Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia                               (Pre-1945 to Post-Reformasi)  ...
the birth of nationalism
the birth of nationalism                  1908        Budi Oetomo (BO)  formed by students of STOVIA in   Batavia (Jakarta...
1917               Balai Poestaka               Publishing house,                  disseminating            Bahasa Melayu/...
1922                                                 Taman Siswa                                         alternative schoo...
1922                                                 Taman Siswa                                         alternative schoo...
1922                                                 Taman Siswa                                         alternative schoo...
1922                                                 Taman Siswa                                         alternative schoo...
1922                                                 Taman Siswa                                         alternative schoo...
1922                                                 Taman Siswa                                         alternative schoo...
1922                                                 Taman Siswa                                         alternative schoo...
1922                                                 Taman Siswa                                         alternative schoo...
independence, conflicts and control
17 August 1945  The proclamation of the Independence:Republic of Indonesia   independence, conflicts and control
1945-1949                              Independence/                              Revolution War                          ...
1945-1949                              Independence/                              Revolution War                          ...
1945-1949                              Independence/                              Revolution War                          ...
1945-1949                              Independence/                              Revolution War                          ...
1947—Bandung                                 1945-1949                                                   • Faculty of Fine...
1948—Bandung                                        Sanggar Jiwa Mukti                  1952—Bandung                      ...
1948—Bandung                                        Sanggar Jiwa Mukti                  1952—Bandung                      ...
1948—Bandung                                        Sanggar Jiwa Mukti                  1952—Bandung                      ...
1948—Bandung                                        Sanggar Jiwa Mukti                  1952—Bandung                      ...
1948—Bandung                                        Sanggar Jiwa Mukti                  1952—Bandung                      ...
1948—Bandung                                        Sanggar Jiwa Mukti                  1952—Bandung                      ...
1948—Bandung                                        Sanggar Jiwa Mukti                  1952—Bandung                      ...
new order, regimentation, new art movement
new order, regimentation, new art movement         1966       Tritura    Anti-Soekarno  Student Movement     11 March 1966...
new order, regimentation, new art movement         1966                     12 March 1967       Tritura                The...
15 December 1970                                                      Sanggar Dewata Indonesia                            ...
15 December 1970                                                      Sanggar Dewata Indonesia                            ...
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia
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Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia

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Draft/Preliminary Research Notes 2008/2009 - Pre 1945 to Post Reformasi.

Compiled by Enin Supriyanto.

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  • Mba Pitra sayang,
    slidenya menolong sekali karena saya lagi ada kelas contemporary art dan karena saya malas baca pustaka bahasa inggris, saya pilih fx harsono lalu nemu ini ......... dalam bahasa inggris ahhaha. terima kasih, mba'e :D
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  • Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia

    1. 1. Contemporary Art, Politics and Cultural Policies in Indonesia (Pre-1945 to Post-Reformasi) Draft/Preliminary Research Notes—2008/2009 by Enin Supriyanto © 2009 —goodbyenin@gmail.com
    2. 2. the birth of nationalism
    3. 3. the birth of nationalism 1908 Budi Oetomo (BO) formed by students of STOVIA in Batavia (Jakarta now)—known by the name "Sekolah Dokter Jawa" among Indonesians—is the first Indonesian youth organization with the biggest members/supporters. In their meetings and publication, they introduced the idea of "modernization and progress for the Javanese people", a form proto-Nationalism. Later on, some members wanted to push the idea further, emphasized the idea of "progress of Indies people as a nation". They believe that to achieve that they need political education and organization for the people. They established the first political party: Indische Partij (December 1912).
    4. 4. 1917 Balai Poestaka Publishing house, disseminating Bahasa Melayu/Indonesia in school books and literature.the birth of nationalism 1908 Budi Oetomo (BO) formed by students of STOVIA in Batavia (Jakarta now)—known by the name "Sekolah Dokter Jawa" among Indonesians—is the first Indonesian youth organization with the biggest members/supporters. In their meetings and publication, they introduced the idea of "modernization and progress for the Javanese people", a form proto-Nationalism. Later on, some members wanted to push the idea further, emphasized the idea of "progress of Indies people as a nation". They believe that to achieve that they need political education and organization for the people. They established the first political party: Indische Partij (December 1912).
    5. 5. 1922 Taman Siswa alternative schools system for Indonesian established by Ki Hadjar Dewantara in Jogja and Jakarta. In this school the ideas of Indonesian independence , nationalism were disseminated to their pupils. Visual art was one of the primary subject in their program. S. Soedjojono was studied and then taught in TS in Jakarta. 1926—INS Kayu Tanam (Indonesche Nederlandsche 1917 School) Balai Poestaka similar to Taman Siswa, a school Publishing house, established by Mohamad Syafei in disseminating Kayutanam, a village nearby Bahasa Melayu/Indonesia Bukittinggi, West Sumatra. in school books Wakidi, one of Indonesia’s famous and literature. landscape painter taught here.the birth of nationalism 1908 Budi Oetomo (BO) formed by students of STOVIA in Batavia (Jakarta now)—known by the name "Sekolah Dokter Jawa" among Indonesians—is the first Indonesian youth organization with the biggest members/supporters. In their meetings and publication, they introduced the idea of "modernization and progress for the Javanese people", a form proto-Nationalism. Later on, some members wanted to push the idea further, emphasized the idea of "progress of Indies people as a nation". They believe that to achieve that they need political education and organization for the people. They established the first political party: Indische Partij (December 1912).
    6. 6. 1922 Taman Siswa alternative schools system for Indonesian established by Ki Hadjar Dewantara in Jogja and Jakarta. In this school the ideas of Indonesian independence , nationalism were disseminated to their pupils. Visual art was one of the primary subject in their program. S. Soedjojono was studied and then taught in TS in Jakarta. 1926—INS Kayu Tanam (Indonesche Nederlandsche 1917 School) Balai Poestaka similar to Taman Siswa, a school Publishing house, established by Mohamad Syafei in disseminating Kayutanam, a village nearby Bahasa Melayu/Indonesia Bukittinggi, West Sumatra. in school books Wakidi, one of Indonesia’s famous and literature. landscape painter taught here.the birth of nationalism 1908 1928 Budi Oetomo (BO) Sumpah Pemuda (The Youth Oath: formed by students of STOVIA in One Nation, One Homeland, Batavia (Jakarta now)—known One Language) by the name "Sekolah Dokter Jawa" among Indonesians—is the first Indonesian youth organization with the biggest members/supporters. In their meetings and publication, they introduced the idea of "modernization and progress for the Javanese people", a form proto-Nationalism. Later on, some members wanted to push the idea further, emphasized the idea of "progress of Indies people as a nation". They believe that to achieve that they need political education and organization for the people. They established the first political party: Indische Partij (December 1912).
    7. 7. 1922 Taman Siswa alternative schools system for Indonesian established by Ki Hadjar Dewantara in Jogja and Jakarta. In this school the ideas of Indonesian independence , 1930 nationalism were disseminated to Polemik Kebudayaan their pupils. Visual art was one of (Great Cultural Debate the primary subject in their on Indonesian modern program. S. Soedjojono was cultural identity— Sutan Takdir Alisjahbana, studied and then taught in TS in Armijn Pane) Jakarta. 1926—INS Kayu Tanam (Indonesche Nederlandsche 1917 School) Balai Poestaka similar to Taman Siswa, a school Publishing house, established by Mohamad Syafei in disseminating Kayutanam, a village nearby Bahasa Melayu/Indonesia Bukittinggi, West Sumatra. in school books Wakidi, one of Indonesia’s famous and literature. landscape painter taught here.the birth of nationalism 1908 1928 Budi Oetomo (BO) Sumpah Pemuda (The Youth Oath: formed by students of STOVIA in One Nation, One Homeland, Batavia (Jakarta now)—known One Language) by the name "Sekolah Dokter Jawa" among Indonesians—is the first Indonesian youth organization with the biggest members/supporters. In their meetings and publication, they introduced the idea of "modernization and progress for the Javanese people", a form proto-Nationalism. Later on, some members wanted to push the idea further, emphasized the idea of "progress of Indies people as a nation". They believe that to achieve that they need political education and organization for the people. They established the first political party: Indische Partij (December 1912).
    8. 8. 1922 Taman Siswa alternative schools system for Indonesian established by Ki Hadjar Dewantara in Jogja and Jakarta. In this school the ideas of Indonesian independence , 1930 nationalism were disseminated to Polemik Kebudayaan their pupils. Visual art was one of (Great Cultural Debate the primary subject in their on Indonesian modern program. S. Soedjojono was cultural identity— Sutan Takdir Alisjahbana, studied and then taught in TS in Armijn Pane) Jakarta. 1926—INS Kayu Tanam (Indonesche Nederlandsche 1928-1930 1917 School) Kunstkring Balai Poestaka similar to Taman Siswa, a school Publishing house, established by Mohamad Syafei in Art Circle, Cultural Center, Kayutanam, a village nearby established by disseminating Dutch colonial government Bahasa Melayu/Indonesia Bukittinggi, West Sumatra. in Jakarta, Bandung, in school books Wakidi, one of Indonesia’s famous and other big cities and literature. landscape painter taught here. in Java & Sumatera.the birth of nationalism 1908 1928 Budi Oetomo (BO) Sumpah Pemuda (The Youth Oath: formed by students of STOVIA in One Nation, One Homeland, Batavia (Jakarta now)—known One Language) by the name "Sekolah Dokter Jawa" among Indonesians—is the first Indonesian youth organization with the biggest members/supporters. In their meetings and publication, they introduced the idea of "modernization and progress for the Javanese people", a form proto-Nationalism. Later on, some members wanted to push the idea further, emphasized the idea of "progress of Indies people as a nation". They believe that to achieve that they need political education and organization for the people. They established the first political party: Indische Partij (December 1912).
    9. 9. 1922 Taman Siswa alternative schools system for Indonesian established by Ki Hadjar Dewantara in Jogja and Jakarta. In this school the ideas of Indonesian independence , 1930 nationalism were disseminated to Polemik Kebudayaan their pupils. Visual art was one of (Great Cultural Debate the primary subject in their on Indonesian modern program. S. Soedjojono was cultural identity— Sutan Takdir Alisjahbana, studied and then taught in TS in Armijn Pane) Jakarta. 1936 Pita Maha established in Ubud, Bali 1926—INS Kayu Tanam by Cokorda Gde Agung, (Indonesche Nederlandsche 1928-1930 Walter Spies, Rudolf Bonnet 1917 School) Kunstkring Balai Poestaka similar to Taman Siswa, a school Publishing house, established by Mohamad Syafei in Art Circle, Cultural Center, Kayutanam, a village nearby established by disseminating Dutch colonial government Bahasa Melayu/Indonesia Bukittinggi, West Sumatra. in Jakarta, Bandung, in school books Wakidi, one of Indonesia’s famous and other big cities and literature. landscape painter taught here. in Java & Sumatera.the birth of nationalism 1908 1928 Budi Oetomo (BO) Sumpah Pemuda (The Youth Oath: formed by students of STOVIA in One Nation, One Homeland, Batavia (Jakarta now)—known One Language) by the name "Sekolah Dokter Jawa" among Indonesians—is the first Indonesian youth organization with the biggest members/supporters. In their meetings and publication, they introduced the idea of "modernization and progress for the Javanese people", a form proto-Nationalism. Later on, some members wanted to push the idea further, emphasized the idea of "progress of Indies people as a nation". They believe that to achieve that they need political education and organization for the people. They established the first political party: Indische Partij (December 1912).
    10. 10. 1922 Taman Siswa alternative schools system for Indonesian established by Ki Hadjar Dewantara in Jogja and Jakarta. In this school the ideas of Indonesian independence , 1930 nationalism were disseminated to Polemik Kebudayaan their pupils. Visual art was one of (Great Cultural Debate the primary subject in their on Indonesian modern program. S. Soedjojono was cultural identity— Sutan Takdir Alisjahbana, studied and then taught in TS in Armijn Pane) Jakarta. 1936 Pita Maha established in Ubud, Bali 1926—INS Kayu Tanam by Cokorda Gde Agung, (Indonesche Nederlandsche 1928-1930 Walter Spies, Rudolf Bonnet 1917 School) Kunstkring Balai Poestaka similar to Taman Siswa, a school Art Circle, Cultural Center, 1937 (1938?) Publishing house, established by Mohamad Syafei in PERSAGI Kayutanam, a village nearby established by disseminating Dutch colonial government (Indonesian Drawing Bahasa Melayu/Indonesia Bukittinggi, West Sumatra. in Jakarta, Bandung, Experts Assosiation in school books Wakidi, one of Indonesia’s famous and other big cities Founder: S. Sudjojono, Agus Djaja) and literature. landscape painter taught here. in Java & Sumatera.the birth of nationalism 1908 1928 Budi Oetomo (BO) Sumpah Pemuda (The Youth Oath: formed by students of STOVIA in One Nation, One Homeland, Batavia (Jakarta now)—known One Language) by the name "Sekolah Dokter Jawa" among Indonesians—is the first Indonesian youth organization with the biggest members/supporters. In their meetings and publication, they introduced the idea of "modernization and progress for the Javanese people", a form proto-Nationalism. Later on, some members wanted to push the idea further, emphasized the idea of "progress of Indies people as a nation". They believe that to achieve that they need political education and organization for the people. They established the first political party: Indische Partij (December 1912).
    11. 11. 1922 Taman Siswa alternative schools system for Indonesian established by Ki Hadjar Dewantara in Jogja and Jakarta. In this school the ideas of Indonesian independence , 1930 nationalism were disseminated to Polemik Kebudayaan their pupils. Visual art was one of (Great Cultural Debate the primary subject in their on Indonesian modern program. S. Soedjojono was cultural identity— Sutan Takdir Alisjahbana, studied and then taught in TS in Armijn Pane) Jakarta. 1936 Pita Maha established in Ubud, Bali 1926—INS Kayu Tanam by Cokorda Gde Agung, (Indonesche Nederlandsche 1928-1930 Walter Spies, Rudolf Bonnet 1917 School) Kunstkring Balai Poestaka similar to Taman Siswa, a school Art Circle, Cultural Center, 1937 (1938?) Publishing house, established by Mohamad Syafei in PERSAGI Kayutanam, a village nearby established by disseminating Dutch colonial government (Indonesian Drawing Bahasa Melayu/Indonesia Bukittinggi, West Sumatra. in Jakarta, Bandung, Experts Assosiation in school books Wakidi, one of Indonesia’s famous and other big cities Founder: S. Sudjojono, Agus Djaja) and literature. landscape painter taught here. in Java & Sumatera.the birth of nationalism 1908 1928 Sumpah Pemuda 1942-1945 Budi Oetomo (BO) Japanese Military Occupation/ (The Youth Oath: formed by students of STOVIA in One Nation, One Homeland, Pacific War Batavia (Jakarta now)—known One Language) 3 main institutions: by the name "Sekolah Dokter Jawa" among Indonesians—is • Sendenbu (Office for propaganda and press) the first Indonesian youth organization with the biggest • Keimin Bunka Shidosho (Cultural Center)—the members/supporters. In their main art and cultural center for writers, playwrights + meetings and publication, they theater, music, visual arts (painting) introduced the idea of "modernization and progress for • Poetera (Center for People Forces)—led by Soekarno the Javanese people", a form (later Indonesian first president), with its own art and proto-Nationalism. cultural program. Later on, some members wanted S. Soedjojono, Affandi, and Agus Djaja were teachers to push the idea further, and trainers for young artists in the cultural center emphasized the idea of "progress studio (probably the first time the term Sanggar was of Indies people as a nation". used). Some of the young astists: Zaini, Derachman, They believe that to achieve that Trubus, M. Balfas, Nashar.) they need political education and organization for the people. 1942-1945 They established the first Gunseikanbu Kokumin Tosyokyoku political party: Indische Partij Balai Pustaka during Japanese occupation (December 1912).
    12. 12. 1922 Taman Siswa alternative schools system for Indonesian established by Ki Hadjar Dewantara in Jogja and Jakarta. In this school the ideas of Indonesian independence , 1930 nationalism were disseminated to Polemik Kebudayaan their pupils. Visual art was one of (Great Cultural Debate the primary subject in their on Indonesian modern program. S. Soedjojono was cultural identity— Sutan Takdir Alisjahbana, studied and then taught in TS in Armijn Pane) Jakarta. 1936 Pita Maha established in Ubud, Bali 1926—INS Kayu Tanam by Cokorda Gde Agung, (Indonesche Nederlandsche 1928-1930 Walter Spies, Rudolf Bonnet 1917 School) Kunstkring Balai Poestaka similar to Taman Siswa, a school Art Circle, Cultural Center, 1937 (1938?) Publishing house, established by Mohamad Syafei in PERSAGI Kayutanam, a village nearby established by disseminating Dutch colonial government (Indonesian Drawing Bahasa Melayu/Indonesia Bukittinggi, West Sumatra. in Jakarta, Bandung, Experts Assosiation in school books Wakidi, one of Indonesia’s famous and other big cities Founder: S. Sudjojono, Agus Djaja) and literature. landscape painter taught here. in Java & Sumatera.the birth of nationalism 1908 1928 Sumpah Pemuda 1942-1945 17 August 1945 Budi Oetomo (BO) Japanese Military Occupation/ The proclamation (The Youth Oath: formed by students of STOVIA in One Nation, One Homeland, Pacific War of the Independence: Batavia (Jakarta now)—known One Language) Republic of Indonesia 3 main institutions: by the name "Sekolah Dokter Jawa" among Indonesians—is • Sendenbu (Office for propaganda and press) the first Indonesian youth organization with the biggest • Keimin Bunka Shidosho (Cultural Center)—the members/supporters. In their main art and cultural center for writers, playwrights + meetings and publication, they theater, music, visual arts (painting) introduced the idea of "modernization and progress for • Poetera (Center for People Forces)—led by Soekarno the Javanese people", a form (later Indonesian first president), with its own art and proto-Nationalism. cultural program. Later on, some members wanted S. Soedjojono, Affandi, and Agus Djaja were teachers to push the idea further, and trainers for young artists in the cultural center emphasized the idea of "progress studio (probably the first time the term Sanggar was of Indies people as a nation". used). Some of the young astists: Zaini, Derachman, They believe that to achieve that Trubus, M. Balfas, Nashar.) they need political education and organization for the people. 1942-1945 They established the first Gunseikanbu Kokumin Tosyokyoku political party: Indische Partij Balai Pustaka during Japanese occupation (December 1912).
    13. 13. independence, conflicts and control
    14. 14. 17 August 1945 The proclamation of the Independence:Republic of Indonesia independence, conflicts and control
    15. 15. 1945-1949 Independence/ Revolution War against the Ducth offensive political moves in international diplomacy and military forces. The Dutch military + police tried to occupy big cities in Java, Sumatera, and Sulawesi. To protect Indonesian sovereignity, the new government decided to move to Jogjakarta (1946), as temporary capital city/ government center. Young intellectuals, artists, students, 17 August 1945 guerillia fighters also move to Jogja supporting the nation The proclamation leaders. of the Independence:Republic of Indonesia independence, conflicts and control
    16. 16. 1945-1949 Independence/ Revolution War against the Ducth offensive political moves in international diplomacy and military forces. The Dutch military + police tried to occupy big cities in Java, Sumatera, and Sulawesi. To protect Indonesian sovereignity, the new government decided to move to Jogjakarta (1946), as temporary capital city/ government center. Young intellectuals, artists, students, 17 August 1945 guerillia fighters also move to Jogja supporting the nation The proclamation leaders. of the Independence:Republic of Indonesia independence, conflicts and control 1945-1949 Independence/Revolution War Most young artists moved to Jogja or other cities that were still safe (under the control of the new Republic government and guerillia groups.) 1946 — Seniman Indonesia Muda (SIM —Young Indonesian Artists) S. Soedjojono moved to Madiun (East Java) then to Solo (1947) and form SIM (Members: Trisno Soemardjo, Sudibyo, Sedyono; and later on some of the young artists from Jakarta: Nashar, Zaini, Nasyah Djamin, etc. SIM also opened their office and sanggar in Jogja, organised by Affandi, Hendra Gunawan, and friends. Because of disagreement on how Soedjojono organised SIM, Affandi and Hendra quitted from SIM and formed their own artists organisation Pelukis Rakyat (People Painters)
    17. 17. 1945-1949 Independence/ Revolution War against the Ducth offensive political moves in international diplomacy and military forces. The Dutch military + police tried to occupy big cities in Java, Sumatera, and Sulawesi. To protect Indonesian sovereignity, the new government decided to move to Jogjakarta (1946), as temporary capital city/ government center. Young intellectuals, artists, students, 17 August 1945 guerillia fighters also move to Jogja supporting the nation The proclamation leaders. of the Independence:Republic of Indonesia independence, conflicts and control 1945-1949 1950-1965 Independence/Revolution War National political tension escalated approaching the Most young artists moved to Jogja first general election (1955). or other cities that were still safe (under the control of All political parties formed the new Republic government and guerillia groups.) their own artist/cultural organizations. LEKRA was 1946 — Seniman Indonesia Muda one of the most active and (SIM —Young Indonesian Artists) influential, closely affiliated S. Soedjojono moved to Madiun (East Java) then to to the Indonesian Communist Solo (1947) and form SIM (Members: Trisno Party. Soemardjo, Sudibyo, Sedyono; and later on some of the young artists from Jakarta: Nashar, Zaini, Nasyah Djamin, etc. SIM also opened their office and sanggar in Jogja, organised by Affandi, Hendra Gunawan, and friends. Because of disagreement on how Soedjojono organised SIM, Affandi and Hendra quitted from SIM and formed their own artists organisation Pelukis Rakyat (People Painters)
    18. 18. 1945-1949 Independence/ Revolution War against the Ducth offensive political moves in international diplomacy and military forces. The Dutch military + police tried to occupy big cities in Java, Sumatera, and Sulawesi. To protect Indonesian sovereignity, the new government decided to move to Jogjakarta (1946), as temporary capital city/ government center. Young intellectuals, artists, students, 17 August 1945 guerillia fighters also move to The proclamation Jogja supporting the nation 17 August 1950 leaders. LEKRA of the Independence: People Cultural InstituteRepublic of Indonesia independence, conflicts and control 1945-1949 1950-1965 Independence/Revolution War National political tension escalated approaching the Most young artists moved to Jogja first general election (1955). or other cities that were still safe (under the control of All political parties formed the new Republic government and guerillia groups.) their own artist/cultural organizations. LEKRA was 1946 — Seniman Indonesia Muda one of the most active and (SIM —Young Indonesian Artists) influential, closely affiliated S. Soedjojono moved to Madiun (East Java) then to to the Indonesian Communist Solo (1947) and form SIM (Members: Trisno Party. Soemardjo, Sudibyo, Sedyono; and later on some of the young artists from Jakarta: Nashar, Zaini, Nasyah Djamin, etc. SIM also opened their office and sanggar in Jogja, organised by Affandi, Hendra Gunawan, and friends. Because of disagreement on how Soedjojono organised SIM, Affandi and Hendra quitted from SIM and formed their own artists organisation Pelukis Rakyat (People Painters)
    19. 19. 1947—Bandung 1945-1949 • Faculty of Fine Art and Design (FSRD)-ITB Independence/ Officially opened on 1 August 1947 under the name "Universitaire Revolution War Leergang Voor de Opleiding van Tekenleraren", then named in Bahasa against the Ducth offensive Indonesia "Balai Pendidikan Universiter Guru Gambar" (University political moves in international Education House for Drawing Lecturers"). diplomacy and military forces. 1950—Jogjakarta The Dutch military + police • Indonesian Fine Art 1 Februari 1959, officially transformed as state university, tried to occupy big cities in Java, Sumatera, and Sulawesi. Academy (ASRI) within Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB), To protect Indonesian officially opened on sovereignity, the new 15 January 1950 government decided to move to (even though the school was Jogjakarta (1946), as already in operation from temporary capital city/ 1949) government center. Young intellectuals, artists, students, 17 August 1945 guerillia fighters also move to The proclamation Jogja supporting the nation 17 August 1950 leaders. LEKRA of the Independence: People Cultural InstituteRepublic of Indonesia independence, conflicts and control 1945-1949 1950-1965 Independence/Revolution War National political tension escalated approaching the Most young artists moved to Jogja first general election (1955). or other cities that were still safe (under the control of All political parties formed the new Republic government and guerillia groups.) their own artist/cultural organizations. LEKRA was 1946 — Seniman Indonesia Muda one of the most active and (SIM —Young Indonesian Artists) influential, closely affiliated S. Soedjojono moved to Madiun (East Java) then to to the Indonesian Communist Solo (1947) and form SIM (Members: Trisno Party. Soemardjo, Sudibyo, Sedyono; and later on some of the young artists from Jakarta: Nashar, Zaini, Nasyah Djamin, etc. SIM also opened their office and sanggar in Jogja, organised by Affandi, Hendra Gunawan, and friends. Because of disagreement on how Soedjojono organised SIM, Affandi and Hendra quitted from SIM and formed their own artists organisation Pelukis Rakyat (People Painters)
    20. 20. 1948—Bandung Sanggar Jiwa Mukti 1952—Bandung Barli Sasmitawinata, Karnedi Sanggar Seniman Kartono Yudhokusumo 1949-1950—Jakarta 1959—Bandung Yin Hua Sanggar Rangga Gempol (Association of Chinese Painters) Barli Sasmitawinata Lee Manfong 1952—Jogjakarta 1947—Bandung 1945-1949 Pelukis Indonesia Muda • Faculty of Fine Art and Design (FSRD)-ITB Independence/ G. Sidharta S, Widayat Officially opened on 1 August 1947 under the name "Universitaire Revolution War Leergang Voor de Opleiding van Tekenleraren", then named in Bahasa against the Ducth offensive Indonesia "Balai Pendidikan Universiter Guru Gambar" (University political moves in international Education House for Drawing Lecturers"). diplomacy and military forces. 1950—Jogjakarta The Dutch military + police • Indonesian Fine Art 1 Februari 1959, officially transformed as state university, tried to occupy big cities in Java, Sumatera, and Sulawesi. Academy (ASRI) within Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB), To protect Indonesian officially opened on sovereignity, the new 15 January 1950 government decided to move to (even though the school was Jogjakarta (1946), as already in operation from temporary capital city/ 1949) government center. Young intellectuals, artists, students, 17 August 1945 guerillia fighters also move to The proclamation Jogja supporting the nation 17 August 1950 leaders. LEKRA of the Independence: People Cultural InstituteRepublic of Indonesia independence, conflicts and control 1945-1949 1950-1965 Independence/Revolution War National political tension escalated approaching the Most young artists moved to Jogja first general election (1955). or other cities that were still safe (under the control of All political parties formed the new Republic government and guerillia groups.) their own artist/cultural organizations. LEKRA was 1946 — Seniman Indonesia Muda one of the most active and (SIM —Young Indonesian Artists) influential, closely affiliated S. Soedjojono moved to Madiun (East Java) then to to the Indonesian Communist Solo (1947) and form SIM (Members: Trisno Party. Soemardjo, Sudibyo, Sedyono; and later on some of the young artists from Jakarta: Nashar, Zaini, Nasyah Djamin, etc. SIM also opened their office and sanggar in Jogja, organised by Affandi, Hendra Gunawan, and friends. Because of disagreement on how Soedjojono organised SIM, Affandi and Hendra quitted from SIM and formed their own artists organisation Pelukis Rakyat (People Painters)
    21. 21. 1948—Bandung Sanggar Jiwa Mukti 1952—Bandung Barli Sasmitawinata, Karnedi Sanggar Seniman Kartono Yudhokusumo 1949-1950—Jakarta 1959—Bandung Yin Hua Sanggar Rangga Gempol (Association of Chinese Painters) Barli Sasmitawinata Lee Manfong 1952—Jogjakarta 1947—Bandung 1945-1949 Pelukis Indonesia Muda • Faculty of Fine Art and Design (FSRD)-ITB Independence/ G. Sidharta S, Widayat Officially opened on 1 August 1947 under the name "Universitaire Revolution War Leergang Voor de Opleiding van Tekenleraren", then named in Bahasa against the Ducth offensive Indonesia "Balai Pendidikan Universiter Guru Gambar" (University political moves in international Education House for Drawing Lecturers"). diplomacy and military forces. 1950—Jogjakarta The Dutch military + police • Indonesian Fine Art 1 Februari 1959, officially transformed as state university, tried to occupy big cities in Java, Sumatera, and Sulawesi. Academy (ASRI) within Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB), To protect Indonesian officially opened on sovereignity, the new 15 January 1950 government decided to move to (even though the school was Jogjakarta (1946), as already in operation from temporary capital city/ 1949) government center. Young intellectuals, artists, students, 17 August 1945 guerillia fighters also move to The proclamation Jogja supporting the nation 17 August 1950 leaders. LEKRA of the Independence: People Cultural InstituteRepublic of Indonesia independence, conflicts and control 1945-1949 1950-1965 Independence/Revolution War National political tension escalated approaching the Most young artists moved to Jogja first general election (1955). or other cities that were still safe (under the control of All political parties formed the new Republic government and guerillia groups.) their own artist/cultural organizations. LEKRA was 1946 — Seniman Indonesia Muda one of the most active and (SIM —Young Indonesian Artists) influential, closely affiliated S. Soedjojono moved to Madiun (East Java) then to to the Indonesian Communist Solo (1947) and form SIM (Members: Trisno Party. 1950 Soemardjo, Sudibyo, Sedyono; and later on some of the Surat Kepercayaan Gelanggang young artists from Jakarta: Nashar, Zaini, Nasyah Young writers and artists (Chairil Anwar, Asrul Sani, Rivai Apin) Djamin, etc. announced their manifesto in Siasat magazine (October 1950) in which they stated that: they inherit not only Indonesian culture, but also world contemporary culture. And they believe that as artists they can shape the SIM also opened their office and sanggar in Jogja, new Indonesian cultural life; as they will always be aware of their organised by Affandi, Hendra Gunawan, and friends. relationship with the life Indonesian society. This manifesto published after Because of disagreement on how Soedjojono organised the death of Chairil Anwar (1949) and almost 9 months late then the initial SIM, Affandi and Hendra quitted from SIM and formed date it was written (Februrary 1950), probably because they want to their own artists organisation Pelukis Rakyat (People announced their diagreement towards Lekras "manifesto" stated in their Painters) preamble and the fact that some of their artists collectives ("Seniman Gelanggang" ) joined Lekra.
    22. 22. 1948—Bandung Sanggar Jiwa Mukti 1952—Bandung Barli Sasmitawinata, Karnedi Sanggar Seniman Kartono Yudhokusumo 1949-1950—Jakarta 1959—Bandung Yin Hua Sanggar Rangga Gempol (Association of Chinese Painters) Barli Sasmitawinata Lee Manfong 1952—Jogjakarta 1947—Bandung 1945-1949 Pelukis Indonesia Muda • Faculty of Fine Art and Design (FSRD)-ITB Independence/ G. Sidharta S, Widayat Officially opened on 1 August 1947 under the name "Universitaire Revolution War Leergang Voor de Opleiding van Tekenleraren", then named in Bahasa against the Ducth offensive Indonesia "Balai Pendidikan Universiter Guru Gambar" (University political moves in international Education House for Drawing Lecturers"). diplomacy and military forces. 1950—Jogjakarta The Dutch military + police • Indonesian Fine Art 1 Februari 1959, officially transformed as state university, tried to occupy big cities in Java, Sumatera, and Sulawesi. Academy (ASRI) within Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB), To protect Indonesian officially opened on sovereignity, the new 15 January 1950 1959—Jogjakarta government decided to move to (even though the school was Jogjakarta (1946), as Sanggar Bambu already in operation from temporary capital city/ Soenarto PR cs. 1949) government center. Young intellectuals, artists, students, Position itself as “non- 17 August 1945 guerillia fighters also move to political” artists collective, a The proclamation Jogja supporting the nation 17 August 1950 conflicting position and views leaders. LEKRA of the Independence: People Cultural Institute against Bumi TarungRepublic of Indonesia independence, conflicts and control 1945-1949 1950-1965 Independence/Revolution War National political tension escalated approaching the Most young artists moved to Jogja first general election (1955). or other cities that were still safe (under the control of All political parties formed the new Republic government and guerillia groups.) their own artist/cultural organizations. LEKRA was 1946 — Seniman Indonesia Muda one of the most active and (SIM —Young Indonesian Artists) influential, closely affiliated S. Soedjojono moved to Madiun (East Java) then to to the Indonesian Communist Solo (1947) and form SIM (Members: Trisno Party. 1950 Soemardjo, Sudibyo, Sedyono; and later on some of the Surat Kepercayaan Gelanggang young artists from Jakarta: Nashar, Zaini, Nasyah Young writers and artists (Chairil Anwar, Asrul Sani, Rivai Apin) Djamin, etc. announced their manifesto in Siasat magazine (October 1950) in which they stated that: they inherit not only Indonesian culture, but also world contemporary culture. And they believe that as artists they can shape the SIM also opened their office and sanggar in Jogja, new Indonesian cultural life; as they will always be aware of their organised by Affandi, Hendra Gunawan, and friends. relationship with the life Indonesian society. This manifesto published after Because of disagreement on how Soedjojono organised the death of Chairil Anwar (1949) and almost 9 months late then the initial SIM, Affandi and Hendra quitted from SIM and formed date it was written (Februrary 1950), probably because they want to their own artists organisation Pelukis Rakyat (People announced their diagreement towards Lekras "manifesto" stated in their Painters) preamble and the fact that some of their artists collectives ("Seniman Gelanggang" ) joined Lekra.
    23. 23. 1948—Bandung Sanggar Jiwa Mukti 1952—Bandung Barli Sasmitawinata, Karnedi Sanggar Seniman Kartono Yudhokusumo 1949-1950—Jakarta 1959—Bandung Yin Hua Sanggar Rangga Gempol (Association of Chinese Painters) Barli Sasmitawinata Lee Manfong 1952—Jogjakarta 1947—Bandung 1945-1949 Pelukis Indonesia Muda • Faculty of Fine Art and Design (FSRD)-ITB Independence/ G. Sidharta S, Widayat Officially opened on 1 August 1947 under the name "Universitaire Revolution War Leergang Voor de Opleiding van Tekenleraren", then named in Bahasa against the Ducth offensive Indonesia "Balai Pendidikan Universiter Guru Gambar" (University political moves in international Education House for Drawing Lecturers"). diplomacy and military forces. 1950—Jogjakarta The Dutch military + police • Indonesian Fine Art 1 Februari 1959, officially transformed as state university, tried to occupy big cities in Java, Sumatera, and Sulawesi. Academy (ASRI) within Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB), To protect Indonesian officially opened on sovereignity, the new 15 January 1950 1959—Jogjakarta government decided to move to (even though the school was Jogjakarta (1946), as Sanggar Bambu already in operation from temporary capital city/ Soenarto PR cs. 1949) 1961—Jogjakarta government center. Young Sanggar Bumi Tarung intellectuals, artists, students, Position itself as “non- Amrus Natalsja cs. 17 August 1945 guerillia fighters also move to political” artists collective, a The proclamation Jogja supporting the nation 17 August 1950 conflicting position and views Closely related to leaders. LEKRA LEKRA and PKI of the Independence: People Cultural Institute against Bumi TarungRepublic of Indonesia independence, conflicts and control 1945-1949 1950-1965 Independence/Revolution War National political tension escalated approaching the Most young artists moved to Jogja first general election (1955). or other cities that were still safe (under the control of All political parties formed the new Republic government and guerillia groups.) their own artist/cultural organizations. LEKRA was 1946 — Seniman Indonesia Muda one of the most active and (SIM —Young Indonesian Artists) influential, closely affiliated S. Soedjojono moved to Madiun (East Java) then to to the Indonesian Communist Solo (1947) and form SIM (Members: Trisno Party. 1950 Soemardjo, Sudibyo, Sedyono; and later on some of the Surat Kepercayaan Gelanggang young artists from Jakarta: Nashar, Zaini, Nasyah Young writers and artists (Chairil Anwar, Asrul Sani, Rivai Apin) Djamin, etc. announced their manifesto in Siasat magazine (October 1950) in which they stated that: they inherit not only Indonesian culture, but also world contemporary culture. And they believe that as artists they can shape the SIM also opened their office and sanggar in Jogja, new Indonesian cultural life; as they will always be aware of their organised by Affandi, Hendra Gunawan, and friends. relationship with the life Indonesian society. This manifesto published after Because of disagreement on how Soedjojono organised the death of Chairil Anwar (1949) and almost 9 months late then the initial SIM, Affandi and Hendra quitted from SIM and formed date it was written (Februrary 1950), probably because they want to their own artists organisation Pelukis Rakyat (People announced their diagreement towards Lekras "manifesto" stated in their Painters) preamble and the fact that some of their artists collectives ("Seniman Gelanggang" ) joined Lekra.
    24. 24. 1948—Bandung Sanggar Jiwa Mukti 1952—Bandung Barli Sasmitawinata, Karnedi Sanggar Seniman Kartono Yudhokusumo 1949-1950—Jakarta 1959—Bandung Yin Hua Sanggar Rangga Gempol (Association of Chinese Painters) Barli Sasmitawinata Lee Manfong 1952—Jogjakarta 1947—Bandung 1945-1949 Pelukis Indonesia Muda • Faculty of Fine Art and Design (FSRD)-ITB Independence/ G. Sidharta S, Widayat Officially opened on 1 August 1947 under the name "Universitaire Revolution War Leergang Voor de Opleiding van Tekenleraren", then named in Bahasa against the Ducth offensive Indonesia "Balai Pendidikan Universiter Guru Gambar" (University political moves in international Education House for Drawing Lecturers"). diplomacy and military forces. 1950—Jogjakarta The Dutch military + police • Indonesian Fine Art 1 Februari 1959, officially transformed as state university, tried to occupy big cities in Java, Sumatera, and Sulawesi. Academy (ASRI) within Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB), To protect Indonesian officially opened on sovereignity, the new 15 January 1950 1959—Jogjakarta government decided to move to (even though the school was Jogjakarta (1946), as Sanggar Bambu already in operation from temporary capital city/ Soenarto PR cs. 1949) 1961—Jogjakarta government center. Young Sanggar Bumi Tarung intellectuals, artists, students, Position itself as “non- Amrus Natalsja cs. 17 August 1945 guerillia fighters also move to political” artists collective, a The proclamation Jogja supporting the nation 17 August 1950 conflicting position and views Closely related to leaders. LEKRA LEKRA and PKI of the Independence: People Cultural Institute against Bumi TarungRepublic of Indonesia independence, conflicts and control 17 August 1963 1945-1949 1950-1965 Manifes Kebudayaan Independence/Revolution War National political tension A group of young writers, artists, escalated approaching the intellectuals published their Most young artists moved to Jogja first general election (1955). manifesto which perceived as or other cities that were still safe (under the control of All political parties formed “liberal” and “anti-revolutionary” by the new Republic government and guerillia groups.) their own artist/cultural the leftist-communist group. organizations. LEKRA was 1946 — Seniman Indonesia Muda one of the most active and 8 May 1964 (SIM —Young Indonesian Artists) influential, closely affiliated Soekarno, in favor with the leftist- S. Soedjojono moved to Madiun (East Java) then to to the Indonesian Communist communist writers/intellectuals, Solo (1947) and form SIM (Members: Trisno Party. 1950 officially banned “Manifes Soemardjo, Sudibyo, Sedyono; and later on some of the Surat Kepercayaan Gelanggang Kebudayaan.” young artists from Jakarta: Nashar, Zaini, Nasyah Young writers and artists (Chairil Anwar, Asrul Sani, Rivai Apin) Djamin, etc. announced their manifesto in Siasat magazine (October 1950) in which they stated that: they inherit not only Indonesian culture, but also world contemporary culture. And they believe that as artists they can shape the SIM also opened their office and sanggar in Jogja, new Indonesian cultural life; as they will always be aware of their organised by Affandi, Hendra Gunawan, and friends. relationship with the life Indonesian society. This manifesto published after Because of disagreement on how Soedjojono organised the death of Chairil Anwar (1949) and almost 9 months late then the initial SIM, Affandi and Hendra quitted from SIM and formed date it was written (Februrary 1950), probably because they want to their own artists organisation Pelukis Rakyat (People announced their diagreement towards Lekras "manifesto" stated in their Painters) preamble and the fact that some of their artists collectives ("Seniman Gelanggang" ) joined Lekra.
    25. 25. 1948—Bandung Sanggar Jiwa Mukti 1952—Bandung Barli Sasmitawinata, Karnedi Sanggar Seniman Kartono Yudhokusumo 1949-1950—Jakarta 1959—Bandung Yin Hua Sanggar Rangga Gempol (Association of Chinese Painters) Barli Sasmitawinata Lee Manfong 1952—Jogjakarta 1947—Bandung 1945-1949 Pelukis Indonesia Muda • Faculty of Fine Art and Design (FSRD)-ITB Independence/ G. Sidharta S, Widayat Officially opened on 1 August 1947 under the name "Universitaire Revolution War Leergang Voor de Opleiding van Tekenleraren", then named in Bahasa against the Ducth offensive Indonesia "Balai Pendidikan Universiter Guru Gambar" (University political moves in international Education House for Drawing Lecturers"). diplomacy and military forces. 1950—Jogjakarta The Dutch military + police • Indonesian Fine Art 1 Februari 1959, officially transformed as state university, tried to occupy big cities in Java, Sumatera, and Sulawesi. Academy (ASRI) within Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB), To protect Indonesian officially opened on sovereignity, the new 15 January 1950 1959—Jogjakarta government decided to move to (even though the school was Jogjakarta (1946), as Sanggar Bambu already in operation from temporary capital city/ Soenarto PR cs. 1949) 1961—Jogjakarta government center. Young Sanggar Bumi Tarung intellectuals, artists, students, Position itself as “non- Amrus Natalsja cs. 17 August 1945 guerillia fighters also move to political” artists collective, a September-October 1965 The proclamation Jogja supporting the nation 17 August 1950 conflicting position and views Closely related to The Communist Coup? leaders. LEKRA LEKRA and PKI The Anti-Communist Amok of the Independence: People Cultural Institute against Bumi TarungRepublic of Indonesia independence, conflicts and control 17 August 1963 1945-1949 1950-1965 Manifes Kebudayaan Independence/Revolution War National political tension A group of young writers, artists, escalated approaching the intellectuals published their Most young artists moved to Jogja first general election (1955). manifesto which perceived as or other cities that were still safe (under the control of All political parties formed “liberal” and “anti-revolutionary” by the new Republic government and guerillia groups.) their own artist/cultural the leftist-communist group. organizations. LEKRA was 1946 — Seniman Indonesia Muda one of the most active and 8 May 1964 (SIM —Young Indonesian Artists) influential, closely affiliated Soekarno, in favor with the leftist- S. Soedjojono moved to Madiun (East Java) then to to the Indonesian Communist communist writers/intellectuals, Solo (1947) and form SIM (Members: Trisno Party. 1950 officially banned “Manifes Soemardjo, Sudibyo, Sedyono; and later on some of the Surat Kepercayaan Gelanggang Kebudayaan.” young artists from Jakarta: Nashar, Zaini, Nasyah Young writers and artists (Chairil Anwar, Asrul Sani, Rivai Apin) Djamin, etc. announced their manifesto in Siasat magazine (October 1950) in which they stated that: they inherit not only Indonesian culture, but also world contemporary culture. And they believe that as artists they can shape the SIM also opened their office and sanggar in Jogja, new Indonesian cultural life; as they will always be aware of their organised by Affandi, Hendra Gunawan, and friends. relationship with the life Indonesian society. This manifesto published after Because of disagreement on how Soedjojono organised the death of Chairil Anwar (1949) and almost 9 months late then the initial SIM, Affandi and Hendra quitted from SIM and formed date it was written (Februrary 1950), probably because they want to their own artists organisation Pelukis Rakyat (People announced their diagreement towards Lekras "manifesto" stated in their Painters) preamble and the fact that some of their artists collectives ("Seniman Gelanggang" ) joined Lekra.
    26. 26. 1948—Bandung Sanggar Jiwa Mukti 1952—Bandung Barli Sasmitawinata, Karnedi Sanggar Seniman Kartono Yudhokusumo 1949-1950—Jakarta 1959—Bandung Yin Hua Sanggar Rangga Gempol (Association of Chinese Painters) Barli Sasmitawinata Lee Manfong 1952—Jogjakarta 1947—Bandung 1945-1949 Pelukis Indonesia Muda • Faculty of Fine Art and Design (FSRD)-ITB Independence/ G. Sidharta S, Widayat Officially opened on 1 August 1947 under the name "Universitaire Revolution War Leergang Voor de Opleiding van Tekenleraren", then named in Bahasa against the Ducth offensive Indonesia "Balai Pendidikan Universiter Guru Gambar" (University political moves in international Education House for Drawing Lecturers"). diplomacy and military forces. 1950—Jogjakarta The Dutch military + police • Indonesian Fine Art 1 Februari 1959, officially transformed as state university, tried to occupy big cities in Java, Sumatera, and Sulawesi. Academy (ASRI) within Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB), To protect Indonesian officially opened on sovereignity, the new 15 January 1950 1959—Jogjakarta government decided to move to (even though the school was Jogjakarta (1946), as Sanggar Bambu already in operation from temporary capital city/ Soenarto PR cs. 1949) 1961—Jogjakarta government center. Young Sanggar Bumi Tarung intellectuals, artists, students, Position itself as “non- Amrus Natalsja cs. 17 August 1945 guerillia fighters also move to political” artists collective, a September-October 1965 The proclamation Jogja supporting the nation 17 August 1950 conflicting position and views Closely related to The Communist Coup? leaders. LEKRA LEKRA and PKI The Anti-Communist Amok of the Independence: People Cultural Institute against Bumi TarungRepublic of Indonesia independence, conflicts and control 17 August 1963 1950-1965 Manifes Kebudayaan 1966 1945-1949 The Fall of Independence/Revolution War National political tension A group of young writers, artists, Soekarno escalated approaching the intellectuals published their Most young artists moved to Jogja first general election (1955). manifesto which perceived as New Beginning: or other cities that were still safe (under the control of All political parties formed “liberal” and “anti-revolutionary” by Suharto’s the new Republic government and guerillia groups.) their own artist/cultural the leftist-communist group. New Order organizations. LEKRA was 1946 — Seniman Indonesia Muda one of the most active and 8 May 1964 (SIM —Young Indonesian Artists) influential, closely affiliated Soekarno, in favor with the leftist- S. Soedjojono moved to Madiun (East Java) then to to the Indonesian Communist communist writers/intellectuals, Solo (1947) and form SIM (Members: Trisno Party. 1950 officially banned “Manifes Soemardjo, Sudibyo, Sedyono; and later on some of the Surat Kepercayaan Gelanggang Kebudayaan.” young artists from Jakarta: Nashar, Zaini, Nasyah Young writers and artists (Chairil Anwar, Asrul Sani, Rivai Apin) Djamin, etc. announced their manifesto in Siasat magazine (October 1950) in which they stated that: they inherit not only Indonesian culture, but also world contemporary culture. And they believe that as artists they can shape the SIM also opened their office and sanggar in Jogja, new Indonesian cultural life; as they will always be aware of their organised by Affandi, Hendra Gunawan, and friends. relationship with the life Indonesian society. This manifesto published after Because of disagreement on how Soedjojono organised the death of Chairil Anwar (1949) and almost 9 months late then the initial SIM, Affandi and Hendra quitted from SIM and formed date it was written (Februrary 1950), probably because they want to their own artists organisation Pelukis Rakyat (People announced their diagreement towards Lekras "manifesto" stated in their Painters) preamble and the fact that some of their artists collectives ("Seniman Gelanggang" ) joined Lekra.
    27. 27. new order, regimentation, new art movement
    28. 28. new order, regimentation, new art movement 1966 Tritura Anti-Soekarno Student Movement 11 March 1966 Supersemar With a mandatedinstruction letter, claimed to be handed directly by Soekarno to Suharto, Indonesian Army under the direction of Suharto started to eliminate all “communist elements” in the country.
    29. 29. new order, regimentation, new art movement 1966 12 March 1967 Tritura The End of Soekarno’s Anti-Soekarno Student Movement Era The People Assembly 11 March 1966 (emergency) officially impeached Soekarno and Supersemar handed power to (Gen.) With a mandated Suharto: to restore social-instruction letter, claimed political order until general to be handed directly by election of 1971. Soekarno to Suharto, Indonesian Army under the direction of Suharto started to eliminate all “communist elements” in the country.
    30. 30. 15 December 1970 Sanggar Dewata Indonesia established by a group of young art students from Bali who studied in ASRI, Jogjakarta. (Nyoman Gunarsa, Pande Gde Supada, Wayan Sika, Nyoman Arsana, Wayan Arsana Guna, Made Wianta). new order, regimentation, new art movement 1966 12 March 1967 Tritura The End of Soekarno’s Anti-Soekarno Student Movement Era The People Assembly 11 March 1966 (emergency) officially impeached Soekarno and Supersemar handed power to (Gen.) With a mandated Suharto: to restore social-instruction letter, claimed political order until general to be handed directly by election of 1971. Soekarno to Suharto, Indonesian Army under the direction of Suharto started to eliminate all “communist elements” in the country.
    31. 31. 15 December 1970 Sanggar Dewata Indonesia established by a group of young art students from Bali who studied in ASRI, Jogjakarta. (Nyoman Gunarsa, Pande Gde Supada, Wayan Sika, Nyoman Arsana, Wayan Arsana Guna, Made Wianta). new order, regimentation, new art movement 5 July 1971 1966 12 March 1967 1st general election Tritura The End of Soekarno’s under Suharto’s New Anti-Soekarno Era Order Student Movement The People Assembly 11 March 1966 (emergency) officially A newly-formed political impeached Soekarno and party, fully supported by the Supersemar handed power to (Gen.) With a mandated Army, GOLKAR, won the Suharto: to restore social-instruction letter, claimed political order until general election and elected Suharto to be handed directly by election of 1971. as president. Soekarno to Suharto, Later on, the new Indonesian Army under government imposed a new the direction of Suharto started to eliminate all legislation to minimize “communist elements” in political parties. Until 32 the country. years later, only 3 parties exist in Indonesia: Golkar, PPP, PDI.

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