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Neurolighting©: Elements of Light Psychology

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Lecture at the Polytechnic University of Milan
School of Design, Course of Ligh Art and Lighting Design
Visiting Lecturer: Giuseppe Galetta
Milan, Italy, November 3, 2015

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Neurolighting©: Elements of Light Psychology

  1. 1. PhD Candidate Research Assistant Neurolighting© E L EM E N T I DI P S I C O L O G IA D E L L A L U C E E L E M E N T S O F L I G H T P S Y C H O L O G Y UNIVERSITY OF CASSINO AND SOUTHERN LATIUM UNICLAM - ITALY DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN, SOCIAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES PSYCHOLOGICAL AREA Giuseppe Galetta giuseppe.galetta@unicas.it
  2. 2. Neurolighting© E L EM E N T I DI P S I C O L O G IA D E L L A L U C E E L E M E N T S OF L I G H T P S Y C H O L O G Y Giuseppe Galetta giuseppe.galetta@unicas.it UNIVERSITY OF CASSINO AND SOUTHERN LATIUM UNICLAM - ITALY PhD Candidate Research Assistant NeuroLighting© A new method of psychological analysis of light to support Light Art Creation and Lighting Design. NL is based on the study of the reactions of the human Neurophysiological System and Psychic Apparatus to light stimuli. 1 Imagesarepropertyoftheirrespectiveowners DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN, SOCIAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES PSYCHOLOGICAL AREA 3 NOVEMBER, 2015 ● LESSON AT:
  3. 3. E L EM E N T I DI P S I C O L O G IA D E L L A L U C E E L E M E N T S OF L I G H T P S Y C H O L O G Y PhD Candidate Research Assistant 2 Light talks 3 NOVEMBER, 2015 ● LESSON AT: UNIVERSITY OF CASSINO AND SOUTHERN LATIUM UNICLAM - ITALY DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN, SOCIAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES PSYCHOLOGICAL AREA Imagesarepropertyoftheirrespectiveowners Neurolighting© Giuseppe Galetta giuseppe.galetta@unicas.it
  4. 4. E L EM E N T I DI P S I C O L O G IA D E L L A L U C E E L E M E N T S OF L I G H T P S Y C H O L O G Y PhD Candidate Research Assistant 3 LIGHT PERCEPTION Light is caught by the eye Light signals are transmitted to the brain as electrical signals Brain receives light information as an electrical phenomenon 3 NOVEMBER, 2015 ● LESSON AT: UNIVERSITY OF CASSINO AND SOUTHERN LATIUM UNICLAM - ITALY DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN, SOCIAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES PSYCHOLOGICAL AREA Imagesarepropertyoftheirrespectiveowners Neurolighting© Giuseppe Galetta giuseppe.galetta@unicas.it
  5. 5. E L EM E N T I DI P S I C O L O G IA D E L L A L U C E E L E M E N T S OF L I G H T P S Y C H O L O G Y PhD Candidate Research Assistant 4 125 million Photoreceptors Phototransduction Light signals are converted into electrical signals Opsin Light-sensitive Proteins Optogenetics Neurotransmitters are released Emotions and Behaviors are induced by light Light talks to Brain and Psyche 3 NOVEMBER, 2015 ● LESSON AT: UNIVERSITY OF CASSINO AND SOUTHERN LATIUM UNICLAM - ITALY DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN, SOCIAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES PSYCHOLOGICAL AREA Imagesarepropertyoftheirrespectiveowners Neurolighting© Giuseppe Galetta giuseppe.galetta@unicas.it
  6. 6. E L EM E N T I DI P S I C O L O G IA D E L L A L U C E E L E M E N T S OF L I G H T P S Y C H O L O G Y PhD Candidate Research Assistant 5 Light as a Cognitive Map Interaction L/B Light as an Emotional Driver Light as a Gestaltic Device Olistic Approach Light-based Techniques Emotional and Behavioral Conditioning Light as a Subliminal Language 3 NOVEMBER, 2015 ● LESSON AT: UNIVERSITY OF CASSINO AND SOUTHERN LATIUM UNICLAM - ITALY DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN, SOCIAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES PSYCHOLOGICAL AREA Imagesarepropertyoftheirrespectiveowners Neurolighting© Giuseppe Galetta giuseppe.galetta@unicas.it
  7. 7. E L EM E N T I DI P S I C O L O G IA D E L L A L U C E E L E M E N T S OF L I G H T P S Y C H O L O G Y PhD Candidate Research Assistant 6 Light as a Cognitive Map Light as an Emotional Driver Light as a Gestaltic Device Fabrizio Plessi: Liquid Lights 2014: Ludwig Muzeum, Koblenz, Germany 2015: Arsenale, Venice, Italy 2011: Llotja, Palma de Mallorca, Spain ► Llaüts + Lights 3 NOVEMBER, 2015 ● LESSON AT: UNIVERSITY OF CASSINO AND SOUTHERN LATIUM UNICLAM - ITALY DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN, SOCIAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES PSYCHOLOGICAL AREA Imagesarepropertyoftheirrespectiveowners Neurolighting© Giuseppe Galetta giuseppe.galetta@unicas.it
  8. 8. E L EM E N T I DI P S I C O L O G IA D E L L A L U C E E L E M E N T S OF L I G H T P S Y C H O L O G Y PhD Candidate Research Assistant 7 Intensity PSYCHOPHOTONIC GRAMMAR AND SYNTAX Colour Typology Artist/Designer ► Light Stimulus Building Environment and Location Layout and Spatial Orientation Design, Shape and Structure Viewer/Perceiver ► Light Stimulus Perception 3 NOVEMBER, 2015 ● LESSON AT: UNIVERSITY OF CASSINO AND SOUTHERN LATIUM UNICLAM - ITALY DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN, SOCIAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES PSYCHOLOGICAL AREA Imagesarepropertyoftheirrespectiveowners INSIDE OUTSIDE INSIDE OUTSIDE Neurolighting© Giuseppe Galetta giuseppe.galetta@unicas.it
  9. 9. E L EM E N T I DI P S I C O L O G IA D E L L A L U C E E L E M E N T S OF L I G H T P S Y C H O L O G Y PhD Candidate Research Assistant 8 Maximum Perceptible Lightness PSYCHOPHOTONIC SCALE Light Stimuli Overdose Sensory Deprivation LIGHTNESS DARKNESS LIGHTNESS DARKNESS Immersive Environment Vacuum LIGHT DARK 100 75 50 25 25 50 75 100 25 50 750 75 50 25 0 3 NOVEMBER, 2015 ● LESSON AT: UNIVERSITY OF CASSINO AND SOUTHERN LATIUM UNICLAM - ITALY DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN, SOCIAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES PSYCHOLOGICAL AREA Imagesarepropertyoftheirrespectiveowners 100 0 Minimum Perceptible Lightness Neurolighting© Giuseppe Galetta giuseppe.galetta@unicas.it
  10. 10. E L EM E N T I DI P S I C O L O G IA D E L L A L U C E E L E M E N T S OF L I G H T P S Y C H O L O G Y PhD Candidate Research Assistant THE GANZFELD EXPERIMENT DARKNESS 3 NOVEMBER, 2015 ● LESSON AT: Psychology of Perception Altered States of Consciousness Perceptive Deprivation Psi-Conducive States UNIVERSITY OF CASSINO AND SOUTHERN LATIUM UNICLAM - ITALY DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN, SOCIAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES PSYCHOLOGICAL AREA Imagesarepropertyoftheirrespectiveowners 1 9 6 9 James Turrell Robert Irwin Edward Wortz 9 Neurolighting© Giuseppe Galetta giuseppe.galetta@unicas.it
  11. 11. E L EM E N T I DI P S I C O L O G IA D E L L A L U C E E L E M E N T S OF L I G H T P S Y C H O L O G Y PhD Candidate Research Assistant 10 THE GANZFELD EFFECT DARKNESS 3 NOVEMBER, 2015 ● LESSON AT: Absence of depth field Sensing Spaces Fullness of Emptiness Skyspaces Horizon Lack UNIVERSITY OF CASSINO AND SOUTHERN LATIUM UNICLAM - ITALY DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN, SOCIAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES PSYCHOLOGICAL AREA Imagesarepropertyoftheirrespectiveowners Neurolighting© Giuseppe Galetta giuseppe.galetta@unicas.it
  12. 12. E L EM E N T I DI P S I C O L O G IA D E L L A L U C E E L E M E N T S OF L I G H T P S Y C H O L O G Y PhD Candidate Research Assistant CONCLUSIONS DARKNESS 3 NOVEMBER, 2015 ● LESSON AT: UNIVERSITY OF CASSINO AND SOUTHERN LATIUM UNICLAM - ITALY DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN, SOCIAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES PSYCHOLOGICAL AREA Imagesarepropertyoftheirrespectiveowners 11 LIGHT SENDS BIOCHEMICAL MESSAGES TO OUR BRAIN LIGHT INFLUENCES HUMAN BEHAVIOUR AND EMOTIONS THROUGH LIGHT MANIPULATION WE CAN CHANGE THE MESSAGE LIGHT ARTISTS AND DESIGNERS CAN MAKE TALKING THE LIGHT Light talks Neurolighting© Giuseppe Galetta giuseppe.galetta@unicas.it
  13. 13. E L EM E N T I DI P S I C O L O G IA D E L L A L U C E E L E M E N T S OF L I G H T P S Y C H O L O G Y PhD Candidate Research Assistant DARKNESS 3 NOVEMBER, 2015 ● LESSON AT: UNIVERSITY OF CASSINO AND SOUTHERN LATIUM UNICLAM - ITALY DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN, SOCIAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES PSYCHOLOGICAL AREA Imagesarepropertyoftheirrespectiveowners 12 References Arnheim, R. (1954). Art and Visual Perception: A Psychology of the Creative Eye. Berkeley-Los Angeles, CA: California University Press. Flynn, J. E. (1973). The Psychology of Light: Orientation as a Visual Task. Electrical Consultant, 1, 10-21. Flynn, J. E. (1977). A Study of Subjective Responses to Low Energy and Nonuniform Lighting Systems. Lighting Design and Applications, 7, 6-15. Flynn, J. E. (1988). Lighting Design Decisions as Interventions in Human Visual Space. In J. Nasar (Ed.), Environmental Aesthetics: Theories, Research and Application (pp. 156-169). New York: Cambridge University Press. Flynn, J. E., Hendrick, C., Spencer, T., & Martyniuk, O. (1979). A Guide to Methodology Procedures for Measuring Subjective Impressions in Lighting. Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society, 8, 95-110. Flynn, J. E., Spencer, T. J., Martyniuk, O., & Hendrick, C. (1973). Interim Study of Procedures for Investigating the Effect of Light on Impression and Behavior. Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society, 3, 87-94. Tiller, D. K. (1990). Toward a Deeper Understanding of Psychological Aspects of Lighting. Journal of the Illumination Engineering Society, 19, 155-160. Tomassoni, R., Galetta, G., & Treglia, E. (2015). Psychology of Light: How Light influences Health and Psyche. Psychology, 6(10), 1216-1222. Wackermann, J., Pütz, P., & Allefeld, C. (2008). Ganzfeld- Induced Hallucinatory Experience, Its Phenomenology and Cerebral Electrophysiology. Cortex, 44, 1376-1378. Thanks for your attention Keep in touch: giuseppe.galetta@unicas.it linkedin.com/in/pinogaletta facebook.com/pino.galetta twitter.com/Pino_Galetta Light talks I invite you to join: www.whazart.com www.scirp.org/Journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=58563 Tomassoni, R., Galetta, G., & Treglia, E. (2015). Psychology of Light: How Light influences Health and Psyche. Psychology, 6(10), 1216-1222. Neurolighting© Giuseppe Galetta giuseppe.galetta@unicas.it

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