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Tfd fpic indonesia_kristen_hite

  1. 1. October 13, 2010Kristen Hite, CIEL
  2. 2.   Rights-based  International Instruments  Underlying obligations
  3. 3.   Self-determination  Lands, territories and natural resources  Culture  Freedom from racial discrimination  Life and livelihoods.No universal definition
  4. 4. • Free should imply no coercion, intimidation or manipulation;• Prior should imply consent has been sought sufficiently in advance of anyauthorization or commencement of activities and respect time requirements ofindigenous consultation/consensus processes;• Informed – should imply that information is provided that covers (at least)the following aspects: a. The nature, size, pace, reversibility and scope of any proposed project or activity; b. The reason/s or purpose of the project and/or activity; c. The duration of the above; d. The locality of areas that will be affected; e. A preliminary assessment of the likely economic, social, cultural and environmental impact, including potential risks and fair and equitable benefit sharing in a context that respects the precautionary principle; f. Personnel likely to be involved in the execution of the proposed project (including Indigenous Peoples, private sector staff, research institutions, government employees and others) g. Procedures that the project may entail.
  5. 5. ConsentConsultation and participation are crucial components of a consentprocess. Consultation should be undertaken in good faith. The partiesshould establish a dialogue allowing them to find appropriate solutions inan atmosphere of mutual respect in good faith, and full and equitableparticipation.Consultation requires time and an effective system for communicatingamong interest holders. Indigenous Peoples should be able to participatethrough their own freely chosen representatives and customary or otherinstitutions. The inclusion of a gender perspective and the participation ofindigenous women is essential, as well as participation of children andyouth as appropriate. This process may include the option of withholdingconsent. Consent to any agreement should be interpreted as IndigenousPeoples have reasonably understood it.
  6. 6.   United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples  Universal Declaration on Human Rights  International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights  International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights  International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination  ILO Convention 169  Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions  Convention on Biological Diversity
  7. 7. Intl. Conv. on Univ. Intl Int. Conv. UN Decl World Conv. on Conv. on Covenant Safeguard. Conv. on Decl. Covenant on the Conv. on ILO on the Cultural & Prot. & the Elim. on Econ., of the Rights on on Civil & Elim. of Biological Conv. Rights of Natural Prom. of Discr. Social & Intangible of the Human Political Racial Diversity 169 Indigenous Heritage Cultural Against Cultural Cultural Child Rights¹ Rights Discr. Peoples Conv. Diversity Women Rights Heritage Country Voted inCambodia Applies Party Party Party Party X Party Party Party Party Party FavorDemocratic Voted inRepublic of Applies Party Party Party Party X Party X X Party Party Favorthe Congo Voted inIndonesia Applies Party Party Party Party X Party Party X Party Party Favor Voted inNepal Applies Party Party Party Party Party Party X X Party Party FavorPapua New Applies Party Party Party Party X Not Present Party Party X Party PartyGuinea Applies Voted inParaguay (Voted Party Party Party Party Party Party Party Party Party Party Favor in favor) Voted inTanzania Applies Party Party Party Party X Party X X Party Party Favor Voted inVietnam Applies Party Party Party Party X Party Party Party Party Party Favor Voted inZambia Applies Party Party Party Party X Party Party X Party Party Favor
  8. 8. Select obligations relevant to REDD and FPIC Conv.  On   Conv.  On   Int.  Conv.   Conv.  on   Univ.   Int.  Cov.  on   UN  Decl  on   the   Univ.   the  Prot.   Conv.  On   Int.  Cov.   on  the   Conv.  On   the  Elim.   Decl.  on   Econ.,  Soc.   ILO  Conv.   the  Rights  of  Safeguard.   Decl.  on   And   the  Rights   On  Civ.  &   Elim.  of   Biological   Discr.   Human   &  Cult.   169   Indig.   of  Int.   Cult.   Prom.  Of   of  the   Pol.  Rights   Racial   Diversity   Against   Rights   Rights   Peoples     Cult.   Diversity   Cult.   Child   Discr.   Women   Right   Heritage   Diversity   Art.  6.1(a)-­‐Decision-­‐Making,   (b),  7.1,  7.3,  Art.  5,  10,  Consent,  Access  to   Art.  21.1,   Art.  14.1,   Art.  10  (c)-­‐ 12,  15.1,   11.2,  18,  19,   Art.  9(a)-­‐ Art.  14.2 Art.  13.1   Art.  5(c)     Art.  15   Art.  6,  12   Art.  12.1  InformaMon,   21.2,  21.3   25(a)-­‐(c  )   (d)   16.2,  17.2,   23,  28.1,   (c  ),  11   (a),  14.2(f)  ParMcipaMon   33.1,  33.2 32.2   (a)-­‐(d)  Property,  Lands,   Art.  12,   Art.  13,  14,   Art.  2(b),  10,   Art.  8(j),   Art.  14.2,  Territories,  and   13.2,  17.1   Art.  12.1   Art.  5.1(d)   10(c  )-­‐(e)   15,   25,  26.1.1,   15.2-­‐15.4  Natural  Resources   17.2   16.1-­‐16.5   26.1.2,  29.1   Art.  3,  Self-­‐DeterminaMon   33.1   Art.  1.1,  1.3   1.1   Art.   Art.  7.1   Art.  3   Art.  2.2,  26,   Art.  1.1,  Non-­‐DiscriminaMon   Art.  1,  2,  7   27   Art.  2.1   2.1,  2.1(c  )   Art.  3.1   Art.  2   Art.  4   Art.  2.3   Art.  11(a),   Art.  3,  5,   Art.  11.1,   12,  13(a),   Art.  1,  2.2,  Art.  29.1Culture   Art.  27.1   Art.  15.1(a)   Art.  10(c)     Art.  5   15.1,  34   13(b),  13 7,  9,  11,   5.2,  8.2   (c  )-­‐(d)   12(a)   (d)(iii)  Life,  Livelihood/   Art.  1.2,   Art.  6.1,   Art.  3,   11.1,  11.2   Art.  1.2,   Art.  7,  21.1,   Art.  14.2Adequate  Standard  of   25.1   a-­‐b,  12.1,   6.1   Art.  5.1(e)   Art.  8(j)   Art.  7.2,  25   24.2   6.1,  24.1,   (h)  Living  and  Health   27.1   12.2  a-­‐d   Art.  18.1,   Art.  12.1,  Religion  ,Sacred  Sites   Art.  18   18.3,  27   Art.  5.1(d)   Art.  5(a)   12.2   Art.  14.1   Art.  6.1,  7 Art.  5.1(a)-­‐ Art.  20.1,   Art.  14.2Right  to  Work   (a)-­‐(d)   Art.  5.1(e)   (c  )   20.2   (e)   Art.  6(a)-­‐Healthy  Environment   Art.  7.2,  7.4,   Art.  2.5,   Art.  29.1 Art.  14.2 (b),  8(e),  8 Art.  29.2  &  Sust.  Development   (j),  10   30.1   2.6,  13   (e)   (a)  Access  to  Remedies   Art.  8   Art.  2.3   Art.  6   Art.  11.2   Art.  11.2,  Access  to  JusMce   Art.  6,  7   Art.  16   Art.  5.1(a)   32.3,  40   Art.  12.2  
  9. 9.   Article 10: no relocation without FPIC  Article 11 requires jointly agreed (State-indigenous peoples) procedures for restitution for property taken without FPIC  Article 19 requires consultation and cooperation in good faith through indigenous representative institutions in order to obtain FPIC before adopting and implementing legislative or administrative measures that may affect them;”  Article 28 affirms the right to redress for lands “confiscated, taken, occupied, used or damaged” without FPIC  Article 32: duty to consult and cooperate prior to the approval of any project affecting indigenous lands or territories and other resources.
  10. 10.   Americas: Saramaka   Africa: Endorois  State awarded   State designated concessions on tribal indigenous land as a land game reserve   Applied UNDRIP and FPIC  Consultations must be in   Affirmed right to culture good faith, through   FPIC requires full and culturally appropriate accurate information on procedures and with the the nature and objective of reaching an consequences of the agreement. process  Must both accept and   “Informed” includes disseminate information, notification of adverse constant communication consequences, including between the parties. no right to return
  11. 11. UN Agencies/UN-REDDBeyond the UN system
  12. 12.   Secretary General: mandate to apply rights- based approacah  UNDRIP: article 42  UNDG Guidelines: Applies FPIC to decisions taken involving indigenous peoples’ lifestyles, traditional lands and territories, cultural integrity.
  13. 13.   UN-REDD: requires FPIC  Voluntary standards: CCBA  World Bank/IFC: consultation versus consent  UNFCCC: draft REDD language
  14. 14. UNREDD: experiencesand reflections
  15. 15.   Applies FPIC and rights-based approach.  Applies UNDRIP  Applies UNDG guidelines
  16. 16. Example of UNDG guidelines interpretingUNDRIP: The prospecting of natural resources onindigenous land should not be granted if theactivity hinders indigenous peoples to continueto use and/or benefit from these areas whereFPIC has not been obtained. No decisions directly related to rights andinterests taken without informed consent inmatters related to indigenous peoples’ lifestyles,traditional lands and territories, cultural integrity.
  17. 17.   Vietnam   Panama  Focus on UNDRIP   Focus on collective  No boilerplate: rights Respect community   Frustration with process systematic rights  Respect right to violations culture   Respect right to self-  Grievance mechanism determination necessary to resolve   Consultation v conflicts consent