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Bruce Mc Cormack, EUROGI


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Bruce Mc Cormack, EUROGI

  1. 1. PLAN4ALL CONFERENCE Land Use Management Challenges Bruce McCormack President European Umbrella Organisation for Geographic Information EUROGI Presentation to the Plan4All Conference, Brussels, 13 October 2011
  2. 2. Outline of Presentation <ul><li>Why have a land management system </li></ul><ul><li>Some key issues to be addressed in a land management system </li></ul><ul><li>Ireland: boom …. bust …. planning response </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why have a Land Management System <ul><li>Manage externalities </li></ul>
  4. 4. Key Land Use Management Issues <ul><li>Basic issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Balance …. public good vs private good </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Locus and nature of control …. national, regional, local </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tools to be used ….. Plans only vs plans & financial mechanisms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How involve public </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How variations to plan are made to accommodate change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enforcement arrangements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appeals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc etc etc </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Ireland … boom and bust
  6. 6. In the boom times …….. <ul><li>Excessive number of houses built </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive rise in house prices </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive mortgage indebtedness </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive amount of land zoned for residential use </li></ul><ul><li>Poorly located land zoned for residential use </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive provision of infrastructure services for poorly located land </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive amount of commercial property development </li></ul>
  7. 7. The crunch <ul><li>OUCH …….. IT HURTS </li></ul><ul><li>Steep rise in unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>Banks go bust </li></ul><ul><li>State finances go badly wrong </li></ul><ul><li>Steep rise in negative equity </li></ul><ul><li>HOW DID IT GO SO BADLY WRONG? </li></ul><ul><li>Many reasons </li></ul><ul><li>Planning played its part ……. legitimising and facilitating the property related excesses </li></ul>
  8. 8. Planning response <ul><li>Amendment to Planning Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Core Strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alignment of national, regional and local plans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National government sets regional & gateway/hub population targets </li></ul><ul><li>National planning information system </li></ul>
  9. 9. Core Strategies <ul><li>Population targets in Development Plans need to align with regional targets, which need to align with nationally set targets </li></ul><ul><li>The amount of zoned residential land needs to align with the population targets </li></ul><ul><li>Where excessive zoning (almost everywhere) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dezone to another use, or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phase existing zoned land such that Phase 1 land matches required amount, or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some of both </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Location of Phase 1 land based on sound planning principles (eg sequential development from centre out), availability of services etc </li></ul>
  10. 10. Alignment of plans <ul><li>National Spatial Strategy 2002 … reviewed </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Planning Guidelines (RPGs) … reviewed and updated with new Government determined population targets (2010) </li></ul><ul><li>City and County Development Plans reviewed and updated to be in conformity with RPGs (ongoing) </li></ul><ul><li>Local Area Plans reviewed and updated and in conformity with City and County Development Plans (commencing) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Government sets population targets <ul><li>Government department responsible for planning (Dept Environment, Community and Local Government) sets: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional population targets for each of the 8 NUTS3 regions for 2016 and 2022 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Population targets for Gateways (mainly the cities) and Hubs for 2016 and 2022 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Targets are based on anticipated national population growth and application of National Spatial Strategy policies (eg stronger focus on Gateways and Hubs) </li></ul><ul><li>RPGs incorporate new targets </li></ul>
  12. 12. National planning information system <ul><li>Data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>450 zoning plans ….. Actual zones and Generalised Zone Types </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phasing schemes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many other planning relevant data sets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Web browser </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ESRI Flexviewer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic for citizen use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced for planners and specialists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Start & ‘finish’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early 2011 start ….. Finish end 2011 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>INSPIRE compliant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Annex 3 … Land Use …. GZT alignment </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Ireland arising …. work in progress <ul><li>The shock has been shattering …… much to do on all fronts ………….. but </li></ul><ul><li>Ireland adapts and moves on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adaptable and relatively young well educated labour force </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competitiveness increased </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recent GDP growth around 2%pa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Still strongly attracting high end technology foreign companies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public finances moving in the right direction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reform of the public sector taking place and will be ongoing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recent net balance of trade surpluses third only to Germany and just behind the Netherlands in the EU </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Better organising of GI is a key part of the response </li></ul>