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The Sasak language belongs to the Austronesian family and is spoken primarily on the island of Lombok in eastern Indonesia in a complex linguistic ecology that includes massive geographical variation as well as social variation through an elaborate system of speech levels. In addition speakers have access to and borrow from the national language, Bahasa Indonesia, as well as Kawi (17th century Javanese, used as a literary language), and Arabic (the main religious language). In this paper we outline the history of Sasak lexicography and the challenges faced by our current project which aims at creating a Sasak-Indonesian-English trilingual dictionary. We describe some innovative lexicographic and documentary techniques we have adopted to address the different kinds of lexical variation observable within Sasak.