Mader's Concepts in Biology, First Edition Copyright  ©  The McGraw-Hill Companies, InC) Permission required for reproduct...
Question 1 <ul><li>Small organic molecules which travel through the air between two members of the same species and influe...
Question 2 <ul><li>Pheromones are detected by the: </li></ul><ul><li>A. hypothalamus </li></ul><ul><li>B. pituitary gland ...
Question 3 <ul><li>Pheromones are considered a type of hormone. </li></ul><ul><li>A. true </li></ul><ul><li>B. false </li>...
Question 4 <ul><li>Which of the following would be supportive evidence to suggest that pheromones play a role in human phy...
Question 5 <ul><li>Which body system coordinates activities of body parts by releasing hormones into the blood? </li></ul>...
Question 6 <ul><li>Which of the following is not true about hormones? </li></ul><ul><li>A. hormones are secreted into the ...
Question 7 <ul><li>When combining with the target organ, the nervous system acts faster than the endocrine system. </li></...
Question 8 <ul><li>Which of the following is true of both the nervous system and the endocrine system? </li></ul><ul><li>A...
Question 9 <ul><li>If you were studying hormones which never enter the cell and are commonly called the first messengers, ...
Question 10 <ul><li>A biologist is studying hormones which enter the cell or nucleus where they bind to receptors. Based o...
Question 11 <ul><li>Steroid hormones can be produced by which of the following endocrine structures? </li></ul><ul><li>A. ...
Question 12 <ul><li>Which of the following is not true of steroid hormones? </li></ul><ul><li>A. they are lipids </li></ul...
Question 13 <ul><li>A biologist is studying an endocrine gland found in the brain. Based on this information you would con...
Question 14 <ul><li>Which of the following endocrine structures would be found directly beneath the breastbone in the thor...
Question 15 <ul><li>If you were studying an endocrine structure found in the neck you would be studying which of the follo...
Question 16 <ul><li>Which of the following endocrine gland(s) sits on top of the kidneys in the abdominal cavity? </li></u...
Question 17 <ul><li>When hormones work against each other to maintain homeostasis it is referred to as: </li></ul><ul><li>...
Question 18 <ul><li>A biologist is studying an endocrine gland that has a posterior and anterior portion and is responsibl...
Question 19 <ul><li>Which of the following hormones stimulates the uterus to contract during child birth and produce milk ...
Question 20 <ul><li>If you were studying the part of the endocrine system which controls glandular secretion of the pituit...
Answer Key – Chapter 34 <ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></u...
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Chapter 34

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Chapter 34

  1. 1. Mader's Concepts in Biology, First Edition Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, InC) Permission required for reproduction or display. Sylvia S. Mader Chapter 34
  2. 2. Question 1 <ul><li>Small organic molecules which travel through the air between two members of the same species and influence behavior or other physiological processes are referred to as: </li></ul><ul><li>A. hormones </li></ul><ul><li>B. aldosterones </li></ul><ul><li>C. norepinephrines </li></ul><ul><li>D. pheromones </li></ul><ul><li>E. cortisols </li></ul>
  3. 3. Question 2 <ul><li>Pheromones are detected by the: </li></ul><ul><li>A. hypothalamus </li></ul><ul><li>B. pituitary gland </li></ul><ul><li>C. vomeronasal organ </li></ul><ul><li>D. thyroid gland </li></ul><ul><li>E. pineal gland </li></ul>
  4. 4. Question 3 <ul><li>Pheromones are considered a type of hormone. </li></ul><ul><li>A. true </li></ul><ul><li>B. false </li></ul>
  5. 5. Question 4 <ul><li>Which of the following would be supportive evidence to suggest that pheromones play a role in human physiology? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the circadian rhythm in humans </li></ul><ul><li>B. the synchronization of menstrual cycles of women which live together </li></ul><ul><li>C. the regulation of blood sugar by the pancreas </li></ul><ul><li>D. the production of milk by a new mother for her baby </li></ul><ul><li>E. the regulation of calcium in the blood </li></ul>
  6. 6. Question 5 <ul><li>Which body system coordinates activities of body parts by releasing hormones into the blood? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the nervous system </li></ul><ul><li>B. the digestive system </li></ul><ul><li>C. the respiratory system </li></ul><ul><li>D. the circulatory system </li></ul><ul><li>E. the endocrine system </li></ul>
  7. 7. Question 6 <ul><li>Which of the following is not true about hormones? </li></ul><ul><li>A. hormones are secreted into the bloodstream </li></ul><ul><li>B. hormones may be used at a far distance from where the hormone is made </li></ul><ul><li>C. hormones are made by glands that have ducts </li></ul><ul><li>D. hormones bind to receptor sites at a target cell </li></ul><ul><li>E. hormones have a slower effect than that mediated by the nervous system </li></ul>
  8. 8. Question 7 <ul><li>When combining with the target organ, the nervous system acts faster than the endocrine system. </li></ul><ul><li>A. true </li></ul><ul><li>B. false </li></ul>
  9. 9. Question 8 <ul><li>Which of the following is true of both the nervous system and the endocrine system? </li></ul><ul><li>A. they both use a negative feedback mechanism </li></ul><ul><li>B. they both use blood vessels </li></ul><ul><li>C. they both produce neurotransmitters </li></ul><ul><li>D. they both produce hormones </li></ul><ul><li>E. they both provide long-lasting responses </li></ul>
  10. 10. Question 9 <ul><li>If you were studying hormones which never enter the cell and are commonly called the first messengers, you would be studying which of the following? </li></ul><ul><li>A. DNA hormones </li></ul><ul><li>B. peptide hormones </li></ul><ul><li>C. RNA hormones </li></ul><ul><li>D. steroid hormones </li></ul><ul><li>E. lipid hormones </li></ul>
  11. 11. Question 10 <ul><li>A biologist is studying hormones which enter the cell or nucleus where they bind to receptors. Based on this information you would conclude that he or she is studying which of the following? </li></ul><ul><li>A. DNA hormones </li></ul><ul><li>B. peptide hormones </li></ul><ul><li>C. RNA hormones </li></ul><ul><li>D. steroid hormones </li></ul><ul><li>E. lipid hormones </li></ul>
  12. 12. Question 11 <ul><li>Steroid hormones can be produced by which of the following endocrine structures? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the pituitary gland </li></ul><ul><li>B. the pineal gland </li></ul><ul><li>C. the parathyroid gland </li></ul><ul><li>D. the thyroid gland </li></ul><ul><li>E. the ovaries </li></ul>
  13. 13. Question 12 <ul><li>Which of the following is not true of steroid hormones? </li></ul><ul><li>A. they are lipids </li></ul><ul><li>B. they can bind to receptors inside the nucleus </li></ul><ul><li>C. they bind to the plasma membrane </li></ul><ul><li>D. they activate transcription </li></ul><ul><li>E. they can be produced in the adrenal cortex </li></ul>
  14. 14. Question 13 <ul><li>A biologist is studying an endocrine gland found in the brain. Based on this information you would conclude that he or she is studying which of the following? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the thyroid gland </li></ul><ul><li>B. the pituitary gland </li></ul><ul><li>C. the thymus gland </li></ul><ul><li>D. the adrenal gland </li></ul><ul><li>E. the parathyroid gland </li></ul>
  15. 15. Question 14 <ul><li>Which of the following endocrine structures would be found directly beneath the breastbone in the thoracic cavity? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the thyroid gland </li></ul><ul><li>B. the pituitary gland </li></ul><ul><li>C. the thymus gland </li></ul><ul><li>D. the adrenal gland </li></ul><ul><li>E. the parathyroid gland </li></ul>
  16. 16. Question 15 <ul><li>If you were studying an endocrine structure found in the neck you would be studying which of the following? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the pineal gland </li></ul><ul><li>B. the hypothalamus </li></ul><ul><li>C. the adrenal gland </li></ul><ul><li>D. the thyroid gland </li></ul><ul><li>E. the thymus gland </li></ul>
  17. 17. Question 16 <ul><li>Which of the following endocrine gland(s) sits on top of the kidneys in the abdominal cavity? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the adrenal glands </li></ul><ul><li>B. the pineal gland </li></ul><ul><li>C. the thymus gland </li></ul><ul><li>D. the hypothalamus </li></ul><ul><li>E. the thyroid </li></ul>
  18. 18. Question 17 <ul><li>When hormones work against each other to maintain homeostasis it is referred to as: </li></ul><ul><li>A. negative hormone action </li></ul><ul><li>B. circadian hormone action </li></ul><ul><li>C. antagonistic hormone action </li></ul><ul><li>D. feedback hormone action </li></ul><ul><li>E. positive hormone action </li></ul>
  19. 19. Question 18 <ul><li>A biologist is studying an endocrine gland that has a posterior and anterior portion and is responsible for producing prolactin and oxytocin. Based on this information you would conclude that he or she is studying: </li></ul><ul><li>A. the thyroid gland </li></ul><ul><li>B. the thymus gland </li></ul><ul><li>C. the adrenal gland </li></ul><ul><li>D. the pituitary gland </li></ul><ul><li>E. the pineal gland </li></ul>
  20. 20. Question 19 <ul><li>Which of the following hormones stimulates the uterus to contract during child birth and produce milk letdown during nursing? </li></ul><ul><li>A. gonadotropic hormone </li></ul><ul><li>B. oxytocin </li></ul><ul><li>C. prolactin </li></ul><ul><li>D. melatonin </li></ul><ul><li>E. calcitonin </li></ul>
  21. 21. Question 20 <ul><li>If you were studying the part of the endocrine system which controls glandular secretion of the pituitary gland you would be studying which of the following? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the thyroid gland </li></ul><ul><li>B. the adrenal cortex </li></ul><ul><li>C. the pineal gland </li></ul><ul><li>D. the thymus gland </li></ul><ul><li>E. the hypothalamus </li></ul>
  22. 22. Answer Key – Chapter 34 <ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul>

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