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Reading creationism in the web archive: a utopian dream, a conspiracy theory and a moral panic

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Reading creationism in the web archive: a utopian dream, a conspiracy theory and a moral panic

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Slides for a paper given at the ReSAW conference 'Web Archives as Scholarly Sources', Aarhus (Denmark), June 2015

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  1. 1. Reading creationism in the web archive: a utopian dream, a conspiracy theory and a moral panic Peter Webster Webster Research and Consulting @pj_webster
  2. 2. Creationism ? • non-evolutionary account of human origins • modern • a long history • a feature of some parts of evangelicalism • (anti-evolutionism, Intelligent Design)
  3. 3. Three questions A justified conspiracy theory about marginalisation of creationist voices? A real danger or a moral panic (Truth in Science) ? The web as friend of the marginalised opinion?
  4. 4. Data: UK Host Link Graph (1996-2010) 1996 | appserver.ed.ac.uk | portico.bl.uk 1 1996 | art-www.acorn.co.uk | portico.bl.uk 1 1996 | astra.ich.ucl.ac.uk | portico.bl.uk 1 1996 | back.niss.ac.uk | portico.bl.uk 1 1996 | beta.bids.ac.uk | portico.bl.uk 2 19GB, available at: http://tinyurl.com/kon2eve
  5. 5. Approach • selection of key UK creationist sites • extraction of all unique inbound referring hosts for 1996-2010 • inspection and classification
  6. 6. Caveats on method • partial nature of the dataset • benchmarking of absolute numbers • selective sample • what does a link mean, anyway ? • not looking at number of linking resources per host
  7. 7. Truth in Science: how significant? • only 46 unique inbound hosts • … of which many were other creationists or secularist sites • two churches, one school • fewer in 2010 than 2007
  8. 8. Conclusions • a utopian dream unfulfilled • a genuine moral panic • a justified conspiracy theory?
  9. 9. Questions ? Peter Webster peter@websterresearchconsulting.com @pj_webster peterwebster.me websterresearchconsulting.com

Description

Slides for a paper given at the ReSAW conference 'Web Archives as Scholarly Sources', Aarhus (Denmark), June 2015

Transcript

  1. 1. Reading creationism in the web archive: a utopian dream, a conspiracy theory and a moral panic Peter Webster Webster Research and Consulting @pj_webster
  2. 2. Creationism ? • non-evolutionary account of human origins • modern • a long history • a feature of some parts of evangelicalism • (anti-evolutionism, Intelligent Design)
  3. 3. Three questions A justified conspiracy theory about marginalisation of creationist voices? A real danger or a moral panic (Truth in Science) ? The web as friend of the marginalised opinion?
  4. 4. Data: UK Host Link Graph (1996-2010) 1996 | appserver.ed.ac.uk | portico.bl.uk 1 1996 | art-www.acorn.co.uk | portico.bl.uk 1 1996 | astra.ich.ucl.ac.uk | portico.bl.uk 1 1996 | back.niss.ac.uk | portico.bl.uk 1 1996 | beta.bids.ac.uk | portico.bl.uk 2 19GB, available at: http://tinyurl.com/kon2eve
  5. 5. Approach • selection of key UK creationist sites • extraction of all unique inbound referring hosts for 1996-2010 • inspection and classification
  6. 6. Caveats on method • partial nature of the dataset • benchmarking of absolute numbers • selective sample • what does a link mean, anyway ? • not looking at number of linking resources per host
  7. 7. Truth in Science: how significant? • only 46 unique inbound hosts • … of which many were other creationists or secularist sites • two churches, one school • fewer in 2010 than 2007
  8. 8. Conclusions • a utopian dream unfulfilled • a genuine moral panic • a justified conspiracy theory?
  9. 9. Questions ? Peter Webster peter@websterresearchconsulting.com @pj_webster peterwebster.me websterresearchconsulting.com

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