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EXPERT PROFILE (let students)
PORTFOLIO (minor subject students)
Is a tool for
Students fostering learning: thinking and understanding and
making learning path acknowledgeable and visible.
Teachers for providing information about where the students are
and how to improve teaching.
Students in our education
a) Monitor their experiences; they make perceptions of their
learning and document them. Documents can be in different
form such as photographs, written texts, drawings, figures, video
clips, audio clips or combination of different modes.
b) Write an expert profile five times during two-year programme. In
writing they use collected documentation.
Aim is to
from now on.
Barnett, S.M. & Koslowsky, B. (2002). Adaptive expertise: Effects of
type of experience and the level of theoretical understanding it
generates. Thinking and Reasoning, 8(4), 237-267.
Hmelo-Silver, C.E. & Green Pfeffer, M. (2004). Comparing expert and
novice understanding of a complex system from the perspective of
structures, behaviors, and funktions. Cognitive Science, 28, 127-138.
Janssen, F., de Hullu, E., & Tigelaar, D. (2008). Positive experiences
as input for reflection by student teachers. Teachers and Teaching:
Theory and Practice, 14(2), 115-127.
Lajoie, S.P. (2003). Transitions and trajectories for studies of
expertise. Educational Researcher, 32(8), 21-25.
Sobral (2000). An appraisal of medical students’ reflection-in-
learning. Medical Education, 34: 182–187. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-
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