The Role of Academic Entrepreneurship in Oresund and Moscow State University

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The Role of Academic Entrepreneurship in Oresund and Moscow State University

  1. 1. A Comparative View on the Role of Academic Entrepreneurship inRegional Innovations Systems of Oresund and Moscow Peter Kiryushin, Bala Mulloth, Tatiana Iakovleva FORFI case workshop of 2012, 14 – 15 June, Oslo
  2. 2. About me• Graduated from: Moscow State University (MSU), Economics & Crisis management. 2nd degree: Lund University (Sweden) and Central European University (Hungary)• Defended PhD; Research Fellow at MSU. Previous research projects: Business-Government Relations, Changing Behavior, Energy Oresund• OECD Workshop on Eco-Innovations, UNESCO Chair Conference on Sustainability in Higher Education , Changing Behavior Workshops; internship at Russian Union of Business Angels; bottom-up initiatives in HEIs• AE paper accepted to publish at the 7th conference on Innovation & Entrepreneurship
  3. 3. How collaboration and entrepreneurialeducation in universities is conducive to the implementation and commercialization of research-based innovations?
  4. 4. Some issues to consider• “Best regions” vs. “regional realism”• Why it is important to make academia more entrepreneurial? (to improve entr`l capital of RIS or to achieve specific goals?)• Who should be more entrepreneurial – researchers, students?• What kind of innovations should be developed in a specific region?• Cross-border/ national/ local cases for AE• How to measure efficiency of promotion of entrepreneurship?• Factors for innovation & entrepreneurship?
  5. 5. Source: IIIEE 2011
  6. 6. The value for the AE project Oresund RIS Moscow RIS• Academic capacity • Academic capacity• Scandinavian context • Transition economy• Cross-border collaboration • Relevant to post soviet• Leading for cleantech • Need for modernization• Medicon Valley • Success in the past
  7. 7. Step 1: Literature review on academic entrepreneurship , cross- border innovation system and cleantech Step 2: Interviewingexperts in entrepreneurship and innovation, researchers, business people
  8. 8. Literature review provided generally positive knowledge on the Öresund RIS development, based on the studying of the past trends Interviews gave the different perspectives. “Pieces ofpuzzle”, concerning the current stage and the future, based on the individual experience, research results and personal reflections
  9. 9. Strategies for Entrepreneurship cleantech–industry collaboration Medicon Valley then and now and gatekeepersSkepticism about thefuture transnational Öresund collaboration Entrepreneurship Academy and LUIS Are social innovations coming? When networks and clusters are efficient? Development of cross-border relations takes time Biotech companies moved to more attractive regions!
  10. 10. Stages of cross-border innovation collaboration1990’s – mid 2000’s: mid 2000’s – nowadays: nowadays – the future: policy-cooperation, sober view on the “climate-smart region”, rise of biotech & networking, scientific role of cleantech pharmaceuticals, and economic results of development and bridging the sides cooperation entrepreneurship?
  11. 11. ÖRESUND LOW-CARBON Skåne GOALS -30% GHG by 2020 (to 1990 level) Sjælland -20% GHG by 2020 •Lund -50% GHG by 2020 (to 1990 level) (to 1990 level) • Ballerup •Kristianstad25% RES by 2015 -20% GHG by 2020 •København (to 1990 level) carbon-neutral in 2025 •Malmö 100% RES by 2025 •Albertslund -25% GHG by 2015:
  12. 12. (Academic) State demand for Entrepreneurship innovations in Soviet Old-school and Russian time (Space, military) researchers and oligarchs new entrepreneurs Optimism regarding thefuture of entrepreneurship Who and how should we teach Demand for cleantech innovations (energy efficiency?) Importance of personal relations Innovation and window- dressing Lack of interests, infrastructure and effective policy support
  13. 13. How collaboration and entrepreneurialeducation in universities is conducive to the implementation and commercialization of research-based innovations?
  14. 14. Some issues to consider• “Best regions” vs.“regional realism”• Why it is important to make academia more entrepreneurial? (to improve entr`l capital of RIS or to achieve specific goals?)• Who should be more entrepreneurial – researchers, students?• What kind of innovations should be developed in a specific region?• Cross-border/ national/ local cases for AE• How to measure efficiency of promotion of entrepreneurship?• Factors for innovation & entrepreneurship?
  15. 15. Sociotechnical Network
  16. 16. Some issues to consider (2)How to involve different audiences in AE?• Make outcomes interesting for different audiences, handbook, toolkit, web-site, table, course on AEWorkshop itself as a case for AERole of bottom-up initiatives?How to measure outcomes of development of AE?
  17. 17. Thank You!Tak! Спасибо!

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