Nokia Qt SDK in Action


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Presentation for Qt developer days 2010 in San Fransisco covering the details of using Nokia Qt SDK and publishing the applications to Ovi store. Focusing on Symbian but covering the current status of maemo. Explains the Ovi Store Symbian Signing Service.

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Nokia Qt SDK in Action

  1. 1. Nokia Qt SDK in Action Qt Developer Days 2.11.2010 Pekka Kosonen Head Of Technology Development, Forum Nokia Slides are available in
  2. 2. Ingredients are: 1. Overview and demo of Nokia Qt SDK 1.0 2. Taking your Qt app to Nokia platforms using Nokia Qt SDK • The topics that you need to know about Symbian and Maemo and how to handle those. 3. Publishing to Ovi and Ovi Store Symbian Signing Service 4. Spicing up the soup with platform SDKs • When you might want to tap into platform specific SDKs – focusing on Symbian. Soup of today Slides are available in
  3. 3. Rich told you the opportunity – 100 M devices I will tell you how you reach that install base Slides are available in
  4. 4. What we used to haveWhat we have nowWhere we will be Slides are available in
  5. 5. Now - Nokia Qt SDK 1.0 overview Simulate. Fast, easy to use and lightweight simulator. Install. All in just one package. Easy to customize and update. Install Develop Simulate Deploy* Create. Qt Creator - Easy to use IDE Update
  6. 6. Simulator • Quick launch • Simulate Qt Mobility project features • Scripting possibilities • Skins for different platforms / form-factors
  7. 7. On-device Debugging Debugging host Qt Creator
  8. 8. Switching Target Platforms • Select Symbian or Maemo target • Build, deploy and debug • Supports also switching the target to Remote Compiler or Symbian Emulator
  9. 9. Remote compiler • For Mac and Linux local builds for Symbian are not supported • Builds can be done remotely using remote compiler – When installing Nokia Qt SDK select remote compiler from the „Experimental‟ section – Your application sources are sent to a Nokia server where the build is done – You get back a ready installer package (sis for symbian, deb for maemo)
  10. 10. Coding demo 1 //geoflickr, using location API, fetch //pictures from flickr taken near you. //run in simulator, N8 & N900 Geoflickr – simulator, symbian, maemo
  11. 11. Taking your Qt application to Nokia platforms The topics to consider
  12. 12. Taking your app to Nokia platforms – the laundry list Symbian - minimum laundry list 1. Optimize the app 2. Get an UID 3. Figure out the capabilities 4. Do an icon 5. Modify .pro file 6. Test on several devices 7. Create a sis file with Nokia Qt SDK 8. Sign the sis file 9. Take smart installer into use 10. Distribute the embedded pkg Maemo - minimum laundry list 1. Optimize the app 2. Do an icon 3. Modify .pro file 4. Test on the Nokia N900 5. Tweak the debian files for Nokia Qt SDK 6. Create the debian package 7. Distribute
  13. 13. Optimization • Know the limitations of the target devices. • To provide the best experience optimize – UI – Resource usage: Memory, network usage, speed • UI optimization, atleast: MainWindow w; w.showFullScreen(); //w.showMaximized(); • Network usage : avoid significant data transfer, atleast if not in WLAN • Consider the usage of Qt Webkit in your application.
  14. 14. Application features • When taking your application from desktop to smartphones don‟t stop when you get it working. Think about how you can improve the user experience with mobile specific features. • Qt + Mobility offers already a pretty comprehensive set of features. – You might still want to spice up your application with some platform specific use cases like home screen.
  15. 15. Symbian platform security - background 1. Capability model – APIs protected with capabilities – Indicates application signing 2. Process identity – Each process has a unique identifier (UID) 3. Data caging – Apps can‟t access all data on the device • undamentals_of_Symbian_C%2B%2B) • html • Symbian signed test criteria :
  16. 16. Capabilities and signing Capability Group Capability Name Self-Signed Open Signed Online Open Signed Offline Express Signed Certified Signed User Capabilities LocalServices Yes, with user confirmation at install time Yes Yes Yes Yes Location NetworkServices ReadUserData UserEnvironment WriteUserData System Capabilities PowerMgmt No Yes Yes Yes Yes ProtServ ReadDeviceData SurroundingsDD SwEvent TrustedUI WriteDeviceData Restricted Capabilities CommDD No No Yes No Yes DiskAdmin NetworkControl MultimediaDD Device Manufacturer Capabilities AllFiles No No No No See below DRM TCB Ovi Store Symbian Signing Service
  17. 17. UID for Symbian applications • Each process has a unique identifier (UID) • Can be obtained from Ovi Store Symbian Signing Service (or Symbian signing) • No cost included • Defined in the applications .pro file symbian { #application UID here TARGET.UID3 = 0x21234567 } • For testing you can use any UID starting with 0xE, user capabilities and self signing
  18. 18. Figuring out the capabilities • Majority of Qt applications will manage with the user and system capabilities. – With few known exceptions, f.ex Bearer Mgmt APIs certain use cases require NetworkControl • How do I figure out the capabilities? – Documentation – Try, Error, Fix… – Use Symbian platform tooling – demo later on…
  19. 19. Icon • Use SVG-T • See examples, f.ex „C:NokiaQtSDKExamples4.6animationanimatedtiles‟ includes symbianpkgrules.pri file which defines the following vendorinfo = "; Localised Vendor name" "%{"Nokia, Qt"}" " " "; Unique Vendor name" ":"Nokia, Qt"" " " examples_deployment.pkg_prerules += vendorinfo DEPLOYMENT += examples_deployment isEmpty(ICON):ICON = $$PWD/qt.svg
  20. 20. 2 Symbian platform security – “how to” in Qt • Everything you need in a Symbian OS MMP file, can be defined in the Qt .pro file – Symbian-specific extensions should be defined inside a special block as shown below TARGET = HelloWorld // Not Symbian-specific TEMPLATE = app // Not Symbian-specific symbian { // LIBS-keyword as such is not Symbian-specific, but bitgdi library is LIBS += -lbitgdi ICON = ./images/myIcon.svg TARGET.UID2 = 0x100039CE TARGET.UID3 = 0xA000017F TARGET.SID = 0xA000017F TARGET.VID = 0x70000001 TARGET.CAPABILITY = NetworkServices Location // Qt app stack typically larger than 8kb TARGET.EPOCSTACKSIZE = 0x5000 // Min 128Kb, Max 16Mb TARGET.EPOCHEAPSIZE = “0x20000 0x1000000” } • This way the same .pro file would potentially work in other environments as well
  21. 21. Platform security & signing summary • Symbian native apps need to be signed. Needed signing process depends on applications capabilities – In case Restricted or Manufacturer capabilities are needed signing needs to happen in Symbian Signed, where a publisher ID is needed (and you need to have a company to get one) • CommDD ,DiskAdmin, NetworkControl, MultimediaDD & AllFiles, TCB, DRM • You should very rarely run into this situation. • Individuals can publish to Ovi store and get their application signed in Ovi Store Symbian Signing Service – free of charge
  22. 22. Packaging your application
  23. 23. Remember the laundry list? Symbian - minimum laundry list 1. Optimize the app 2. Get an UID 3. Figure out the capabilities 4. Do an icon 5. Modify .pro file 6. Test on several devices 7. Create a sis file with Nokia Qt SDK 8. Sign the sis file 9. Take smart installer into use 10. Distribute the embedded pkg Maemo - minimum laundry list 1. Optimize the app 2. Do an icon 3. Modify .pro file 4. Test on the Nokia N900 5. Tweak the debian definitions for Nokia Qt SDK 6. Create the debian package 7. Distribute
  24. 24. Publishing Qt apps for maemo • First create the debian package and test it with Nokia Qt SDKs maemo tools (MAD) on N900 • The debian package created by Nokia Qt SDK is a “development” version. • To make one for publishing a bit of tweaking is needed. For details see
  25. 25. Smart Installer for Qt for Symbian The opportunity +100M Symbian devices could run cross-platform Qt applications already during this year The problem Qt libraries need to be post installed – most consumers might not bother The solution A Smart Installer tool that checks whether needed Qt version is available on the device – and if not, it will handle the installation Details •Tool called Smart Installer for Symbian devices •Comes with Nokia Qt SDK •A small binary to be packaged together with the Qt application targeted for Symbian devices •The Smart Installer will download OTA the needed Qt & Mobility version to the handset if it is not already present
  26. 26. Tools & SDKs – Smart Installer your_app.sis 2 Check 3 Deps 4 Qt +Webkit +Mobility 1 Adm
  27. 27. It can be big download… But as we go forward more and more devices have Qt preinstalled Slides are available in
  28. 28. Smart installer overview • Scenario is – Sign your application – Create a embedded package that contains • Your application • Smart installer – Publish the embedded package • Qt for Symbian SDKs qmake supports automatic creation of the package. • • alert/2010/08/02/qt-content-qa Embedded.sis Smart installer.sisApplication.sis
  29. 29. Smart installer and Qt versions • Note; The newest Qt versions may not be available for application distribution i.e exist in Smart Installer server. – Once you build an app with Qt the dependency is automagically set to that version (f.ex 4.7.0). • If that version is not available for the target device smart installer will fail – Using what is available in Nokia Qt SDK i.e Qt 4.6.3 is the current commercial solution – For checking what is available for distribution : – If you‟re using mobility or Qt Webkit the dependencies will be created automagically by qmake and those components will be installed along with your application • Smart installer sis file is in „NokiaQtSDK SymbianSDK‟ • Docs in „NokiaQtSDK SymbianSDK Nokia_Smart_Installer_for_Symbian_Developers_Guide_v1_0_en.pdf‟
  30. 30. Steps to take smart installer into usage • Build the app – qmake – make release-gcce • Now depending on the signing process you select 1. Ovi Store Symbian Signing Service : use the certificates you‟ve gotten from them to sign the application and the embedded package. Test. 2. Symbian signing : sign the application with your published ID. Send the application for signing. Once you have the signed application back create the embedded package. • Let‟s go through the creation of package for Ovi publishing (using Ovi Store Symbian Signing Service) next
  31. 31. Creating the package for Ovi publishing Planning to publish collindingmice (which I definitely own and have rights to publish ;) qmake make release-gcce make sis QT_SIS_CERTIFICATE=publisherid.cer QT_SIS_KEY=publisherid.key make installer_sis QT_SIS_CERTIFICATE=publisherid.cer QT_SIS_KEY=publisherid.key
  32. 32. To support Symbian^3 • After you‟ve run qmake patch the .pkg files (_template.pkg and _installer.pkg) • Locate the following lines ; Default HW/platform dependencies [0x101F7961],0,0,0,{"S60ProductID"} [0x102032BE],0,0,0,{"S60ProductID"} [0x102752AE],0,0,0,{"S60ProductID"} [0x1028315F],0,0,0,{"S60ProductID"} • Add Symbian^3 product ID to the list and save the file [0x20022E6D] ,0,0,0,{"S60ProductID"}
  33. 33. Patching continues… • Locate the UID from installers pkg file ; SIS header: name, uid, version #{"collidingmice installer"},(0xA000D7CE),1,0,0 • Change the UID to 0x2002CCCF (smart installer UID) #{"collidingmice installer"},(0x2002CCCF),1,0,0 • Set the vendor name to both packages ; Localised Vendor name %{"Vendor"} ; Unique Vendor name :"Vendor" • Replace “Vendor” with your Ovi store publisher name
  34. 34. Enabling smart installer • Video : file:///C:/presentations/Qt_dev_days_2010/symb ian/smart_installer_usage_part1.htm
  35. 35. Publishing
  36. 36. Final step in the laundry list Symbian - minimum laundry list 1. Optimize the app 2. Get an UID 3. Figure out the capabilities 4. Do an icon 5. Modify .pro file 6. Test on several devices 7. Create a sis file with Nokia Qt SDK 8. Sign the sis file 9. Take smart installer into use 10. Distribute the embedded pkg Maemo - minimum laundry list 1. Optimize the app 2. Do an icon 3. Modify .pro file 4. Test on the Nokia N900 5. Tweak the debian definitions for Nokia Qt SDK 6. Create the debian package 7. Distribute the .deb
  37. 37. Ovi Store: 6 numbers you should know 2.5Million downloads daily 30 Languages 91 operators 135+ devices 190+ countries 90%Mobile consumers w/local Store
  38. 38. Let‟s make it easy to put your app in the hands of millions of consumers Consumers $£€¥ Financial Enablers Developers+ + = Our goal is simple
  39. 39. Qt apps on Ovi store • Currently : – Qt apps can be published for Symbian and Maemo devices using Qt 4.6.3 – Currently 19 devices supported (29th of October 2010): • Symbian^3: N8-00, C7-00, C6-01, E7-00 – due to recent issue no new content should be published until Store 2.2 (coming in some weeeks) • S60 5th Edition devices: X6-00, N97 mini, C6-00, 5800, 5530, 5230, 5228, 5235, N97 • S60 3rd Edition devices: E72, E71, E63, E52, E66 • Maemo/Meego: N900, with PR1.3 and Qt 4.7 – Next ones targeting wk 44 are : 5250, N95 8GB, N95, E72, N82, 5233, 5232, Nuron C5-03 • Early 2011 : Qt 4.7 based application distribution enabled* * 4.7 apps can be deployed to N900 already once PR 1.3 is available
  40. 40. Publishing Qt apps to Ovi • Register as an Ovi publisher – For individuals cost is 1 euro • For maemo no signing is needed, after testing one can move on directly to publishing • For Symbian – Ovi signing and publishing (which is also free) for individuals – Or symbian signed (in case of restricted/manufacturer capabilities) for companies • •
  41. 41. Publish to Ovi - registration • file:///C:/presentations/Qt_dev_days_2010/symb ian/Register_and_publish.htm
  42. 42. Ovi Store Symbian Signing Service Registering : 1. Emails publisher support ( to start the registration process. After accepting and signing the terms and conditions… 2. Publisher provides IMEI numbers for up to 5 devices for testing purposes 3. Ovi Publish support sends publisher UIDs, a cert installer, and developer cert/key pair for testing their app Publishing: 1. Ovi Publisher packages the SIS file using the UID provided and tests on their device making sure is tested against Symbian Signed test criteria 2. Ovi Publisher submits their app to the intake tool 3. QA will test the app based on Nokia content and store guideline, specific operator guideline and Symbian Signed test criteria. If it passes, it will be express signed by Nokia and published into Ovi Store
  43. 43. Publishing summary • Use smart installer for symbian • Individuals can publish their apps and get the applications signed using „Ovi Store Symbian Signing Service‟ – – registration to Ovi publishing costs 1€, after that it‟s free of charge. • We‟re continuously adding new devices to be supported for Qt application distribution – currently 19 devices supported.
  44. 44. 5. Spicing up the development environment with platform specific tools
  45. 45. Tools and SDKs Symbian SDK Native APIs Plug-in APIs Documentation Emulator + additional tooling in Carbide Qt libraries for Symbian • Framework-only • Documentation Qt 4.6.3 Qt Mobility Simulator On-device debugging Simplified Limited Symbian SDK Maemo 5 SDK (MADDE) Nokia Qt SDK Enough for many applications For extended access
  46. 46. Cases where Symbian SDK is needed • Can‟t use all Symbian C++ APIs without Symbian SDK – Examples : homescreen, … • Emulator provides improved platform look and feel – Menus – UI is more closer to the truth than in Qt simulator • Communication between multiple processes – Qt app to Qt app f.ex • Investigate platform specific painpoints like platform security • SDK available in – You can further spice it up with internal APIs from Symbian foundation
  47. 47. Using platform specific APIs from Qt
  48. 48. Paradigms for platform specific code 1. Same source files, #ifdef platform specific code 2. Isolate platform specific parts to separate files to include 3. Write a separate library
  49. 49. Code example 1 #include "signer.h" #ifdef Q_OS_SYMBIAN #include <hash.h> #else #include <openssl/hmac.h> #endif QByteArray Signer::sign(QByteArray const &signingSecret, QByteArray const &signatureBase) const { QByteArray signature; #ifdef Q_OS_SYMBIAN // Convert signingSecret into a Symbian string: TPtrC8 keyPtr(reinterpret_cast<const TUint8*>(signingSecret.constData()), signingSecret.length()); TBuf8<100> keyVal; keyVal.Copy(keyPtr); // Initialize the signing-related objects: CSHA1 *sha1 = CSHA1::NewL(); CHMAC *hmac = CHMAC::NewL(keyVal, sha1); CleanupStack::PushL(hmac); // Continued… // Convert signatureBase into a Symbian string: TPtrC8 basePtr(reinterpret_cast<const TUint8*>(signatureBase.constData()), signatureBase.length()); TBuf8<1024> baseString; baseString.Copy(basePtr); // Create the raw signature: TPtrC8 hashedSignature(hmac->Hash(baseString)); signature = QByteArray(reinterpret_cast<const char *>(hashedSignature.Ptr()), hashedSignature.Length()); CleanupStack::PopAndDestroy(hmac); #else unsigned char *md = new unsigned char[32]; unsigned int md_len = 32; HMAC(EVP_sha1(), signingSecret.constData(), signingSecret.length(), reinterpret_cast<const unsigned char *>(signatureBase.constData()), signatureBase.length(), md, &md_len); signature = QByteArray(reinterpret_cast<const char *>(md), md_len); delete[] md; #endif return signature.toBase64(); } same source files, #ifdef platform specific code
  50. 50. Code example 2 ... HEADERS += qbluetoothaddressdata.h # public header SOURCES += bluetoothdiscovery.cpp # public class implementation ... symbian { ... HEADERS += bluetoothdiscovery_symbian_p.h # Symbian private class header SOURCES += bluetoothdiscovery_symbian_p.cpp # Symbian private class source code LIBS += -lesock -lbluetooth TARGET.CAPABILITY = LocalServices NetworkServices ReadUserData UserEnvironment WriteUserData } // bluetoothdiscovery.cpp ... #ifdef Q_OS_SYMBIAN #include ”bluetoothdiscovery_symbian_p.h” #else #include ”bluetoothdiscovery_stub_p.h” // Stub for all other platforms #endif Isolate platform specific parts to separate files to include
  51. 51. Example 3 • Best resource is an_C%2B%2B_Together – Based on symbian-c-together/view • Provides a separate library for Symbian that isolates the use of Bluetooth Symbian APIs and provides a Qt like interface for it • Other resources: – For guidance on maemo see the maemo for mobile document in • LibLocation • LibCityinfo • MCEDev • ICD2 Write a separate library
  52. 52. Using platform specific Tools with Qt
  53. 53. Symbian – platform security demo1 • Run an app in simulator that renames files in c:sysbin. • Run in Symbian emulator and see what happens
  54. 54. Video • file:///C:/presentations/Qt_dev_days_2010/symb ian/file_delete.htm
  55. 55. Symbian – platsec demo2 • Run an application with no capabilities on simulator that uses location and network connectivity. • Run on symbian emulator and see what happens.
  56. 56. Video • file:///C:/presentations/Qt_dev_days_2010/symb ian/capabilities.htm
  57. 57. Maemo Platform SDK • Maemo Application SDK (called MAD) is included in Nokia Qt SDK • Maemo platform SDK is Scratchbox based – Hosting OS : Linux – No Qt Creator integration available.
  58. 58. Summary • Nokia Qt SDK 1.0 makes it easy to bring Qt applications to Nokia platforms – Spicing the SDK up with platform specific features and tools gives you access to (almost) all the features the devices offers + additional tooling – Symbian signing : Once you‟ve wriggled through the signing jungle once it‟s piece of cake. • Active install base including Symbian^3: ~100M – Qt will be preinstalled on all the new Nokia device • Publishing to Ovi store is free and open for individuals. • All these great things can only lead to… Slides are available in
  59. 59. Slides are available in Time for you to start thinking tricky questions while I prepare for final demo…
  60. 60. Still got one great demo to proof the power of Qt on Nokia and desktop platforms Slides are available in
  61. 61. Thank you very many! Slides are available in
  62. 62. Publish your app or game to for for consumers in …..
  63. 63. …And enter for a chance to win a share of $4M in cash, nearly $6M in marketing prizes, and 500 Nokia Symbian devices – the biggest single developer competition ever
  64. 64. Free Qt Hands-on for N8 Workshops Location Date Silicon Valley Nov 9-10 Seattle Nov 15-16 Vancouver Nov 18-19 Miami Dec 2-3 Chicago Dec 6-7 Boulder Dec 9-10 Dallas Dec 15-16 For more details visit: /10m/events_and_training.aspx
  65. 65. Important Links • • • • • • • • •,descCd-tableOfContents.html