The Challenge of Sustaining our
    Freshwater Resources




        An Environment and Sustainable Development Forum
    ...
savelakelanao@yahoo.com.ph
                                                pipnaga@gmail.com



SEQUENCE of PRESENTATION
 ...
Lake Lanao is located in the Province of 
Lanao  del  Sur,  ARMM,  Republic  of  the 
Philippines.
It  is  the  largest  f...
savelakelanao@yahoo.com.ph
                                                    pipnaga@gmail.com



IMPORTANCE OF LAKE LAN...
The attachment of the Meranao to the lake is ingrained in his
   psyche: his identity and ethnicity are both derived
     ...
savelakelanao@yahoo.com.ph
                                          pipnaga@gmail.com




Environment and Sustainable Dev...
savelakelanao@yahoo.com.ph
                                                                pipnaga@gmail.com




         ...
savelakelanao@yahoo.com.ph
                                                      pipnaga@gmail.com
CURRENT MANAGEMENT IMPA...
savelakelanao@yahoo.com.ph
                                                     pipnaga@gmail.com


INSTITUTIONAL CHALLENG...
savelakelanao@yahoo.com.ph
                                                                          pipnaga@gmail.com
COM...
savelakelanao@yahoo.com.ph
                                                    pipnaga@gmail.com

BEST PRACTICES
  To  pro...
savelakelanao@yahoo.com.ph
                                                                              pipnaga@gmail.com...
savelakelanao@yahoo.com.ph
                                          pipnaga@gmail.com




   Thank You



Environment and...
The case of lake lanao 16042010
The case of lake lanao 16042010
The case of lake lanao 16042010
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

The case of lake lanao 16042010

288 views

Published on

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
288
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The case of lake lanao 16042010

  1. 1. The Challenge of Sustaining our Freshwater Resources An Environment and Sustainable Development Forum Sponsored by: Ateneo de Manila University School of Science and Engineering in partnership with SC Johnson & Son, (Inc.) Philippines
  2. 2. savelakelanao@yahoo.com.ph pipnaga@gmail.com SEQUENCE of PRESENTATION Introduction Importance of Lake Lanao Impacts to the Communities with the  Current Management of Lake Lanao Institutional Challenges Communities and NGOs Options to  address these Challenges Best Practices and Lessons Learned Environment and Sustainable Development Forum
  3. 3. Lake Lanao is located in the Province of  Lanao  del  Sur,  ARMM,  Republic  of  the  Philippines. It  is  the  largest  freshwater  lake  in  the  country and one of the 17 Ancient Lakes  of the World. It is the source of water that propels the  turbines  of  the  Agus  grid  powerplants  supplying  between  50  – 65  percent  of  the total  electricity  needs  of  the  people  in mainland Mindanao, Philippines.
  4. 4. savelakelanao@yahoo.com.ph pipnaga@gmail.com IMPORTANCE OF LAKE LANAO Lake  Lanao  is  central  to  the  history,  culture,  religion  and  livelihood  of  the  Meranaos,  which  literally means “people of the lake”; It  is  one  of  the  17  Ancient  Lakes  of  the  World;  and It  is  the  natural  reservoir  for  NPCs  current  six  (6) hydroelectric power plants with a combined  installed capacity of 727.1 MW. Environment and Sustainable Development Forum
  5. 5. The attachment of the Meranao to the lake is ingrained in his psyche: his identity and ethnicity are both derived from the same word for the lake … … To the lake, they have bound their identity: in their own eyes and in the eyes of the outsiders they are Meranaos, the People of the Lake. On its shores, they established their villages and towns and built their mosques; with its water, they purify themselves for prayer; in its wetlands, they cultivate their rice; from its depths, they gather fish; across its spans, they transport goods and people; from it, they take water for drinking and cleaning. Each boulder and island in the lake, each hill and valley in the land surrounding it is woven into the legends and epics of the people. And each Meranao can willingly trace his ancestry to the original pat-a-pangampong – four encampments on the lake, their mythical founders … … Thus, it is with some justification and no little pride that the Maranaos consider the lake “Our Lake”. Ms Lindy Washburn, An American Writer
  6. 6. savelakelanao@yahoo.com.ph pipnaga@gmail.com Environment and Sustainable Development Forum
  7. 7. savelakelanao@yahoo.com.ph pipnaga@gmail.com Under construction Environment and Sustainable Development Forum Source: NPC MinGen
  8. 8. savelakelanao@yahoo.com.ph pipnaga@gmail.com CURRENT MANAGEMENT IMPACTS TO THE COMMUNITIES Since the time of his arrival to the region in the remote past, the Meranao has adopted the lake mostly for domestic purposes, in peaceful living and without any obstacle. Agus-1 represents the first challenge to his "right" to the lake. Agus-1 changed the situation in a disastrous direction along environmental and social dislocations. The replacement of the natural outlet is an ecological nightmare with alarming consequences to man and the environment. The damming of Lake Lanao caused the radical fluctuations of the lake elevation. As a consequence, the people residing along the shorelines of the lake immediately felt the effect, in the form of flooding and drying of the shorelines. About 3000 farmers and fisherfolks lost their only means of livelihoods. These are the Meranaos you often see in every major city in this country. Environment and Sustainable Development Forum
  9. 9. savelakelanao@yahoo.com.ph pipnaga@gmail.com INSTITUTIONAL CHALLENGES The geographical location of Lake Lanao and its watershed resulted into neglect from mandated agencies that led to its current critical state of environmental degradation: Technically, a protected area but DENR has made no effort to include it in priority PAs; Jurisdictionally under ARMM, but its status as PA removes it from the direct responsibility of the DENR-ARMM; Previous national and regional management approaches have not been effective; and Access to financial resources under the EPIRA intended for watershed management is difficult because of lack of information and vagueness in procedures. Environment and Sustainable Development Forum
  10. 10. savelakelanao@yahoo.com.ph pipnaga@gmail.com COMMUNITIES AND NGOs OPTIONS TO ADDRESS THESE CHALLENGES Taking into consideration that Lake Lanao and its watershed is under the jurisdiction of the national government, the most feasible option is a Tri- Partite Co-Management agreement among DENR, ARMM and the Province of Lanao del Sur. The agreement must oblige the Province and DENR to share the responsibility of reviewing and revising the integrated development plan, regulating resource use and development activities and conducting enforcement actions against violators of environmental laws. The Co-Management Framework is consistent with the policy of DENR in devolving watershed management functions.¹ DENR must decide either to (a) disestablish Lake Lanao and its watershed as a protected area, so that the LGUs can take the lead in managing the area in coordination with the ARMM Regional Government, under the principle of devolution, or (b) fully implement NIPAS by convening the PAMB, but to follow the current trend in protected area management where local governments are granted significant roles in managing the protected area. ¹ Joint DENR-DILG Memorandum Circular No. 98-01 and Joint DENR-DILG Memorandum Circular 2003-01. Environment and Sustainable Development Forum
  11. 11. savelakelanao@yahoo.com.ph pipnaga@gmail.com BEST PRACTICES To  protect  and  conserve  our  natural  resources,  specifically natural lakes, and at the same time avail  of  its  potential  for  the  improvement  of  life  is  not  necessarily a difficult undertaking if there is serious  effort  toward  openness  and  understanding  of  the  social, environmental and economic problems. The  basic  problem  is  to  strike  a  balance  between  the  stern  necessity  of  protecting  and  conserving  the  natural  environment  for  the  perpetuation  of  life and the imperious demand to utilize the natural  wealth  for  the  betterment  of  contemporary  living  circumstances. Environment and Sustainable Development Forum
  12. 12. savelakelanao@yahoo.com.ph pipnaga@gmail.com LESSONS LEARNED SALLAMs  sustained  advocacy  resulted  in  three  landmark  issuances.² We thought the battle to save Lake Lanao was  won.  It  was  not  so.  We  learned  then  that  getting  the  issuances were the easy part. The implementation process  is the real battlefield. The  present  emphasis  in  the  reliance  of  hydropower  for  energy development needs to be reviewed in the face of  increasing concern for the imbalance in ecology that such  scheme entails. The continued dominance of hydropower  in the production of energy well into the 21st century will  seriously  burden  the  natural  capacity  of  the  country's  lakes  and  rivers,  thereby  increasing  the  chances  for  further and greater destabilization of the delicate balance  of the ecosystem. Environment and Sustainable Development Forum ² ECC (14 Jan 1992); Proclamation 871 (26 Feb 1992); Memo Order 421, as amended, (25 Mar 1992)
  13. 13. savelakelanao@yahoo.com.ph pipnaga@gmail.com Thank You Environment and Sustainable Development Forum

×