An inflammatory condition of the lung— especially affecting the microscopic air sacs (alveoli)—associated with fever, chest symptoms, and a lack of air space (consolidation) on a chest X-ray. Typically caused by an infection but there are a number of other causes. Infectious agents include: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and Parasites.
when they have just gotten over a cold. starts off as a cold/flu and gets worse. Aspirating. sucking substances in the lungs (choking on food or drink). getting a bacteria such as Klebsiella can cause pneumonia.Period of Communicability:- is Unknown. Appears that transmission can occur as long as the organism is remains in respiratory secretions.
Etiologic Agent: Streptococcus pneumoniae. Resistant to one or more commonly used antibiotics. Seven sero-types (6A, 6B, 9V, 14, 19A, 19F, and 23F) accounted for most DRSP before the introduction of 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7, Prevnar®, Wyeth) in the U.S. in 2000). Most antibiotic resistance today is found in serotype 19A, which is included in the new 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13, Prevnar13®, Pfizer) introduced in the U.S. in February 2010.
Stop smoking. Youre more likely to get pneumonia if you smoke. Avoid people who have Vaccines can prevent infections that sometimes common diseases that lead to pneumonia. sometimes lead to Stay away from people pneumonia, such as: who have colds, the flu, or other respiratory tract infections. Measles. If you havent Flu. had measles or chickenpo x or if you didnt get Chickenpox. vaccines against these diseases, avoid people who have them. Wash your hands often. This helps prevent the spread of viruses and bacteria that may cause pneumonia.