ESF Strasbourg Peter Doorn October 2010

899 views

Published on

Strategic workshop on research communities and research infrastructures in the Humanities Strasbourg – France, 29-30 October 2010

Published in: Technology, Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

ESF Strasbourg Peter Doorn October 2010

  1. 1. DANS is an institute of KNAW and NWO From “me and my database” to linked data resources in the humanities Peter Doorn - Director, Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS); coordinator, “Preparing DARIAH” (Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities) Presentation for European Science Foundation (ESF) Standing Committee for the Humanities (SCH) Strategic Workshop on research communities and research infrastructures in the Humanities Strasbourg – France, 29-30 October 2010, Theme 5: Integrating extant resources
  2. 2. Data Archiving and Networked Services Contents − Data silos − Preserving silos − 1980s & 1990s: me & my database − Last decade: linking resources in collaboratories, portals, etc. − Infrastructures needed to support this − The next phase: linked open data?
  3. 3. Data Archiving and Networked Services Thousands of data silos in the humanities Historical databases Archaeological GIS Linguistic corpora Arts image collections Literary text bases
  4. 4. Data Archiving and Networked Services Thousands of data silos in the humanities Historical databases Archaeological GIS Linguistic corpora Arts image collections Literary text bases
  5. 5. Data Archiving and Networked Services Digital preservation is necessary!
  6. 6. Data Archiving and Networked Services Digital preservation is no luxury! Storing the tapes of the population census 1973 of Sudan Courtesy: Robert McCaa, IPUMS
  7. 7. Data Archiving and Networked Services 1980s and 1990s: Me & my data Me & my database in History and Computing: − This is the source I use − This is the software I used − This is how I put my source in the database Me & my GIS in Archaeological Computing: − These are my finds − This is how I entered them in a GIS − Look at the nice maps I can make!
  8. 8. Data Archiving and Networked Services
  9. 9. Data Archiving and Networked Services Since the last decade: let’s open up and connect the silos!
  10. 10. Data Archiving and Networked Services Collaboratories
  11. 11. Data Archiving and Networked Services
  12. 12. Data Archiving and Networked Services Services: ADS Archive – W/S ADS ArchSearch – W/S CIMEC NMR (TB z39.50) DANS, EASY – OAI PMH RCAHMS – W/S KUAS NMR – W/S ADS ARENA II Technical Demonstrator ARENA portal
  13. 13. Data Archiving and Networked Services
  14. 14. 14 Jan Luiten van Zanden
  15. 15. Data Archiving and Networked Services Gapminder to visualize world inequality
  16. 16. Data Archiving and Networked Services Digital Collaboratory for Cultural Dendrochronology Esther Jansma
  17. 17. Data Archiving and Networked Services Dendrochronology: the science or technique of dating events, environmental change, and archaeological artifacts by using the characteristic patterns of annual growth rings in timber and tree trunks Applications in the humanities: • Dating of objects (when was the tree lumbered?) • Origin of objects (where did the wood come from?) • Studies of wood technology • Studies about the ways ancient landscapes were exploited Spin-offs: knowledge about economy, technology and landscape/environmental change in the past
  18. 18. Data Archiving and Networked Services
  19. 19. Data Archiving and Networked Services Data collection RING Data collections of ‘old wood’ for The Netherlands − Private sector in The Netherlands (6000 BC-present): • > 2000 research projects • > 20.000 measurement series at 13.000 trees (60% dated) − Private sector and universities in Germany: • Archaeology: e.g. Dorestad • Cultural heritage: many objects from The Netherlands and Flanders • Architectural history: North and East NL, Amsterdam
  20. 20. Data Archiving and Networked Services DCCD architecture Data layer Controlled vocabulary User layer Depositors control access to their data
  21. 21. Persistent storage in DANS Electronic Archiving System
  22. 22. Data Archiving and Networked Services 5 Criteria 16 guidelines The research data: − can be found on the Internet − are accessible (clear rights and licenses) − are in a usable format − are reliable − can be referred to (persistent identifier) www.datasealofapproval.org
  23. 23. Data Archiving and Networked Services Infrastructures are required to support and maintain the collaborative efforts − Services need to be sustainable − Therefore they need to be generic and re-usable DARIAH, the emerging Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities aims to “link and provide access to distributed digital source materials of many kinds”
  24. 24. Data Archiving and Networked Services Starting infrastructure project of Holocaust archives and researchers in collaboration with DARIAH
  25. 25. Data Archiving and Networked Services Infrastructure proposals in preparation Calls − INFRA-2011-1.1.3. Integrating Digital Archives and Resources for Research on Medieval and Modern European History − INFRA-2011-1.1.4. Integrating Archives for research on Contemporary European Social History
  26. 26. Data Archiving and Networked Services The next phase − Linking different kinds of information − Linked open data: semantic web technologies
  27. 27. Data Archiving and Networked Services http://www.ted.com/talks/tim_berners_lee_ on_the_next_web.html
  28. 28. Data Archiving and Networked Services Four principles of linked data (T.B.L.) 1. Use URIs to identify things 2. Use HTTP URIs so that these things can be referred to and looked up ("dereferenced") by people and user agents 3. Provide useful information about the thing when its URI is dereferenced, using standard formats such as RDF/XML 4. Include links to other, related URIs in the exposed data to improve discovery of other related information on the Web
  29. 29. Data Archiving and Networked Services Linked Library Cloud mid- 2010 Ross Singer, Code4Lib2010 - http://code4lib.org/conference/2010/singer
  30. 30. Data Archiving and Networked Services Examples of Linked Data projects −UK: http://data.gov.uk/ −US: http://www.data.gov/ −NL: http://politicalmashup.nl/
  31. 31. Data Archiving and Networked Services Linked data and Open Annotations in Alfalab project TextLab, SpaceLab, LifeLab
  32. 32. Data Archiving and Networked Services Finally, an integrated data infrastructure! Yeah. Now if I can just remember where I put that file...

×