Wiki grace's ia_summary

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Wiki grace's ia_summary

  1. 1. Grace Lee To what extent were the British culpable for the sinking of the Lusitania on May 7, 1915? The Lusitania was one of a pair of huge, fast, and technologically advanced luxury linersthat were created by the Cunard Line of Britain for use as passenger ships, but which could beeasily converted into warships. The Lusitania and her sister ship, the Mauretania, becameinstantly famous worldwide because of their grandeur and because of the huge step forward theyrepresented in the British-German naval race. During World War I, the Lusitania continued tomake regular trips between Great Britain and New York, sparking rumors that it was carryingillegal armaments from neutral America to Great Britain to aid in the war effort. Rumors werealso spreading that indicated that the British government had secretly installed guns in theLusitania to fulfill its warship capability. On May 7, 1915, the German submarine U-20 sank theLusitania off the coast of Ireland, killing 1,195 people, including 123 Americans. The sinking ofthe Lusitania had a profound effect on neutral countries as well as countries involved in the war;some historians attribute the American entry into World War I to the sinking.Talking Points:(Lusitania: An Epic Tragedy, by Diana Preston, and The Lusitania: Finally, the Startling Truthabout One of the Most Fateful of All Disasters of the Sea, by Colin Simpson, were studied todetermine the extent of British culpability in the sinking of the Lusitania.) Controversial aspects of the sinking of the Lusitania How the naval race between Britain and Germany contributed to the sinking of the Lusitania A significant assumption that the Germans made about the American reaction to the sinking of a British passenger ship carrying Americans German awareness of America’s violations of her neutrality The Germans’ warning newspaper advertisement How Walther Schwieger and Hermann Bauer’s personalities contributed to the sinking of the Lusitania Diana Preston’s thesis – advantages and disadvantages Colin Simpson’s thesis – advantages and disadvantages Examples of Colin Simpson’s bias in favor of his conspiracy theory Churchill’s violation of the Cruiser Rules Churchill’s other inflammatory and controversial actions with regard to naval conflicts Other historians’ theses on British involvement in the sinking of the Lusitania The culpability of Captain William Turner

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