Mader's Concepts in Biology, First Edition Copyright  ©  The McGraw-Hill Companies, InC) Permission required for reproduct...
Question 1 <ul><li>What is the approximate percent of the solar radiation that strikes the Earth that is absorbed in the p...
Question 2 <ul><li>Which of the following statements is not true of organisms with respect to energy? </li></ul><ul><li>A....
Question 3 <ul><li>The capacity to do work is called: </li></ul><ul><li>A. metabolism </li></ul><ul><li>B. energy </li></u...
Question 4 <ul><li>Which of the following is not one of the specific forms of energy? </li></ul><ul><li>A. radiant </li></...
Question 5 <ul><li>Which of the following types of energy is best associated with motion? </li></ul><ul><li>A. mechanical ...
Question 6 <ul><li>Which of the following terms would be linked to the phrase &quot;dispersed energy&quot;? </li></ul><ul>...
Question 7 <ul><li>Of the following, which has the lowest quality of energy and therefore has the least ability to do work...
Question 8 <ul><li>Potential energy is the energy of action. </li></ul><ul><li>A. true </li></ul><ul><li>B. false </li></ul>
Question 9 <ul><li>Which of the following terms best describes stored energy? </li></ul><ul><li>A. kinetic energy </li></u...
Question 10 <ul><li>As a rock rolls down a hill which of the following statements would best explain what is occurring? </...
Question 11 <ul><li>The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one gram of water one degree Celsius is referr...
Question 12 <ul><li>The first law of thermodynamics states that: </li></ul><ul><li>A. one usable form of energy can be com...
Question 13 <ul><li>The second law of thermodynamics states that: </li></ul><ul><li>A. one usable form of energy cannot be...
Question 14 <ul><li>A scientist claims to have created a machine that can run forever, therefore producing as much energy ...
Question 15 <ul><li>Which of the following terms best describes entropy? </li></ul><ul><li>A. order </li></ul><ul><li>B. d...
Question 16 <ul><li>For a plant to carry out the process of photosynthesis, which of the following reactants is needed? </...
Question 17 <ul><li>ATP is used as the currency in cells because it: </li></ul><ul><li>A. is a large molecule </li></ul><u...
Question 18 <ul><li>ATP is made up of: </li></ul><ul><li>A. adenine and one phosphate group </li></ul><ul><li>B. adenine a...
Question 19 <ul><li>Chemical reactions that only occur if there is an input of energy are referred to as: </li></ul><ul><l...
Question 20 <ul><li>A scientist is studying a reaction which gives off energy. Which of the following types of reactions i...
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Chapter 5

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Chapter 5

  1. 1. Mader's Concepts in Biology, First Edition Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, InC) Permission required for reproduction or display. Sylvia S. Mader Chapter 5
  2. 2. Question 1 <ul><li>What is the approximate percent of the solar radiation that strikes the Earth that is absorbed in the process of photosynthesis? </li></ul><ul><li>A. 90% </li></ul><ul><li>B. 50% </li></ul><ul><li>C. 30% </li></ul><ul><li>D. 10% </li></ul><ul><li>E. 1% </li></ul>
  3. 3. Question 2 <ul><li>Which of the following statements is not true of organisms with respect to energy? </li></ul><ul><li>A. organisms acquire energy </li></ul><ul><li>B. organisms store energy </li></ul><ul><li>C. organisms create energy </li></ul><ul><li>D. organisms release energy </li></ul><ul><li>E. organisms transform energy </li></ul>
  4. 4. Question 3 <ul><li>The capacity to do work is called: </li></ul><ul><li>A. metabolism </li></ul><ul><li>B. energy </li></ul><ul><li>C. heat </li></ul><ul><li>D. calories </li></ul><ul><li>E. conversion </li></ul>
  5. 5. Question 4 <ul><li>Which of the following is not one of the specific forms of energy? </li></ul><ul><li>A. radiant </li></ul><ul><li>B. chemical </li></ul><ul><li>C. mechanical </li></ul><ul><li>D. heat </li></ul><ul><li>E. electrical </li></ul>
  6. 6. Question 5 <ul><li>Which of the following types of energy is best associated with motion? </li></ul><ul><li>A. mechanical </li></ul><ul><li>B. chemical </li></ul><ul><li>C. electrical </li></ul><ul><li>D. nuclear </li></ul><ul><li>E. radiant </li></ul>
  7. 7. Question 6 <ul><li>Which of the following terms would be linked to the phrase &quot;dispersed energy&quot;? </li></ul><ul><li>A. electrical energy </li></ul><ul><li>B. heat </li></ul><ul><li>C. chemical energy </li></ul><ul><li>D. mechanical energy </li></ul><ul><li>E. radiant energy </li></ul>
  8. 8. Question 7 <ul><li>Of the following, which has the lowest quality of energy and therefore has the least ability to do work? </li></ul><ul><li>A. electrical </li></ul><ul><li>B. mechanical </li></ul><ul><li>C. heat </li></ul><ul><li>D. chemical </li></ul><ul><li>E. nuclear </li></ul>
  9. 9. Question 8 <ul><li>Potential energy is the energy of action. </li></ul><ul><li>A. true </li></ul><ul><li>B. false </li></ul>
  10. 10. Question 9 <ul><li>Which of the following terms best describes stored energy? </li></ul><ul><li>A. kinetic energy </li></ul><ul><li>B. heat energy </li></ul><ul><li>C. mechanical energy </li></ul><ul><li>D. transformation energy </li></ul><ul><li>E. potential energy </li></ul>
  11. 11. Question 10 <ul><li>As a rock rolls down a hill which of the following statements would best explain what is occurring? </li></ul><ul><li>A. potential energy increases as heat energy increases </li></ul><ul><li>B. kinetic energy decreases as potential energy increases </li></ul><ul><li>C. kinetic energy decreases as heat energy increases </li></ul><ul><li>D. potential energy decreases as kinetic energy increases </li></ul><ul><li>E. potential energy and kinetic energy do not change </li></ul>
  12. 12. Question 11 <ul><li>The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one gram of water one degree Celsius is referred to as: </li></ul><ul><li>A. endergonic </li></ul><ul><li>B. a calorie </li></ul><ul><li>C. entropy </li></ul><ul><li>D. a kilocalorie </li></ul><ul><li>E. exergonic </li></ul>
  13. 13. Question 12 <ul><li>The first law of thermodynamics states that: </li></ul><ul><li>A. one usable form of energy can be completely converted into a more useable form </li></ul><ul><li>B. one usable form of energy can be completely converted into another useable form </li></ul><ul><li>C. energy can be created and destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>D. energy cannot be created or destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>E. energy cannot be transformed </li></ul>
  14. 14. Question 13 <ul><li>The second law of thermodynamics states that: </li></ul><ul><li>A. one usable form of energy cannot be completely converted into a more useable form </li></ul><ul><li>B. one usable form of energy can be completely converted into another useable form </li></ul><ul><li>C. energy can be created and destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>D. energy cannot be created or destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>E. energy cannot be transformed </li></ul>
  15. 15. Question 14 <ul><li>A scientist claims to have created a machine that can run forever, therefore producing as much energy as it consumes. This claim violates: </li></ul><ul><li>A. the first law of thermodynamics </li></ul><ul><li>B. the second law of thermodynamics </li></ul><ul><li>C. the third law of thermodynamics </li></ul><ul><li>D. the law of endergonic reactions </li></ul><ul><li>E. the law of exergonic reactions </li></ul>
  16. 16. Question 15 <ul><li>Which of the following terms best describes entropy? </li></ul><ul><li>A. order </li></ul><ul><li>B. disorder </li></ul><ul><li>C. potential energy </li></ul><ul><li>D. kinetic energy </li></ul><ul><li>E. heat energy </li></ul>
  17. 17. Question 16 <ul><li>For a plant to carry out the process of photosynthesis, which of the following reactants is needed? </li></ul><ul><li>A. oxygen and light </li></ul><ul><li>B. carbon dioxide and light </li></ul><ul><li>C. carbon dioxide, light, and water </li></ul><ul><li>D. water and light </li></ul><ul><li>E. oxygen, light, and water </li></ul>
  18. 18. Question 17 <ul><li>ATP is used as the currency in cells because it: </li></ul><ul><li>A. is a large molecule </li></ul><ul><li>B. carries a positive charge </li></ul><ul><li>C. is made from glucose </li></ul><ul><li>D. contains energy stored in the phosphate bonds </li></ul><ul><li>E. is made from lipids </li></ul>
  19. 19. Question 18 <ul><li>ATP is made up of: </li></ul><ul><li>A. adenine and one phosphate group </li></ul><ul><li>B. adenine and two phosphate groups </li></ul><ul><li>C. adenine and three phosphate groups </li></ul><ul><li>D. adenine, ribose, and one phosphate </li></ul><ul><li>E. adenine, ribose, and three phosphates </li></ul>
  20. 20. Question 19 <ul><li>Chemical reactions that only occur if there is an input of energy are referred to as: </li></ul><ul><li>A. exergonic reactions </li></ul><ul><li>B. endergonic reactions </li></ul><ul><li>C. kinetic reactions </li></ul><ul><li>D. coupled reactions </li></ul><ul><li>E. input reactions </li></ul>
  21. 21. Question 20 <ul><li>A scientist is studying a reaction which gives off energy. Which of the following types of reactions is he or she studying? </li></ul><ul><li>A. exergonic </li></ul><ul><li>B. endergonic </li></ul><ul><li>C. kinetic </li></ul><ul><li>D. coupled </li></ul><ul><li>E. an output reaction </li></ul>

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