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Digitalization of the European economies. Time to speed up

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Presentetion of a report by Polityka Insight on the state of the digital economy in Poland and in other European countries.

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Digitalization of the European economies. Time to speed up

  1. 1. 1 Digitalization of the European economies. Time to speed up Piotr Arak Senior Analyst for Social Affairs 19 April 2016, Brussels
  2. 2. 2 What does digitalization mean? Digitization – changing the format from analogue to digital, Digitalization – the adaptation and increased use of digital, computer technologies by organizations, sectors of the economy, countries, etc. We use the latter meaning.
  3. 3. 3 Digital transformation in action Digital technologies are spreading rapidly in developing countries World Bank, 2016, Digital Dividends.
  4. 4. 4 A typical day in the life of the internet World Bank, 2016, Digital Dividends.; and Facebook.
  5. 5. 5 Business cycles in the economy
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. 7 Pillars of analysis of digitalization of economies and countries
  8. 8. 8 Level of digitalization of European economies – Digitalization of Economy Index (points)
  9. 9. 9 Most rapidly digitalizing economies Percentage increase in Digitalization of Economy Index, 2008-2014
  10. 10. 10 Sectors of the Polish economy and their level of digitalization and the European average
  11. 11. 11 Digital Europe THE DIGITAL NORTH These are the best-digitalized countries: Norway, Iceland, Denmark, Finland, the Netherlands and Sweden. THE DEVELOPING CONTINENT This group comprises the United Kingdom, Luxembourg, Belgium, Austria, Estonia, Malta and Germany – countries in different parts of Europe, which have almost caught up with the leaders. LITTLE INTERESTED These are countries with a National Digitization Index between 40 and 50 points: Lithuania, France, Spain, Slovenia, the Czech Republic, Portugal, Latvia and Slovakia. STRAGGLERS IN DIGITALIZATION These are the bottom ranking countries which have, on average, the poorest results (below 40 points). It is here – alongside Italy, Croatia, Hungary, Cyprus, Greece, Bulgaria and Romania – that Poland finds itself.
  12. 12. 12 Which countries are best prepared for the digital revolution? - National Digitalization Index (points)
  13. 13. 13 Poland is among a group of countries that are catching up relatively quickly in digitalization Percentage increase in the value of National Digitalization Index, 2008-2014
  14. 14. 14 Without digitalization there is no business Relationship between National Digitalization Index and the Doing Business Index
  15. 15. 15 Problem with data but also with the economy of scale 90% 91% 92% 93% 94% 95% 96% 97% 98% 99% 100% Poland EU28 250 persons employed or more From 50 to 249 persons employed From 20 to 49 persons employed From 10 to 19 persons employed From 0 to 9 persons employed Number of enterprises by size class of employment in 2013 (latest) Eurostat
  16. 16. 1. E-economy 16
  17. 17. 17 What do Europeans think about data protection 0 10 20 30 40 50 France Netherlands Germany Spain Greece Belgium Czech Republic Sweden Portugal Romania Cyprus Bulgaria EU28 Latvia Luxembourg Malta Estonia Hungary Italy Slovenia Austria Poland Croatia Slovakia Finland United Kingdom Denmark Lithuania Ireland Trust in internet companies (e.g.Facebook) Trust in government 0 20 40 60 80 100 Spain Greece Croatia Romania Italy Cyprus Poland Hungary Slovenia Portugal Lithuania United Kingdom EU28 Slovakia Germany Latvia Bulgaria Ireland Czech Republic France Malta Austria Belgium Luxembourg Netherlands Estonia Denmark Sweden Finland Eurobarometer
  18. 18. 18 How much would the economy benefit from open data policy Additional increase in GDP level by country 2013-2020 (%) demosEuropa, 2014, Big and open data in Europe.
  19. 19. 19 Turnover from e-commerce 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Total electronic sales by enterprises, as a % of their total turnover (2015) Eurostat
  20. 20. 20 Enterprises selling cross-border to other EU countries Enterprises having done electronic sales to other EU countries in the last calendar year (2015) 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 Romania Bulgaria Greece Poland Latvia Hungary Italy Spain Estonia Finland Luxembourg Slovakia EU28 Portugal France Cyprus Croatia UnitedKingdom Lithuania Germany Sweden Denmark Netherlands Austria Slovenia Malta CzechRepublic Belgium Ireland Eurostat
  21. 21. 21 Lies and statistics 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Poland Romania CzechRepublic Latvia Hungary Bulgaria France Estonia Slovakia Greece Italy Croatia Germany Portugal EU28 Luxembourg Spain Lithuania Austria Slovenia Belgium Finland Sweden UnitedKingdom Denmark Cyprus Netherlands Ireland Malta Enterprises using social media in 2015 (%) Eurostat
  22. 22. 22 What can we do to boost e-business? • Regulate access to personal data, taking into account the interests of all groups. • Create a system of tax credits for the purchase of innovative technological solutions.
  23. 23. Fire-chat 23
  24. 24. 2. E-skills 24
  25. 25. 25 Persons using cloud computing 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Croatia Poland Lithuania Bulgaria Greece Slovakia Slovenia France Italy CzechRepublic Austria Cyprus Latvia Portugal Romania Germany EU28 Spain Hungary Belgium Malta Estonia Finland Ireland Netherlands Sweden UnitedKingdom Denmark Luxembourg Persons that used internet storage space to save documents, pictures, music, video or other files in 2015 (%) Eurostat
  26. 26. 26 Enterprises using cloud computing 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Romania Latvia Poland Greece Bulgaria Hungary Cyprus Germany Austria France Luxembourg Portugal Lithuania Spain Estonia CzechRepublic Slovenia Malta EU28 Slovakia Belgium Croatia UnitedKingdom Ireland Netherlands Denmark Sweden Italy Finland Enterprises used Cloud Computing services in 2014 (%) Eurostat
  27. 27. 27 Familiarity with internet security Individuals who know that cookies can be used to trace movements of people on the internet in 2015 (%) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Romania Bulgaria Cyprus Poland Slovakia Latvia Greece Hungary CzechRepublic Lithuania Portugal Spain Malta Italy Croatia Ireland Slovenia EU28 Estonia Sweden Belgium UnitedKingdom France Austria Luxembourg Denmark Germany Netherlands Finland Eurostat
  28. 28. 28 How can we support e-skills acquirement? • Ensure training in computer literacy at every stage of education. • Support and develop educational programmes relating to personal data.
  29. 29. Fire-chat 29
  30. 30. 3. E-infrastructure
  31. 31. 31 Fixed broadband 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Italy Bulgaria Poland Finland Lithuania Romania Portugal Latvia Ireland Austria Greece Sweden Hungary Spain Cyprus Croatia France Slovakia EU28 Slovenia CzechRepublic Denmark Estonia Belgium Malta Germany UnitedKingdom Netherlands Luxembourg Households with fixed broadband connection in 2015 Eurostat
  32. 32. 32 Share of broadband subscriptions >= 30 Mbps in 2015 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Croatia Greece Cyprus Italy France Austria Slovenia Germany Estonia Spain Poland EU28 Slovakia Finland CzechRepublic UnitedKingdom Luxembourg Denmark Hungary Bulgaria Ireland Latvia Portugal Sweden Malta Lithuania Netherlands Romania Belgium Share of fixed broadband subscriptions >= 30 Mbps - advertised download speed Eurostat
  33. 33. 33 Mobile broadband take-up Mobile broadband penetration is defined as the number of active mobile broadband SIM cards per 100 people. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 Hungary Greece Portugal Slovenia Romania Belgium Slovakia Malta Lithuania Latvia Cyprus Germany Austria Croatia Bulgaria CzechRepublic Luxembourg France EU28 Italy Netherlands Spain UnitedKingdom Ireland Poland Estonia Denmark Sweden Finland Eurostat
  34. 34. 34 How can we support development of ICT infrastructure? • Promote investment in broadband infrastructure to ensure universal, high- quality access to the internet. • Is there any role for the EU besides funding the investments in infrastructure in CEE countries?
  35. 35. Fire-chat 35
  36. 36. 4. E-administration 36
  37. 37. 37 Sending forms to public institutions 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Romania Bulgaria CzechRepublic Italy Slovakia Croatia Poland Germany Cyprus Slovenia Malta Hungary Greece UE28 Portugal Latvia Spain Lithuania Austria UnitedKingdom Belgium Luxembourg France Sweden Ireland Netherlands Norway Finland Denmark Estonia Individuals submitting completed forms to public authorities, over the internet, last 12 months (% of citizens) Eurostat
  38. 38. 38 UN online service index 2014 To arrive at a set of Online Service Index values, more than 90 researchers –qualified graduate students and volunteers from universities in the field of public administration—assessed each country’s national website in the native language, including the national portal, e-services portal and e-participation portal, as well as the websites of the related ministries of education, labour, social services, health, finance and environment as applicable. 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1 Bulgaria CzechRepublic Malta Slovenia Romania Croatia Cyprus Slovakia Poland Hungary Greece Luxembourg Portugal EU28 Denmark Germany Belgium Ireland Latvia Sweden Austria Italy Lithuania Estonia Finland UnitedKingdom Netherlands Spain France
  39. 39. 39 Bad online services are an outcome of overall bad services 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 Qualityofpublicservices2012 Online service index 2014 Relationship between the quality of public services in 2012 (Eurofound) and online service index 2014 (UN)
  40. 40. 40 How to develop a better e- administration? • Create a single government service to handle official matters. • Coordinate the processes of ICT procurement by the administration. • "Whatever works" strategy. The recent 500 plus programme of a universal family benefit introduced in April 2016 can be acquired filling a form via e-banking. Maybe if the public services do not work, the private ones could be used instead? • Is there anything that the EU can do to make the quality of e-administration in the member countries better?
  41. 41. Fire chat 41
  42. 42. Networking

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