing degree units • heat stress units • number of (optimal) growing degree days • Soil temperature related • nitrogen application window • Incident sunlight related • accumulated solar radiation • Precipitation, evapotranspiration and runoff related • water balance
  • 11. Growing degree units, days, heat stress
  • 14. Water balance Precipitation Water absorbed by roots Evaporation Transpiration Groundwater recharge Run off
  • 15. Plant
  • 16. Plant compared to Place Models of a plant • Ideal growth stages • Growing degree units needed • Solar exposure needed • Water needed • Nutrients needed Agro-climatic factors • Growing degree units • Solar radiation • Water balance • Fertilization (nitrogen application)
  • 17. data
  • 19. ERA 5-Land data quality? • annual temperature uncertainty • std. dev.= 0.03 °C. • min = - 0.33 °C, • max = 0.44 °C,
  • 20. ERA 5-Land data quality?
  • 21. ERA 5-Land data quality? • Differences ERA5-Land to in-situ sensor • standard dev. = 1.06 °C • min = −3.06 °C • max = 3.8 °C.
  • 23. Technology used • Algorithms available (bit.ly/agro-climatic-factors) • EUXDAT e-infrastructure (test.euxdat.eu) • Jupyter Notebooks, CDS, paralelization using HPC
  • 24. Frost free period calculation
  • 26. Thank you for listening our story of • a farmer examining • a suitability of particular place • for a particular plant • using relevant data • up to date technology On behalf the team Karel Jedlička UWB, WRLS jedlicka.krl@gmail.com https://app.hslayers.org/project-agro-climatic