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Alberta career transition and employment information resource May 2018 - Download to use hyperlinks

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Results of research conducted into the transferability of Alberta's unemployed/under-employed oil and gas workers into selected sectors in the economy including: Agri-business, Cleantech, High Tech/ICT, Supply Chain, Petrochemicals and Renewable Energy.

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Alberta career transition and employment information resource May 2018 - Download to use hyperlinks

  1. 1. The Province of Alberta is working in partnership with the Government of Canada to provide employment support programs and services. ALBERTA'S TRANSITIONING ENERGY INDUSTRY: CAREER TRANSITION AND EMPLOYMENT INFORMATION RESOURCE
  2. 2. PURPOSE OF THIS RESOURCE ▪  Share an assessment of employment transferability between the available labour supply from oil and gas and labour demand within select sectors ▪  Labour supply: unemployed and under-employed oil and gas workers ▪  Labour demand: Agri-business, Supply Chain, Petrochemical, High Tech, Cleantech, Renewable Energy ▪  Provide industry overview and employment outlook ▪  Outlook based on key drivers for industry activity ▪  Identify entry-level or “foot-in-the-door” qualification and skill requirements for selected sectors and occupations assessed to have a greater chance of absorbing available oil and gas talent ▪  Sectors: Renewable Energy (wind, solar, geothermal), Cleantech (methane emissions reduction) and Petrochemical ▪  Occupations: Stakeholder engagement specialist, Land acquisition specialist, Environmental specialist, Supply chain specialist, Regulatory specialist, Mechanical/Electrical/Instrumentation technician, CAD/ Engineering technologist, Geologist and various engineering roles (electrical, mechanical, project, quality, civil, process, automation and design) 2
  3. 3. THIS RESOURCE WILL BE HELPFUL IF YOU ARE… An employer looking to understand if unemployed/under-employed oil and gas workers can address your talent needs ▪  Overview of the unemployed/under-employed oil and gas worker ▪  Sector transferability ▪  Occupational transferability A career/employment counsellor assisting unemployed/under-employed oil and gas workers looking for employment outside of the industry ▪  Sector transferability ▪  Occupational transferability 3 Tip: Use the hyperlinks to focus on the information you want to learn more about!
  4. 4. ALBERTA’S UNEMPLOYED/UNDER-EMPLOYED OIL & GAS TALENT ▪  It is highly unlikely Canada’s oil and gas industry will rehire all of the workers downsized during the downturn ▪  52,500 estimated direct job losses, or 25% of 2014 employment numbers ▪  Majority of direct job losses were in Alberta ▪  While the downturn has had a profound effect on the size of the industry’s workforce, a skills mismatch is the industry’s greatest risk in the short-term ▪  Large numbers of highly specialized, educated and skilled workers available – primarily engineers, geologists, capital project support and business staff ▪  Mostly from exploration and production (E&P) and oil sands sectors ▪  Oil and gas service companies are reporting difficulties attracting workers back to the sector and securing the workers required Sources: •  Canada's Oil and Gas Employment and Labour Market Data Q4 2017 fact sheet (January, 2018) •  Workforce Insights: Impacts of the Oil and Gas Downturn on the Future and the Attitudes of Workers report (September, 2017) •  Labour Market Outlook 2017 to 2021 for Canada's Oil and Gas Industry report (March, 2017) 4
  5. 5. WHERE IS THE AVAILABLE LABOUR SUPPLY 5 Economic Region Unemployment Rate (unadjusted) June 2016 June 2017 April 2018 Wood Buffalo – Cold Lake 9.3% 7.7% 6.0% Edmonton 7.3% 8.2% 6.8% Red Deer 9.3% 7.0% 5.1% Banff-Jasper-Rocky Mountain House and Athabasca-Grande Prairie-Peace River 7.7% 6.3% 5.9% Calgary 8.5% 8.6% 7.5% Camrose - Drumheller 8.1% 7.7% 4.0% Lethbridge – Medicine Hat 7.3% 4.8% 6.0% Source: Statistics Canada Insights from regional unemployment rate statistics
  6. 6. TARGET SECTORS Agri-Business Sub-sectors dealing with agricultural produce and services required in farming including agri-foods, beverage manufacturing, crop sciences, animal genetics, agri-technologies and agri-finance and business services •  Chemical manufacturing (agri-chem) often considered as part of sector Supply Chain Activities related to transportation, warehousing and logistics of materials and goods Petrochemical Manufacturing Converts feedstocks derived from petroleum and natural gas liquids, into petrochemicals High Tech/Information & Communications Technology ICT services, software development, digitization, AI, cloud services and IT embedded in companies across many sectors Cleantech Application of environmentally sustainable technology to extract and process non-renewable energy or fossil fuels to transition into a low carbon environment •  Current regulations have focused activities on carbon competitiveness and methane emissions reductions Renewable Energy Power generation from renewable energy sources including wind, solar and geothermal 6
  7. 7. ASSESSMENT CRITERIA Transferability Rating Technical transferability Similarities between core qualifications, certifications, technical knowledge and skills, business processes, use of equipment and technology regulatory environment, customers/stakeholders, etc. Nature of work transferability Similarities in work arrangements, workplace culture and environments, etc. Employee value proposition Likelihood of workers accepting an employment offer 7
  8. 8. ASSESSMENT CRITERIA (cont’d) Employment Demand Criteria ▪  Demand drivers: ▪  Investment announced ▪  Government programs and/or economic incentives for growth ▪  Regulations ▪  Workforce demographics ▪  Timelines: ▪  Goal to achieve employment outcomes Employers currently hiring or hiring expected in the next 6 months due to key drivers Hiring expected within 6 to 12 months Hiring not expected within the next year Current/short-term Medium-term Long-term 8
  9. 9. CROSS-SECTORAL TRANSFERABILITY ASSESSMENT SUMMARY
  10. 10. TRANSFERABILITY ASSESSMENT SUMMARY (AS OF MAY 2018) High Petrochemical (Project development and construction) Cleantech (Methane Emissions Reduction) Renewables - Geothermal Medium Renewables – Solar & Wind (Project development and construction) Petrochemical (Operations) Low Agri-Business High Tech/ICT Renewables – Solar & Wind (Operations) Supply Chain Current Medium-term Long-term Timing of Employment Demand TransferabilityRating Click on sector for assessment rationale and additional information 10
  11. 11. WHERE DO YOU WANT TO GO NEXT? ▪  Sector transferability ▪  Occupation transferability ▪  Detailed career information for: •  Wind Energy •  Solar Energy •  Geothermal Energy •  Methane Emissions Reduction •  Petrochemical 11
  12. 12. RATIONALE FOR ASSESSMENT HIGH TECH/ICT
  13. 13. HIGH TECH/ICT: TRANSFERABILITY Technical LOW •  Business acumen, project management, data analytics, critical thinking, knowledge of energy technologies and processes add value but not the core, entry-level competency required •  Majority demand for specialized computer and programming skills •  Energy workers with commercialization experience may be value for tech companies at that phase of development Nature of Work LOW •  Similarities: working in teams of professionals, creative problem-solving, etc. •  Differences: large number of small companies including start-ups that have less sophisticated organizational structures with cultures that are more entrepreneurial •  Agile workplace culture requiring rapid and flexible response to change Employee Value Proposition LOW •  Smaller and start-up companies with potentially less certainty •  Most likely have to start at entry level and wages will be considerably lower The oil and gas industry has paid people exceptionally well for a very long time. As a start-up or a small growing software company, that's hard to compete with. 13
  14. 14. HIGH TECH SKILL REQUIREMENTS IN OIL & GAS AND RELATED SECTORS §  Oil and gas industry is accelerating the use of technology to digitize and automate to improve efficiency, increase safety, manage costs and enhance environmental performance §  Transforming workforce requirements and driving need for new skills and/or creating new types of jobs §  True for related industries as well including petrochemicals and renewable energy Key drivers for digitization and automation Health & safety Reduced risk Increase productivity Increase efficiency Flexible & remote work Make more informed decisions Reduced costs Oil & Gas 46% 50% 59% 64% 43% 37% 46% Petrochemical 45% 47% 60% 65% 40% 37% 44% Renewable Energy 43% 46% 60% 65% 48% 37% 52% Source: Global Energy Talent Index (GETI) 2018: percentage of companies indicating important focus 14
  15. 15. HIGH TECH SKILL REQUIREMENTS IN OIL & GAS AND RELATED SECTORS (cont’d) §  2018 Global Energy Talent Index indicates that companies are concerned about the skills gap created by increased use of technology §  Also concerned about retaining talent and therefore likely to offer development to existing employees to address technology skill requirements §  Experienced oil and gas talent offer an understanding of the processes industry is looking to digitize and automate but likely need to enhance technology skills to enhance employment opportunities Source: Global Energy Talent Index (GETI) 2018: percentage of companies indicating important focus Expertise that will be in greater demand due to technology advancements Cloud tech Cyber security Data analytics Data protection & compliance Data science Mobile application Program- ming Real-time analytics Robotics & AI Software develop- ment System implement ation and integration Oil & Gas 40% 52% 51% 48% 27% 34% 36% 40% 34% 46% 44% Petrochemical 36% 45% 50% 39% 20% 26% 33% 35% 31% 38% 37% Renewable Energy 47% 50% 60% 44% 27% 36% 34% 46% 35% 45% 46% 15
  16. 16. HIGH TECH/ICT SOURCES & RESOURCES General ▪  http://www.communityeconomicdevelopment.alberta.ca ▪  Alberta major projects inventory: http://majorprojects.alberta.ca ▪  https://www.calgaryeconomicdevelopment.com/research-and-reports/resource-library-2/resource-library/ ▪  http://www.atb.com/learn/economics/Pages/default.aspx High Tech/ICT ▪  https://www.ictc-ctic.ca ▪  http://www.alberta-enterprise.ca/?page_id=1150 ▪  https://www.calgaryeconomicdevelopment.com/industries/focus-areas/technology/ Automation and digitization of the energy sector ▪  https://www.getireport.com 16
  17. 17. WHERE DO YOU WANT TO GO NEXT? ▪  Sector transferability ▪  Occupation transferability ▪  Detailed career information for: •  Wind Energy •  Solar Energy •  Geothermal Energy •  Methane Emissions Reduction •  Petrochemical 17
  18. 18. RATIONALE FOR ASSESSMENT RENEWABLE ENERGY
  19. 19. RENEWABLE ENERGY ▪  Renewable Energy: Outlook ▪  Wind Energy ▪  Solar Energy ▪  Geothermal Energy ▪  Renewable Energy Training 19
  20. 20. RENEWABLE ENERGY: OUTLOOK ▪  Replace 6,258 megawatts of coal-fired generating capacity •  38.5% of Alberta’s generating capacity but 55% of the electricity consumed (2014) •  Conversion to natural gas in the near term as an efficient use of existing assets ▪  5,000 MW of renewables by 2030 •  Private sector investment of about $10 billion •  Wind is most economical at present and expected to make up the vast majority of new renewables •  Solar is also in play but likely through small-scale residential and commercial projects - First Nations communities; Hutterite colonies, farms, etc - Largest project in Brooks: 17 MW •  Geothermal: reliable baseload power - Hinton project: viability study to be complete Q3 2018 Current Government’s Plan to phase out coal-fired power - a key driver of renewable energy activity. 20
  21. 21. WHERE THE JOBS WILL BE ….. 21
  22. 22. ALBERTA’S RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM Round 1 Announced in December 2017: ▪  600 MW of new wind projects ▪  The winning bids from: •  Edmonton-based Capital Power (201-MW) •  Lisbon, Portugal-based EDP Renewables (248-MW) •  Enel Green Power Canada, a division of a Rome-based global power company, (115 MW and 31 MW) ▪  All projects: •  Project Design & Approval phase near complete •  Construction in 2018; operational in 2019 •  Connect to existing transmission lines ▪  Approximately 740 jobs: •  700 construction jobs •  40 operations jobs Round 2 and 3 applications being accepted by AESO, projects awarded Dec. 2018 §  Round 2: up to 300 megawatts of power; must include a minimum 25% Indigenous equity ownership §  Round 3: up to 400 megawatts 22
  23. 23. BROOKS SOLAR PROJECT ▪  First utility-scale solar project in Western Canada ▪  $30m investment by Elemental Energy (owner) ▪  50,000 solar panels on 30-hectares will collect enough sunlight to power 3,000 homes ▪  Seven month construction phase ▪  EPC contractor: Borea Construction ▪  250 jobs at peak ▪  Small number of permanent operations jobs (3-4) ▪  At least 3 additional solar projects of similar size planned for Brooks/County of Newell Source: Elemental Energy 23
  24. 24. GEOTHERMAL DISTRICT ENERGY SYSTEM (HINTON) ▪  Heating for town’s public buildings such as schools, government buildings, hospital, community and seniors centre ▪  Pre-feed study, completed by EPOCH Energy, identified a pair of wells that could recover significant amounts of heat ▪  Viability study to be completed in Q3 2018 ▪  21 temporary jobs Photo: Nesjavellir Power Plant, Iceland In February 2018, a cross governmental partnership invested 1.2 million dollars to determine the viability of producing renewable geothermal heat from marginally producing oil and gas wells 24
  25. 25. RENEWABLE EMPLOYMENT OUTLOOK ▪  Renewable Electricity Program is projected to create 7,200 Alberta jobs by 2030. •  Employee transition within existing companies expected to occur •  Oil and gas and pipeline companies also have stakes in renewable power generation Renewable Sector Jobs per MW Construction Operations Wind Energy .6 .09 Solar Energy 3.9 .32 (residential); .16 (commercial) Geothermal Energy 4 1.7 25
  26. 26. SELECTED WAGE COMPARISONS *Source: Global Energy Talent Index (GETI) 2018 •  Report is based on survey of 20,826 respondents, from 163 countries and analysis of 64,000 job postings and hiring data from contract and permanent placements made by report authors (Airswift and Energy Jobline) •  Salary data presented Is based on six-years experience and averaged across Canada, US and Mexico 26 Occupation North American Average ($US)* Alberta Labour Information System (ALIS) ($CDN) Oil and Gas Renewable Provincial Average Civil/Structural engineer 114,450 79,920 99,195 Construction manager 120,390 113,220 99,195 Electrical/Instrumentation engineer 114,075 83,250 98,530 HSE manager 124,980 99,900 99,195 Maintenance engineer 94,400 82,550 107,815 Mechanical engineer 123,400 91,020 107,815 Maintenance trade/technician 82,500 69,930 (solar) 66,600 (wind) 83,730 Project engineer 124,045 73,260 98,530 Project manager 154,680 88,800 108,010
  27. 27. RENEWABLE ENERGY: TRANSFERABILITY Technical LOW (Solar and Wind operations) MEDIUM (Design, construction and head office) HIGH (Geothermal) •  Wind/Solar: the majority of jobs will be during the construction phase •  Higher transferability and employment opportunities for trades •  Some opportunity for project engineers and tech during project development and design phases but fewer jobs •  Project managers, design engineers are more likely to require renewable experience •  Potentially some transferability for head-office roles with additional training/upskilling in conducting environmental assessments, regulatory process and dealing with land acquisitions, etc. •  Operations require fewer workers with specific skills and accreditation for installing and maintaining equipment •  Geothermal uses many of the occupations in the oil and gas industry, including currently unemployed engineers and techs 27
  28. 28. RENEWABLE ENERGY: TRANSFERABILITY (cont’d) Nature of Work LOW (Solar and Wind operations) MEDIUM (Design, construction and head office) HIGH (Geothermal) •  Many of the head office jobs are likely to be with companies with similar work cultures to oil and gas; mix of larger and smaller companies •  Project development and design jobs likely to be with EPC companies similar to those involved in design of oil and gas infrastructure •  Operations jobs are in the field and rural areas •  Construction work culture consist with industrial construction •  Very different from what unemployed oil and gas workers are accustomed •  Geothermal energy likely to be implemented by existing energy/oil and gas companies Employee Value Proposition LOW (Solar and Wind operations) HIGH (Geothermal, design and head office) •  Head office and design similar to oil and gas head office and EPC •  Smaller companies maybe less sophisticated •  Operations work likely to require relocation to rural area and lower pay •  Geothermal energy could be implemented by existing oil and gas/ energy companies 28
  29. 29. RENEWABLE PROJECT LIFECYCLE AND EMPLOYERS Project Development Project Design & Approval Construction Operations and Maintenance Wind •  Project owner - Domestic and international •  Contracted professional services •  Project owner - Domestic and international •  EPC •  Project owner - Domestic and international •  EPC and local contractors •  Supply chain and logistics - International suppliers to AB •  Project owner becomes operator •  Turbine manufacturers •  Local contractors Solar •  Project owner •  Contracted professional services •  Project owner •  Contracted professional services •  Local contractors •  Supply chain and logistics •  International suppliers to AB •  Project owner becomes operator •  Local contractors Geothermal •  Project owner •  Contracted professional services •  Project owner •  EPC •  Contracted services - Professionals - Drilling - Well services - Rig transportation - Safety •  Project owner •  EPC and local contractors •  Contracted services - Professionals - Drilling - Well services - Rig transportation - Safety •  Project owner becomes operator •  Local contractors 29
  30. 30. WIND ENERGY Project Development Project Design & Approval Construction Operations and Maintenance KeyActivities •  Site and wind assessments •  Stakeholder consultations •  Environmental studies •  Land acquisition •  Permitting and interconnection approvals •  Financial analysis •  Supply chain negotiations •  Commercial negotiations •  Project management •  Bid preparation/writing •  Stakeholder consultations •  Wind farm and ancillary infrastructure design •  Bid preparation/writing •  Regulatory application, review and approval •  Power Purchase Agreement finalization •  Project management •  Site preparation •  Build access roads •  Prepare turbine foundation •  Assembly and installation of turbines •  Procurement of turbines •  Project Management •  Stakeholder communications •  Environmental, health and safety compliance •  Monitor and analyze farm and facility performance •  Conduct environmental surveys •  Perform preventive maintenance and repairs on turbines •  Market, regulatory, health & safety compliance •  Commercial and supply chain management •  Financial reporting FinalInvestmentDecision(FID) Occupational requirements are driven by the activities the industry is involved in 30
  31. 31. TRANSFERABILITY: DIRECT, REFOCUS OR REBOOT Occupational transition into wind energy from oil and gas is: If core qualifications, certifications, technical knowledge and skills and business processes, regulatory environment, customers/ stakeholders, and workplace culture and environment are: Direct essentially the same with a high likelihood of candidate’s recruitment and retention into wind energy Refocus very similar but candidate likely requires some skill and/or knowledge upgrading to increase likelihood of recruitment into wind energy Reboot dissimilar and candidate will need to invest significant effort and resources to qualify for position in wind energy 31
  32. 32. WIND: DIRECT, REFOCUS OR REBOOT Project Development Project Design & Approval Construction Operations and Maintenance KeyOccupationalRequirements •  Project manager •  Geologist/ Statistician •  Stakeholder engagement specialist •  Communications specialist •  Land acquisition specialist •  Environmental specialist •  Wildlife biologist •  Meteorologist •  Project engineer •  Supply chain specialist •  Commercial (power) specialist •  Financial analyst •  Stakeholder engagement specialist •  Design engineer •  Civil engineer •  Quality engineer •  Project engineer •  Regulatory specialist •  Permitting coordinator •  CAD/Engineering technologist •  Power systems-transmission engineer •  Environmental specialist •  Project manager •  Project/construction manager •  Industrial engineer •  Electrical engineer •  Quality engineer •  Trades •  Heavy equipment operators and construction labourers •  Logistician •  Wind turbine technician •  Stakeholder engagement specialist •  Environment, health and safety specialist •  Asset manager •  Site-plant manager •  Predictive and preventative maintenance specialist •  Wind turbine technician •  Balance of plant technician •  Blade technician •  Mechanical and electrical engineers •  Meteorological technician / statistician •  Environment, health and safety specialist •  Regulatory specialist •  Commercial specialist •  Supply chain specialist •  Financial analyst FinalInvestmentDecision(FID) 32
  33. 33. “FOOT-IN-THE-DOOR” REQUIREMENTS Focuses on new employment opportunities for the unemployed/under-employed oil and gas talent pool in targeted sectors §  “Foot-in-the-door” requirements - foundational qualifications, skills, experience and/or aptitudes required to compete with experienced candidates §  Transferability of skills of unemployed/under-employed oil and gas workers to occupations in targeted sectors assessed to be “direct”, requiring a “refocus” or a total “reboot” based §  For some sectors, the jobs already exist in oil and gas 33
  34. 34. WIND ENERGY: FOOT-IN-THE-DOOR REQUIREMENTS Oil & Gas Occupation Wind Requirements Stakeholder engagement •  Building and maintaining relationships with various stakeholders Land agent Surface landman •  Design and implement land acquisition plans for new development •  Work closely with landowners, local governments, and community organizations to gain support for proposed projects •  Work with lawyers, permitting specialists, engineers, and scientists to determine whether sites are suitable for development •  Lead the land purchasing or leasing process Environmental specialist/ technician •  Preparation of environmental applications for the acquisition of environmental approvals for resource development projects •  Understanding of environmental regulations and directives under the Alberta Environment and Parks, Alberta Utility Commission, and Alberta’s Sensitivity Species Inventory Guidelines •  Identify measures to minimize hazards to the health of the environment and the population Regulatory specialist Permitting coordinator •  Complete research and analysis on regulatory matters relating to utilities •  Assemble, and provide support of regulatory applications and compliance filings •  Experience with the permitting under Alberta Environmental Protection Act and those issued by NEB, AER, AUC, AESO, Transport Canada, etc. 34
  35. 35. WIND ENERGY: FOOT-IN-THE-DOOR (cont’d) Oil & Gas Occupation Wind Requirements CAD/Engineering technologist •  Experience with CAD applications including 3D modeling. •  Prepare engineering drawings/plans for large civil projects. Project/Electrical engineer •  Oversee the design, construction, and testing of electrical components and/or electrical, electronic, controls (SCADA) and/or power systems. •  Knowledge of utility standards, and electrical codes and standards. Electricians •  Installation and maintenance work on the energy systems. •  Install and connect wires to systems such as circuit breakers, transformers, and outlets. •  Install the electrical equipment that connects to the electrical grid. HS&E specialist •  Ensure adherence to all company health, safety and environmental standards, policies and procedures while maintaining on-going knowledge of local, provincial and federal guidelines. •  NCSO, CRSP, or equivalent certification 35
  36. 36. WIND ENERGY: FOOT-IN-THE-DOOR (cont’d) Oil & Gas Occupation Wind Requirements Electrical/Project engineer •  Support development and construction by integrating studies, layout designs, and managing procurement of components and services. •  Oversee the design, construction, and testing of electrical components and/or electrical, electronic, controls (SCADA) and/or power systems. •  Knowledge of electrical power systems including distribution and transmission system connections, utility standards, and electrical codes and standards. •  Knowledge of wind energy components, services required and supply chain. Civil/Structural engineer •  Design and oversee large construction projects. •  Design and test structural factors including roads, soil, concrete, foundations, and construction materials. •  Implement environmental protection measures. •  Knowledge of wind energy systems/farm foundations Quality engineer •  Develop processes, procedures and systems that ensure components and processes meet quality standards and safety regulations. •  Document deficiencies and assess and document corrective actions. •  Knowledge of wind turbine components and wind energy systems. 36
  37. 37. WIND ENERGY: FOOT-IN-THE-DOOR (cont’d) Oil & Gas Occupation Wind Requirements Electrical/Mechanical/ Instrumentation technician Electrical (apprentice) •  Wind turbine technician, Blade technician •  Familiarity with maintenance and electronic testing equipment •  Clean and lubricate shafts, bearings, gears, and other machinery •  Completing Lock-Out-Tag-Out (LOTO), Tail Board and Test-Verify-Test •  Inspection of equipment, tools, and facilities for compliance with policies, governmental safety guidelines, and environmental regulations •  Ability to read, interpret and understand basic drawings and schematics. •  Wind turbine technician certification •  Work in confined spaces, at extreme heights and weather conditions •  Not suffer from motion sickness •  Class 5 license Geologist •  Identify and examine the underlying topography of a proposed wind farm and ensure the ground can support the weight of the wind structures •  Make recommendations on where to place the turbines, and provide guidance on how to construct the foundations •  Greater focus on topography and surface features than sub-surface geology used for oil and gas 37
  38. 38. WIND ENERGY SOURCES & RESOURCES Outlook and general information ▪  http://www.energy.alberta.ca/OurBusiness/bioenergy.asp ▪  Alberta major projects inventory: http://majorprojects.alberta.ca ▪  https://www.aeso.ca/grid/projects/?type%5B%5D=9 ▪  http://www.mapreach.ca/alberta/ ▪  https://www.mhc.ab.ca/newsandevents/stories/2017/march/seedreport ▪  https://www.calgaryeconomicdevelopment.com/industries/focus-areas/renewable-energy/ Wind ▪  https://canwea.ca 38
  39. 39. WIND ENERGY SOURCES & RESOURCES (cont’d) Jobs and career planning (some US sources but good information) ▪  https://energy.gov/eere/education/clean-energy-jobs-and-career-planning ▪  https://www.bls.gov/green/greencareers.htm ▪  http://geo-energy.org/pdf/reports/GreenJobs_Through_Geothermal_Energy_Final_Oct2010.pdf ▪  https://canwea.ca/news-release/2017/09/27/wind-energy-sector-poised-deliver-3-7b-local-spending- alberta-companies-now-2030/ ▪  https://solaralberta.ca/directory/renewable-energy-education ▪  https://solaralberta.ca/classes 39
  40. 40. RENEWABLE ENERGY TRAINING Post-secondary and Industry led ▪  Grid Works Energy ▪  Iron & Earth ▪  Solar Skills ▪  Lethbridge Community College ▪  Lakeland College ▪  Northern Lights College ▪  SAIT ▪  NAIT ▪  North American Board of Certified Energy Practitioners (NABCEP) •  Entry level knowledge assessment, professional certification and company accreditation programs for renewable energy professionals ▪  Solar Energy International ▪  https://solaralberta.ca/classes Industry Associations ▪  Decentralised Energy Canada (DEC) •  Project viability, training, technology analysis, project valuations, financing and deal structuring, climate regulations and offset qualifications ▪  Women in Renewable Energy (WIRE) ▪  CanWEA, CanSIA and CanGea https://www.calgaryeconomicdevelopment.com/industries/ focus-areas/renewable-energy/ 40
  41. 41. WHERE DO YOU WANT TO GO NEXT? ▪  Sector transferability ▪  Occupation transferability ▪  Detailed career information for: •  Wind Energy •  Solar Energy •  Geothermal Energy •  Methane Emissions Reduction •  Petrochemical 41
  42. 42. SOLAR ENERGY Project Development Project Design & Approval Construction Operations and Maintenance KeyActivities •  Stakeholder consultations •  Site assessment (land, solar and offtake) •  Environmental studies •  Land acquisition/ agreement •  Permitting and interconnection approvals •  Stakeholder consultations •  Infrastructure design •  Regulatory application, review and approval •  Power Purchase Agreement finalization •  Bid preparation/writing •  Procurement planning (global supply chain) •  Procurement •  Site preparation •  PV installation •  Regulatory, health & safety compliance •  Monitor and analyze performance •  Perform preventive maintenance and repairs •  Market, regulatory, environmental, health & safety compliance •  Commercial and supply chain management •  Financial reporting FinalInvestmentDecision(FID) Occupational requirements are driven by the activities the industry is involved in (utility-scale PV operation) 42
  43. 43. TRANSFERABILITY: DIRECT, REFOCUS OR REBOOT Occupational transition into solar energy from oil and gas is: If core qualifications, certifications, technical knowledge and skills and business processes, regulatory environment, customers/ stakeholders, and workplace culture and environment are: Direct essentially the same with a high likelihood of candidate’s recruitment and retention into solar energy Refocus very similar but candidate likely requires some skill and/or knowledge upgrading to increase likelihood of recruitment into solar energy Reboot dissimilar and candidate will need to invest significant effort and resources to qualify for position in solar energy 43
  44. 44. SOLAR: DIRECT, REFOCUS OR REBOOT Project Development Project Design & Approval Construction Operations and Maintenance KeyOccupationalRequirements •  Stakeholder engagement specialist •  Land acquisition/ agreement specialist •  Environmental specialist •  Site assessor •  Wildlife biologist •  Commercial (power) specialist •  Financial analyst •  Stakeholder engagement specialist •  Design/Electrical engineer •  Civil/Structural engineer •  Project engineer •  Supply chain specialist •  CAD/Engineering technologist •  Power systems- transmission engineer •  Regulatory specialist •  Environmental specialist •  Project/Construction manager •  Supply chain specialist •  Electrical inspector •  Solar installation technician •  Construction electrician •  Power system electrician •  Power lineman •  Environment, health and safety specialist •  Heavy equipment operators and construction labourers •  Site manager •  Solar technicians •  Environment, health and safety specialist FinalInvestmentDecision(FID) 44
  45. 45. “FOOT-IN-THE-DOOR” REQUIREMENTS Focuses on new employment opportunities for the unemployed/under-employed oil and gas talent pool in targeted sectors ▪  “Foot-in-the-door” requirements - foundational qualifications, skills, experience and/or aptitudes required to compete with experienced candidates ▪  Transferability of skills of unemployed/under-employed oil and gas workers to occupations in targeted sectors assessed to be “direct”, requiring a “refocus” or a total “reboot” based ▪  For some sectors, the jobs already exist in oil and gas 45
  46. 46. SOLAR ENERGY: FOOT-IN-THE-DOOR REQUIREMENTS Oil & Gas Occupation Solar Requirements Stakeholder engagement •  Building and maintaining relationships with various stakeholders Land agent Surface landman •  Design and implement land acquisition plans for new development •  Work closely with landowners, local governments, and community organizations to gain support for proposed projects •  Work with lawyers, permitting specialists, engineers, and scientists to determine whether sites are suitable for development •  Lead the land purchasing or leasing process Environmental specialist/ technician •  Preparation of environmental applications for the acquisition of environmental approvals for resource development projects •  Understanding of environmental regulations and directives under the Alberta Environment and Parks, Alberta Utility Commission, and Alberta’s Sensitivity Species Inventory Guidelines •  Identify measures to minimize hazards to the health of the environment and the population Regulatory specialist Permitting coordinator •  Complete research and analysis on regulatory matters relating to utilities •  Assemble, and provide support of regulatory applications and compliance filings •  Experience with the permitting under Alberta Environmental Protection Act and those issued by NEB, AER, AUC, AESO, Transport Canada, etc. 46
  47. 47. SOLAR ENERGY: FOOT-IN-THE-DOOR (cont’d) Oil & Gas Occupation Solar Requirements HS&E specialist •  Ensure adherence to all company health, safety and environmental standards, policies and procedures while maintaining on-going knowledge of local, provincial and federal guidelines •  NCSO, CRSP, or equivalent certification CAD/Engineering technologist •  Experience with CADD applications including 3D modeling •  Prepare engineering drawings/plans for large civil projects Design/Electrical engineer •  Typically an Electrical engineer •  Understand the basic components of a photovoltaic system and the impact of location and shading •  Design of photovoltaic systems to match performance requirements to photovoltaic equipment specifications including modules, power optimizers, mounting systems, inverters, charge controllers and batteries •  Applying the Canadian Electrical Code and National Building Code to PV System design with a focus on grid-tie PV systems and battery-based systems 47
  48. 48. SOLAR ENERGY: FOOT-IN-THE-DOOR (cont’d) Oil & Gas Occupation Solar Requirements Civil/Structural engineer •  Design and oversee construction projects •  Design and test structural factors including roads, soil, concrete, foundations, and construction materials •  Evaluation of structural loads on solar array support structures •  Prepare foundation designs for solar arrays and related equipment. •  Implement environmental protection measures •  Develop erosion and sediment control plans Electrical inspector •  Electrician or electrical apprentice, CSA Electrical Code certification •  Familiarity with photovoltaic (PV) technology to be able to identify proper and improper installation methods and equipment •  Ensure compliance with Electrical code for grid-interactive, and stand alone and Energy Storage Systems •  Document deficiencies and assess and document corrective actions 48
  49. 49. SOLAR ENERGY: FOOT-IN-THE-DOOR (cont’d) Oil & Gas Occupation Solar Requirements Electrical/Mechanical/ Instrumentation Technician Electrician (Apprentice) •  Solar installer/technician •  Familiarity with maintenance and electronic testing equipment •  Inspect, evaluate, test, clean, calibrate, and maintain solar module systems, mounting hardware, combiner fuse boxes, inverters, switchgear, circuit breakers, transformers, batteries, data acquisition systems, relays, programmable logic controllers, revenue meters, weather stations, fuel cell equipment, and other AC and DC equipment •  Completing Lock-Out-Tag-Out (LOTO), Tail Board and Test-Verify-Test •  Inspection of equipment, tools, and facilities for compliance with policies, governmental safety guidelines, and environmental regulations •  Solar technician certification •  NABCEP certification •  Work at heights •  Fall protection •  Class 5 license 49
  50. 50. SOLAR ENERGY: FOOT-IN-THE-DOOR (cont’d) Oil & Gas Occupation Solar Requirements Electrician •  Electrician or Electrical Apprentice •  Installation, interconnection, and termination of any conductors, conduits, and solar - specific equipment such as any inverters, solar modules, charge controllers, combiners, and storage systems •  Set up system as stand-alone or tied into the electricity grid Solar Installer/Technician •  Electrical troubleshooting, inverter diagnostics and repair, network integration and optimization •  Completing Lock-Out-Tag-Out (LOTO), Tail Board and Test-Verify-Test •  Inspection of equipment, tools, and facilities for compliance with policies, governmental safety guidelines, and environmental regulations •  Solar Technician certification •  NABCEP certification •  Work at heights •  Fall protection 50
  51. 51. ROOFTOP SOLAR INSTALLERS: FOOT-IN-THE-DOOR Oil & Gas Occupation Solar Requirements Roofer Plumber Electrician (apprentice) •  Solar/PV installer •  Comfortable working at heights; capable of lifting, moving and climbing a ladder •  Ready roof for installation and/or repair cuts or holes made during installation; waterproof around installed components •  System layout based on specific site characteristics •  Measure, cut, assemble, and bolt structural framing and solar modules •  Attach panels to roofs or ground mounts; wire and connect the system to an inverter •  Ensure installed equipment, structures, or materials are code and safety compliance •  Final installation of solar modules complete by electrician •  Work at heights •  Fall protection Government support for micro-generation projects that it likely to drive rooftop solar installations. 51
  52. 52. SOLAR ENERGY SOURCES & RESOURCES Outlook and general information ▪  http://www.energy.alberta.ca/OurBusiness/bioenergy.asp ▪  Alberta major projects inventory: http://majorprojects.alberta.ca ▪  https://www.aeso.ca/grid/projects/?type%5B%5D=9 ▪  http://www.mapreach.ca/alberta/ ▪  https://www.mhc.ab.ca/newsandevents/stories/2017/march/seedreport ▪  https://www.calgaryeconomicdevelopment.com/industries/focus-areas/renewable-energy/ Solar ▪  https://solaralberta.ca ▪  http://www.cansia.ca 52
  53. 53. SOLAR ENERGY SOURCES & RESOURCES (cont’d) Jobs and career planning (some US sources but good information) ▪  https://energy.gov/eere/education/clean-energy-jobs-and-career-planning ▪  https://www.bls.gov/green/greencareers.htm ▪  http://geo-energy.org/pdf/reports/GreenJobs_Through_Geothermal_Energy_Final_Oct2010.pdf ▪  https://canwea.ca/news-release/2017/09/27/wind-energy-sector-poised-deliver-3-7b-local-spending- alberta-companies-now-2030/ ▪  https://solaralberta.ca/directory/renewable-energy-education ▪  https://solaralberta.ca/classes 53
  54. 54. RENEWABLE ENERGY TRAINING Post-secondary and Industry led ▪  Grid Works Energy ▪  Iron & Earth ▪  Solar Skills ▪  Lethbridge Community College ▪  Lakeland College ▪  Northern Lights College ▪  SAIT ▪  NAIT ▪  North American Board of Certified Energy Practitioners (NABCEP) •  Entry level knowledge assessment, professional certification and company accreditation programs for renewable energy professionals ▪  Solar Energy International ▪  https://solaralberta.ca/classes Industry Associations ▪  Decentralised Energy Canada (DEC) •  Project viability, training, technology analysis, project valuations, financing and deal structuring, climate regulations and offset qualifications ▪  Women in Renewable Energy (WIRE) ▪  CanWEA, CanSIA and CanGea https://www.calgaryeconomicdevelopment.com/industries/ focus-areas/renewable-energy/ 54
  55. 55. WHERE DO YOU WANT TO GO NEXT? ▪  Sector transferability ▪  Occupation transferability ▪  Detailed career information for: •  Wind Energy •  Solar Energy •  Geothermal Energy •  Methane Emissions Reduction •  Petrochemical 55
  56. 56. GEOTHERMAL ENERGY Project Development Project Design & Approval Construction Operations and Maintenance KeyActivities •  Stakeholder consultations •  Environmental studies •  Land acquisition •  Appraisal of geothermal characteristics •  Permitting and interconnection approvals •  Exploration and feasibility drilling •  Stakeholder consultations •  Infrastructure design •  Regulatory application, review and approval •  Contracting of services •  Site preparation •  Build access roads •  Power plant construction •  Field development •  Conversion of the hot water from geothermal source to steam to power a turbine and generator to produce electricity •  Monitor and analyze performance •  Conduct environmental surveys •  Perform preventive maintenance and repairs FinalInvestmentDecision(FID) Occupational requirements are driven by the activities the industry is involved in 56
  57. 57. TRANSFERABILITY: DIRECT, REFOCUS OR REBOOT Occupational transition into geothermal energy from oil and gas is: If core qualifications, certifications, technical knowledge and skills and business processes, regulatory environment, customers/ stakeholders, and workplace culture and environment are: Direct essentially the same with a high likelihood of candidate’s recruitment and retention into geothermal energy Refocus very similar but candidate likely requires some skill and/or knowledge upgrading to increase likelihood of recruitment into geothermal energy Reboot dissimilar and candidate will need to invest significant effort and resources to qualify for position in geothermal energy 57
  58. 58. GEOTHERMAL: DIRECT, REFOCUS OR REBOOT Project Development Project Design & Approval Construction Operations and Maintenance KeyOccupationalRequirements •  Geologist •  Stakeholder engagement specialist •  Communication specialist •  Archeologists •  Land acquisition specialist •  Environmental specialist •  Wildlife biologist •  Hydrologists •  Environmental specialist •  Project engineer •  Supply chain specialist •  Commercial (power) specialist •  Financial analyst •  Project management •  Stakeholder engagement specialist •  Geoscientists •  Drilling engineers •  GIS specialist •  Driller •  Well services operators (casing, cementing, testers) •  Rig transportation •  Environmental, health and safety specialist •  Design engineer •  Civil engineer •  Quality engineer •  Project engineer •  Automation engineer •  CAD/Engineering technologist •  Power systems-transmission engineer •  Project/Construction manager •  Electrical engineer •  Mechanical engineer •  Quality engineer •  Construction trades •  Heavy equipment operators and construction labourers •  Drillers •  Well services operators (casing, cementing, well testers) •  Environmental, health and safety compliance •  Plant manager •  Plant technician •  Control room/panel operator •  Field operator •  Predictive and preventative maintenance specialist •  Maintenance trades •  Mechanical engineer •  Electrical engineer •  Environmental, health and safety specialist •  Regulatory specialist •  Stakeholder engagement specialist •  Supply chain specialistFinalInvestmentDecision(FID) 58
  59. 59. “FOOT-IN-THE-DOOR” REQUIREMENTS Focuses on new employment opportunities for the unemployed/under-employed oil and gas talent pool in targeted sectors ▪  “Foot-in-the-door” requirements - foundational qualifications, skills, experience and/or aptitudes required to compete with experienced candidates ▪  Transferability of skills of unemployed/under-employed oil and gas workers to occupations in targeted sectors assessed to be “direct”, requiring a “refocus” or a total “reboot” based ▪  For some sectors, the jobs already exist in oil and gas 59
  60. 60. GEOTHERMAL JOBS ALREADY IN OIL & GAS Stakeholder engagement specialists Supply chain professionals Land acquisition specialist Health, safety and environmental specialists Technicians/Technologists – Facility, Instrumentation, Electronic, Mechanical, Civil Drilling crews, Well service operators, Rig transportation Engineers – Design, Civil, Quality, Project, Mechanical, Facility/Operations, Process, Chemical, Petroleum, Environmental, Drilling Maintenance trades: Welders, Electricians, Insulators, Instrumentation technicians Field production operators/technicians Regulatory specialists Plant and Control room operators Government relations specialists May require updating on technology, equipment, regulations and reporting to maintain currency in field of practice 60
  61. 61. GEOTHERMAL ENERGY: FOOT-IN-THE-DOOR REQUIREMENTS Oil & Gas Occupation Geothermal Requirements Automation engineer •  Develop instrumentation and controls deliverables including: shutdown keys; control narratives; control system architecture; control panel design; instrument datasheets; instrument index; calculations •  Piping & Instrumentation Design (P&ID) development •  Support HAZOP and other process safety assessment, evaluation, and design •  Knowledge of electric power system protection and control, integration and/or automation and communications applications Geoscientists - Geologist - Geophysicist •  Identify and examine the topography and geologic makeup of a geothermal site •  Study maps and charts to ensure that a site will be able to supply adequate geothermal energy •  Use knowledge of different kinds of rock to make recommendations on the most cost- effective areas to drill •  Help to monitor a plant’s location for seismic activity and attempt to predict the threat of earthquakes 61
  62. 62. GEOTHERMAL SOURCES & RESOURCES Outlook and general information ▪  http://www.energy.alberta.ca/OurBusiness/bioenergy.asp ▪  Alberta major projects inventory: http://majorprojects.alberta.ca ▪  https://www.aeso.ca/grid/projects/?type%5B%5D=9 ▪  http://www.mapreach.ca/alberta/ ▪  https://www.mhc.ab.ca/newsandevents/stories/2017/march/seedreport ▪  https://www.calgaryeconomicdevelopment.com/industries/focus-areas/renewable-energy/ Geothermal ▪  https://www.cangea.ca ▪  https://www.epochenergy.ca ▪  http://www.pembina.org/pub/heat-seeking ▪  http://www.terrapingeo.com ▪  http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/edmonton/hinton-geothermal-energy-abandoned-wells-alberta-1.4308997 62
  63. 63. GEOTHERMAL SOURCES & RESOURCES Jobs and career planning (some US sources but good information) ▪  https://energy.gov/eere/education/clean-energy-jobs-and-career-planning ▪  https://www.bls.gov/green/greencareers.htm ▪  http://geo-energy.org/pdf/reports/GreenJobs_Through_Geothermal_Energy_Final_Oct2010.pdf ▪  https://canwea.ca/news-release/2017/09/27/wind-energy-sector-poised-deliver-3-7b-local-spending-alberta- companies-now-2030/ ▪  https://solaralberta.ca/directory/renewable-energy-education ▪  https://solaralberta.ca/classes 63
  64. 64. RENEWABLE ENERGY TRAINING Post-secondary and Industry led ▪  Grid Works Energy ▪  Iron & Earth ▪  Solar Skills ▪  Lethbridge Community College ▪  Lakeland College ▪  Northern Lights College ▪  SAIT ▪  NAIT ▪  North American Board of Certified Energy Practitioners (NABCEP) •  Entry level knowledge assessment, professional certification and company accreditation programs for renewable energy professionals ▪  Solar Energy International ▪  https://solaralberta.ca/classes Industry Associations ▪  Decentralised Energy Canada (DEC) •  Project viability, training, technology analysis, project valuations, financing and deal structuring, climate regulations and offset qualifications ▪  Women in Renewable Energy (WIRE) ▪  CanWEA, CanSIA and CanGea https://www.calgaryeconomicdevelopment.com/industries/ focus-areas/renewable-energy/ 64
  65. 65. WHERE DO YOU WANT TO GO NEXT? ▪  Sector transferability ▪  Occupation transferability ▪  Detailed career information for: •  Wind Energy •  Solar Energy •  Geothermal Energy •  Methane Emissions Reduction •  Petrochemical 65
  66. 66. RATIONALE FOR ASSESSMENT AGRI-BUSINESS
  67. 67. AGRI-BUSINESS: ACTIVITY OUTLOOK •  The Agricultural industry in Alberta includes a variety of establishments or services – Agri-tech emerging in importance to support productivity •  Most businesses are small •  89,200 employees in 2015 ▪  Approximately 70% in animal and crop production ▪  Approximately 30% in food & beverage manufacturing •  Employment is expected to decrease at an average rate of -0.1% from 2016 to 2019, however, some growth may occur in primary production (animal and crop) •  Shortages expected to continue in two key occupations: •  Managers - the single largest occupational group, and its labour gap-to-demand ratio is expected to rise from 10% to 27%. •  General farm workers - already have a high gap-to-demand ratio 67
  68. 68. AGRI-BUSINESS: TRANSFERABILITY Technical LOW •  Managers need to know a lot of specialized information •  Technology applications being handled by technicians within farm equipment sales and support service providers (proprietary) •  Food manufacturing – high use of mechanization and production line operations – heavy users of TFW program •  Labourers – large part of workforce – OJT provided Nature of Work LOW •  Physical work; fine motor skills •  Working with animals or machinery •  Menial work, such as picking •  Work environment - bad odours •  Seasonality, long work hours and overtime Employee Value Proposition LOW •  Alignment with individual values is key attractor •  Wages are well below the Canadian average Employers discover laid-off oil workers have little interest in lower-paying agricultural jobs – Western Producer, September 17, 2015 68
  69. 69. AGRI-BUSINESS SOURCES & RESOURCES General ▪  http://www.communityeconomicdevelopment.alberta.ca ▪  Alberta major projects inventory: http://majorprojects.alberta.ca ▪  https://www.calgaryeconomicdevelopment.com/research-and-reports/resource-library-2/resource-library/ ▪  http://www.atb.com/learn/economics/Pages/default.aspx Agri-Business ▪  https://www.fcc-fac.ca/content/dam/fcc/knowledge/ag-economist/Economic-Outlook-Report-Agribusiness-2017- en.pdf ▪  https://www.calgaryeconomicdevelopment.com/industries/focus-areas/agribusiness/ ▪  https://www.cahrc-ccrha.ca ▪  http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$Department/deptdocs.nsf/all/agp14322 ▪  https://www.producer.com/2015/09/oilfield-slowdown-not-creating-farm-worker-flood/ 69
  70. 70. WHERE DO YOU WANT TO GO NEXT? ▪  Sector transferability ▪  Occupation transferability ▪  Detailed career information for: •  Wind Energy •  Solar Energy •  Geothermal Energy •  Methane Emissions Reduction •  Petrochemical 70
  71. 71. RATIONALE FOR ASSESSMENT SUPPLY CHAIN
  72. 72. SUPPLY CHAIN: OUTLOOK §  Energy, construction and manufacturing sectors all identify supply chain logistics (and in particular, transportation) as being critical to their success §  The changes in oil and commodity prices between 2015 and 2016 made a substantial difference to the overall economic outlook as did declining growth expectations for the Chinese and other Asian economies §  As of 2016, there were approximately 109,375 workers in the in the Supply Chain sector labour force within Alberta (excluding truck drivers) •  By 2021, this number is expected to grow to 119,278 (increase of 9%) §  Largest proportion (23%) works in manufacturing, followed at a distant second by transportation and warehousing (at 11%) §  Calgary is the North American hub for the Pacific Northwest by road, rail and air and is able to move products and people in a manner unparalleled elsewhere in the region •  Over two million square feet of high quality warehousing is currently under construction §  Edmonton is a designated Foreign Trade Zone and has the only direct full freighter service linking mainland China with Canada through Air China Cargo 72
  73. 73. SUPPLY CHAIN: OUTLOOK (cont’d) §  Key Demand Drivers: Attrition (35,000 jobs) and economic growth (15,000 jobs) §  Jobs in Demand: •  Transportation managers •  Computer and Information systems managers •  Customs, ship and other brokers •  Purchasing agents and officers §  Amazon Fulfillment Centre to be located in Balzac will create 750 new jobs when it is completed by the end of 2018. •  Distribution centre staff will pack and ship orders received from online customers •  Current postings: Area Mgr., IT Mgr. and Support Engineer, HR, Sales, Loss Prevention, EHS •  Expected hiring for August 2018: software development, business analysis, inventory management, engineering (process, capacity/ demand planning, maintenance, systems), warehouse-related 73
  74. 74. SUPPLY CHAIN: TRANSFERABILITY Technical MEDIUM •  High levels of transferability between many of the business support occupations •  Need for strong skills in collaboration, innovation, strategic use of diverse knowledge sets, and the ability to work as part of a complex team Nature of Work LOW •  Some larger companies but a variety of sectors •  Factors most likely to have a negative impact are frequency of on-call work (32%), frequency of shift work (26%), and remote work location (20%) Employee Value Proposition MEDIUM •  Factors most likely to have a positive impact on job satisfaction relate to flexible work arrangements, support for further education and a family-friendly work environment •  Pay somewhat lower in warehousing/logistics and wholesale trade, and significantly lower in manufacturing as compared to average in mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction Calgary is on the road to being a distribution hub – while its growing, its slow. Jerome Gerber, Supply Chain Management Consultant, ISIS Ventures 74
  75. 75. SUPPLY CHAIN SOURCES & RESOURCES General ▪  http://www.communityeconomicdevelopment.alberta.ca ▪  Alberta major projects inventory: http://majorprojects.alberta.ca ▪  https://www.calgaryeconomicdevelopment.com/research-and-reports/resource-library-2/resource-library/ ▪  http://www.atb.com/learn/economics/Pages/default.aspx Supply Chain ▪  http://www.supplychaincanada.org/en/ ▪  https://en.cscsc.essentialskillsgroup.com ▪  http://www.lmionline.ca/projects/apgc/ ▪  http://www.vanhorneinstitute.com/research-and-education/publications/ 75
  76. 76. WHERE DO YOU WANT TO GO NEXT? ▪  Sector transferability ▪  Occupation transferability ▪  Detailed career information for: •  Wind Energy •  Solar Energy •  Geothermal Energy •  Methane Emissions Reduction •  Petrochemical 76
  77. 77. RATIONALE FOR ASSESSMENT PETROCHEMICAL
  78. 78. PETROCHEMICAL: OUTLOOK §  Manufacturing centres are in the Edmonton and Red Deer regions; head offices in Calgary - directly employs 9,500 people §  Two new petrochemical projects approved through Round 1 of Alberta’s Petrochemical Diversification Program 1.  Inter Pipeline is constructing The Heartland Petrochemical Complex, an integrated propane dehydrogenation and polypropylene facility in Strathcona County •  $3.1b investment •  Construction is scheduled for completion and operations to begin in late 2021 •  Over 13,000 direct and indirect jobs over the 4 year construction period •  180 employees will be required to operate the plant •  Engineering for facilities is 70 – 85% complete (Linde Engineering and Fluor) What we’re doing is incentivizing industry to look for those opportunities, extract ethane and keep it here in the province rather than shipping it out. Margaret McCuaig-Boyd, Alberta Energy Minister 78
  79. 79. PETROCHEMICAL: OUTLOOK (cont’d) 2.  Canada Kuwait Petrochemical Corporation (CKPC), a joint venture between Pembina Pipeline Corporate and Petrochemical Industries Company of Kuwait, is progressing a proposed integrated propylene and polypropylene facility to be located in Sturgeon County near Pembina's Redwater Complex •  Estimated $4.0b investment •  FEED awarded to Jacobs Engineering (Dec 2017), expected to be completed late 2018 and followed by a FID •  Honeywell will provide the process design package, proprietary and non-proprietary equipment, on- site operator training, technical services for startup and continuing operation •  Approximately 150 operating and head office jobs §  Round 2 of the program has been announced: §  $500 million available in royalty credits §  Scope broadened to include ethane in addition to methane and propane 79
  80. 80. PETROCHEMICAL: OUTLOOK (cont’d) Petrochemical feedstock infrastructure (methane, propane and ethane) §  Incent investment in infrastructure to recover natural gas liquids §  Field extraction, straddle plants, and fractionation plants §  Petrochemical sector could also benefit: §  Increased demand for natural gas to bridge the transition away from coal power generation §  Positive investment decision in BC LNG project 80
  81. 81. SELECTED WAGE COMPARISONS *Source: Global Energy Talent Index (GETI) 2018 •  Report is based on survey of 20,826 respondents, from 163 countries and analysis of 64,000 job postings and hiring data from contract and permanent placements made by report authors (Airswift and Energy Jobline) •  Salary data presented Is based on six-years experience and averaged across Canada, US and Mexico 81 Occupation North American Average ($US)* Alberta Labour Information System (ALIS) ($CDN) Oil and Gas Petrochemicals Provincial Average Chemical engineer 115,370 94,800 107,370 Construction manager 120,390 112,220 99,195 Electrical/Instrumentation engineer 114,075 92,040 98,530 HSE manager 124,980 90,040 99,195 Mechanical engineer 123,400 109,000 107,815 Maintenance trade/technician 82,500 75,000 83,730
  82. 82. PETROCHEMICAL: TRANSFERABILITY Technical HIGH (EPC and O&M) LOW (Exploration professionals) •  Project design and engineering highly transferable •  High levels of transferability between petrochemical manufacturing and oil and gas operations including both business support and operations occupations including: •  Research & Technology, Engineering, Chemistry •  Laboratory technicians, Chemical technologists •  Business: Human resources, Supply chain specialists •  Environmental engineering/sciences •  Engineering: Chemical, Mechanical, Electrical, Civil •  Operations: Chemical engineering technologists, Power engineering technologists •  Maintenance (Including Apprenticeships): Mechanical technicians, Industrial maintenance (Millwrights), Instrumentation/Control engineering technologists, Electrical engineering technologist, Mechanical engineering technologists •  Does not require/hire engineers or techs with exploration experience 82
  83. 83. PETROCHEMICAL: TRANSFERABILITY (cont’d) Nature of Work HIGH •  Larger companies with well established policies and structures •  Plant operations and head office work •  Petrochemical industry more unionized Employee Value Proposition HIGH •  Some oil and gas companies also have petrochemical operations •  Employee value proposition between oil and gas and petrochemical very similar because they compete for talent •  Wages, benefits, career development opportunities, etc. 83
  84. 84. PETROCHEMICALS Project Development Project Design & Approval Construction Operations and Maintenance KeyActivities •  Stakeholder consultations •  Land acquisition •  Environmental studies •  Front-end engineering and design (FEED) •  Feasibility study •  Stakeholder consultations •  Detailed engineering and design •  Regulatory application, permitting, review and approval •  Project management •  Procurement and material management •  Site preparation •  Offsite fabrication •  Build access roads •  Plant construction •  Start-up and commissioning •  Process operation that converts feedstock into chemicals used in the manufacturing of a wide range of products •  Monitor and analyze performance •  Perform preventative maintenance and repairs •  Market, regulatory, health & safety compliance •  Commercial and supply chain management •  Financial reporting FinalInvestmentDecision(FID) Occupational requirements are driven by the activities the industry is involved in 84
  85. 85. TRANSFERABILITY: DIRECT, REFOCUS OR REBOOT Occupational transition into petrochemicals from oil and gas is: If core qualifications, certifications, technical knowledge and skills and business processes, regulatory environment, customers/ stakeholders, and workplace culture and environment are: Direct essentially the same with a high likelihood of candidate’s recruitment and retention into petrochemical manufacturing Refocus very similar but candidate likely requires some skill and/or knowledge upgrading to increase likelihood of recruitment into petrochemical manufacturing Reboot dissimilar and candidate will need to invest significant effort and resources to qualify for position in petrochemical manufacturing 85
  86. 86. PETROCHEMICAL: DIRECT, REFOCUS OR REBOOT Project Development Project Design & Approval Construction Operations and Maintenance KeyOccupationalRequirements •  Stakeholder engagement specialist •  Communication specialist •  Project engineer •  Supply chain specialist •  Commercial specialist •  Financial analyst •  Project manager •  Design engineer •  Civil engineer •  Quality engineer •  Project engineer •  Process engineer •  Automation engineer •  CAD/Engineering technologist •  Regulatory specialist •  Stakeholder engagement specialist •  Communications specialist •  GIS specialists •  Environmental, health and safety specialist •  Project/Construction manager •  Electrical engineer •  Mechanical engineer •  Automation engineer •  Quality engineer •  Construction trades •  Heavy equipment operators and construction labourers •  Environmental, health and safety compliance •  Plant manager •  Plant technicians •  Control room/Panel operator •  Predictive and preventative maintenance specialists •  Maintenance trades •  Mechanical engineer •  Electrical engineer •  Process engineer •  Environmental, health and safety specialist •  Regulatory specialist •  Stakeholder engagement specialist •  Supply chain specialist FinalInvestmentDecision(FID) 86
  87. 87. “FOOT-IN-THE-DOOR” REQUIREMENTS Focuses on new employment opportunities for the unemployed/under-employed oil and gas talent pool in targeted sectors ▪  “Foot-in-the-door” requirements - foundational qualifications, skills, experience and/or aptitudes required to compete with experienced candidates ▪  Transferability of skills of unemployed/under-employed oil and gas workers to occupations in targeted sectors assessed to be “direct”, requiring a “refocus” or a total “reboot” based ▪  For some sectors, the jobs already exist in oil and gas 87
  88. 88. PETROCHEMICAL: FOOT-IN-THE-DOOR REQUIREMENTS Oil & Gas Occupation Petrochemical Requirements Stakeholder engagement •  Building and maintaining relationships with various stakeholders Environmental specialist/ technician •  Preparation of environmental applications for the acquisition of environmental approvals for capital development projects •  Experience with the permitting under Alberta Environmental Protection Act and those issued by Transport Canada, etc. •  Identify measures to minimize hazards to the health of the environment and the population •  Assemble, and provide support of regulatory applications and compliance filings Regulatory specialist Permitting coordinator •  Assessment of emerging regulatory policies and changing requirements •  Assess and manage technical and non-technical risks that could come up during the regulatory process •  Provide regulatory expertise during unplanned events or incidents and report to the appropriate regulatory agencies •  Review internal and external reports to regulatory agencies •  Ensure timely completion of facility’s compliance and reporting obligations •  Provide regulatory support to the Emergency Response Team 88
  89. 89. PETROCHEMICAL: FOOT-IN-THE-DOOR (cont’d) Oil & Gas Occupation Petrochemical Requirements CAD/engineering technologist •  Experience with CAD applications including 3D modeling •  Prepare engineering drawings/plans for large civil projects Electrical engineer •  Design, construction, and testing of electrical components and/or electrical, electronic, controls (SCADA) or power systems •  Knowledge of electrical codes and standards Electricians •  Installation and maintenance work on the energy systems •  Install and connect wires to systems such as circuit breakers, transformers, and outlets •  Install the electrical equipment that connects to the electrical grid HS&E specialist •  Ensure adherence to all company health, safety and environmental standards, policies and procedures while maintaining on-going knowledge of local, provincial and federal guidelines •  Monitor various worker safety and process safety management key performance indicators and advise management on areas of opportunity •  Respond to emergency situations and lead incident investigations •  Monitor and report on audit, inspection and incident corrective actions •  NCSO, CRSP, or equivalent certification 89
  90. 90. PETROCHEMICAL: FOOT-IN-THE-DOOR (cont’d) Oil & Gas Occupation Petrochemical Requirements Project Engineer •  Experience with mechanical and/or electrical designs and installations •  Responsible for planning, scheduling, conducting, and coordinating assigned engineering work •  Monitor work for compliance to applicable codes, accepted engineering practices, and related regulations •  Process Hazard Analysis including what-if, fault tree, HAZOP, checklist, and other forms of risk assessment •  Oversee fabrication, verification of proper installation, perform function checks and commission equipment Civil Engineer •  Knowledge of industrial civil and structural design for buildings, structural steel and concrete, roads, surface drainage design, underground utilities, geotechnical and general civil site work •  Knowledge of applicable design and building codes, engineering systems, calculations, methods, construction methods/materials, and software •  Knowledge of engineered lifts in accordance with codes, Building Code Quality Management Plan and project management practices 90
  91. 91. PETROCHEMICALS: FOOT-IN-THE-DOOR (cont’d) Oil & Gas Occupation Petrochemical Requirements Mechanical Engineer •  Execution of projects that improve the reliability and efficiency of the plant operation •  Resolve mechanical issues associated with the safety, reliability and integrity of the piping and pressure vessels •  Analyze, troubleshoot, and resolve mechanical equipment problems and issues together with plant teams •  Lead investigations and complete reports and recommendations on preventative measures •  Assist as a technical resource in the safe and reliable operation and maintenance of the plant •  Contribute to shutdown plans; overhaul plans, and preventative maintenance plans •  Knowledge of process equipment codes, standards and integrity requirements to support design and maintenance requirements 91
  92. 92. PETROCHEMICALS: FOOT-IN-THE-DOOR (cont’d) Oil & Gas Occupation Petrochemical Requirements Quality Engineer •  Develop processes, procedures and systems that ensure components and processes meet quality standards and safety regulations •  Document deficiencies and assess and document corrective actions •  Knowledge of process manufacturing systems and equipment Automation Engineer •  Implementation of process control solutions to capture improvement opportunities •  Develop process control strategies for process technologies •  Program control applications for various distributed control systems •  Write simulation applications in order to verify functionality of the control program and for training plant operators •  Participate in project commissioning and startup activities, including tuning of control loops •  Plant troubleshooting skills and programming •  Experience on industrial state based control and advanced control •  Knowledge of safety instrumented systems (SIS) 92
  93. 93. PETROCHEMICALS: FOOT-IN-THE-DOOR (cont’d) Oil & Gas Occupation Petrochemical Requirements Process engineer (project development) •  Model processes and units operations and calculate data for process flow sheets including instrumentation and control considerations •  Prepare specifications and operating instructions for equipment •  Develop process flow diagram to define heat and material balance •  Develop process specifications for process equipment such as distillation columns, pressure vessels, pumps, compressors, heat exchangers, and fired heaters •  Planning, cost development and management, and scheduling •  Ensure construction, installation, and operational testing conform to functional specifications, recognized codes and standards, and customer requirements •  Facilitate risk and hazard assessments Process engineer (operations) •  Experience and training with process control systems, DCS & PLC systems and plant information systems •  Identify opportunities to improve process effectiveness and efficiency •  Assist in the simulation, modeling and optimization studies of process operation •  Support turnaround maintenance, tuning, and troubleshooting •  Identify areas for improvement, and development of cost/benefit analyses 93
  94. 94. PETROCHEMICAL SOURCES & RESOURCES General ▪  http://www.communityeconomicdevelopment.alberta.ca ▪  Alberta major projects inventory: http://majorprojects.alberta.ca ▪  https://www.calgaryeconomicdevelopment.com/research-and-reports/resource-library-2/resource-library/ ▪  http://www.atb.com/learn/economics/Pages/default.aspx Petrochemical ▪  http://www.energy.alberta.ca/EnergyProcessing/4130.asp ▪  http://industrialheartland.com/investor-information/developments-and-projects/ http://www.interpipeline.com/operations/constructionprojects/heartland-complexcfm.cfm ▪  http://www.pembina.com/about-us/projects/ ▪  https://www.newswire.ca/news-releases/canada-kuwait-petrochemical-corp-chooses-honeywell-technology-for-new-complex- in-alberta-633834523.html ▪  https://www.alberta.ca/release.cfm?xID=4495520E69E0C-DE88-1617-49C3B3BEDFB06497 ▪  https://www.alberta.ca/release.cfm?xID=535454AB4487B-B9C8-DF56-118B256539213C5B 94
  95. 95. WHERE DO YOU WANT TO GO NEXT? ▪  Sector transferability ▪  Occupation transferability ▪  Detailed career information for: •  Wind Energy •  Solar Energy •  Geothermal Energy •  Methane Emissions Reduction •  Petrochemical 95
  96. 96. RATIONALE FOR ASSESSMENT CLEANTECH
  97. 97. CLEANTECH: OUTLOOK Renewable electricity Energy efficiency Carbon capture and storage Water recycling Emissions reduction Land reclamation Adapted from Natural Resources Canada Energy Fact Book 2016-2017 Much of Alberta’s adoption of clean technologies will be done by and/or in collaboration with traditional energy companies. 97 Energy sector Includes: •  Extraction •  Production •  Transmission •  Power generation •  Distribution And the use of: •  Crude oil •  Bitumen •  Natural gas •  Coal •  Uranium Clean technology includes: •  Transportation •  Air, water, land remediation •  Waste and recycling •  Water production and efficiency •  Agriculture practices and land use •  Advanced materials
  98. 98. CLEANTECH: OUTLOOK §  Cleantech companies employ 2,000 people in Alberta; 92% plan to grow their staff. •  Engineers constitute 23% of Canadian clean technology workforce §  Skills gaps remain in international business development, international sales, and capital raising. §  40% of companies involved in mitigating methane emissions expect to double their headcount due to impending regulations •  80% job growth will occur within the next 12 – 18 months •  Two types of companies/providers: technology services and field operations (upstream and oil sands) •  Four streams of activity: 1.  Technology development 2.  Leak detection and repair (LDAR) 3.  Venting reduction 4.  Measurement, monitoring and reporting (MMR) 98
  99. 99. CLEANTECH: OUTLOOK §  Current focus of cleantech in Alberta is carbon offsets and methane emissions reduction §  Future driver will be GoC’s plans to implement a clean fuel standard focusing on reducing carbon intensity across the lifecycle of fuels, from production to use, reducing GHGs along the value chain of individual fuels and incenting innovation and technology •  Will result in a broader focus on energy consumption and management for all fuel types, engine fuel management, fuel efficiency and types and energy sources including renewable energy §  Other evolving opportunities expected for reduced environmental impacts of air, water, and land •  Orphan well reclamation and abandonment work is an example 99
  100. 100. CLEANTECH: TRANSFERABILITY Technical HIGH •  Engineers constitute 23 percent of the people working in Canadian clean technology •  Many of the services and occupations required to implement cleantech already work in oil and gas •  May require upgrading knowledge of regulations and impact on industry; true for existing employees as well •  Software programming required by cleantech not found within oil and gas Nature of Work MEDIUM •  Similarities include working in teams of professionals, creative problem-solving, business acumen •  Difference: working in smaller companies including start-ups; potentially less sophisticated organizational structure; entrepreneurial culture Employee Value Proposition HIGH •  Cleantech pays well: above Alberta’s median wage and close to the average in oil and gas •  An opportunity to remain in oil and gas industry Much of Alberta’s transition to Cleantech will be done by and/or in collaboration with traditional oil and gas companies. 100
  101. 101. METHANE EMISSIONS REDUCTION Technology Development Services Leak Detection & Repair (LDAR) Venting Reduction Measurement, Monitoring & Reporting (MMR) KeyActivities •  Development of information, communication and technology (ICT) and mechanical equipment to detect, reduce and measure emissions •  Ongoing testing, development and industrial application of clean technologies •  Design and install automated wellsites and facilities •  Installation of sensing equipment •  Onsite emissions detection –  Operation of handheld devices, cameras, drones, etc. •  Remote sensing of emissions – operating equipment •  Repair of emission source •  Wellsite automation •  Manufacturing and installation of emission controls (existing and new technology) •  Upgrading of mechanical and ICT systems –  Conversion from pneumatics –  Capture fugitive emissions –  Engine fuel management •  Operation, maintenance and repair of oil and gas mechanical systems designed to reduce emissions •  Supply chain management •  Managing retrofit programs, inventory control and tracking regulatory development •  Conduct quantitative emissions leak rate measurement •  Quality assurance through development of detailed: –  Inspection protocols –  Technical procedures –  Training requirements –  Performance audits •  Maintain emission calculations, validation of data, identification of new calculations and systems updates required to respond to changes in regulatory reporting •  Managing carbon offsets, carbon taxes, etc. •  Analyzing data to identify operations and maintenance improvements at wellsite and facility level Occupational requirements are driven by the activities the industry is involved in 101
  102. 102. TRANSFERABILITY: DIRECT, REFOCUS OR REBOOT Occupational transition into methane emissions reduction from oil and gas is: If core qualifications, certifications, technical knowledge and skills and business processes, regulatory environment, customers/ stakeholders, and workplace culture and environment are: Direct essentially the same with a high likelihood of candidate’s recruitment and retention into methane emissions reduction Refocus very similar but candidate likely requires some skill and/or knowledge upgrading to increase likelihood of recruitment into methane emissions reduction Reboot dissimilar and candidate will need to invest significant effort and resources to qualify for position in methane emissions reduction 102
  103. 103. METHANE EMISSIONS REDUCTION: DIRECT, REFOCUS OR REBOOT Technology Development Services Leak Detection & Repair (LDAR) Venting Reduction Measurement, Monitoring & Reporting (MMR) KeyActivities •  Software engineer •  Software developer •  Database analyst and administrator •  Information systems testing, network testing, and user support •  Automation engineer •  Electrical/Instrumentation designer •  Mechanical designer •  Process engineer •  Instrumentation technician •  Detection technician •  Instrumentation technician •  Electronic technician •  Mechanical technician •  Trades: Welder, Electrician, Insulator •  Engineers – Mechanical, Facility/ operations, Chemical, Petroleum, Environmental •  Technicians/ technologists – Facility, Instrumentation, Electronic, Mechanical •  Field production operator •  Supply chain professional •  Health, safety and environmental specialist •  Gas sampling and analysis technician •  Measurement specialist •  Environmental specialist/ advisors •  Regulatory specialist •  Government relations specialist •  Production accountants •  Tax accountant •  Field production operator/ technician •  Instrumentation technician •  Software programmer •  Database analysts and administrator 103
  104. 104. “FOOT-IN-THE-DOOR” REQUIREMENTS Focuses on new employment opportunities for the unemployed/under-employed oil and gas talent pool in targeted sectors ▪  “Foot-in-the-door” requirements - foundational qualifications, skills, experience and/or aptitudes required to compete with experienced candidates ▪  Transferability of skills of unemployed/under-employed oil and gas workers to occupations in targeted sectors assessed to be “direct”, requiring a “refocus” or a total “reboot” based ▪  For some sectors, the jobs already exist in oil and gas 104
  105. 105. METHANE EMISSIONS JOBS ALREADY IN OIL & GAS Production accountant Tax accountant Supply chain professionals Instrumentation technician Health, safety and environmental Specialists Technicians/Technologists – Facility, Instrumentation, Electronic, Mechanical Gas sampling and analysis technician Engineers – Mechanical, Facility/Operations, Process, Chemical, Petroleum, Environmental Trades: Welder, Electrician, Insulator, Instrumentation technician Field production operator/technician Regulatory specialist Measurement specialists Government relations specialist May require updating on technology, equipment, regulations and reporting to maintain currency in field of practice 105
  106. 106. METHANE EMISSIONS REDUCTION: FOOT-IN- THE-DOOR REQUIREMENTS Oil & Gas Occupation Cleantech Requirements Automation engineer •  Electrical design/installation experience •  Knowledge of industry regulations, standards and practices •  Understanding of instrumentation and control technology with common engineering tools and work processes •  Experience with analytical, SCADA, DCS and PLC systems and system integration •  Additional training may be needed on automation of equipment for emissions detection, measurement and reduction Electrical/ Instrumentation designer •  Prepare design, drawings and specifications •  Knowledgeable with the Canadian Electrical Code •  Proficient in Schematic Design (AutoCAD). 3D Design (AutoPLANT, Plant 3D) •  Provide wiring details for electrical designs •  Additional training may be needed on instrumentation of equipment for emissions detection, measurement and reduction 106
  107. 107. METHANE EMISSIONS REDUCTION: FOOT-IN- THE-DOOR REQUIREMENTS (cont’d) Oil & Gas Occupation Cleantech Requirements Mechanical designer •  Knowledge of design procedures, specifications and engineering software/simulation tools •  Estimate costs and materials •  Participate in machinery installation, repair, maintenance and inspection •  Additional training may be needed on mechanical equipment for emissions detection, measurement and reduction Mechanical technician Instrumentation technician Engineering technologist •  Detection technician •  Conduct leak detection surveys using, remote sensing, handheld equipment and operations of cameras •  Collect and record data and prepare reports •  Calibrate and maintain equipment •  Additional training on equipment for emissions detection, measurement and reduction 107
  108. 108. CLEANTECH SOURCES & RESOURCES ▪  http://analytica-advisors.com/publications/2017-canadian-clean-technology-report-launch ▪  http://www.methanealliance.ca/publications.html ▪  http://www.columbiainstitute.ca/resources/jobs-tomorrow-canada-s-building-trades-and-net-zero-emissions ▪  https://www.actia.ca ▪  http://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/099.nsf/eng/h_00000.html ▪  https://www.calgaryeconomicdevelopment.com/industries/focus-areas/energy/clean-tech-report/ ▪  http://aep.alberta.ca/climate-change/guidelines-legislation/specified-gas-emitters-regulation/offset-credit-system- protocols.aspx 108
  109. 109. WHERE DO YOU WANT TO GO NEXT? ▪  Sector transferability ▪  Occupation transferability ▪  Detailed career information for: •  Wind Energy •  Solar Energy •  Geothermal Energy •  Methane Emissions Reduction •  Petrochemical 109
  110. 110. OCCUPATIONAL TRANSFERABILITY Assessment of available supply of unemployed and under-employed oil and gas occupations
  111. 111. TRANSFERABILITY: DIRECT, REFOCUS OR REBOOT Occupational transition into targeted sector from oil and gas is: If core qualifications, certifications, technical knowledge and skills and business processes, regulatory environment, customers/ stakeholders, and workplace culture and environment are: Direct essentially the same with a high likelihood of candidate’s recruitment and retention into targeted sector Refocus very similar but candidate likely requires some skill and/or knowledge upgrading to increase likelihood of recruitment into targeted sector Reboot dissimilar and candidate will need to invest significant effort and resources to qualify for position in targeted sector 111
  112. 112. OCCUPATIONAL TRANSFERABILITY SUMMARY Click on sector for more information about occupational qualification, skill and knowledge requirements Focus is on occupations in supply from unemployed/under-employed oil and gas talent pool Oil & Gas Occupations Wind Solar Geothermal Methane Emissions Reduction Petrochemical Manufacturing Stakeholder engagement specialist • • • n/a n/a Land acquisition specialist • • • n/a n/a Environmental specialist • • • • • Electrical engineer • • • • • CAD/Engineering technologist • • • • • Mechanical engineer • n/a • • • Project engineer • • • • • Quality engineer • • • • • 112
  113. 113. OCCUPATIONAL TRANSFERABILITY SUMMARY (CONT’D) Click on sector for more information about occupational qualification, skill and knowledge requirements Focus is on occupations in supply from unemployed/under-employed oil and gas talent pool Oil & Gas Occupations Wind Solar Geothermal Methane Emissions Reduction Petrochemical Manufacturing Civil engineer • • • • • Regulatory specialist • • • • • Mechanical/Electrical/ Instrumentation technician • • • • • Process engineer n/a n/a n/a • • Automation engineer n/a n/a • • • Supply chain specialist • • • • • Design engineer • • • • • Geologist • n/a • n/a n/a 113
  114. 114. WHERE DO YOU WANT TO GO NEXT? ▪  Sector transferability ▪  Occupation transferability ▪  Detailed career information for: •  Wind Energy •  Solar Energy •  Geothermal Energy •  Methane Emissions Reduction •  Petrochemical 114

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