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Overcoming Barriers to Helping Immigrants and Refugees

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Presentation given at the RWJF Local Funding Partnerships 2009 Annual Meeting by from Professor Greg Acevado, Ph.D., Fordham University

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Overcoming Barriers to Helping Immigrants and Refugees

  1. 1. The Foreign-Born Population in the United States: 2003
  2. 2. <ul><li>Foreign Born and Immigrant </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><ul><li>Foreign Born </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anyone who is not a U.S. citizen at birth, including immigrants, legal nonimmigrants (temporary migrants), humanitarian migrants, and people illegally present in the United States. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><ul><li>Immigrant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aliens admitted to the U.S. for lawful permanent residence, as defined in the Immigration & Nationality Act. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Population Size and Composition: 2003 Source: Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2003
  6. 6. Source: Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2003 <ul><li>Approximately 33.5 million foreign-born people live in the United States. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Source: Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2003 <ul><li>The foreign born represent 11.7 percent of the U.S. population. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Source: Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2003 Percent Distribution of Foreign Born by World Region of Birth: 2003 Latin America 53.3% Asia 25.0% Europe 13.7% Other Regions 8.0%
  9. 9. Age: 2003 Source: Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2003
  10. 10. <ul><li>Relatively few foreign-born people are under age 18 (8.9 percent) compared with 27.9 percent of the native population. </li></ul>Source: Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2003
  11. 11. <ul><li>The foreign born are more likely than natives to be 18 to 64 years of age (80.1 percent and 60.0 percent, respectively). </li></ul>Source: Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2003
  12. 12. <ul><li>The proportion of the foreign born aged 65 years and over (11.1 percent) differed slightly from that of natives of the same age group (12.1 percent). </li></ul>Source: Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2003
  13. 13. Age Distribution by Sex and Nativity: 2003 (In Percent) Male Female Female Male Foreign Born Native Source: Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2003 Age
  14. 14. Percent of Population Under Age 18 by Nativity and by World Region of Birth: 2003 Source: Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2003 (In Percent)
  15. 15. Percent of Population Aged 18 to 64 by Nativity and by World Region of Birth: 2003 Source: Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2003 (In Percent)
  16. 16. Percent of Population Aged 65 and Over by Nativity and by World Region of Birth: 2003 (In Percent) Source: Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2003
  17. 17. Percent Distribution by Marital Status and Nativity: 2003 (Population 15 years and over) Foreign Born Native 52.2% 12.2% 29.2% 6.4% 4.9% 61.0% 25.3% 8.8% Source: Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2003
  18. 18. Percent of Population with Less Than 9th Grade Completed by World Region of Birth: 2003 (Population 25 years and over) Source: Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2003
  19. 19. Percent of Population with a Bachelor’s Degree or Higher by World Region of Birth: 2003 (Population 25 Years and Over) Source: Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2003
  20. 20. Percent Unemployed by Nativity and by World Region of Birth: 2003 (Population 16 years and over in the labor force) Source: Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2003
  21. 21. Median Earnings of Year-Round, Full-Time Foreign-Born Workers by Place of Birth: 2001 (Population 15 years and over with earnings) (In dollars) Source: Current Population Survey, (2002) Annual Social and Economic Supplement Foreign Born
  22. 22. Percent of Population Below Poverty Level by Nativity and by World Region of Birth: 2003 (In Percent) Source: Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2003
  23. 23. Residence: 2003 Source: Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2003
  24. 24. <ul><li>Among the foreign born, 37.3 percent live in the West and only 11.3 percent live in the Midwest. </li></ul>Source: Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2003
  25. 25. <ul><li>Among the native population, 36.5 percent live in the South and only 18.5 percent live in the Northeast. </li></ul>Source: Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2003
  26. 26. <ul><li>The foreign born are more likely than natives to live inside central cities of metropolitan areas (44.4 percent and 26.9 percent, respectively). </li></ul>Source: Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2003
  27. 27. Regional Population Distribution by Nativity: 2003 (In percent) Source: Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2003
  28. 28. Percent Foreign Born Within Each State: 2000 Source: Census 2000 Prepared with American FactFinder
  29. 29. Percent of Foreign Born Who Entered 1990 to 2000 by State: 2000 Prepared with American FactFinder Source: Census 2000
  30. 30. Top Five States with the Highest Foreign-Born Population and Highest Rate of Change: 2000 Highest Number of Foreign Born 2000 Number Highest Percent Change 1990-2000 Percent Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 171% Utah 2 million Illinois 196% Arkansas 3 million Florida 202% Nevada 3 million Texas 233% Georgia 4 million New York 274% North Carolina 9 million California
  31. 31. Top Five Places of 100,000 or More Population With the Highest Number of Foreign Born: 2000 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 330,000 San Jose, CA 516,000 Houston, TX 629,000 Chicago, IL 1,513,000 Los Angeles, CA 2,871,000 New York, NY Total Foreign Born Place
  32. 32. Top 5 Counties of 250,000 or More Population With the Highest Percent Foreign Born: 2002 Source: American Community Survey 2002 37 San Francisco County, CA 38 Kings County, NY 39 Hudson County, NJ 47 Queens County, NY 51 Miami-Dade County, FL Percent County
  33. 33. Type of Residence by Nativity: 2003 Foreign Born Native 26.9% 52.9% 20.2% 5.3% 44.4% 50.3% Source: Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2003
  34. 34. Language Source: American Community Survey 2002
  35. 35. Language Spoken at Home for the Foreign Born: 2002 (Population 5 years and over) Source: American Community Survey 2002 18 Speak Asian or Pacific Island languages 3 Speak other languages 17 Speak other Indo-European languages 45 Speak Spanish 83 Speak a language other than English 17 Speak only English 100 Total Foreign Born Percent
  36. 36. English-Speaking Ability of Foreign Born Who Speak Spanish At Home: 2002 (Population aged 5 and older) Source: American Community Survey 2002 19 Speak English &quot;not at all&quot; 31 Speak English &quot;not well&quot; 21 Speak English &quot;well&quot; 29 Speak English &quot;very well&quot; 100 Speak Spanish Percent

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