Work measurement is the application oftechniques designed to establish the time fora qualified worker to carry out a specifiedjob at a defined level of performance.
It is the method or study for reducing thework by reducing un necessary movement. substituting good methods for poor once. Reducing ineffective time.(ie time in whichno effective work is performed). Reduces un necessary motion. Improve quality of production.
TO compare the efficiency of alternative methods. And toimplement the method which takes least time. To balance the members of the teams in association withmultiple activity charts. To determine in association with man and machine(Multiple activity charts )the number of machines anoperative can run. To provide information on which the planning andscheduling of production can be based, including theplant and labor requirements.
To provide information on which estimatesfor tenders ,selling prices and deliverypromises can be based. To set standards of machine utilization andlabor performance . To provide information for labor cost ofcontrol and maintain standard cost.
There are four basic techniques of workmeasurement.Direct methoda) Time studyb) Work samplingIndirect methoda) Pre determine motion time data systemb) Synthesis of standard data
a) Time study-time study consists of recording timesand rates of work for elements of a specified jobcarried out under specified conditions to obtain thetime necessary to carry out a job at a defined levelof performance. It uses a stop watch to measure thetime.b) Work sampling-As the name suggests, work samplinginvolves observing a portion or sample of the workactivity. Based on this statements can be made aboutactivity.
a) Predetermined motion time data system-Apredetermined motion time system is a workmeasurement technique where by times established forbasic human motions are used to build up the time for ajob at a defined level of performance.b) Synthesis of standard data-synthesis data is the namegiven to tables and formulae derived from the analysisof accumulated work measurement data arrange in aform for suitable standard times ,machine process timesetc.
Manufacturing plant in mont real. It basically deals indifferent types of truck manufacturing wants todouble its production.
The continuous improved department foundthat their production is low.To improve their production with optimumutilization of resources.They have to exactly know the non valueadded service at each assembly line.
Then after continuous analysis its productiondepartment opted to invest in UMT PLUS.Akind of highest work measurement tool usedfor measuring work operations. So they traintheir employee about effective utilization ofsoftware.
Using UMT PLUS the manufacturing plant hasbeen able to identify where to implementsolution ultimately increasing theirproductivity.