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BIM from Building to urban fabric: More than just zooming out

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Presentation at GEO + BIM Event on 11 December 2018, organised by FLAGIS and HoGent (http://www.flagis.be/)

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BIM from Building to urban fabric: More than just zooming out

  1. 1. FROM BUILDING TO URBAN FABRIC: MORE THAN JUST ZOOMING OUT Prof. Pieter Pauwels, Ghent University, Dept. Of Architecture and Urban Planning FLAGIS GEO + BIM EVENT 11 DECEMBER 2018
  2. 2. OUTLINE 1. BIM – Infra – GIS 2. Linking the data 3. BuildingSMART linking: ifcOWL 4. A full LOD cloud? 5. W3C linking: Linked Building Data 6. Recent implementations and demonstrators 2
  3. 3. BIM – INFRA – GIS 3
  4. 4. GIS – INFRA – BIM http://rym.fi/ http://www.tekla.com/global-bim-awards-2014/winners.html
  5. 5. THE BUILDING LIFE-CYCLE
  6. 6. ONE VIEW: GIS – INFRA – BIM http://www.egeomate.com/understanding-the-bim-concept-from-the-bentley-systems-perspective/
  7. 7. THE MODEL “A model represents reality for the given purpose; the model is an abstraction of reality in the sense that it cannot represent all aspects of reality.” 7 Jeff Rothenberg "AI, Simulation and Modeling" 1989. presentation by Arto Kiviniemi (2014): http://iug.buildingsmart.org/resources/London/BIM- GIS%20intergration/bim-gis
  8. 8. HOW TO INTEGRATE ALL THIS? 8 J. Beetz (2014). BIM en GIS interoperabiliteit. http://www.slideshare.net/JakobBeetz/gis-bim-interoperabiliteit-stumico-presentatie-april-2014/16
  9. 9. 3 KEY DIFFICULTIES FOR FULL INTEGRATION 1. Kernel 2. Content 3. Level of detail Nagel Claus, Stadler Alexandra,. Kolbe Thomas H (2009). Conceptual requirements for the automatic reconstruction of building information models from uninterpreted 3d models.
  10. 10. FROM SCOPE TO SCOPE 10 GIS BIM INFRA NIBS (Alan Edgar), Introduction to National BIM Standard Version 1 Part 1 – Overview, Principles, & Methodologies, 2007 http://web.stanford.edu/group/narratives/classes/08-09/CEE215/ReferenceLibrary/National%20BIM%20Standard%20(NBIM)/intro_bim_v1.pdf
  11. 11. NEED TO LINK THE PARTS OF THE ELEPHANT 11 mapping conversion translation
  12. 12. presentation by Arto Kiviniemi (2014): http://iug.buildingsmart.org/resources/London/BIM-GIS%20intergration/bim-gis
  13. 13. LINKING THE DATA 13
  14. 14. 5 STAR OPEN DATA 14https://5stardata.info/en/ Tim Berners-Lee, the inventor of the Web and Linked Data initiator, suggested a 5-star deployment scheme for Open Data: * make your stuff available on the Web (whatever format) under an open license ** make it available as structured data (e.g., Excel instead of image scan of a table) *** make it available in a non-proprietary open format (e.g., CSV instead of Excel) **** use URIs to denote things, so that people can point at your stuff ***** link your data to other data to provide context
  15. 15. LOD BASED ON GRAPHS 15 URI URI URI URI URI URI URI URI URI URI URI
  16. 16. LINKED OPEN DATA (LOD) 16 • distributed / decentralised information management • interactive information search and reasoning over the web • sharing partial data http://tomheath.com/blog/2009/03/linked-data-web-of-data-semantic-web-wtf/
  17. 17. LOD CLOUD GROUPED PER DOMAIN 17https://lod-cloud.net/
  18. 18. BRING BIM IN THE LOD CLOUD 18https://lod-cloud.net/ BIM
  19. 19. COMMUNITY EFFORTS! 19 W3C LBD Community Group BuildingSMART LDWG linkedbuildingdata.net www.w3.org/community/lbd/ ifcOWL linkedbuildingdata people LDAC event http://w3.org/community/lbd/
  20. 20. BUILDINGSMART LINKING 20
  21. 21. BUILDINGSMART INTO THE CLOUD? 21http://www.buildingsmart.org/standards/technical-vision/technical-roadmaps/
  22. 22. Jakob Beetz, TU Eindhoven IFC INFRA SENSOR GIS
  23. 23. VERSIONS OF IFC 23Pieter Pauwels, Walter Terkaj. EXPRESS to OWL for construction industry: Towards a recommendable and usable ifcOWL ontology. Automation in Construction 63 (2016) 100-133.
  24. 24. IFCOWL ONTOLOGIES AVAILABLE 24 Ifc2x_all_lf.exp IFC2X2_ADD1.exp IFC2X2_FINAL.exp IFC2X2_PLATFORM.exp IFC2X3_Final.exp IFC2X3_TC1.exp IFC4.exp IFC4_ADD1.exp not supported not supported not supported not supported IFC2X3_Final.owl / .ttl IFC2X3_TC1.owl / .ttl IFC4.owl / .ttl IFC4_ADD1.owl / .ttl http://buildingsmart-tech.org/ifcOWL/IFC4_ADD1 http://buildingsmart-tech.org/ifcOWL/IFC4 http://buildingsmart-tech.org/ifcOWL/IFC2X3_Final http://buildingsmart-tech.org/ifcOWL/IFC2X3_TC1
  25. 25. EXAMPLE IFCOWL: PROJECT STRUCTURE 25Pieter Pauwels, Ana Roxin. SimpleBIM: From full ifcOWL graphs to simplified building graphs. 11th European Conference on Product and Process Modelling (ECPPM) 2016.
  26. 26. EXAMPLE IFCOWL: PROPERTY SETS 26 #6=IFCPROPERTYSINGLEVALUE('IsExternal',$,IFCBOOLEAN(.T.),$); #4=IFCPROPERTYSET('2pW3mRfBr7EwHldYmKP$PD',#33,'Pset_WindowCommon',$,(#1,#6)); #2=IFCRELDEFINESBYPROPERTIES('2yVDnLFbzAzx6B70P6n3aU',#33,$,$,(#1),#4); #1=IFCWINDOW('1BYB9o9k5FZAAI8V0ct4P4',#33,'BK_tower_window:BK_tower_window:BK_tower_windo w:145729',$,'BK_tower_window',#90910,#90904,'145729',2200.000000000015,1200.000000000011); Pieter Pauwels, Ana Roxin. SimpleBIM: From full ifcOWL graphs to simplified building graphs. 11th European Conference on Product and Process Modelling (ECPPM) 2016.
  27. 27. EXAMPLE IFCOWL: PROPERTY SETS 27Pieter Pauwels, Ana Roxin. SimpleBIM: From full ifcOWL graphs to simplified building graphs. 11th European Conference on Product and Process Modelling (ECPPM) 2016.
  28. 28. A FULL LOD CLOUD? 28
  29. 29. APPLY IDENTICAL RECIPE TO INFRA 29T. Liebich (2015), IFC Alignment, Presentation at BuildingSMART Standards Summit Singapore 2015.
  30. 30. USE EXISTING DATA IN THE GIS DOMAIN 30GeoSPARQL http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#
  31. 31. LINKING GIS, INFRA, AND BIM 31 EXPRESS & IFC/SPFF BIM GISINFRA EXPRESS & IFC/SPFF XML and RDF
  32. 32. LINKING GIS, INFRA, AND BIM 32 EXPRESS & IFC/SPFF BIM GISINFRA EXPRESS & IFC/SPFF XML and RDF ifcOWL & ifcRDF P. Pauwels & W. Terkaj. EXPRESS to OWL for construction industry: Towards a recommendable and usable ifcOWL ontology. Automation in Construction 63, pp. 100-133.
  33. 33. LINKING GIS, INFRA, AND BIM 33 EXPRESS & IFC/SPFF BIM GISINFRA EXPRESS & IFC/SPFF XML and RDF ifcOWL & ifcRDF ifcOWL & ifcRDF P. Pauwels & W. Terkaj. EXPRESS to OWL for construction industry: Towards a recommendable and usable ifcOWL ontology. Automation in Construction 63, pp. 100-133.
  34. 34. LINKING GIS, INFRA, AND BIM 34 EXPRESS & IFC/SPFF BIM GISINFRA EXPRESS & IFC/SPFF XML and RDF ifcOWL & ifcRDF ifcOWL & ifcRDF
  35. 35. W3C LINKING: LINKED BUILDING DATA 35
  36. 36. INDUSTRY FOUNDATION CLASSES (IFC) 36 There exists a standard, but: ▸ Not modular ▸ Not extensible ▸ Not simple enough AND not web-compliant! P. Pauwels, K. McGlinn, M. Lefrançois, M.H. Rasmussen, A. Roxin. The W3C Linked Building Data Community Group. W3C Technical Plenary and Advisory Committee meetings week (TPAC) 2018.
  37. 37. 37 started Dec. 2014 now 76 participants W3C LBD COMMUNITY GROUP http://w3.org/community/lbd/
  38. 38. LDAC 2015 LDAC 2014 LDAC 2012 http://www.linkedbuildingdata.net/ldac2018/
  39. 39. MISSION STATEMENT 39 Bring together experts in the area of Building Information Modeling (BIM) and Web of Data technologies to: 1. define existing and future use cases and requirements for Linked Data based applications across the life cycle of buildings. 2. discuss best practices for publishing building data on the Web 3. propose ontology models to describe: ▸ Buildings and building elements (topology, associate values to properties) ▸ Products and product properties 4. discuss how they can be used together with other specifications: ▸ existing standards (IFC, GeoSPARQL, Semantic Sensor Network, ...) ▸ separate initiatives (schema.org, Haystack, BRICK, ...) http://w3.org/community/lbd/
  40. 40. KEY ONTOLOGIES 40 ▸ Project Ontology ▸ Building Topology Ontology (BOT) ▸ Product Ontology (PRODUCT) ▸ Properties Ontology (PROPS) https://github.com/w3c-lbd-cg/
  41. 41. BUILDING TOPOLOGY ONTOLOGY 41Image from Mads Holten Rasmussen.
  42. 42. BUILDING TOPOLOGY ONTOLOGY 42Image from Mads Holten Rasmussen.
  43. 43. TAXONOMIES OF PRODUCTS 43https://github.com/pipauwel/product
  44. 44. OVERALL LBD ONTOLOGY STRUCTURE 44 geo Schema.org GoodRelations inst:Wall_X rdf:typerdf:type geom P. Pauwels, K. McGlinn, M. Lefrançois, M.H. Rasmussen, A. Roxin. The W3C Linked Building Data Community Group. W3C Technical Plenary and Advisory Committee meetings week (TPAC) 2018.
  45. 45. RECENT IMPLEMENTATIONS AND DEMONSTRATORS 45
  46. 46. IFCTOLBD CONVERTER 46Jyrki Oraskari, https://github.com/jyrkioraskari/IFCtoLBD
  47. 47. SENSOR DATA EXAMPLE: GIGANTIUM IOT LIVING LAB AALBORG 47 ̶ 35 sensor nodes monitoring Temperature (°C), Relative Humidity (%), Air Pressure (hPa), Indoor Air Quality (Total Volatile Organic Compounds ((TVOC), ppb) and CO2 (ppm)), illuminance (lux) and motion ̶ Data storage in SQL database ̶ Data monitoring and visualization in Grafana Source: Rodriguez et al. (2018)
  48. 48. SCALING INTO MULTIPLE KNOWLEDGE BASES Repo of 531 LBD building graphs ▸ 36 million triples in total ▸ 372 bot:Building instances ▸ 3,523 bot:Zone instances ▸ 2,117 bot:Space instances ▸ 615,452 bot:Element instances converted from http://smartlab1.elis.ugent.be:8889/IFC-repo/ to LBD using https://github.com/jyrkioraskari/IFCtoLBD Petrova, E., Pauwels, P., Svidt, K., & Jensen, R.L. (2018) From patterns to evidence: Enhancing sustainable building design with pattern recognition and information retrieval approaches. Proceedings of the 12th European ECPPM conference, pp. 391-399.
  49. 49. BOT + SOSA + GEOMETRY 49 Mads Holten Rasmussen, Christian Aaskov Frausing, Christian Anker Hviid Jan Karlshøj, Integrating Building Information Modeling and Sensor Observations using Semantic Web, Semantic Sensor Networks Workshop, https://youtu.be/P_38gIvrbmg
  50. 50. WEB-BASED BIM MODELLING Mads Holten Rasmussen, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lWoWjM-xCvY - Open Duplex house in Revit - Use exporter to export it to our server - Use web-viewer to show geometry + properties - Change a property in Revit to demonstrate that only the difference is stored
  51. 51. 3D GEOMETRY IN RDF Pieter Pauwels, Thomas Krijnen, Walter Terkaj, Jakob Beetz (2018) Enhancing the ifcOWL ontology with an alternative representation for geometric data. Automation in Construction (80), pp. 77-94.
  52. 52. SCAN TO LINKED BUILDING DATA Jeroen Werbrouck, Semantic enrichment of the existing building geometry. Master Thesis 2018, Ghent University.
  53. 53. BOT AND GEOSPATIAL DATA Kris McGlinn, BOT and geospatial data, https://www.scss.tcd.ie/~mcglink/video/tutorial/geovis/geovis.html ▸ Using BOT to interlink Ordnace Survey Ireland building data (>3.5 million buildings) ▸ Provide a registry of authoratative URI’s for Irish building stock.
  54. 54. CIRCULAR ECONOMY E.M. Sauter, R.L.G. Lemmens & P. Pauwels (2018). CEO & CAMO ontologies: A circulation medium for materials in the construction industry. IALCCE conference 2018. live query interface: http://ld-ce.com/query ▸ 1. John (Krane Marine Engineering) looking for buildings to be demolished that are 70km away, to get waste steel beams with hardness greater than 100 HB for building ships? ▸ 2. Which buildings in the region of Gelderland with >150m2 in waste stone roof tiles which can be used as input by a construction company for the roof of a new building? ▸ 3. Which companies have collection activities that take back waste carpets from buildings to be processed into asphalt by an asphalt- processing-plant within a 50km radius?
  55. 55. OUTLINE 1. BIM – Infra – GIS 2. Linking the data 3. BuildingSMART linking: ifcOWL 4. A full LOD cloud? 5. W3C linking: Linked Building Data 6. Recent implementations and demonstrators 55
  56. 56. Ghent University @ugent Ghent University Pieter Pauwels Assistant Professor CAD & BIM DEPT. OF ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN PLANNING E pipauwel.pauwels@ugent.be T +32 9 264 38 80 M +32 479 06 68 06 www.ugent.be

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