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  1. 1.  An inflammatory condition of the lung— especially affecting the microscopic air sacs (alveoli)—associated with fever, chest symptoms, and a lack of air space (consolidation) on a chest X-ray. Typically caused by an infection but there are a number of other causes. Infectious agents include: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and Parasites.
  2. 2. Signs/Symptoms
  3. 3.  when they have just gotten over a cold. starts off as a cold/flu and gets worse. Aspirating. sucking substances in the lungs (choking on food or drink). getting a bacteria such as Klebsiella can cause pneumonia.Period of Communicability:- is Unknown. Appears that transmission can occur as long as the organism is remains in respiratory secretions.
  4. 4.  Etiologic Agent: Streptococcus pneumoniae. Resistant to one or more commonly used antibiotics. Seven sero-types (6A, 6B, 9V, 14, 19A, 19F, and 23F) accounted for most DRSP before the introduction of 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7, Prevnar®, Wyeth) in the U.S. in 2000). Most antibiotic resistance today is found in serotype 19A, which is included in the new 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13, Prevnar13®, Pfizer) introduced in the U.S. in February 2010.
  5. 5. Methods of Control
  6. 6.  Stop smoking. Youre more likely to get pneumonia if you smoke. Avoid people who have Vaccines can prevent infections that sometimes common diseases that lead to pneumonia. sometimes lead to Stay away from people pneumonia, such as: who have colds, the flu, or other respiratory tract infections.  Measles. If you havent  Flu. had measles or chickenpo x or if you didnt get  Chickenpox. vaccines against these diseases, avoid people who have them. Wash your hands often. This helps prevent the spread of viruses and bacteria that may cause pneumonia.